[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: STC1 is a glycoprotein hormone involved in calcium/phosphate (Pi) homeostasis. There is mounting evidence that STC1 is tightly associated with the development of cancer. But the function of STC1 in cancer is not fully understood. Here, we found that STC1 is down-regulated in Clinical tissues of cervical cancer compared to the adjacent normal cervical tissues (15 cases). Subsequently, the expression of STC1 was knocked down by RNA interference in cervical cancer CaSki cells and the low expression promoted cell growth, migration and invasion. We also found that STC1 overexpression inhibited cell proliferation and invasion of cervical cancer cells. Moreover, STC1 overexpression sensitized CaSki cells to drugs. Further, we showed that NF-κB p65 protein directly bound to STC1 promoter and activated the expression of STC1 in cervical cancer cells. Thus, these results provided evidence that STC1 inhibited cell proliferation and invasion through NF-κB p65 activation in cervical cancer.
PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e53989. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is important to understand the mechanisms of tumor development for curing cervical cancer. However, the molecular basis determining the different characteristics of tumor remains unclear. Space environment as a special study model can expand the study field of tumor development. To approach this, after human cervical carcinoma CaSki cells were flown on “Shen Zhou IV” space shuttle mission, the cell morphology and proliferation was investigated after flying to ground. We found that the growth of 48A9 CaSki cell (flight group) became slow compared with ground groups. Observation of cells by light microscopy revealed differences in cell morphology between ground controls and flight groups, and the flight group exhibited morphologic differences, characterized by rounder, smoother, decreased, smaller and low-adhension cells. Transmission electron microscope images showed the structure of the ultrastructural characteristics of 48A9 CaSki cells were clearly distinct from those of the ground CaSki cells in aspects of mitochondrion, cytoplasm, nucleus and ribosomes. MTT and soft agar assay showed that 48A9 CaSki cells grew slowly compared to ground control. Furthermore, suppression subtractive hybridization combining with reverse Northern blot was used to identify differently expression genes between flight and ground groups. These differentially expressed genes included cytoskeleton, cell differentiation, cell apoptosis, signal transduction, DNA repair, protein synthesis, substance metabolism, and antigen presentation. The identification of differently expressed genes which is likely to increase our understanding of the molecular processes underlying tumor development will provide new insight into tumor development mechanisms, and may facilitate the development of new anticancer strategies.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To express and purify the human scFv antibody,SA3,against the hepatoma fused to enhanced green fluorescent protein,and to observe the targeted capacity of fusion protein EGFP-SA3 in vivo.
SA3 and EGFP genes were cloned into plasmid pET-25b(+) to construct the recombinant plasmid EGFP-SA3/pET-25b(+),followed by DNA sequencing. Then it was transformed into E.coli BL21(DE3) and induced for fusion expression of EGFP-SA3 with IPTG. The expressed fusion protein EGFP-SA3 was purified and detected with SDS-PAGE. HepG2 cells were incubated with the fusion protein EGFP-SA3 in vitro,and the binding bioactivity was observed under the fluorescent microscope. Further more,we injected the EGFP-SA3 by caudal vein into nude mice planted by hepatoma and observed the whole body fluorescence image of EGFP.
SA3 and EGFP genes were successfully cloned into pET-25b(+),which was confirmed by restriction enzyme NcoI-XhoI or NcoI-EcoRI. A band migrated at the position 750 bp,same to EGFP gene,emerged when recombinant plasmid was digested by restriction enzyme NcoI-EcoRI. Similarly,a band,about 1 500 bp,emerged when digested by NcoI-XhoI. The open-reading frame was confirmed by DNA sequencing. Fusion protein EGFP-SA3 was expressed as inclusion body. After purification and refolding,the result of immunofluorescence detection verified that EGFP-SA3 could specifically bind to HepG2 cells and maximum tumor penetration was at 24 h after the injection.
The purified fusion protein EGFP-SA3 has strong binding capacity to HepG2 cells,indicating the scFv SA3 has a potential value as a targeting molecule for diagnosis and targeted therapy for liver cancer.
Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 10/2011; 36(10):979-86.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To obtain I50 anti-idiotype antibody and identify its activity in vitro.
