Xianyong Lan

Jiangsu Normal University, Hsü-chuang, Shaanxi, China

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Publications (75)135.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, very long chain (ACADVL), encoding ACADVL protein, targets the inner mitochondrial membrane where it catalyzes the first step of the mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation pathway and plays an important role in body metabolism and oxidation of long chain fatty acid releasing energy. Tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR (T-ARMS-PCR) is an easy-to-operate, rapid, inexpensive, and exact method for SNP genotyping. Herein, T-ARMS-PCR was carried out to detect a critical missense mutation (AC_000176:g.2885C>A; Pro236Thr) within the ACADVL gene in 644 individuals from two cattle breeds. In order to evaluate the accuracy of the T-ARMS-PCR at this locus, the genotype of the sampled individuals was also identified by PCR-RFLP. The concordance between these two methods was 98.76%. Statistical analysis showed that the bovine ACADVL gene had a significant effect on chest width (P<0.05), chest depth (P<0.05), and hip width (P<0.05) in the Qinchuan breed. The cattle with AA genotype had superior growth traits compared to cattle with AC and/or CC genotypes. The "A" allele had positive effects on growth traits. Therefore, T-ARMS-PCR can replace PCR-RFLP for rapid genotyping of this mutation, which could be used as a DNA marker for selecting individuals with superior growth traits in the Qinchuan breed. These findings contribute to breeding and genetics in beef cattle industry. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Gene 01/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.01.043 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is a congenital disease in neonates characterized by the absence of the enteric ganglia in a variable length of the distal colon. This disease results from multiple genetic interactions that modulate the ability of enteric neural crest cells to populate developing gut. We previously reported that three rat strains with different backgrounds (susceptible AGH-Ednrbsl/sl, resistant F344-Ednrbsl/sl, and LEH-Ednrbsl/sl) but the same null mutation of Ednrb show varying severity degrees of aganglionosis. This finding suggests that strain-specific genetic factors affect the severity of HSCR. Consistent with this finding, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for the severity of HSCR on chromosome (Chr) 2 was identified using an F2 intercross between AGH and F344 strains. In the present study, we performed QTL analysis using an F2 intercross between the susceptible AGH and resistant LEH strains to identify the modifier/resistant loci for HSCR in Ednrb-deficient rats. A significant locus affecting the severity of HSCR was also detected within the Chr 2 region. These findings strongly suggest that a modifier gene of aganglionosis exists on Chr 2. In addition, two potentially causative SNPs (or mutations) were detected upstream of a known HSCR susceptibility gene, Gdnf. These SNPs were possibly responsible for the varied length of gut affected by aganglionosis.
    PLoS ONE 01/2015; 10(3):e0122068. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0122068 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Identification of polymorphisms associated with economic traits is important for successful marker-assisted selection in cattle breeding. The family of mammalian sirtuin regulates many biological functions, such as life span extension and energy metabolism. SIRT2, a most abundant sirtuin in adipocytes, acts as a crucial regulator of adipogenic differentiation and plays a key role in controlling adipose tissue function and mass. Here we investigated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of bovine SIRT2 in 1226 cattle from five breeds and further evaluated the effects of identified SNPs on economically important traits of Nanyang cattle. Our results revealed four novel SNPs in bovine SIRT2, one was located in intronic region and the other three were synonymous mutations. Linkage disequilibrium and haplotype analyses based on the identified SNPs showed obvious difference between crossbred breed and the other four beef breeds. Association analyses demonstrated that SNPs g.17333C > T and g.17578A > G have a significantly effect on 18-months-old body weight of Nanyang population. Animals with combined genotype TTGG at the above two loci exhibited especially higher body weight. Our data for the first time demonstrated that polymorphisms in bovine SIRT2 are associated with economic traits of Nanyang cattle, which will be helpful for future cattle selection practices.
