[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A study of 7,388 consecutive patients after hepatic resection between 2011 and 2012 identified hepatolithiasis, cirrhosis, and intraoperative blood transfusion as the only independent risk factors of both incisional and organ/space surgical site infection (SSI). Patients with these conditions should be cared for with caution to lower SSI rates.
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 03/2014; 35(3):317-20. · 4.02 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Improvements in surgical technique and perioperative care have made partial hepatectomy a safe and effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), even in the event of spontaneous HCC rupture.
A consecutive cohort of patients who underwent partial hepatectomy for HCC between 2000 and 2009 was divided into a ruptured group and a non-ruptured group. Patients with ruptured HCC were further divided into emergency and staged hepatectomy subgroups. Mortality and morbidity, overall survival and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were compared. Prognostic factors for overall survival and RFS were identified by univariable and multivariable analyses.
A total of 1233 patients underwent partial hepatectomy for HCC, of whom 143 had a ruptured tumour. The morbidity and mortality rates were similar in the ruptured and non-ruptured groups, as well as in the emergency and staged subgroups. In univariable analyses, overall survival and RFS were lower in the ruptured group than in the non-ruptured group (both P < 0·001), and also in the emergency subgroup compared with the staged subgroup (P = 0·016 and P = 0·025 respectively). In multivariable analysis, spontaneous rupture independently predicted poor overall survival after hepatectomy (hazard ratio 1·54, 95 per cent confidence interval 1·24 to 1·93) and RFS (HR 1·75, 1·39 to 2·22). Overall survival and RFS after hepatectomy for ruptured HCC in the emergency and staged subgroups were not significantly different in multivariable analyses.
Spontaneous rupture predicted poor long-term survival after hepatectomy for HCC, but surgical treatment seems possible, safe and appropriate in selected patients.
British Journal of Surgery 07/2013; 100(8):1071-9. · 4.84 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This study aimed at analyzing the perioperative and early survival outcomes of robotic liver resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The study population included a consecutive series of patients with HCC who underwent robotic liver resection at a single center. RESULTS: During the study period, 41 consecutive patients with HCC underwent 42 robotic liver resections. Five resections (11.9%) were carried out for recurrent HCC, and 23.8% (n = 10) were hemihepatectomy procedures. The mean operating time and blood loss was 229.4 minutes and 412.6 mL, respectively. The R0 resection rate was 93%. The hospital mortality and morbidity rates were 0% and 7.1%, respectively. The mean hospital stay was 6.2 days. The 2-year overall and disease-free survival rates were 94% and 74%, respectively. In the subgroup analysis of minor liver resection, when compared with the conventional laparoscopic approach, the robotic group had similar blood loss (mean, 373.4 mL vs 347.7 mL), morbidity rate (3% vs 9%), mortality rate (0% vs 0%), and R0 resection rate (90.9% vs 90.9%). However, the robotic group had a significantly longer operative time (202.7 mins vs 133.4 mins). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the feasibility and safety of robotic surgery for HCC, with favorable short-term outcome. However, the long-term oncologic results remain uncertain.
American journal of surgery 04/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the results of surgical resection with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) in the treatment of resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT). Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) was given to both groups of patients when possible. METHODS: A retrospective study of 371 patients with resectable HCC with PVTT was conducted in two tertiary referral centers. The treatment of choice for these patients in one center was surgical resection. In the other center it was 3D-CRT. In the radiotherapy group (RG, n = 185), patients received 3D-CRT to the tumor and PVTT for a total radiation dose of 30-52 Gy (median 40 Gy). In the surgical group (SG, n = 186), patients underwent surgical resection. TACE was applied after surgery or 3D-CRT and then was repeated every 4-6 weeks if the patient tolerated the treatment. RESULTS: The median survival was 12.3 months for RG and 10.0 months for SG. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall survivals were 51.6, 28.4, and 19.9 %, respectively, for RG and 40.1, 17.0, and 13.6 %, respectively, for SG (p = 0.029). Stepwise multivariate analysis showed that the extent of PVTT and mode of treatment were independent risk factors of overall survival. The most common cause of death after treatment was liver failure as a consequence of progressive intrahepatic disease. CONCLUSIONS: 3D-CRT gave better survival than surgical resection for HCC with PVTT.
