Selcuk Akturk

Istanbul Technical University, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

Are you Selcuk Akturk?

Claim your profile

Publications (101)139.39 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on the fabrication and characterization of versatile light waveguides exploiting filaments of a polar liquid confined within hydrophobic silica aerogels. Aerogels are highly porous materials with extremely low refractive index which makes them suitable as rigid cladding of liquid-core optofluidic waveguides based on total internal reflection of light. In this article, we introduce a new microfabrication technique that allows direct and precise processing of monolithic silica aerogels by ablation with femtosecond laser pulses. Using fast scanning of the focused laser ablation beam synchronized with the motion of the processed aerogel sample, we created high-quality straight microchannels of ∼5 mm length with controlled cross-sections inside monolithic aerogels. After the ablation, we filled the channels with high-refractive index ethylene glycol, forming multimode liquid core – solid cladding optofluidic waveguides. Subsequently, we carried out light-guiding experiments to measure overall optical attenuation of these waveguides. The characterization of waveguide transmission yielded values of propagation losses lower than , demonstrating that the liquid-core waveguides with laser-ablated aerogel cladding represent an attractive alternative in optofluidic applications targeting controlled routing of light along arbitrary three-dimensional paths.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate experimentally and numerically the nonlinear propagation of intense Bessel– Gauss vortices in transparent solids. We show that nonlinear Bessel–Gauss vortices preserve all properties of nonlinear Bessel–Gauss beams while their helicity provides an additional control parameter for single-shot precision micro structuring of transparent solids. For sufficiently large cone angle, a stable hollow tube of intense light is formed, generating a plasma channel whose radius and density are increasing with helicity and cone angle, respectively. We assess the potential of intense Bessel vortices for applications based on the generation of hollow plasma channels.
    Journal of Physics B Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 05/2015; 48(9). DOI:10.1088/0953-4075/48/9/094006 · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate experimentally and numerically the nonlinear propagation of intense Bessel– Gauss vortices in transparent solids. We show that nonlinear Bessel–Gauss vortices preserve all properties of nonlinear Bessel–Gauss beams while their helicity provides an additional control parameter for single-shot precision micro structuring of transparent solids. For sufficiently large cone angle, a stable hollow tube of intense light is formed, generating a plasma channel whose radius and density are increasing with helicity and cone angle, respectively. We assess the potential of intense Bessel vortices for applications based on the generation of hollow plasma channels.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a new method to form liquid-core optofluidic waveguides inside hydrophobic silica aerogels. Due to their unique material properties, aerogels are very attractive for a wide variety of applications; however, it is very challenging to process them with traditional methods such as milling, drilling, or cutting because of their fragile structure. Therefore, there is a need to develop alternative processes for formation of complex structures within the aerogels without damaging the material. In our study, we used focused femtosecond laser pulses for high-precision ablation of hydrophobic silica aerogels. During the ablation, we directed the laser beam with a galvo-mirror system and, subsequently, focused the beam through a scanning lens on the surface of bulk aerogel which was placed on a three-axis translation stage. We succeeded in obtaining high-quality linear microchannels inside aerogel monoliths by synchronizing the motion of the galvo-mirror scanner and the translation stage. Upon ablation, we created multimode liquid-core optical waveguides by filling the empty channels inside low-refractive index aerogel blocks with highrefractive index ethylene glycol. In order to demonstrate light guiding and measure optical attenuation of these waveguides, we coupled light into the waveguides with an optical fiber and measured the intensity of transmitted light as a function of the propagation distance inside the channel. The measured propagation losses of 9.9 dB/cm demonstrate the potential of aerogel-based waveguides for efficient routing of light in optofluidic lightwave circuits.