    Molecular Biology Reports 11/2014; 42(3). DOI:10.1007/s11033-014-3821-2 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A (STAT5A), previously known as mammary gland factor (MGF), belongs to the prolactin/JAK2/STAT5 pathway, and plays an important role in growth and development, milking, and lipid accumulation in mammals. The aim of this study was to identify novel genetic variants of the goat STAT5A gene, as well as to test the possible effects of these variants on body measurement traits in the Xinong Saanen dairy goat (XNSN, milking breed) and the Hainan black goat (HNBG, meat breed) that thrive in Northwest China and Southeast China, respectively, which concurrently need improvement in terms of growth. Three novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (IVS1 + 254C > T, SNP1; Tyr90Tyr, SNP2; and IVS3 + 303T > C, SNP3) within the goat STAT5A gene were identified in intron 1, exon 2, and intron 3, respectively, as well as a documented SNP (Pro268Pro, SNP4) was also detected in exon 7. These SNPs were genotyped using the amplification created restriction site-polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (aCRS-PCR-RFLP) and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods; their minor allelic frequencies varied from 0.079 (SNP4) to 0.372 (SNP2) in the HNBG breed as well as from zero (SNP1) to 0.362 (SNP4) in the XNSN breed, respectively. The PIC values of these loci varied from zero to 0.358. Haplotype analysis uncovered only 8 haplotypes; the major haplotypes were Hap1 (CCCC), Hap2 (CCTC), and Hap4 (CTTC). During linkage disequilibrium analysis, only SNP1 and SNP3 loci showed strong linkage (r2 = 0.999) in the HNBG breed. Statistical analyses indicated that only the known variant (SNP4, Pro268Pro) was significantly associated with body measurement traits in the two breeds when analyzed separately or in combination (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), implying that this SNP significantly affected goat body measurement traits. Therefore, the STAT5A gene is a candidate gene affecting goat body measurement traits and could contribute to goat breeding improvement programs through marker-assisted selection (MAS).
    Small Ruminant Research 10/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.smallrumres.2014.09.002 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The posttranscriptional gene regulation mediated by microRNAs (miRNAs) plays an important role in various species. However, to date limited miRNAs have been reported between fat and muscle tissues in beef cattle. In this paper, 412 known and 22 novel miRNAs in backfat as well as 334 known and 10 novel miRNAs in longissimus thoracis were identified in the Chinese Qinchuan beef cattle. Bta-miR-199a-3p, -154c, -320a and -432 were expressed at higher levels in backfat tissue, while bta-miR-1, -133a, -206, and -378 were also significantly enriched in muscle tissue. Functional analysis revealed that fat-enriched miRNAs targeted PRKAA1/2, PPARA and PPARG genes to modulate lipid and fatty acid metabolism, and muscle-enriched miRNAs targeted CSRP3 gene to present function involved in skeletal and muscular system development. The results obtained may help in the design of new selection strategies to improve beef quality.
    PLoS ONE 07/2014; 9(7):e102142. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0102142 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Adipose tissue has long been recognized to play an extremely important role in development. In bovines, it not only serves a fundamental function but also plays a key role in the quality of beef and, consequently, has drawn much public attention. Age and sex are two key factors that affect the development of adipose tissue, and there has not yet been a global study detailing the effects of these two factors on expressional differences of adipose tissues. Results: In this study, total RNA from the back fat of fetal bovines, adult bulls, adult heifers and adult steers were used to construct libraries for Illumina next-generation sequencing. We detected the expression levels of 12,233 genes, with over 3,000 differently expressed genes when comparing fetal and adult patterns and an average of 1000 differently expressed genes when comparing adult patterns. Multiple Gene Ontology terms and pathways were found to be significantly enriched for these differentially expressed genes. Of the 12,233 detected genes, a total of 4,753 genes (38.85%) underwent alternative splicing events, and over 50% were specifically expressed in each library. Over 4,000 novel transcript units were discovered for one library, whereas only approximately 30% were considered to have coding ability, which supplied a large amount of information for the lncRNA study. Additionally, we detected 56,564 (fetal bovine), 65,154 (adult bull), 78,061 (adult heifer) and 86,965 (adult steer) putative single nucleotide polymorphisms located in coding regions of the four pooled libraries. Conclusion: Here, we present, for the first time, a complete dataset involving the spatial and temporal transcriptome of bovine adipose tissue using RNA-seq. These data will facilitate the understanding of the effects of age and sex on the development of adipose tissue and supply essential information towards further studies on the genomes of beef cattle and other related mammals.