World Journal of Surgery 03/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mirizzi syndrome is an uncommon cause of common hepatic duct obstruction resulting from gallstone impaction in the cystic duct or gallbladder neck. Mirizzi syndrome is traditionally considered as a contraindication to laparoscopic surgery mainly due to risk of bile duct injury during dissection. We present the surgical experience of 5 patients with Mirizzi syndrome who were diagnosed preoperatively and managed using minimally access surgical technique, either total laparoscopic or robotic-assisted laparoscopic approach. All patients had successful operations and recovered without complications. We concluded that with a correct preoperative diagnosis, careful operative strategy, increasing expertise with laparoscopic technique, and introduction of robotic surgical system, minimally invasive approach of management of Mirizzi syndrome becomes safe and feasible.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIM: Selective hepatic vascular exclusion (SHVE) has not been widely used because of difficulty in extrahepatic isolation of hepatic veins. This study aims to compare the results of SHVE using tourniquets or Satinsky clamps on major hepatic veins in partial hepatectomy for liver tumors involving the roots of hepatic veins. METHODS: Between June 2008 and March 2012, a randomized controlled trial was performed on patients undergoing liver resection to compare selective hepatic vascular exclusion using tourniquets or Satinsky clamps in partial hepatectomy. In the tourniquet group, the hepatic veins were completely isolated and occluded with tourniquets. In the Satinsky clamp group, the hepatic veins were dissected on the anterior and side walls only and they were clamped directly by Satinsky clamps. RESULTS: The time for dissecting hepatic veins was significantly shorter in the Satinsky clamp group (7.5 ± 6.6 min vs 21.3 ± 7.4 min) than the tourniquet group. In the tourniquet group, 5 hepatic veins could not be completely isolated and encircled. In 4 additional patients the hepatic vein was slightly torn during dissection. These 9 patients received successful occlusion using Satinsky clamps. In the Satinsky group, all occlusion of the hepatic vein was successful. There was a significant difference in the success rate in hepatic vein occlusion using the Satinsky and the tourniquet groups 60/60 vs 51/60, P = 0.0018. CONCLUSIONS: Both techniques of hepatic vein occlusion were safe and efficacious. As the use of Satinsky clamps is safer, easier and took less time, it is recommended.
European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 12/2012; · 2.56 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To compare the results of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with hepatic resection in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within the Milan criteria METHODS: A nonrandomized comparative study was performed with 111 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic RFA (n=31) or curative hepatic resection (n =80) for HCC within Milan criteria. RESULTS: Procedure related complications were less often and severe after RFA than resection (3.2% vs. 25%). There was no significant difference in hospital mortality (0% vs. 3.8%). Hospital stay was significantly shorter in the RFA group than in the resection group (mean, 3.8 vs. 6.8 days). The disease-free survival rates for the RFA group and the resection group were 76%, 40%, 40% and 76%, 60%, 60%, respectively. Disease-free survival was significantly lower in the RFA group than in the resection group. The corresponding 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates for the RFA group and the resection group were 100%, 92%, 84%, and 92%, 75%, 71%, respectively. The overall survival for RFA and resection were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: Our result showed comparable overall survival between RFA and surgery, although RFA was associated with a significantly higher tumor recurrence rate. RFA had the advantages over surgical resection in being less invasive and having lower morbidity.
