Lamprini Tsali

General Hospital Lamia, Lamia, Central Greece, Greece

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Publications (14)31.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: An increased number of women are expected to conceive after the diagnosis of early breast cancer. Most physicians recommend that pregnancy be delayed by 2 to 3 years after diagnosis of early breast cancer, but this recommendation is based on data from trials with small patient cohorts. Furthermore, a healthy mother effect (HME) selection bias may be operative in most of these studies, because women undergoing childbearing after treatment were healthier when compared with the control group. To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of published trials corrected for HME bias so as to assess the effect of pregnancy (at least 10 months after diagnosis) versus no pregnancy on overall survival of primary breast cancer patients less than 45 years. We searched MEDLINE and Thomson Reuters (ISI) Web of Knowledge for eligible studies. From each study we extracted the relative hazard ratio or, if not provided, all the necessary data to impute it. In cases where the duration from diagnosis to pregnancy was not reported, we extracted relevant data to estimate it. Our electronic search strategy yielded 1623 hits pertaining to 20 potentially eligible studies involving 49,370 premenopausal breast cancer patients. Ten studies were eligible after considering HME potential bias in matching controls. Among these, 9 studies (pregnant 1089, matched-controls 13051) contained data appropriate for analysis. Overall survival was statistically higher among patients who became pregnant compared to controls: fixed effect model estimated pooled hazard ratio for death 0.51 (95% confidence interval: 0.42-0.62). No study heterogeneity was observed: Q = 10.4, P = 0.17; I(2) = 48%. The pooled available evidence indicates that in early breast cancer patients, pregnancy that occurs at least 10 months after diagnosis does not jeopardize prognosis and may actually confer significant survival benefit. Obstetricians & Gynecologists, Family Physicians. After completing this CME activity, physicians should be better able to assess the effect pregnancy has on long-term survival in primary breast cancer patients under age 45; counsel patients on the safety of pregnancy after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment; and interpret how pregnancy may be associated with improved breast cancer survival.
    Obstetrical & gynecological survey 12/2010; 65(12):786-93. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To address whether the use of bisphosphonates in the adjuvant setting of breast cancer might have any effect on the natural course of the disease, a meta-analysis was conducted of published and unpublished randomized controlled trials found in PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the ISI Web of Knowledge, and abstracts of major international conferences up to January 2009. All trials that randomized patients with primary breast cancer to undergo adjuvant treatment with any bisphosphonate versus non-use were considered eligible. Analysis included data from 13 eligible trials involving 6886 patients randomized to treatment with bisphosphonates (n = 3414) or either placebo or no treatment (n = 3472). Compared with no use, adjuvant breast cancer treatment with bisphosphonates did not reduce the overall number of deaths (odds ratio [OR], 0.708; 95% CI, 0.482-1.041; P = .079), bone metastases (OR, 0.925; 95% CI, 0.768-1.114; P = .413), overall disease recurrences (OR, 0.843; 95% CI, 0.602-1.181; P = .321), distant relapse (OR, 0.896; 95% CI, 0.674-1.192; P = .453), visceral recurrences (OR, 1.051; 95% CI, 0.686-1.609; P = .820), or local relapses (OR, 1.056; 95% CI, 0.750-1.487; P = .756). No significant heterogeneity was observed among the trials except for estimates of deaths and disease recurrences (P = .034 and P = .016, respectively). In subgroup analyses, use of zoledronic acid was associated with a statistically significant lower risk for disease recurrence (OR, 0.675; 95% CI, 0.479-0.952; P = .025). However, these results should be interpreted with caution because the statistical significance for this association was weak and might be attributed to chance from multi-test analyses. Use of zoledronic acid was not associated with any significant difference in death (OR, 0.642; 95% CI, 0.388-1.063) and bone metastasis rates (OR, 0.661; 95% CI, 0.379-1.151). Currently available evidence does not support the hypothesis that use of bisphosphonates in adjuvant treatment of early breast cancer will alter the natural course of the disease. Nonetheless, a nonsignificant trend seems to exist for better outcomes in patients undergoing bisphosphonate treatment. Until further evidence from new clinical trials becomes available, adjuvant bisphosphonates should not be recommended routinely.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 03/2010; 8(3):279-86. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Screening is a significant method for cancer control, nevertheless the implementation of non cost-effective screening tests at national level may constitute a major burden to health economics. The purpose of this study was to determine the cancer screening activities of a large sample of the Hellenic population, in a country with opportunistic screening practice. A large survey on cancer screening in Greece was organized and conducted by the Panhellenic Association for Continual Medical Research (PACMeR). Screening performance of evidence-based (EB), non-evidence-based (non EB) and of undefined benefit tests was analysed. 7001 individuals were analysed. Eighty-eight percent of males and 93% of females stated that they were interested in cancer screening practices. Gynecological cancer screening was performed in the range of 23-38%. Colorectal cancer screening was rarely performed in both genders (1- 2%), while non-evidence-based tests were regularly performed (urinalysis 50% and chest radiography 15-18%). Full blood count and PSA measurement were widely accepted (over 45% in both genders and 19.5% in males, respectively). Sociodemographic characteristics did not influence the performance of EB tests in males while females' activities were highly influenced by such parameters. Opportunistic cancer screening in a primary health care system where national guidelines are missing may cause ambiguous results. Reconsideration of health policy in such cases is mandatory.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 01/2010; 15(1):164-73. · 0.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are commonly used for the administration of intravenous chemotherapy in outpatient setting. Nevertheless, outbreaks of catheter-associated bloodstream infections had been reported from oncology centers. We describe a large outbreak of CVCs-associated Klebsiella oxytoca bloodstream infection, occurring in an oncology chemotherapy outpatient unit of northern Greece between October 2006 and May 2007. The outbreak involved approximately 10% of the patients with CVCs who were receiving home-based chemotherapy, and it represents the second larger outbreak of CVCs-associated BSIs due to Klebsiella oxytoca in oncology outpatient centers. We retrospectively analyzed the chain of investigations and prophylactic/diagnostic measures taken to eradicate the infection: (1) patients' chart audit, (2) estimation of the infection among asymptomatic patients, (3) implementation of the level of awareness of medical and paramedical personnel, (4) collection of samples from environment, medications and infusion materials, (5) critical appraisal of chemotherapeutical schemes and (6) cooperation with peripheral institutions. The isolation of Klebsiella oxytoca in a chemotherapy solution (infusional 5-FU in dextrose 5% solution within a 48 h pump) from a peripheral General Hospital and the prompt transmission of the data to the chemotherapy center played a key role for the management of the infection cluster. This is the first report that evidenced the detection of Klebsiella oxytoca within a chemotherapeutical preparation. Data transmission from peripheral hospitals to the central institution resulted in an important feedback that allowed a better estimation of the infection cluster and more tailored actions for the eradication of the infection.