    PLoS ONE 07/2014; 9(7):e101261. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0101261 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Copy number variations (CNVs) are a main source of genomic structural variations underlying animal evolution and production traits. Here, with one pure-blooded Angus bull as reference, we describe a genome-wide analysis of CNVs based on comparative genomic hybridization arrays in 29 Chinese domesticated bulls and examined their effects on gene expression and cattle growth traits.
    BMC Genomics 06/2014; 15(1):480. DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-15-480 · 4.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Goat is an important agricultural animal for meat production. Functional studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and play an important role in various biological processes. Although studies on miRNAs expression profiles have been performed in various animals, relatively limited information about goat muscle miRNAs has been reported. To investigate the miRNAs involved in regulating different periods of skeletal muscle development, we herein performed a comprehensive research for expression profiles of caprine miRNAs during two developmental stages of skeletal muscles: fetal stage and six month-old stage. As a result, 15,627,457 and 15,593,721 clean reads were obtained from the fetal goat library (FC) and the six month old goat library (SMC), respectively. 464 known miRNAs and 83 novel miRNA candidates were identified. Furthermore, by comparing the miRNA profile, 336 differentially expressed miRNAs were identified and then the potential targets of the differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted. To understand the regulatory network of miRNAs during muscle development, the mRNA expression profiles for the two development stages were characterized and 7322 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. Then the potential targets of miRNAs were compared to the DEGs, the intersection of the two gene sets were screened out and called differentially expressed targets (DE-targets), which were involved in 231 pathways. Ten of the 231 pathways that have smallest P-value were shown as network figures. Based on the analysis of pathways and networks, we found that miR-424-5p and miR-29a might have important regulatory effect on muscle development, which needed to be further studied. This study provided the first global view of the miRNAs in caprine muscle tissues. Our results help elucidation of complex regulatory networks between miRNAs and mRNAs and for the study of muscle development.
    PLoS ONE 05/2014; 9(5):e96857. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0096857 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NPC1 gene is an important gene closely related to the Niemann-Pick type C (NPC). Mutations in the NPC1 gene tend to cause Niemann-Pick type C, a lysosomal storage disorder. Previous studies have shown that NPC1 protein plays an important role in subcellular lipid transport, homeostasis, platelet function and formation, which are basic metabolic activities in the process of development. In this study, to explore the association between the NPC1 gene variation and body size traits in Qinchuan cattle, we detected four novel coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (cSNPs) in the bovine NPC1 gene, including one missense mutation (SNP1) and three synonymous mutations (SNP2, SNP3 and SNP4). Population genetic analyses of 518 individuals and association correlations between cSNPs and bovine body size traits were conducted in this research. A missense mutation at SNP1 locus was found to be significantly related to the heart girth, hip width and body weight (P<0.01 or P<0.05, 3.5-year-old). Two synonymous mutations at SNP2 and SNP3 loci also showed significant effects on hip width (P<0.05, 3.5-year-old). One synonymous mutation at SNP4 locus showed significant effect on body weight (P<0.05, 2.0-year-old). Combined haplotypes H2H6 and H6H6 showed significant effects on body size traits such as heart girth, hip width, and body weight (3.5-year-old, P<0.01 or P<0.05). This study provides evidence that the NPC1 gene might be involved in the regulation of bovine growth and body development, and may be considered as a candidate gene for marker assisted selection (MAS) in beef cattle breeding industry.
