[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA)-encoding antigens are considered as safe vaccine candidates for various infectious diseases in humans. Here, we investigated the immune-modulating properties of MVA-encoding ovalbumin (MVA-OVA) on the allergen-specific immune response.
The immune-modulating properties of MVA-OVA were investigated using GM-CSF-differentiated BMDCs from C57BL/6 mice. OVA expression upon MVA-OVA infection of BMDCs was monitored. Activation and maturation markers on viable MVA-OVA-infected mDCs were analyzed by flow cytometry. Secretion of INF-γ, IL-2, and IL-10 was determined in a co-culture of BMDCs infected with wtMVA or MVA-OVA and OVA-specific OT-I CD8(+) and OT-II CD4(+ ) T cells. BALB/c mice were vaccinated with wtMVA, MVA-OVA, or PBS, sensitized to OVA/alum and challenged with a diet containing chicken egg white. OVA-specific IgE, IgG1, and IgG2a and cytokine secretion from mesenteric lymph node (MLN) cells were analyzed. Body weight, body temperature, food uptake, intestinal inflammation, and health condition of mice were monitored.
Infection with wtMVA and MVA-OVA induced comparable activation of mDCs. MVA-OVA-infected BMDCs expressed OVA and induced enhanced IFN-γ and IL-2 secretion from OVA-specific CD8(+ ) T cells in comparison with OVA, wtMVA, or OVA plus wtMVA. Prophylactic vaccination with MVA-OVA significantly repressed OVA-specific IgE, whereas OVA-specific IgG2a was induced. MVA-OVA vaccination suppressed TH 2 cytokine production in MLN cells and prevented the onset of allergic symptoms and inflammation in a mouse model of OVA-induced intestinal allergy.
Modified vaccinia virus Ankara-ovalbumin (MVA-OVA) vaccination induces a strong OVA-specific TH 1- immune response, likely mediated by the induction of IFN-γ and IgG2a. Finally, MVA-based vaccines need to be evaluated for their therapeutic potential in established allergy models.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Paper mulberry (Morus papyrifera) pollen is considered to be one of the most clinically relevant aeroallergens in Pakistan. To date, the allergenicity of the pollen has not been investigated.
To characterize the sensitization profile of mulberry-allergic patients and the proteins of paper mulberry pollen contributing to pollinosis in the Pakistani population.
Proteins were extracted from mulberry pollen using different protocols. Immunoglobulin (Ig) E binding proteins to mulberry pollen was determined by ImmunoCAP testing and immunoblotting using sera from 29 mulberry pollen-allergic patients with positive skin prick test results to mulberry pollen antigens. The histamine release assay was performed in vitro to determine the allergenic potency of pollen extracts and a partially purified mulberry pollen allergen. The protein was identified using N-terminal sequencing and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF).
IgE sensitization to mulberry pollen was confirmed by positive ImmunoCAP results to pollen from Morus alba (white mulberry) in 23 out of 29 mulberry pollen-allergic patients. A 10-kDa protein from the paper mulberry pollen extract was considered a major allergen, along with additional IgE-reactive proteins. Sera from 79% of the patients reacted to the 10-kDa allergen, which showed substantial capacity to trigger histamine release in 3 out of 4 patients. N-terminal sequencing and MALDI-TOF/TOF yielded an amino acid sequence with no homology to known proteins.
Mulberry-allergic patients are sensitized to multiple mulberry pollen allergens. We identified a novel 10-kDa protein that was a major allergen and should be further investigated for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología 01/2013; 23(3):168-75. · 1.89 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: IgE- and T-cell cross-reactivity contribute to the birch pollen-food syndrome. OBJECTIVES: We performed a comprehensive analysis of T-cell cross-reactivity in primary cell cultures, facilitating the identification of allergen-specific T-cell subpopulations from individual patients. METHODS: Patients with birch pollen allergy and associated food allergy to hazelnuts, carrots, or both were analyzed for IgE cross-reactivity, T-cell responses, and T-cell cross-reactivity to recombinant Bet v 1.0101 (Bet v 1; birch), Cor a 1.0401 (Cor a 1; hazelnut), and Dau c 1.0104 (Dau c 1; carrot). A novel flow cytometry-based method using a 2-step staining process with fluorescent dyes was established to identify subpopulations of cross-reactive T cells. RESULTS: IgE-binding inhibition tests of individual sera revealed that the vast majority of Cor a 1-reactive IgE was cross-reactive to Bet v 1, whereas Bet v 1-reactive IgE was only partially inhibited by preincubation with Cor a 1. Primary stimulation of T cells with Bet v 1 or Cor a 1 resulted in a significant increase in specific responses to Cor a 1 or Bet v 1 after secondary stimulation, respectively, indicating T-cell cross-reactivity between birch and hazelnut allergens in all patients of the study cohort. Preactivation with Dau c 1 induced less pronounced effects. A novel flow cytometry-based proliferation assay identified a predominant Cor a 1/Bet v 1-cross-reactive T-cell subpopulation within highly Bet v 1/Cor a 1-responsive T cells. CONCLUSION: Analysis of primary allergen-specific T cells combined with flow cytometry-based proliferation assays facilitates investigation of allergen-specific T-cell subpopulations in subjects and might be helpful to evaluate the effect of birch-specific immunotherapy on pollen-associated food allergies.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 12/2012; · 9.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peanut allergy is an increasingly serious disorder with a heterogeneous pattern of sensitization across different countries. In vitro diagnostic techniques may help in establishing these patterns.