International journal of surgery (London, England) 12/2012;
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: IntroductionThe two current standard laparoscopic approaches for inguinal hernia repair are transabdominal preperiotneal and totally extraperitoneal. Single-incision repairs have been explored in an effort to further reduce the invasiveness of the surgery. However, with single incision, surgeons need to possess special skills and require special instruments. Needlescopic inguinal hernia repair could represent a more attractive alternative. Using a transumbilical incision, an almost scarless transabdominal preperiotneal can be achieved. In the present study, we report our experience of scarless needlescopic transabdominal preperiotneal inguinal hernia repair. Patients and Methods
This is a prospective analysis of a cohort of patients with inguinal hernia who underwent elective scarless needlescopic transabdominal preperiotneal repair. Patient demographic data, type of hernia, operative time, perioperative and postoperative course, pain score and final patient satisfaction score were all recorded for analysis. ResultsIn March 2011, four patients received scarless needlescopic transabdominal preperiotneal for inguinal hernia repair. Their average age was 57.25 years. The mean operative time was 79.5 min. The patients were discharged on the same day. There were no postoperative complications. Conclusion
Scarless needlescopic transabdominal preperiotneal inguinal hernia repair is feasible and safe, and is well accepted by patients. Further studies will be conducted to evaluate its full potential.
Surgical Practice 11/2012; 16(4). · 0.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Cancer in pregnancy is rare and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) during pregnancy is even rarer. Due to limited experience, management of these patients remains challenging. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 33-year old pregnant lady presented with HCC at 28 weeks of gestation. She underwent synchronous cesarean section and right hepatectomy at 32 weeks of gestation. The post-operative course was uneventful. She was discharged home on day 10 after surgery. Histolopathology confirmed HCC. The surgical resection margins were clear. At a follow-up of 3 months after surgery, the mother was disease free and the infant was well. DISCUSSION: HCC during pregnancy is extremely rare. The experience in its management and outcomes are lacking. In managing any patient diagnosed with a malignant neoplasm in pregnancy, both the mother and the fetus have to be considered. CONCLUSION: With adequate preoperative assessment and a good management strategy, good results can be obtained for both the mother and the baby for a pregnant patient with HCC.
International journal of surgery case reports. 10/2012; 4(1):112-114.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:: This study aimed to clarify the incidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation and its significance on long-term survival after partial hepatectomy in patients with HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), who had preoperative low HBV-DNA level of less than 2000 IU/mL. BACKGROUND:: HBV reactivation is a frequent complication of systemic chemotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen-positive patients. Surgery and anesthesia result in a generalized state of immunosuppression in the immediate postoperative period. Data on HBV reactivation and its significance after partial hepatectomy are unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: Consecutive patients from January 2006 to December 2007 were retrospectively studied. RESULTS:: HBV reactivation happened in 19.1% of patients in 1 year. There were 28 patients whose HBV reactivation was detected after the diagnosis of HCC recurrence. On multivariate analysis, hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) positivity, preoperative HBV-DNA above the lower limit of quantification (≥200 IU/mL), Ishak inflammation score of greater than 3, preoperative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), operation time of more than 180 minutes, blood transfusion, and without prophylactic antiviral therapy were significantly associated with an increased risk of HBV reactivation. HBV reactivation negatively influenced postoperative hepatic functions. The posthepatectomy liver failure rate in patients with HBV reactivation was significantly higher than in those without reactivation (11.8% vs 6.4%; P = 0.002). The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rates after resection in patients with HBV reactivation were significantly lower than those without reactivation (34.1% vs 46.0%; P = 0.009, and 51.6% vs 67.2%; P < 0.001, respectively). HBeAg positivity, detectable preoperative HBV-DNA level, high Ishak inflammation score, preoperative TACE, long operation time, and blood transfusion were independent risk factors for HBV reactivation, whereas prophylactic antiviral therapy was a protective factor. HBV reactivation, HBeAg positivity, HBV-DNA level of 200 IU/mL or more, tumor diameter greater than 5 cm, presence of satellite nodules, presence of portal vein tumor thrombus, blood transfusion, and resection margin less than 1.0 cm were independent risk factors for DFS. A HBV-DNA level of 200 IU/mL or more, an Ishak fibrosis score of 4 or greater, a tumor diameter greater than 5 cm, the presence of satellite nodules, the presence of portal vein tumor thrombus, a resection margin less than 1.0 cm, no prophylactic antiviral therapy, and HBV reactivation were independent risk factors for OS. CONCLUSIONS:: HBV reactivation was common after partial hepatectomy for HBV-related HCC with a preoperative low HBV-DNA level of less than 2000 IU/mL. Routine prophylactic antiviral treatment should be given before partial hepatectomy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: AimThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic management for strangulated groin hernias.Patients and Methods