I50 anti-idiotype (Id) antibody gene was amplified from the template of fuse 5-I50 by PCR to construct a prokaryotic expression vector pET25b-I50. The expression of pET25b-I50 in E. coli BL21(DE3) was induced by isopropylthio-β-D-galactopyranoside (IPTG) and was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot with Ab1(FC2) monoclonal antibody and an anti-hexahistidine tag antibody. The method of dialysis refolding was used to restore the activity of I50 anti-Id antibody, which was measured by Dot-ELISA and lymphocyte proliferation assay.
The recombinant vector was successfully constructed and the recombinant protein was successfully expressed and purified with 90% purity. The relative molecular weight of the expressed protein was 15 kD, which was in accordance with expectation. The activity of I50 anti-Id antibody could be restored and could promote the proliferation of lymphocyte in a dose-dependent manner.
These results suggested that I50 anti-Id protein vaccine is likely an option in the therapy against nasopharyngeal carcinoma in vivo.
Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 03/2011; 36(3):185-91.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the significance of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and its active form, p-mTOR in colorectal carcinomas.
Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of mTOR and p-mTOR proteins in 108, 40 and 40 tissue samples from colorectal carcinoma, normal colonic mucosa and adenomatous polyps samples, respectively. The correlation of mTOR and p-mTOR expression with clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal carcinoma was analyzed.
The positive rates of mTOR and p-mTOR were significantly higher in colorectal carcinoma (61.1% and 61.1%, respectively, p<0.05) than in normal colonic mucosa (7.5% and 2.5%) and adenomatous polyps (27.5% and 20%). Overexpression of total mTOR protein was significantly associated with T1/T2 stage tumors, lymph node metastasis, distal metastasis) and degree of differentiation. p-mTOR overexpression was additionaly linked with degree of differentiation and TNM stage.
The overexpression of mTOR and p-mTOR may play important roles in colorectal carcinogenesis with relations to the degree of differentiation, invasiveness and metastasis.
Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2011; 12(10):2581-4. · 1.27 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease of worldwide public-health concern. The development of resistance to an increasing number of second-line drugs and those used to treat multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB is rapidly becoming an emergency that could hinder the prevention and treatment of TB globally. This study describes the resistance profile of MDR and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB with a hospital-based survey in Beijing, China, conducted in the period 2007 to 2009. Drug-susceptibility tests performed on 967 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from 967 patients showed that the rate of resistance to at least one first-line and at least one second-line drug was 70.1% and 60.7%, respectively. The overall MDR rate was 19.4%, and 14.9% of the MDR cases were XDR. In conclusion, MDR and XDR TB represent a significant number of total TB cases, therefore effective measures to manage these resistant strains are desperately needed. Development of a national TB policy in China might be a key method for solving the present problems of TB management.
Japanese journal of infectious diseases. 09/2010; 63(5):368-71.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common malignancy in the world, especially in China. Early diagnosis of new and recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma, followed by timely treatment, will help decrease mortality. Currently biomarkers are not satisfactory. Better diagnostic methods are highly demanded.
In this study, we have used in silico identification and RT-PCR test and discovered a hepatoma associated gene (HTA). Knockdown of endogenous HTA expression was performed by small interfering RNA in malignant hepatocyte HepG2. Then we tested the cell proliferative ability of these cells in vitro and in vivo.
HTA was expressed specifically in some kinds of tumors, but not detected in any normal tissues. It was expressed especially high in hepatocellular carcinoma. Knockdown of endogenous HTA expression in HepG2 by small interfering RNA attenuated HCC cell growth.