To analyze the usefulness of determining specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) with the ImmunoCAP fluorescence enzyme immunoassay (FEIA), the ImmunoCAP ISAC CRD103 microarray (ISAC), and the basophil activation test (BAT) in the molecular diagnosis of peanut allergy.
In 26 peanut-allergic patients, sIgE antibodies against allergic components were measured with FEIA, ISAC, and BAT.
The major peanut component in our population wasAra h 9.The detection of sIgE toAra h 9 using FEIA and BAT with this allergen yielded a sensitivity of 92% and 88% and a specificity of 95% and 100%, respectively. Overall diagnosis of peanut allergy by ISAC showed a sensitivity of 11% but a specificity of 95% since Ara h 9 was not present in the microarray version used. There was diagnostic agreement between the 3 techniques for the peanut allergens studied.
The determination of sIgE to Ara h 9 using FEIA and BAT offers high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of peanut allergy in the Spanish population. The CRD103 version of ISAC is not of value in our region as it does not include the most common allergen, Ara h 9.
Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología 01/2012; 22(7):508-13. · 1.89 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although rice (Oryza sativa) is one of the most common cereals produced and consumed around the world, there have been only a few reports on immediate hypersensitivity reactions after ingestion of rice. Few clinical studies on rice allergy in Asia have been reported concerning rhinitis, asthma and atopic dermatitis. In this case study, we identify allergens presumably responsible for anaphylaxis after ingestion of rice in a German patient.
Prick-to-prick tests, determination of specific IgE and the basophil activation test (BAT) were performed to confirm IgE-mediated allergy. IgE reactivity was further analyzed by immunoblotting of protein extracts from cooked commercial rice products. Rice allergens were purified, subjected to N-terminal sequencing and characterized by IgE binding and IgE inhibition assays using additional sera from 8 subjects with sensitization to rice and/or a history of hypersensitivity symptoms after rice ingestion.
Prick-to-prick tests were positive to raw and cooked rice (basmati rice and long-grain rice) and preparations of different rice extracts. Specific IgE against rice (f9) was 1.87 kU(A)/l. The BAT showed specific IgE-mediated activation of basophils after stimulation with rice extracts. Four IgE-reactive rice proteins with an apparent molecular weight of 49, 52, 56 and 98 kDa were identified. Interestingly, only binding to the 56-kDa glycoprotein was at least partially independent from cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCD), whereas IgE binding to the other rice proteins was completely inhibited by pre-incubation with the CCD MUXF derived from bromelain.
Yet unidentified high-molecular-weight allergens from rice seeds, predominantly a 56-kDa glycoprotein, seem to be responsible for anaphylaxis after consumption of rice in a German patient.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 12/2011; 158(1):9-17. · 2.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Up to 25% of food allergic subjects in central Europe suffer from carrot allergy. Until now, two isoforms of the major carrot (Daucus carota) allergen Dau c 1 have been described: Dau c 1.01, comprising five variants (Dau c 1.0101-Dau c 1.0105) and Dau c 1.02.
To investigate potential allergenic properties of a Dau c PRPlike protein, a novel isoform of the PR-10 protein family in carrot.