From January 2007 to December 2009, the perioperative and long-term results of a consecutive series of patients who underwent laparoscopic repair of strangulated groin hernia were retrospectively analysed. The demographic data of patients, types of hernia, levels of peritoneal contamination, details of surgical techniques, hernia contents, conversion rate, operation time, postoperative complications, follow-up time and recurrent rate were recorded.ResultsA total of 43 patients with strangulated groin hernia admitted via casualty during the study period were managed by the laparoscopic approach in our unit. We operated on 36 inguinal hernias, 10 femoral hernias and three obturator hernias; five of these were recurrent hernias, and six patients had concurrent groin hernias. We adopted a totally extraperitoneal (TEP) approach for 37 patients and the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach for four patients with femoral hernias; two obturator hernias were repaired by board ligaments. None required conversion. One patient had a small perforation of the small bowel during reduction of hernia content, which was repaired primarily; the TEP approach was performed subsequently. None had postoperative infection. One patient had haematoma, and five patients had seroma; all were treated conservatively. The mean operation time was 75 min. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.5 days. For those younger than 60 years, the mean postoperative hospital stay was 1.7 days. The mean follow-up time was 14 months. There were no recurrences.Conclusion
For selected patients, laparoscopic repair for strangulated groin hernias is safe and feasible, with a low rate of infection, complications and recurrence.
Surgical Practice 08/2012; 16(3). · 0.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Traditionally, pancreatic surgery is considered as one of the most complex surgeries. The recently developed robotic technology allows surgeons to perform pancreaticoduodenectomy. A comparative study was undertaken to study outcomes between robotic approach and open approach. METHODS: A consecutive patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (robotic approach, n = 20; open approach = 67) between January 2000 and February 2012 at a single institution were analyzed. RESULTS: The robotic group had a significantly longer operative time (mean, 491.5 vs. 264.9 min), reduced blood loss (mean, 247 vs. 774.8 ml), and shorter hospital stay (mean, 13.7 vs. 25.8 days) compared to the open group. Open conversion rate was 5%. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of overall complication rates, mortality rates, R0 resection rate and harvested lymph node numbers. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that robot-assisted laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy was safe and feasible in appropriately selected patients. However, it is too early to draw definitive conclusions about the value of robot-assisted laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy. In light of remaining uncertainties regarding short-term and long-term outcome, caution should be exercised in the assessment of the appropriateness of this operation for individual patient.
International journal of surgery (London, England) 06/2012;
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) comprise < 1% of all gastrointestinal (GI) tumors, but GISTs are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the GI tract. Dramatic changes in clinical practice have been observed in the last decade. This review highlights the overall management of GIST and its recent developments.
We identified literature by searching Medline and PubMed from January 1995 to December 2011 using the keywords "gastrointestinal stromal tumors", "GIST", "imatinib" and "tyrosine kinase inhibitor". Additional papers were identified by a manual search of the references from the key articles. There were no exclusion criteria for published information to the topics.
For localized primary GISTs, surgical resection is the mainstay of therapy. The 5-year survival rate after complete resection of GISTs is approximately 50%-65%. Many factors including tumor size, mitotic rate, tumor location, kinase mutational status and occurrence of tumor rupture have been extensively studied and proposed to be predictors of survival outcomes. Adjuvant imatinib is proposed as an option for those patients with a substantial risk of relapse. Unresectable metastatic or recurrent GIST can be treated with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, imatinib, with a remarkable response (50%-70%) and prolonged survival (median progression-free survival: 18-20 months; median overall survival: 51-57 months). The standard approach in the case of tumor progression on 400 mg once per day is to increase the imatinib dose to 400 mg twice per day as permitted by toxicity. Use of a second-line targeted agent, sunitinib, in patients with advanced GIST who fail (or are intolerant of) imatinib therapy is advised.
