Jianbin Hu

Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Hua-yang, Sichuan, China

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Publications (12)41.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown genetic variants in the complement component 2 (C2)/complement factor B (BF) gene are associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in Caucasians, but not in Han Chinese. Recent studies have indicated that genetic variants in the neighboring superkiller viralicidic activity 2-like (SKIV2L) gene showed significant association with AMD. We conducted this study to investigate whether genetic variants in the SKIV2L gene are associated with AMD in a Han Chinese population. METHODS: Thirteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the C2-BF-RDBP-SKIV2L-STK19 region were genotyped by the SNaPshot method in a cohort composed of 449 patients with choriodal neovascularization (CNV) AMD and 1,025 normal controls of Han Chinese descent. RESULTS: Among the SNPs genotyped, P-values of seven SNPs were less than 0.05; however, only rs429608 was found to be significantly associated with AMD after correction for multiple testing. The minor allele (A) frequency of rs429608 was 0.050 in cases and 0.089 in controls, and the P-value was 3.76x10-4 (0.00489 after Bonfferoni correction), with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.55 (95% confidence interval, 0.40-0.77). The SKIV2L gene was expressed in the human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), retina and D407 (human RPE) cells, and in mouse retinas and RPE. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the rs429608 genetic variant in the SKIV2L gene was significantly associated with AMD in a Han Chinese population. SKIV2L may play an important role in the development of AMD.
    Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 04/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) has been shown to be expressed in the human sclera, and is increased in the sclera of the eye with myopia induced by form deprivation in chicks when compared with the control eye. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between high myopia and MMP2 in a mainland Han Chinese population. Four hundred unrelated patients with high myopia and 400 normal controls in a mainland Han Chinese population were studied. All the subjects were genotyped for 20 tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MMP2 with the dye terminator-based SNaPshot method. The distribution of the genotypes in the cases and controls was compared with a χ(2) test. Screening for mutations in the coding regions and the adjacent intronic regions of MMP2 was performed in 200 patients with high myopia and 200 normal controls by direct sequencing. None of the 20 tested SNPs showed significant association with high myopia in this study. Seven variations were detected upon sequencing of the coding regions and the adjacent intronic regions of MMP2 in 200 subjects with high myopia and 200 normal controls. One novel variation, c.1287G>A (p.K429K), was detected in 79 of the 200 patients with high myopia (65 heterozygous and 14 homozygous) and in 84 of the 200 controls (67 heterozygous and 17 homozygous). The c.1810G>A mutation (p. Arg500His) was detected in three of the 200 patients with high myopia but not in the controls. The five other variations, known as polymorphisms, were detected in the case and control groups. We found no evidence that MMP2 is responsible for high myopia in these Han Chinese subjects and hence is unlikely to be important in the genetic predisposition to high myopia. Our results imply that MMP2 may not play a major role in high myopia in the Han Chinese population.
    Molecular vision 01/2013; 19:121-7. · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High myopia, which is extremely prevalent in the Chinese population, is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world. Genetic factors play a critical role in the development of the condition. To identify the genetic variants associated with high myopia in the Han Chinese, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 493,947 SNPs in 1088 individuals (419 cases and 669 controls) from a Han Chinese cohort and followed up on signals that were associated with p < 1.0 × 10(-4) in three independent cohorts (combined, 2803 cases and 5642 controls). We identified a significant association between high myopia and a variant at 13q12.12 (rs9318086, combined p = 1.91 × 10(-16), heterozygous odds ratio = 1.32, and homozygous odds ratio = 1.64). Furthermore, five additional SNPs (rs9510902, rs3794338, rs1886970, rs7325450, and rs7331047) in the same linkage disequilibrium (LD) block with rs9318086 also proved to be significantly associated with high myopia in the Han Chinese population; p values ranged from 5.46 × 10(-11) to 6.16 × 10(-16). This associated locus contains three genes-MIPEP, C1QTNF9B-AS1, and C1QTNF9B. MIPEP and C1QTNF9B were found to be expressed in the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and are more likely than C1QTNF9B-AS1 to be associated with high myopia given the evidence of retinal signaling that controls eye growth. Our results suggest that the variants at 13q12.12 are associated with high myopia.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 06/2011; 88(6):805-13. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myopia is the most common ocular disorder worldwide, and high myopia in particular is one of the leading causes of blindness. Genetic factors play a critical role in the development of myopia, especially high myopia. Recently, the exome sequencing approach has been successfully used for the disease gene identification of Mendelian disorders. Here we show a successful application of exome sequencing to identify a gene for an autosomal dominant disorder, and we have identified a gene potentially responsible for high myopia in a monogenic form. We captured exomes of two affected individuals from a Han Chinese family with high myopia and performed sequencing analysis by a second-generation sequencer with a mean coverage of 30× and sufficient depth to call variants at ∼97% of each targeted exome. The shared genetic variants of these two affected individuals in the family being studied were filtered against the 1000 Genomes Project and the dbSNP131 database. A mutation A672G in zinc finger protein 644 isoform 1 (ZNF644) was identified as being related to the phenotype of this family. After we performed sequencing analysis of the exons in the ZNF644 gene in 300 sporadic cases of high myopia, we identified an additional five mutations (I587V, R680G, C699Y, 3'UTR+12 C>G, and 3'UTR+592 G>A) in 11 different patients. All these mutations were absent in 600 normal controls. The ZNF644 gene was expressed in human retinal and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Given that ZNF644 is predicted to be a transcription factor that may regulate genes involved in eye development, mutation may cause the axial elongation of eyeball found in high myopia patients. Our results suggest that ZNF644 might be a causal gene for high myopia in a monogenic form.