    Gene 03/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2014.03.001 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The posttranscriptional gene regulation mediated by microRNAs (miRNAs) plays an important role in various species. Recently, a large number of miRNAs and their expression patterns have been identified. However, to date, limited miRNAs have been reported to modulate adipogenesis and lipid deposition in beef cattle. Total RNAs from Chinese Qinchuan bovine backfat at fetal and adult stages were used to construct small RNA libraries for Illumina next-generation sequencing. A total of 13,915,411 clean reads were obtained from a fetal library and 14,244,946 clean reads from an adult library. In total, 475 known and 36 novel miRNA candidates from backfat were identified. The nucleotide bias, base editing, and family of the known miRNAs were also analyzed. Based on stem-loop qPCR, 15 specific miRNAs were detected, and the results showed that bta-miRNAn25 and miRNAn26 were highly expressed in backfat tissue, suggesting these small RNAs play a role in the development and maintenance of bovine subcutaneous fat tissue. Putative targets for miRNAn25 and miRNAn26 were predicted, and the 61 most significant target transcripts were related to lipid and fatty acid metabolism. Of interest, the canonical pathway and gene networks analyses revealed that PPARα/RXRα activation and LXR/RXR activation were important components of the gene interaction hierarchy results. In the present study, we explored the backfat miRNAome differences between cattle of different developmental stages, expanding the expression repertoire of bovine miRNAs that could contribute to further studies on the fat development of cattle. Predication of target genes analysis of miRNA25 and miRNA26 also showed potential gene networks that affect lipid and fatty acid metabolism. These results may help in the design of new intervention strategies to improve beef quality.
    PLoS ONE 02/2014; 9(2):e90244. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0090244 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paired box 3 (PAX3) belongs to the PAX superfamily of transcription factors and plays essential roles in the embryogenesis and postnatal formation of limb musculature through affecting the survival of muscle progenitor cells. By genetic mapping, PAX3 gene is assigned in the interval of quantitative trait loci for body weight on bovine BTA2. The objectives of this study were to detect polymorphisms of PAX3 gene in 1,241 cattle from five breeds and to investigate their effects on growth traits. Initially, three novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified by DNA pool sequencing and aCRS-RFLP methods (AC_000159: g.T-580G, g.A4617C and g.79018Ins/del G), which were located at 5'-UTR, exon 4 and intron 6, respectively. A total of eight haplotypes were constructed and the frequency of the three main haplotypes H1 (TAG), H2 (GCG) and H3 (GAG) accounted for over 81.7 % of the total individuals. Statistical analysis revealed that the three SNPs were associated with body height and body length of Nanyang and Chinese Caoyuan cattle at the age of 6 and/or 12 months old (P < 0.05), and consistently significant effects were also found in the haplotype combination analysis on these traits (P < 0.05). This study presented a complete scan of variations within bovine PAX3 gene, which could provide evidence for improving the economic traits of cattle by using these variations as potentially genetic markers in early marker-assisted selection programs.