Dau c PRPlike cDNA from carrot roots (cv Rodelika) was cloned after RT-PCR and 5'RACE. Dau c PRPlike protein was expressed in E. coli, purified under native conditions by Ni-NTA chromatography and analysed by CD spectroscopy. Immuno-reactivity of the rDau c PRPlike protein was compared with rDau c 1.0104 and rDau c 1.0201 in terms of IgE binding (immunoblotting, ImmunoCAP), IgE cross-reactivity (ELISA inhibition) and in vitro mediator release with sera from carrot allergic patients. mRNA expression of Dau c PRPlike protein in wild-type and transgenic carrot roots was analysed by qRT-PCR.
The Dau c PRPlike protein was identified as a new allergenic isoform, Dau c 1.03, in carrot roots. 68% of carrot allergic patients were sensitized to rDau c 1.03. The IgE-reactivity of rDau c 1.03 strongly correlated with reactivity to rDau c 1.0104, but not to rDau c 1.0201. The extent of IgE cross-reactivity and allergenic potency of Dau c 1 isoforms varied between the individual sera tested. Dau c 1.03 mRNA transcripts were up-regulated in Dau c 1.01 and Dau c 1.02 gene-silenced carrot roots.
Dau c 1 isoforms display distinct IgE epitope heterogeneity. Dau c 1.03 appears to contribute to the allergenicity of carrots and the manifestation of carrot allergy. The epitope diversity of different Dau c 1 isoforms should be considered for component-resolved diagnosis and gene silencing of carrot allergens.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Food allergy is caused by primary (class 1) food allergens, e.g. Bos d 5 (cow's milk) and Cor a 8 (hazelnut) or secondary (class 2) food allergens, e.g. Mal d 1 (apple). The latter cannot sensitize susceptible individuals but can cause allergy due to immunological cross-reactivity with homologous respiratory allergens. Here, we studied the effects of food matrix on gastrointestinal proteolysis, epithelial transport and in vivo absorption of class 1 and class 2 food allergens.
Mal d 1 lost its IgE-reactivity immediately after simulated gastric digestion whereas Bos d 5 and Cor a 8 did not. Only Cor a 8 maintained IgE-binding capacity after simulated intestinal proteolysis. The presence of hazelnut and peanut extracts, which served as protein-rich model food matrices, delayed gastrointestinal degradation and reduced epithelial transport rates of all allergens through CaCo-2 monolayers. Finally, IgE-reactive allergens were assessed at different time points in sera from rats fed with all three allergens with or without hazelnut extract. The levels of all allergens peaked 2 h after animals were fed without matrix and increased over 8 h after feeding.
A protein-rich food matrix delays gastrointestinal digestion and epithelial transport of food allergens and thereby may affect their sensitizing capacity and clinical symptoms.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Toll-like receptor (TLR) 5 agonist flagellin is associated with immunomodulatory functions.
We sought to investigate whether Listeria monocytogenes-derived flagellin A (flaA) can modulate ovalbumin (OVA)-specific T-cell responses and prevent OVA-induced intestinal allergy.
Bone marrow-derived myeloid dendritic cells from BALB/c, C57BL/6, or TLR signaling-deficient (MyD88(-/-)) mice were stimulated with rOVA, rflaA, rflaA plus rOVA, or a recombinant fusion protein consisting of rflaA and rOVA (rflaA:OVA). The immunomodulating properties of rflaA plus rOVA and rflaA:OVA were investigated by means of DC-T-cell coculture with CD4(+) T cells from OVA-T-cell receptor transgenic or OVA/alum-immunized mice. rflaA:OVA was applied as a prophylactic and therapeutic vaccine in a murine model of intestinal allergy.
rflaA:OVA induced upregulation of TLR5 and dose-dependent IL-6 and IL-10 secretion by myeloid dendritic cells. IL-10 contributed to repressing IL-4 and IFN-γ secretion by OVA-T-cell receptor transgenic CD4(+) T cells. Moreover, rflaA:OVA suppressed CD4(+) T cells derived from T(H)2-biased mice on OVA/alum immunization. In a murine model of intestinal allergy, prophylactic vaccination with rflaA:OVA reduced T-cell activation. Protection from intestinal allergy included suppression of OVA-specific IgE while inducing OVA-specific IgG(2a). Equimolar amounts of rflaA or rOVA provided alone or as a mixture did not have comparable effects. Moreover, therapeutic vaccination was shown to reduce allergic symptoms and T-cell activation in the spleen.