Treatment for GISTs has become increasingly complex because of the growing understanding of its biology. A multidisciplinary team that includes radiologists, medical oncologists, pathologists, and surgeons is paramount for the effective treatment of GIST.
International journal of surgery (London, England) 05/2012; 10(7):334-40.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Control of bleeding is crucial during liver resection, and several techniques have been developed to achieve this. This study compared the safety and efficacy of selective hepatic vascular exclusion (SHVE) and Pringle manoeuvre in partial hepatectomy for liver tumours compressing or involving major hepatic veins.
All patients undergoing liver resection between January 2003 and December 2010 for liver tumours compressing or involving one or more major hepatic veins were identified retrospectively from a prospective institutional database. Either SHVE or Pringle manoeuvre was used to minimize blood loss during hepatectomy. Data on demographics and the intraoperative and postoperative course were analysed.
From the database of 3900 patients, 1420 were identified who underwent liver resection for tumours encroaching on major hepatic veins using either SHVE (550) or the Pringle manoeuvre (870). Intraoperative blood loss (mean(s.d.) 480(210) versus 830(340) ml; P = 0·007) and transfusion requirements (mean(s.d.) 1·3(0·6) versus 2·9(1·4) units; P = 0·008) were significantly less in the SHVE group. In the Pringle group, hepatic vein injury resulted in major intraoperative bleeding of over 1000 ml in 65 patients (7·5 per cent) and air embolism in 14 (1·6 per cent), and three patients (0·3 per cent) died during surgery, whereas there was no major bleeding, air embolism or intraoperative death in the SHVE group. Postoperative liver failure, multiple organ failure and in-hospital death were significantly more common in the Pringle group (P = 0·019, P = 0·032 and P = 0·004 respectively).
SHVE was more efficacious than the Pringle manoeuvre in minimizing intraoperative bleeding and air embolism during partial hepatectomy for tumours encroaching on major hepatic veins, and decreased the postoperative liver failure rate.
British Journal of Surgery 04/2012; 99(7):973-7. · 4.84 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The impact of hepatic venous anatomic variations on hepatic resection and transplantation is the least understood aspect of liver surgery.
A prospective three-dimensional computed tomography study was undertaken on 200 consecutive subjects with normal livers to determine the prevalence of surgically significant hepatic venous anatomic variations.
The prevailing pattern of the three hepatic veins in these subjects was a right hepatic vein (RHV) and a common trunk for the middle (MHV) and left (LHV) hepatic veins (122/200, 61%). The remaining patients had the RHV, MHV, and LHV draining independently into the inferior vena cava (IVC). In 39% of patients, the RHV was small and was compensated by a large right inferior hepatic vein (21.0%), an accessory RHV (8.5%) or a well-developed MHV (6.5%). A segment 4 vein was seen in 51.5% of patients. This segment 4 vein joined the LHV (26%), the MHV (17.5%), or the IVC (8%). An umbilical vein and a segment 4 vein were seen in 3.5% of patients. These two veins joined either the LHV (2.0%) or the MHV (1.5%).
Knowing the variations of hepatic veins before surgery is useful during both partial hepatectomy and donor operations for living related liver transplantation.
World Journal of Surgery 01/2012; 36(1):120-4. · 2.23 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prevention of recurrence is the most important strategy to improve long-term survival after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This comparative study aimed to evaluate the outcome of adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) after hepatectomy.
From February 1996 and September 2001, 721 consecutive patients (adjuvant TACE treatment vs. control group; 145 vs. 576) with R0 resection for HCC were analyzed. The prospective data was analyzed retrospectively.