    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 01/2015; 9365. DOI:10.1117/12.2077132 · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • Ramazan Sahin · Tansu Ersoy · Selcuk Akturk
    Applied Physics A 10/2014; 118(1). DOI:10.1007/s00339-014-8808-2 · 1.70 Impact Factor
  • Ramazan Sahin · Yagiz Morova · Ergun Simsek · Selcuk Akturk
    Radio Science Meeting (Joint with AP-S Symposium), 2014 USNC-URSI; 07/2014
  • Ramazan Sahin · Ergun Simsek · Selcuk Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report nanometer-size patterning of various thin films by femtosecond pulsed Bessel beams. Nanoslit arrays fabricated on gold films exhibit excitation of surface plasmon polaritons. We extend the approach to single-atomic-layer systems such as graphene.
    CLEO: Science and Innovations; 06/2014
  • Ramazan Sahin · Selcuk Akturk · Ergun Simsek
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The influence of beam intensity on laser ablation quality and ablation size is experimentally studied on graphene-coated silicon/silicon dioxide substrates. With an amplified femtosecond-pulsed laser system, by systematically decreasing the average power, periodic stripes with decreasing widths are ablated. Histogram analyses of the untouched and ablated regions of scanning electron microscope images of the fabricated structures make it possible to quantify the ablation quality. These analyses reveal that submicron ablation can be achieved while maintaining 75 % ablation accuracy by adjusting the beam intensity around the ablation threshold.
    Applied Physics A 06/2014; 116(2). DOI:10.1007/s00339-014-8522-0 · 1.70 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lasers have served as cleaning tools for historical objects and artworks for about 40 years. In many cases, superior results of laser cleaning were achieved with respect to traditional methods. In this technique, contaminations on the surface of the object are ablated by laser irradiation. In order to apply laser cleaning method to fragile materials such as paper made of cellulose or parchment, heat deposition to the bulk should be minimal, to prevent damage. In this work, it is demonstrated that laser pulses with femtosecond (fs) duration can exhibit non-thermal ablation of contaminants on paper samples. In particular, laser cleaning studies are concentrated on paper samples with sizing. Fs laser cleaning is performed on artificially soiled and aged samples, as well as on historical ones. The laser used in the experiments has pulse duration of 550 fs and 1030 nm center wavelength. The fluence of the laser is varied and the post-cleaning statuses of samples are investigated. The analyses are color changes, fiber integrity, chemical composition changes and mechanical strengths. These results show that fs lasers can be very efficient in cleaning paper samples, yielding minimal discoloration and no damage to fibers distinguishable on microscopic examination. The presence of sizing also provides further protection against possible side effects.
    Journal of Cultural Heritage 05/2014; 15(3):258–265. DOI:10.1016/j.culher.2013.07.002 · 1.57 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Alexandr Jonas · Berna Yalizay · Selcuk Akturk · Alper Kiraz
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on the preparation and characterization of free-standing optofluidic waveguides created on solid superhydrophobic (SH) substrates with patterned wetting properties. In order to locally modify the liquid-solid contact angle, we employed selective laser ablation of SH layers deposited on magnesium-fluoride substrates with low refractive index. Upon ablation, surfaces with hydrophilic channels surrounded by SH areas were obtained. Subsequently, we created liquid optical waveguides based on total internal reflection using ethylene glycol, a polar liquid with high refractive index spreading spontaneously along the hydrophilic surface channels. We evaluated the light guiding performance and losses of these optofluidic waveguides.
    Applied Physics Letters 03/2014; 104(9):091123-091123-4. DOI:10.1063/1.4867887 · 3.30 Impact Factor
  • R. Sahin · E. Simsek · S. Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on nanometer-scale patterning of single layer graphene on SiO2/Si substrate through femtosecond laser ablation. The pulse fluence is adjusted around the single-pulse ablation threshold of graphene. It is shown that, even though both SiO2 and Si have more absorption in the linear regime compared to graphene, the substrate can be kept intact during the process. This is achieved by scanning the sample under laser illumination at speeds yielding a few numbers of overlapping pulses at a certain point, thereby effectively shielding the substrate. By adjusting laser fluence and translation speed, 400 nm wide ablation channels could be achieved over 100 μm length. Raster scanning of the sample yields well-ordered periodic structures, provided that sufficient gap is left between channels. Nanoscale patterning of graphene without substrate damage is verified with Scanning Electron Microscope and Raman studies.