    Molecular Biology Reports 02/2014; 41(7). DOI:10.1007/s11033-014-3300-9 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As the master regulator of adipogenesis, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) is required for the accumulation of adipose tissue and hence contributes to obesity. A previous study showed that the substitution of +20A>G in PPARG changed the 7(th) amino acid from Asp to Gly, creating a mutant referred to as PPARG Asp7Gly. In this study, association analysis indicated that PPARG Asp7Gly was associated with lower body height, body weight and heart girth in cattle (P<0.05). Overexpression of PPARG in NIH3T3-L1 cells showed that the Asp7Gly substitution may cause a decrease in its adipogenic ability and the mRNA levels of CIDEC (cell death-inducing DFFA-like effector c) and aP2, which are all transcriptionally activated by PPARG during adipocyte differentiation. A dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze the promoter activity of CIDEC. The results confirmed that the mutant PPARG exhibited weaker transcriptional activation activity than the wild type (P<0.05). These findings likely explain the associations between the Asp7Gly substitution and the body measurements. Additionally, the Asp7Gly mutation may be used in molecular marker assisted selection (MAS) of cattle breeding in the future.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e86954. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0086954 · 3.53 Impact Factor
    This article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched format
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    ABSTRACT: The Mongolian cattle are one of the most widespread breeds with strictly Bos taurus morphological features in northern China. In our current study, we presented diversity of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop region and Y chromosome SNPs markers in 25 male and 8 female samples of Mongolian cattle from the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region in Western China, and detected 21 Bos taurus and four Bos indicus (zebu) mtDNA haplotypes. Among four B. indicus mtDNA haplotypes, two haplotypes belonged to I1 haplogroup and the remaining two haplotypes belonged to I2 haplogroup. In contrast, all 25 male Mongolian cattle samples revealed B. taurus Y chromosome haplotype and no B. indicus haplotypes were found. Historical and archaeological records indicate that B. Taurus was introduced to Xinjiang during the second millennium BC and B. indicus appeared in this region by the second century AD. The two types of cattle coexisted for many centuries in Xinjiang, as depicted in clay and wooden figurines unearthed in the Astana cemetery in Turfan (3rd - 8th century AD). Multiple lines of evidence suggest that the earliest B. indicus introgression in the Mongolian cattle may have occurred during the 2nd -7th centuries AD through the Silk Road around the Xinjiang region. This conclusion differs from the previous hypothesis that zebu introgression to Mongolian cattle happened during the Mongol Empire era in the 13th century.
    Gene 01/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.12.066 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR (T-ARMS-PCR) offers fast detection and extreme simplicity at a negligible cost for SNP genotyping. SIRT2, the family member (sirtuins, SIRT1-7) with the greatest homology to the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2), is the most abundantly expressed sirtuins in adipocytes and has been implicated in promoting fatty acid oxidation (FAO) by deacetylating various substrates. In the current study, we have successfully genotyped a new identified bovine SIRT2 SNP g.4140A > G by T-ARMS-PCR method and validated the accuracy by PCR-RFLP assay using 1255 animals representing the five main Chinese breeds. The concordance between the two different methods was 98.8%. Individuals with discordant genotypes were retyped by direct DNA sequencing. 40% of the discrepancies could be attributed to incomplete digestion in the PCR-RFLP assay. 60% of discordant genotypes resulted from allele failure in the T-ARMS-PCR assay. Chi-square test shows that the frequencies of SNP g.4140A > G are in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in all the samples (P > 0.05), which suggested that the five populations are almost a dynamic equilibrium even in artificial selection. Association analysis showed that the g.4140A > G polymorphism is significantly related to 24 months-old body weight in Nanyang cattle. Our results provide direct evidence that T-ARMS-PCR is a rapid, reliable, and cost-effective method for SNP genotyping and g.4140A > G polymorphism in bovine SIRT2 is associated with growth efficiency traits. These findings may be used for marker-assisted selection and management in feedlot cattle.
    Analytical methods 01/2014; 6(6):1835. DOI:10.1039/c3ay41370e · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Forkhead box A2 (Foxa2) has been recognized as one of the most potent transcriptional activator that is implicated in the control of feeding behavior and energy homeostasis. However, similar researches about the effects of genetic variations of Foxa2 gene on growth traits are lacking. Therefore, this study detected Foxa2 gene polymorphisms by DNA pool sequencing, PCR-RFLP and PCR-ACRS methods in 822 individuals from three Chinese cattle breeds. The results showed that four sequence variants (SVs) were screened, including two mutations (SV1, g. 7005 C>T and SV2, g. 7044 C>G) in intron 4, one mutation (SV3, g. 8449 A>G) in exon 5 and one mutation (SV4, g. 8537 T>C) in the 3'UTR. Notably, association analysis of the single mutations with growth traits in total individuals (at 24 months) revealed that significant statistical difference were found in four SVs, and SV4 locus was highly significantly associated with growth traits throughout all three breeds (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Meanwhile, haplotype combination CCCCAGTC also indicated remarkably associated to better chest girth and body weight in Jiaxian Red cattle (P<0.05). We herein described a comprehensive study on the variability of bovine Foxa2 gene that was predictive of molecular markers in cattle breeding for the first time.