    PLoS Genetics 06/2011; 7(6):e1002084. · 8.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the collagen type I (COL1A1) gene have been shown to be significantly associated with high myopia in a Japanese population. This present study was conducted to investigate whether COL1A1 is associated with high myopia in a Han Chinese population. High myopia is defined by a spherical equivalent of less than or equal to -6.00 diopter sphere and an axial length longer than or equal to 26.0 mm in the affected eye. We genotyped rs2075555 and rs2269336 SNPs in COL1A1 in a Ha n Chinese group composed of 697 high myopia patients and 762 normal controls. Neither of the two SNPs showed significant association with high myopia (p(allelic)=0.252 for rs2075555, and p(allelic)=0.699 for rs2269336). Our study revealed that SNPs in COL1A1 are not significantly associated with high myopia in the Han Chinese population.
    Molecular vision 01/2011; 17:3379-83. · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genes in the complement pathway, including complement factor H (CFH), C2/BF, and C3, have been reported to be associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Genetic variants, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), in these genes were geno-typed for a case-control association study in a mainland Han Chinese population. One hundred and fifty-eight patients with wet AMD, 80 patients with soft drusen, and 220 matched control subjects were recruited among Han Chinese in mainland China. Seven SNPs in CFH and two SNPs in C2, CFB', and C3 were genotyped using the ABI SNaPshot method. A deletion of 84,682 base pairs covering the CFHR1 and CFHR3 genes was detected by direct polymerase chain reaction and gel electrophoresis. Four SNPs, including rs3753394 (P = 0.0276), rs800292 (P = 0.0266), rs1061170 (P = 0.00514), and rs1329428 (P = 0.0089), in CFH showed a significant association with wet AMD in the cohort of this study. A haplotype containing these four SNPs (CATA) significantly increased protection of wet AMD with a P value of 0.0005 and an odds ratio of 0.29 (95% confidence interval: 0.15-0.60). Unlike in other populations, rs2274700 and rs1410996 did not show a significant association with AMD in the Chinese population of this study. None of the SNPs in CFH showed a significant association with drusen, and none of the SNPs in CFH, C2, CFB, and C3 showed a significant association with either wet AMD or drusen in the cohort of this study. The CFHR1 and CFHR3 deletion was not polymorphic in the Chinese population and was not associated with wet AMD or drusen. This study showed that SNPs rs3753394 (P = 0.0276), rs800292 (P = 0.0266), rs1061170 (P = 0.00514), and rs1329428 (P = 0.0089), but not rs7535263, rs1410996, or rs2274700, in CFH were significantly associated with wet AMD in a mainland Han Chinese population. This study showed that CFH was more likely to be AMD susceptibility gene at Chr.1q31 based on the finding that the CFHR1 and CFHR3 deletion was not polymorphic in the cohort of this study, and none of the SNPs that were significantly associated with AMD in a white population in C2, CFB, and C3 genes showed a significant association with AMD.
    Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 09/2010; 30(8):1177-84. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the complement component 1 inhibitor (SERPING1) gene have been shown to be significantly associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in Caucasian populations. A replication study of an association between these SNPs and AMD in a Chinese population is reported in this study. Six SNPs, including rs2511990, rs1005510, rs11546660, rs2511989, rs2511988, and rs4926 in SERPING1 were genotyped in a Han Chinese subject group using the SNaPshot method of ABI. This subject group was composed of 194 patients with choroidal neovascularization (CNV or wet) AMD, 78 patients with soft drusen, and 285 matched controls. P values of the SNPs were calculated using an additive model. Haplotype frequencies between cases and controls were compared by chi2 analysis. The haplotype analysis was performed using Haploview 4.0. None of the six SNPs showed significant association with AMD. None of the major haplotypes were observed to be significantly associated with AMD or choroidal neovascularization AMD (CNV) after a stringent Bonferroni correction. We demonstrate that SNPs in SERPING1 are not significantly associated with AMD in the mainland Han Chinese population.
    Molecular vision 01/2010; 16:1-6. · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible visual impairment in the world. Advanced AMD can be divided into wet AMD (choroidal neovascularization) and dry AMD (geographic atrophy, GA). Drusen is characterized by deposits in the macula without visual loss and is an early AMD sign in the Caucasian population. rs11200638 in the promoter of HTRA1 has recently been shown to increases the risk for wet AMD in both Caucasian and Hong Kong Chinese populations. In order to replicate these results in a different cohort, we genotyped rs11200638 for 164 Chinese patients (90 wet AMD and 74 drusen) and 106 normal controls in a Han Mainland Chinese cohort. The genotypes were compared using chi square analysis for an additive allelic model. rs11200638 was significantly associated with wet AMD (p=5.00x10(-12)). Unlike in the Caucasian population, the risk allele of rs11200638 was not associated with drusen in our Chinese population. These findings confirm the association of HTRA1 with wet AMD.
    Vision Research 12/2007; 47(24):3120-3. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Although laser photocoagulation is the primary treatment for diabetic macular oedema, treatment of eyes with diffuse macular oedema has been disappointing. Intravitreal injection of steroids is being investigated for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema. Preliminary results indicate that steroid injections do improve macular oedema, but it is not clear if they improve visual acuity. CLINICAL PICTURE, TREATMENT, AND OUTCOME: In this report, we describe a patient with a form of diffuse diabetic macular oedema that responded favourably to intravitreal steroid injections, with improvements in both foveal thickness and visual acuity. CONCLUSION: Intravitreal steroids can be useful for the treatment of diffuse diabetic macular oedema.
    Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore 03/2006; 35(2):112-4. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Macular edema is a swelling of the macula that can result in decreased visual acuity. Because the macula is extensively surrounded by blood vessels, any resulting leakage can lead to macular edema and subsequent visual loss. Such leakage can be secondary to retinitis pigmentosa, and other retinal diseases including diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, inflammatory processes such as uveitis, or can be a result of ocular surgery, referred to as Irvine-Gass Syndrome.
    Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/2006; 572:309-14. · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/2006; 572:439-46. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the clinical features and genetic analysis of a family with an autosomal dominant cone dystrophy (adCD). Selected members of a family with an autosomal dominant cone dystrophy underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Blood samples were obtained, genomic DNA was isolated, and genomic fragments were amplified by PCR. Linkage to locus D6S1017 was established. DHPLC mutational analysis and direct sequencing were used to identify a mutation in GUCA1A, the gene encoding the guanylate cyclase activating protein 1 (GCAP1). Of 24 individuals who are at risk of the disease in a five generation family, 11 members were affected. Clinical presentations included photophobia, color vision defects, central acuity loss, and legal blindness with advanced age. The disease phenotype was observed in the second and third decades of life and segregated in an autosomal dominant fashion. An electroretinogram performed on one proband revealed profoundly subnormal and prolonged photopic and flicker responses, but preserved scotopic ERGs, consistent with a cone dystrophy. Mutational analysis and direct sequencing revealed a C451T transition in GUCA1A, corresponding to a novel L151F mutation in GCAP1. Like the E155G mutation, this mutation occurs in the EF4 hand domain, a region of GCAP1 critical in conferring calcium sensitivity to the protein. The leucine at this position is highly conserved among vertebrate guanylate cyclase activating proteins. A novel L151F missense mutation in the EF4 high affinity Ca2+ binding site of GCAP1 is linked to adCD in a large pedigree. The cone dystrophy in this family shares clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics with other previously described adCD caused by mutations in GUCA1A.
    Molecular vision 03/2005; 11:143-51. · 1.99 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

164 Citations
41.18 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2011
    • Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China
  • 2006
    • University of Utah
      • John Moran Eye Center
      Salt Lake City, UT, United States