The rflaA:OVA fusion protein showed strong TLR-mediated immunomodulating capacities probably attributed by the proximity of adjuvant and allergen, leading to the prevention of intestinal allergy in a murine disease model. Therefore recombinant flaA:allergen fusion proteins are promising vaccine candidates for intervention in patients with IgE-mediated allergy.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 08/2011; 128(6):1340-1348.e12. · 9.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pathogenesis-related protein-10 (PR10) is a ubiquitous small plant protein induced by microbial pathogens and abiotic stress that adversely contributes to the allergenic potency of many fruits and vegetables, including carrot. In this plant, two highly similar genes encoding PR10 isoforms have been isolated and designated as allergen Dau c 1.01 and Dau c 1.02. The aim of the study was to generate PR10-reduced hypoallergenic carrots by silencing either one of these genes in transgenic carrots by means of RNA interference (RNAi). The efficiency of gene silencing by stably expressed hairpin RNA (hnRNA) was documented by means of quantitative RT-PCR (qPCR) and immunoblotting. Quantification of the residual protein revealed that PR10 accumulation was strongly decreased compared with untransformed controls. Treatment of carrot plants with the PR protein-inducing chemical salicylic acid resulted in an increase of PR10 isoforms only in wild-type but not in Dau c 1-silenced mutants. The decrease of the allergenic potential in Dau c 1-silenced plants was sufficient to cause a reduced allergenic reactivity in patients with carrot allergy, as determined with skin prick tests (SPT). However, simultaneous silencing of multiple allergens will be required to design hypoallergenic carrots for the market. Our findings demonstrate the feasibility of creating low-allergenic food by using RNAi. This constitutes a reasonable approach to allergen avoidance.
Transgenic Research 06/2011; 20(3):547-56. · 2.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Allergen-specific immunotherapy for food allergies, including peach allergy, has not been established. Use of allergens with reduced allergenic potential and preserved immunogenicity could improve the safety and efficacy of allergen-specific immunotherapy.
We sought to create a hypoallergenic derivative of the major peach allergen Pru p 3 and to characterize its biochemical and immunologic properties.
A Pru p 3 folding variant generated by means of reduction and alkylation was investigated for structural integrity and stability to gastrointestinal enzymes. IgE reactivity and allergenic potency were determined by means of immunoblotting, ELISA, and in vitro mediator release assay with sera from patients with peach allergy. T-cell immunogenicity was investigated by using human allergen-specific T cells and CBA/J mice immunized with either native Pru p 3 (nPru p 3) or reduced and alkylated (R/A) Pru p 3. Pru p 3 processing by endolysosomal fractions of dendritic cells and antigenicity was examined in mice.
Unfolding of Pru p 3 reduced its high resistance to gastrointestinal proteolysis and almost completely abrogated its IgE reactivity and allergenic potency. However, R/A Pru p 3 was capable of stimulating human and murine T cells. Endolysosomal degradation of R/A Pru p 3 was accelerated in comparison with nPru p 3, but similar peptides were generated. IgG and IgE antibodies raised against nPru p 3 showed almost no cross-reactivity with R/A Pru p 3. Moreover, the antigenicity of R/A Pru p 3 was strongly reduced.
Unfolded Pru p 3 showed reduced allergenicity and antigenicity and preserved T-cell immunogenicity. The hypoallergenic variant of Pru p 3 could be a promising vaccine candidate for specific immunotherapy of peach allergy.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 05/2011; 128(5):1022-30.e1-7. · 9.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nonspecific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) are important food allergens. Often, patients allergic to the nsLTP in peach suffer from allergy to hazelnuts. We aimed to analyse the T-cell response to Cor a 8, the nsLTP in hazelnut and its immunological cross-reactivity with the nsLTP in peach, Pru p 3.
Cor a 8-reactive T-cell lines (TCL) established from patients allergic to hazelnut and peach were stimulated with 12-mer peptides representing the complete amino acid sequence of Cor a 8 to identify its T-cell-activating regions and with Pru p 3 to investigate cellular cross-reactivity. T-cell clones specific for different major T-cell-activating regions of Pru p 3 were stimulated with Cor a 8. Both nsLTPs were subjected to endolysosomal degradation assays. Immunoglobulin E (IgE) cross-reactivity between Cor a 8 and Pru p 3 was assessed in inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
No major T-cell-activating region was found among 26 T-cell-reactive peptides identified in Cor a 8. Although generated with Cor a 8, 62% of the TCL responded more strongly to Pru p 3. This cross-reactivity was mediated by T cells specific for the immunodominant region Pru p 3(61-75) . Peptide clusters encompassing this region were generated during lysosomal degradation of both nsLTPs. Cor a 8 was more rapidly degraded by lysosomal proteases than Pru p 3. Pre-incubation of sera with Pru p 3 completely abolished IgE binding to Cor a 8, which was not the case vice versa.