After a median follow-up of 75 months, 89 patients (61.4%) in the adjuvant TACE group and 355 patients (61.6%) in the control group had recurrent disease. There was no significant difference in the tumor recurrence rate between the 2 groups. There was significant difference in the tumor recurrence time between the 2 groups. The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 96.5%, 70.0% and 55.9%, respectively, for the adjuvant TACE group and 80.8%, 49.7% and 38.8%, respectively, for the control group. The 1-, 3- and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 79.9%, 54.9% and 48.4%, respectively, for the adjuvant TACE group and 60.2%, 39.8% and 31.5%, respectively, for the control group. The differences in the disease-free survival rates and the overall survival rates between the 2 groups were significant. In subgroup analysis, there was significant survival benefit in the adjuvant TACE group in the subgroup of patients with risk factors of recurrence - large tumor size, presence of satellite tumor nodules and narrow resection margin.
Adjuvant TACE improved surgical outcome in those patients with risk factors of HCC recurrence.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic major hepatectomies remain a challenge for liver surgeons. The recent introduction of robotic surgical systems has revolutionized the field of minimally invasive surgery. It was developed to overcome the disadvantages of conventional laparoscopic surgery. The use of robotic system in laparoscopic major hepatectomy was not known yet.
Between December 2010 and July 2011, 6 right hemi-hepatectomies and 4 left hemi-hepatectomies were performed by robot-assisted laparoscopic approach. Prospectively collected data was analyzed retrospectively.
Overall mean duration of the operation was 347.4 ± 85.9 (SD) minutes. Mean duration of the operation for right hemi-hepatectomy was 364.8 ± 98.1 ml, while mean duration of the operation for left hemi-hepatectomy was 321.3 ± 67.8 ml. Overall mean operative blood loss was 407 ± 286.8 ml. Mean operative blood loss for right hemi-hepatectomy was 500 ± 303.3 ml, while mean operative blood loss for left hemi-hepatectomy was 156.9 ± 40.7 ml. No open conversion was needed. Three patients (30%) had postoperative complications. There was no mortality. Mean hospital stay was 6.7 ± 3.5 days.
Our series indicate that in experienced hands, robot-assisted laparoscopic approach for hemi-hepatectomy is feasible and safe. As experience grows, this procedure will be more common.
International journal of surgery (London, England) 11/2011; 10(1):11-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Based on a large series of histopathologically confirmed hepatic angiomyolipomas, we retrospectively studied the typical diagnostic features of hepatic angiomyolipoma and proposed a treatment strategy for this disease.
From December 1997 to December 2007, 74 consecutive patients who received definitive treatment for hepatic angiomyolipoma, at a single tertiary center, were studied.
There was a marked female predominance (54 females vs. 20 males) and the mean age was 42 years. Forty patients had no symptoms and the tumors were detected incidentally during a medical check-up. From this study, we proposed the typical diagnostic features of hepatic angiomyolipoma to be the absence of risk factors for malignancy, normal tumor marker levels, and typical imaging features on ultrasound (USG), abdominal contrast computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Only 23% of patients could have been diagnosed before surgery using these features. One patient (1.4%) had a malignant angiomyolipoma, and died with distant metastases 14 months after surgery. After a median follow-up of 64 months, there was no recurrence in the other 73 patients.
Patients with typical diagnostic features suggestive of hepatic angiomyolipoma could be observed with regular surveillance. Definitive treatment should be performed when the tumor has symptoms/complications, when the tumor is enlarging, or when a malignant lesion cannot be ruled out.
Asian Journal of Surgery 10/2011; 34(4):158-62. · 0.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of robot-assisted laparoscopic Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy, using the robotic surgical system.
This is a report of the use of robot-assisted laparoscopic Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy on 2 patients with recurrent pyogenic cholangitis. Both had past history of side-to-side choledochoduodenostomy with complications of Sump syndrome and benign biliary stricture, respectively.
Robot-assisted laparoscopic Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was completed successfully in these 2 patients. Both patients recovered from the operation, except for 1 patient who had minor bile leakage over the anastomosis 4 days after operation, which subsided after conservative treatment. The mean operating time was 300 minutes and 400 minutes, respectively. The blood loss was 20 mL and 10 mL, respectively. They were able to tolerate liquids on the second postoperative day. They were discharged 6 and 11 days after the operation, respectively.
Robot-assisted laparoscopic Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is a feasible and safe procedure. However, more large-scale studies with long-term follow-up results are needed.