    Gene 12/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.11.046 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Copy number variations (CNVs) have been recently recognized as another important genetic variability complementary to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Compelling evidence has indicated that CNVs are responsible for phenotypic traits by changing the copy numbers of functional genes. Myosin heavy chain 3 (MYH3) gene is a critical regulatory factor in skeletal muscle development, and has been detected in the CNVs region by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) array. This study was conducted to validate and detect the distribution of MYH3 copy numbers (relative to Angus cattle) in four Chinese cattle breeds (NY, QC, LX, and CY), and further to investigate the associations of the copy number changes with its transcriptional expression and cattle growth traits. Substantial genetic differences of MYH3 copy numbers were identified between NY and the other three breeds (P<0.01). The copy numbers of MYH3 gene presented the positive correlations with the transcript level of MYH3 gene in both fetal and adult skeletal muscle (P<0.05). Statistical analysis revealed that CNVs of MYH3 gene were significantly associated with growth traits of NY cattle, and the individuals with copy number gain showed better phenotypes than the loss and/or median groups (P<0.05). This study firstly attempted to establish the correlations between CNVs of candidate genes and growth traits, and our results suggested that the CNVs of MYH3 gene may be utilized as the potential markers for economic traits in selection breeding programs of Chinese cattle.
    Gene 12/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.11.057 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha protein, encoded by the PPARGC1A gene, is a metabolic switch, which transcriptionally activates a complex pathway of mitochondrial biogenesis, lipid and glucose metabolism. Three SNPs (exon 3 c.396G>A, intron 9 c.1892 + 19C>T and exon 10 c.1971C>T) were found and identified in three Chinese native cattle breeds by PCR-SSCP, PCR-RFLP and DNA sequencing methods. All three populations had a low genetic diversity at SNP396 locus (PIC <0.25) while possessed a moderate genetic diversity at SNP1892 locus (0.25 < PIC < 0.5). Association study indicated that the synonymous mutation c.396G>A significantly associated with body weight and average daily gain in Nanyang cattle at the adult age (P < 0.05). Our investigation will not only extend the spectrum of genetic variation of bovine PPARGC1A gene, but also provide useful information for the marker assisted selection in beef cattle breeding program.
    Molecular Biology Reports 11/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11033-013-2835-5 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Copy number variations (CNVs) recently have been recognized as an important source of genetic variability. Compelling evidence has indicated that CNVs are responsible for phenotypic traits by altering the copy numbers of functional genes. The molecule interacting with CasL-like protein 2 (MICAL-L2) gene plays a critical role in muscle fiber development and has been identified in the CNV region by comparative genomic hybridization array. In the present study, we detected the different distributions of MICAL-L2 gene copy numbers in four Chinese cattle breeds (QC, NY, LX, and CY) and investigated the functional effects of MICAL-L2 CNVs on the gene's expression level and the phenotypic traits in QC and NY cattle. The results showed that the copy number loss (relative to Angus cattle) was more frequent in CY than in the other breeds. The MICAL-L2 gene copy number presented a moderate negative correlation with the transcriptional expression in fetal skeletal muscles (P < 0.05). Statistical analysis revealed that the MICAL-L2 CNVs were significantly associated with body weight, body height, and body length of NY cattle in the early stages (6 and 12 months old), and the copy number loss showed better traits than the gain and/or median groups (P < 0.05). No significance was found at the late stages in QC (24 months old) and NY cattle (18 and 24 months old). These observations provided further insight into the associations between cattle CNVs and economic traits, suggesting that the CNVs may be considered promising markers for the molecular breeding of Chinese beef cattle.