T-cell reactivity to Cor a 8 is predominantly based on cross-reactivity with Pru p 3, indicating that the latter initiates sensitisation to its homolog in hazelnut. The limited allergenic potential of Cor a 8 seems to be associated with rapid lysosomal degradation during allergen processing and the lack of major T-cell-activating regions.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gene silencing of Lyc e 1 leads to reduced allergenicity of tomato fruits but impaired growth of transgenic tomato plants. The aim of the study was to restore growth of Lyc e 1-deficient tomato plants while retaining reduced allergenicity by simultaneous complementation of profilin deficiency by expression of nonallergenic yeast profilin. Transgenic plants were generated and tested by RT-PCR and immunoblotting; allergenicity of yeast profilin and transgenic fruits was investigated by IgE binding, basophil activation, and skin-prick tests. Lyc e 1 content of transgenic tomato fruits was <5% of that of wild-type plants, causing significantly reduced IgE antibody binding. Simultaneous coexpression of yeast profilin restored growth and biomass production almost to wild-type levels. Yeast profilin, sharing 32.6% amino acid sequence identity with Lyc e 1, displayed low IgE-binding capacity and allergenic potency. Among 16 tomato-allergic patients preselected for sensitization to Lyc e 1, none showed significant reactivity to yeast profilin. Yeast profilin did not induce mediator release, and coexpression of yeast profilin did not enhance the allergenicity of Lyc e 1-reduced fruits. Simultanous coexpression of yeast profilin allows silencing of tomato profilin and generation of viable plants with Lyc e 1-deficient tomato fruits. Therefore, a novel approach to allergen avoidance, genetically modified foods with reduced allergen accumulation, can be generated even if the allergen fulfills an essential cellular function in the plant. In summary, our findings of efficiently complementing profilin-deficient tomato plants by coexpression of low allergenic yeast profilin demonstrate the feasibility of creating low-allergenic food even if the allergen fulfills essential cellular functions.
The FASEB Journal 12/2010; 24(12):4939-47. · 5.70 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Toll-like receptor ligands are immune-modulatory components linking innate and adaptive immune responses and are considered to be promising vaccine components. Objective of this study was to investigate the adjuvant activity of Listeria monocytogenesis-derived TLR5-ligand flagellin A (flaA) genetically fused to ovalbumin (Ova, major chicken white egg allergen) in a murine in vitro system. Recombinant flaA, rOva, and a fusion protein of rflaA and rOva (rflaA:Ova) were over-expressed in Escherchia coli and purified by FPLC. LPS depletion was confirmed by LAL test. TLR5-binding was evaluated by human and murine TLR5-transgenic HEK 293 cells. The immune-modulatory effect of rflaA:Ova and rflaA:Ova modified by reduction and alkylation on purified BALB/c bone marrow-derived myeloid (mDC) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) was investigated by flow cytometry and intracellular cytokine staining (ICS). Dose-dependent IL-8 secretion from transgenic HEK 293 cells confirmed binding of rflaA and rflaA:Ova molecules to human and murine TLR5. Recombinant flaA showed similar biological reactivity to TLR5-ligand fliC derived from Salmonella typhimurium applied as positive control. Compared to rflaA, both rflaA:Ova preparations induced higher expression of maturation markers (CD40, CD69, CD80, and CD86) on mDC, whereas only CD69 and CD40 were upregulated on pDC. Moreover, IL-6 and IL-10 production by mDC was enhanced upon stimulation with rflaA:Ova constructs in comparison to an equimolar mixture of both proteins whereas pDC did not show secretion of the investigated cytokines. Any immunological effects of LPS can be excluded by depletion of endotoxins and the lack of IL-10 production upon proteinase K digestion of rflaA:Ova. In summary, the rflaA:Ova fusion proteins showed an enhanced immune modulating capacity in comparison to rflaA or the mixture of rflaA and antigen. Since the rflaA:Ova fusion proteins induce strong IL-10 induction they are considered as potential vaccine candidates to improve allergen-specific immunotherapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Green bean (GB) has been reported to cause allergic reactions after ingestion, contact or inhalation of particles deriving from processing or cooking. Up-to-date no food allergens have been fully characterized in GB.
To characterize the GB major allergen(s) on a molecular level and to verify the involvement of non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) in GB allergy.