    Applied Physics Letters 01/2014; 104(5). DOI:10.1063/1.4864616 · 3.30 Impact Factor
  • Ayse Sena Kabas · Tansu Ersoy · Murat Gülsoy · Selcuk Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim is to investigate femtosecond laser ablation as an alternative method for enamel etching used before bonding orthodontic brackets. A focused laser beam is scanned over enamel within the area of bonding in a saw tooth pattern with a varying number of lines. After patterning, ceramic brackets are bonded and bonding quality of the proposed technique is measured by a universal testing machine. The results are compared to the conventional acid etching method. Results show that bonding strength is a function of laser average power and the density of the ablated lines. Intrapulpal temperature changes are also recorded and observed minimal effects are observed. Enamel surface of the samples is investigated microscopically and no signs of damage or cracking are observed. In conclusion, femtosecond laser exposure on enamel surface yields controllable patterns that provide efficient bonding strength with less removal of dental tissue than conventional acid-etching technique.
    Journal of Biomedical Optics 09/2013; 18(9):98003. DOI:10.1117/1.JBO.18.9.098003 · 2.86 Impact Factor
  • R. Sahin · Y. Morova · E. Simsek · S. Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nanoslit arrays are fabricated on thin metal film coated glass slides using femtosecond laser pulses with Bessel beam profiles. The optical properties of the fabricated structures with different periodicities are characterized with transmission spectroscopy. Experimental results reveal the existence of two separate surface plasmon resonance modes occurring at the metal-air and metal-glass interfaces. These two resonance modes cause two minima in the high transmission spectra of the sub-skin depth thick thin films in the visible and near infrared regions. The existence of double surface plasmon resonance modes is verified with additional experiments, theoretical and numerical studies. Due to its relaxed alignment constraints, reduced aberrations, scalability property to shorter wavelengths, and resulting shorter dimensions, nanofabrication with diffraction-free Bessel beams is an easy, cheap, and advantageous alternative to regular lithography techniques to fabricate nanoslit arrays. The shift of the resonance wavelength with a change in the refractive index of the surrounding medium can be exploited for enhanced sensing.
    Applied Physics Letters 05/2013; 102(19). DOI:10.1063/1.4805358 · 3.30 Impact Factor
  • R. Sahin · E. Simsek · S. Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Femtosecond laser ablation with Bessel beam profile can yield high quality structures on metal thin films at nanoscale [1]. By adjusting the laser fluence one can control size of ablated structures. Moreover, resolution can go beyond the diffraction limit when the laser energy is adjusted around the ablation threshold [2]. Advantages of using diffraction-free Bessel beams bring us to ablate 125 nm-wide stripes. In this work, we demonstrate potential of Bessel-beam nanofabrication method and optical properties of created structures for plasmonic applications. Nanoslit arrays are structured through ablation by femtosecond laser with Bessel Beams on 25 nm-thick Gold (Au) film evaporated on Fused Silica substrate. We fabricated stripes at nanoscales with different periodicities (p=500 nm, 790 nm and 810 nm). Since the fabrication method does not require high cost focusing optics or any special sample preparation, process is straightforward and well candidate to compete against standard lithographical methods.
    The European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics; 05/2013
  • Source
    T. Ersoy · B. Yalizay · S. Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We experimentally investigate propagation of laser beams with different intensity profiles in highly scattering media. We generate transverse laser amplitude profiles with Gaussian, Bessel and Airy function envelopes. We then propagate these beams through optical phantoms formed with variable density intralipid solutions. At the sample exit, we compare change in maximum intensities, as well as beam profile reconstruction. We show that self-reconstruction properties of Bessel and Airy beams bring about slower decrease in maximum intensity with increasing scatterer density. On the other hand, the beam profiles deteriorate faster, as compared to reference Gaussian beams. Slower decrease in the intensity can be attributed to the wavevector spectra providing a continuous flow of energy to the beam center, while beam deterioration is linked to total beam volume in the scattering medium. These results show that beam shaping methods can significantly enhance delivery of intense light deeper into turbid media, but this enhancement is compromised by stronger speckling of beam profiles.
    Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 12/2012; 113(18):2470–2475. DOI:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.04.006 · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • A. K. Türkoğlu · T. Ersoy · F. Canbaz · S. Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the dynamics of femtosecond-laser drilling of metals, both theoretically and experimentally, by taking into account waveguide-like behavior of ablated cavities. In particular, we show that cylindrical holes generated during laser ablation of metals act like hollow optical waveguides. Since the drilling is generally achieved by a large number of consecutive pulses, each pulse is first guided through the channel formed by the previous pulses, and at the end of the channel, it is absorbed by the metal, making its own contribution to ablation. The ablation stops at maximum depth when attenuation in the cavity reduces the pulse fluence to the ablation threshold. We use waveguide theory to calculate attenuation constants, and perform an iterative calculation to model pulse-by-pulse ablation. We also performed detailed experiments and compare the results with the theoretical findings. When only absorption losses are included, the waveguide model predicts significantly deeper structures. On the other hand, when we include scattering losses caused by nanostructures formed on the cavity walls, quantitative agreement with experiments is achieved. The waveguide model is particularly effective at fluences close to ablation threshold, and it can explain several behaviors such as evolution of the depth per pulse and effect of the incoming pulse energy in different focusing configurations.
    Applied Physics A 09/2012; 108(4). DOI:10.1007/s00339-012-7001-8 · 1.70 Impact Factor
  • B. Yalizay · T. Ersoy · B. Soylu · S. Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report nanometer-scale fabrication on metal thin films using ablation by femtosecond laser pulses, with Bessel beam profiles. Choosing the laser fluence around ablation threshold allows control of the structure size below the diffraction limit. We show that using Bessel beams has several advantages. Bessel beams have focal spot sizes insensitive to longitudinal position, which significantly relaxes alignment constraints. Tighter foci are easier to generate, less costly, and less prone to aberrations. Scaling the method to shorter wavelengths, and hence increasing the resolution is also straightforward. By using the proposed method, we generate structures with resolution below 200 nm.
    Applied Physics Letters 01/2012; 100(3). DOI:10.1063/1.3678030 · 3.30 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Ergun Simsek · Selcuk Akturk
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Precise ablation of metals using tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses with intensities close to the damage threshold can yield sub-wavelength, nanometer-sized holes or craters. These structures in metals can exhibit plasmonic effects, thereby affecting the interactions involved. We numerically simulate light propagation inside such holes and model the ablation process. We show that surface plasmon resonances can be excited at near-infrared and visible wavelengths. At resonance wavelengths, significant enhancement of aspect ratio is possible. Our results show that plasmonic effects are essential for the understanding of precision laser processing of metals, and they can be exploited to significantly enhance the performance of laser micro- and nano-machining. KeywordsLaser ablation–Micro- and nano-cavities–Surface plasmons–Plasmonic enhancement
    Plasmonics 12/2011; 6(4):767-772. DOI:10.1007/s11468-011-9262-z · 2.24 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present the first experimental evidence of anisotropic photosensitivity of an isotropic homogeneous medium under uniform illumination. Our experiments reveal fundamentally new type of light induced anisotropy originated from the hidden asymmetry of pulsed light beam with a finite tilt of intensity front. We anticipate that the observed phenomenon, which enables employing mutual orientation of a light polarization plane and pulse front tilt to control interaction of matter with ultrashort light pulses, will open new opportunities in material processing.
    Optics Express 10/2011; 19(21):20657-64. DOI:10.1364/OE.19.020657 · 3.49 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
139.39 Total Impact Points


  • 2009–2015
    • Istanbul Technical University
      • Department of Electrical Engineering
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    • ENSTA Bretagne
      Brest, Brittany, France
  • 2008–2009
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2003–2009
    • Georgia Institute of Technology
      • School of Physics
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States