    Mammalian Genome 11/2013; 24(11-12). DOI:10.1007/s00335-013-9483-x · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell death-inducing DFFA-like effector c (CIDEC) protein, also known as fat specific protein 27 (Fsp27), is localized to lipid droplets. CIDEC protein is required for unilocular lipid droplet formation and optimal energy storage in addition to controlling lipid metabolism in adipocytes and hepatocytes. Research found that Ad-36 could induce lipid droplets in the cultured skeletal muscle cells and this process may be mediated by promoting CIDEC expression. The content of intermuscular fat is an important index for evaluation of beef quality, so the CIDEC gene appeared to be a candidate gene for regulation of intermuscular fat, however similar research for the bovine CIDEC gene is lacking. This paper examined the tissue expression profile of CIDEC gene in cattle using real-time RT-PCR to suggest that bovine CIDEC is highly expressed in adipose tissue. In addition, the Bovine CIDEC gene was cloned and inserted into the eukaryotic expression vector pET-28a(+), whereupon recombinant bovine CIDEC protein was induced and identified by Western-blot. A phylogenetic analysis showed that the animo acid sequence of bovine CIDEC was closer to mammalian CIDEC than rasorial CIDEC. We found ten single nucleotide polymorphisms sites (SNPs) in bovine CIDEC gene, of which SNP 2, 3, 4, 6 and 9, and SNP 8 and 10 were in complete linkage disequilibrium, respectively. SNP 1, 2 and 10 were used in further haplotype studies. Eight different haplotypes were identified in 973 cattle, of which haplotype 8 predominated with frequencies ranging from 42.90 to 54.30 %. This research provides a basis for future functional studies of CIDEC in cattle.
    Molecular Biology Reports 09/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11033-013-2793-y · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 2 (PITX2) gene plays a critical role in cell proliferation, differentiation, hematopoiesis and organogenesis. This gene regulates several genes' expressions in the Wnt/beta-catenin and POU1F1 pathways, thereby probably affecting milk performance. The goal of this study was to characterize the genetic variants of the PITX2 gene and test their associations with milk traits in dairy goats. Herein, four novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), AC_000163:g.18117T>C, g.18161C>G, g.18322C>A and g.18353T>C, within the caprine PITX2 gene, were found in two famous Chinese dairy goat breeds. These SNPs mapping at Cys28Arg, Pro42Pro, IVS1+79C>A and IVS1+110T>C, were genotyped by the MvaI, SmaI, MspI and RsaI aCRS-RFLP or PCR-RFLP methods, respectively. Accordingly, two main haplotypes (CGCT and CGCC) were identified among the specimens. Association testing revealed that the SmaI and RsaI polymorphisms were significantly associated with the milk fat content, milk lactose content and milk density (P<0.05 or P<0.01) in the Guanzhong (GZ) dairy goats, respectively. At the same time, the RsaI locus was also found to significantly link to the the second lactation milk yield, milk fat content, milk lactose content, milk density and milk total solid content (P<0.05 or P<0.01) in the Xinong Saanen (XNSN) dairy goats, respectively. These results indicated that the caprine PITX2 gene had the significant effects on milk traits. Hence, the RsaI and SmaI loci could be regarded as two DNA markers for selecting superior milk performance in dairy goats. These preliminary findings not only would extend the spectrum of genetic variation of the goat PITX2 gene, but also would contribute to implementing marker-assisted selection (MAS) in breeding and genetics in dairy goats.
    Gene 09/2013; 532(2). DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.09.062 · 2.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

285 Citations
135.14 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Jiangsu Normal University
      • Institute of Cellular and Molecular Biology
      Hsü-chuang, Shaanxi, China
  • 2007–2014
    • Northwest A & F University
      • College of Animal Science and Technology
      Yang-ling-chen, Shaanxi, China