We recruited 10 Spanish patients reporting adverse reactions to GB. Skin prick tests, specific IgE detection and oral provocation were performed. Two nsLTP cDNAs were cloned from GB and over-expressed in Pichia pastoris. The recombinant LTPs (rLTPs) were characterized by circular dichroism spectroscopy and IgE-binding assays (immunoblotting and ELISA) with the patients' sera. Three natural LTPs (nLTPs) were further purified from GB fruit by chromatography. In vitro histamine release test was applied to compare the allergenic potency of rLTPs and nLTPs.
Oral provocation test confirmed GB allergy. A 10kDa protein in GB extract was recognized by 80% of the sera and identified as nsLTP. The two rLTPs (named LTP1a and LTP1b), share 61.3% aa identity and present the typical nsLTP-like secondary structure. The IgE-binding and histamine release assays provided evidence that rLTPs and nLTPs possess different allergenic potency.
nsLTP (Pha v 3) is the major allergen in GB and constitute a potential risk for patients affected by LTP-syndrome. GB encodes for several LTPs with different immune reactivity.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Whether the observed clinical pattern of non-specific lipid transfer protein (nsLTP)-mediated food allergies is attributable to a primary sensitization by Pru p 3 from peach and subsequent cross-reactivity with Rosaceae- and non-Rosaceae-derived foods expressing homologous allergens is still unclear.
To investigate the allergenic properties of nsLTPs from Rosaceae and non-Rosaceae foods.
In peach-, cherry- or hazelnut-allergic patients, prevalence of sensitization, IgE-binding capacity, cross-reactivity and allergenic potency of Pru p 3 was compared with Pru av 3 (cherry) and Cor a 8 (hazelnut).
Frequency of sensitization to corresponding nsLTPs was 88, 85, and 77% in peach-, hazelnut- and cherry-allergic patients, respectively. Concomitant allergic reactions to cherry and hazelnut were reported in 51 and 44% of peach-allergic patients, respectively. In contrast to cherry allergy, hazelnut allergy was not strictly associated to peach allergy. Sensitization to Cor a 8 or Pru av 3 was strongly correlated with IgE reactivity to Pru p 3, even when subjects tolerated peach. Specific IgE was highest for Rosaceae LTPs, and cross-inhibition experiments confirmed a stronger IgE-binding capacity of Pru p 3 than Cor a 8. The biological potency of Pru p 3 and Pru av 3 was similar but stronger for both nsLTPs than that of Cor a 8.
Clinical cross-reactivity of food-allergic patients in the Mediterranean area is likely attributed to a primary sensitization to Pru p 3 and serological cross-reactivity with homologous food nsLTPs. In comparison to Cor a 8, Rosaceae nsLTPs showed a stronger IgE-binding capacity and allergenic potency indicating a different epitope pattern.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 01/2010; 153(4):335-46. · 2.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: : An IgE-mediated allergy against a lipid-transfer protein of grapes was the cause of repeated severe anaphylaxis in a patient after consumption of grapes, wine, and raisins.
: Although the patient was aware of her grape allergy, avoidance proved difficult and accidental anaphylaxis occurred. Furthermore, wine allergy in a wine-growing district means a non-negligible restriction of quality of life.
: Although there is little data on specific oral tolerance induction (SOTI) in lipid-transfer protein (LTP) allergy, SOTI with increasing doses starting from approximately 20 mg of grapes was done. For follow-up, skin tests, grape-specific IgE and IgG4, basophil activation tests, and immunoblotting were performed.
: Within 3 days the patient reached tolerance to the daily maintenance dose of 20 g of grapes (about 3 grape pieces) without anaphylaxis symptoms. Two months later, a controlled challenge with a total of 66.5 mL of white wine was tolerated. Grape-specific IgE stayed stable at 2.37 kU/L (class 2) and grape-specific IgG4 was first detectable 21 months after SOTI. Prick-to-prick skin tests continued to be positive to grapes, to raisins, and to white and red wine. The basophil activation test still showed strong IgE-mediated activation of basophils after stimulation with grape extract. Immunoblotting still detected IgE binding to a 8-kDa protein.
: We performed SOTI in a patient with severe IgE-mediated allergy against the LTP Vit v 1 of grapes and reduced the risk of anaphylaxis because of accidental intake of any kind of grapes. However, underlying mechanisms of SOTI and maintenance of the established tolerance are still not known.
World Allergy Organization Journal 01/2010; 3(1):1-5.