Shi-Wen Luo

Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA, United States

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Publications (5)71.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: VPS35, a major component of the retromer complex, is important for endosome-to-Golgi retrieval of membrane proteins. Although implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD), how VPS35 regulates AD-associated pathology is unknown. In this paper, we show that hemizygous deletion of Vps35 in the Tg2576 mouse model of AD led to earlier-onset AD-like phenotypes, including cognitive memory deficits, defective long-term potentiation, and impaired postsynaptic glutamatergic neurotransmission in young adult age. These deficits correlated well with an increase of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) level in the mutant hippocampus. We further demonstrate that VPS35 is predominantly expressed in pyramidal neurons of young adult hippocampus and interacts with BACE1, a protease responsible for Aβ production. Loss of VPS35 function in the mouse hippocampus increased BACE1 activity. Suppression of VPS35 expression in culture decreased BACE1 trans-Golgi localization but enriched it in endosomes. These results demonstrate an essential role for VPS35 in suppression of AD neuropathology and in inhibition of BACE1 activation and Aβ production by promoting BACE1 endosome-to-Golgi retrieval.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 11/2011; 195(5):765-79. · 10.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a major cell adhesion-activated tyrosine kinase, has an important function in cell adhesion and migration. Here, we report a new signalling of FAK in regulating chromatin remodelling by its interaction with MBD2 (methyl CpG-binding protein 2), underlying FAK regulation of myogenin expression and muscle differentiation. FAK interacts with MBD2 in vitro, in myotubes, and in isolated muscle fibres. Such an interaction, increased in myotubes exposed to oxidative stress, enhances FAK nuclear localization. The nuclear FAK-MBD2 complexes alter heterochromatin reorganization and decrease MBD2 association with HDAC1 (histone deacetylase complex 1) and methyl CpG site in the myogenin promoter, thus, inducing myogenin expression. In line with this view are observations that blocking FAK nuclear localization by expressing dominant negative MBD2 or suppression of FAK expression by its miRNA in C2C12 cells attenuates myogenin induction and/or impairs muscle-terminal differentiation. Together, these results suggest an earlier unrecognized role of FAK in regulating chromatin remodelling that is important for myogenin expression and muscle-terminal differentiation, reveal a new mechanism of MBD2 regulation by FAK family tyrosine kinases, and provide a link between cell adhesion and chromatin remodelling.
    The EMBO Journal 09/2009; 28(17):2568-82. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Netrins, a family of secreted molecules, have critical functions in axon guidance and cell migration during neuronal development. In addition to its role as a chemotropic molecule, netrin-1 also acts as a survival factor. Both UNC5 (that is, UNC5A, UNC5B, UNC5C or UNC5D) and DCC are transmembrane receptors for netrin-1 (Refs 8, 9). In the absence of netrin-1, DCC and UNC5 act as dependence receptors and trigger apoptosis. However, how netrin-1 suppresses the apoptotic activity of the receptors remains elusive. Here we show that netrin-1 induces interaction of UNC5B with the brain-specific GTPase PIKE-L. This interaction triggers the activation of PtdIns-3-OH kinase signalling, prevents UNC5B's pro-apoptotic activity and enhances neuronal survival. Moreover, this process relies strongly on Fyn because PIKE-L is tyrosine phosphorylated in response to netrin-1, and the netrin-1-mediated interaction of UNC5B with PIKE-L is inhibited in Fyn-null mice. Thus, PIKE-L acts as a downstream survival effector for netrin-1 through UNC5B in the nervous system.
    Nature Cell Biology 07/2008; 10(6):698-706. · 20.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Synapse formation requires proper interaction between pre- and postsynaptic cells. In anterograde signaling, neurons release factors to guide postsynaptic differentiation. However, less is known about how postsynaptic targets retrogradely regulate presynaptic differentiation or function. We found that muscle-specific conditional knockout of beta-catenin (Ctnnb1, also known as beta-cat) in mice caused both morphologic and functional defects in motoneuron terminals of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). In the absence of muscle beta-catenin, acetylcholine receptor clusters were increased in size and distributed throughout a wider region. Primary nerve branches were mislocated, whereas secondary or intramuscular nerve branches were elongated and reduced in number. Both spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release was reduced at the mutant NMJs. Furthermore, short-term plasticity and calcium sensitivity of neurotransmitter release were compromised in beta-catenin-deficient muscle. In contrast, the NMJ was normal in morphology and function in motoneuron-specific beta-catenin-deficient mice. Taken together, these observations indicate a role for muscle beta-catenin in presynaptic differentiation and function, identifying a previously unknown retrograde signaling in the synapse formation and synaptic plasticity.
    Nature Neuroscience 04/2008; 11(3):262-8. · 15.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Synapse formation requires proper interaction between pre- and postsynaptic cells. In anterograde signaling, neurons release factors to guide postsynaptic differentiation. However, less is known about how postsynaptic targets retrogradely regulate presynaptic differentiation or function. We found that muscle-specific conditional knockout of β-catenin (Ctnnb1, also known as β-cat) in mice caused both morphologic and functional defects in motoneuron terminals of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). In the absence of muscle β-catenin, acetylcholine receptor clusters were increased in size and distributed throughout a wider region. Primary nerve branches were mislocated, whereas secondary or intramuscular nerve branches were elongated and reduced in number. Both spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release was reduced at the mutant NMJs. Furthermore, short-term plasticity and calcium sensitivity of neurotransmitter release were compromised in β-catenin–deficient muscle. In contrast, the NMJ was normal in morphology and function in motoneuron-specific β-catenin–deficient mice. Taken together, these observations indicate a role for muscle β-catenin in presynaptic differentiation and function, identifying a previously unknown retrograde signaling in the synapse formation and synaptic plasticity.
    Nature Neuroscience 01/2008; 11(3):262-268. · 15.25 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

161 Citations
71.91 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009
    • Georgia Health Sciences University
      • Department of Neurology
      Augusta, GA, United States
  • 2008
    • Medical College of Georgia
      South Lyon, Michigan, United States