HCA is a very good marker for tumors, especially for HCC. It could play important roles in HCC development and progression and can be a promising molecular target for the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for HCC.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 08/2010; 136(8):1187-92. · 2.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cisplatin has been shown to induce apoptosis in various types of cancer cells. Despite the great efficacy at treating certain kinds of cancers, cisplatin introduced into clinical use shows side effects and the acquisition or presence of resistance to the drug. Thus, it is important that we further understand the anti-cancer mechanism of cisplatin with the goal of enhancing its efficacy. ADP-ribosylation factor-like 6 interacting protein 1 (ARL6IP1) is an apoptotic regulator. We studied cisplatin-induced apoptosis with suppression of ARL6IP1 expression in CaSki cervical cancer cells. Exogenous expression of ARL6IP1 suppressed cisplatin-induced apoptosis in CaSki cells, and siRNA-induced silencing of ARL6IP1 triggered apoptosis in CaSki cells even in the absence of other apoptotic stimuli. Cisplatin treatment induced caspase-3, -9, p53, Bax, NF-kappaB and MAPK expression, and suppressed Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl expression, whereas cells transfected with pcDNA3.1-ARL6IP1 showed lower levels of cisplatin-induced caspase-3, -9, p53, Bax, NF-kappaB and MAPK up-regulation and higher levels of cisplatin-suppressed Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl down-regulation. These novel findings collectively suggest that ARL6IP1 may play a key role in cisplatin-induced apoptosis in CaSki cervical cancer cells by regulating the expression of apoptosis-associated proteins such as caspase-3, -9, p53, NF-kappaB, MAPK, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, and Bax.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ADP-ribosylation factor-like 6 interacting protein 1 (ARL6IP1) is an apoptotic regulator. To investigate the role of ARL6IP1 in human cervical cancer progression, we designed and used short hairpin RNA (shRNA) to inhibit ARL6IP1 expression in CaSki cells and validated its effect on cell proliferation and invasion. Changes in gene expression were analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or western blot. Down-regulation of ARL6IP1 expression by infection with ARL6IP1-specific RNAi-expressing vector inhibited CaSki cell proliferation and colony formation. In addition, down-regulation of ARL6IP1 expression arrested CaSki cell cycling at the G0/G1 phase and mitigated CaSki cell migration, determined by wound healing assays. ARL6IP1 was involved in cervical cancer cell growth, cell cycle progression, and invasion through regulation of gene expression, such as Caspase-3, Caspase-9, p53, TAp63, NF-κB, MAPK, Bcl-2, and Bcl-xL, suggesting that ARL6IP1 could have important implications in cervical cancer biology. Our findings illustrate the biological significance of ARL6IP1 in cervical cancer progression, and provide novel evidence that ARL6IP1 may serve as a therapeutic target in the prevention of human cervical cancer.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is suggested to be a long (~7 kb) non-coding RNA. MALAT1 is overexpressed in many human carcinomas, but its function remains unknown. To investigate the role of MALAT1 in human cervical cancer progression, we designed and used short hairpin RNA to inhibit MALAT1 expression in CaSki cells and validated its effect on cell proliferation and invasion. Changes in gene expression were analyzed by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction. Our data demonstrated that MALAT1 was involved in cervical cancer cell growth, cell cycle progression, and invasion through the regulation of gene expression, such as caspase-3, -8, Bax, Bcl-2, and BclxL, suggesting that MALAT1 could have important implications in cervical cancer biology. Our findings illustrate the biological significance of MALAT1 in cervical cancer progression and provide novel evidence that MALAT1 may serve as a therapeutic target in the prevention of human cervical cancer.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is important because it is one of the most readily curable of all cancers, if detected early. However, the sensitivity of current markers is low. Immunostaining intensity for the monoclonal antibody Hb3 in CRC cell lines and tissues was stronger than in controls. Interestingly, this was associated with a low level of tumor differentiation. We used Hb3-coupled affinity chromatography to search for a corresponding Hb3 antigen as a candidate biomarker for early detection, and identified a Rho GTPase activating protein 6 (RhoGAP6) isoform 1 variant as an Hb3 antigen by mass spectrometry. Using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis, we confirmed that the expression levels of this variant were elevated in aberrant cells and tissues. Thus, the RhoGAP6 isoform 1 variant might serve as a biomarker for the development and progression of CRC.
Pathology & Oncology Research 12/2009; 16(3):319-26. · 1.56 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The identification of tumor-associated antigens, which are specifically expressed in cancer tissues, is very important for immunotherapy of lung cancer. We have combined the in silico screening and experimental verifying to identify genes that are differently expressed in cancers compared with their corresponding normal tissues. Using these methods, we have identified that GABRA3 gene was overexpressed in lung cancer and rarely expressed in other cancers. Furthermore, GABRA3 protein expression was significantly higher in the lower grade of lung cancer. It may compose functional GABA-gated channel with other subunits. This study demonstrated GABRA3 could be a potential biomarker for diagnosis of lung cancer, and GABAA receptors may play an important role in cancer differentiation.
Pathology & Oncology Research 01/2009; 15(3):351-8. · 1.56 Impact Factor