    Medical Oncology 12/2009; 27(4):1309-13. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Taxanes have been extensively tested in patients with advanced breast cancer, but it is unclear whether their weekly use might offer any benefits against standard every three weeks administration. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared weekly and every three weeks taxanes regimens in advanced breast cancer. The endpoints that we assessed were objective response rate, progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival. Efficacy data for paclitaxel and docetaxel were separately analyzed. Trials were located through PubMed and Cochrane Library searches and abstracts of major international conferences. Omicronbjective response rate was notably better when paclitaxel was used as every three weeks regimen (7 studies, 1772 patients, fixed effect model pooled RR 1.20 95%CI 1.08-1.32 p<0.001). No difference were found for PFS (6 studies, 1610 patients, random effect model HR 1.02, 95%CI 0.81-1.30 p=0.860); while OS was statistically higher among patients receiving weekly paclitaxel (5 studies, 1471 patients, fixed effect model pooled HR 0.78, 95%CI 0.67-0.89 p=0.001). No differences were observed for the weekly compared to the every three weeks use of docetaxel either for objective response, PFS and OS. Overall, the incidence of serious adverse events, neutropenia, neutropenic fever, and peripheral neuropathy were significantly lower in weekly taxanes schedules. The incidence of nail changes and epiphora were significantly lower in the every three weeks docetaxel regimens. Use of paclitaxel in weekly regimen give overall survival advantages compared with the standard every three weeks regimen. The observed survival benefit does not seem to stem from an increased potency of the drug with weekly regimens. The use of weekly paclitaxel regimens is therefore recommended for the treatment of locally advanced/metastatic breast cancer.
    Cancer Treatment Reviews 11/2009; 36(1):69-74. · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PurposeTo estimate cancer screening coverage among a large sample of Greek individuals. Methods7012 adults from 30 Hellenic areas were surveyed. Tests included: faecal occult blood test, sigmoidoscopy, chest X-ray, urine test, testicular examination, trans-rectal ultrasound, full blood count, skin examination, digital rectal examination, PSA, Pap test, mammography, clinical breast examination (CBE), self breast examination and breast ultrasound. ResultsEighty-eight percent of males and 93% of females declared being interested in cancer screening; 37.8% of men and 37.9% of women had had a medical consultation for screening purpose in the previous 2 years. Less than 2% reported having received screening for colorectal cancer or skin malignancies. Screening for cervical cancer, mammography and CBE was reported by 39.6%, 22.8% and 27.9% of females respectively. Twenty percent of males reported screening for prostate cancer. ConclusionThe actual opportunistic screening approach presents important deficiencies with displaced priorities in test performance and a low proportion of individuals undergoing recommended tests.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 04/2009; 11(4):228-236. · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe potential beneficial effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitor in the treatment of unresectable/metastatic fibrous histiocytoma. We report a case of advanced stage fibrous histiocytoma with locally recurrent disease plus lung and bone metastatic deposits. Patient was treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib. Treatment with Sunitinib resulted in disease stabilization in the regional lesion and in good partial response for metastatic foci (reduction in number and size). After 13 months of treatment the patient is doing well with no tumor progression. This case appears to be one of the first documentations of beneficial effect and potential long-term benefit of TKIs in the treatment of fibrous histiocytoma.
    Experimental oncology 04/2009; 31(1):60-1.
  • Ejc Supplements - EJC SUPPL. 01/2009; 7(2):467-468.
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of unexplained infertility is empiric and different regimens or protocols have been used so far. Clomiphene can be used alone or combined with gonadotrophins. Aromatase inhibitors may offer an alternative for first-line treatment. To compare the efficacy of aromatase inhibitors versus climiphene, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis for randomized controlled trials comparing the above regimens to estimate live pregnancy rates in women with unexplained infertility. Trials were located through PubMed and Cochrane Library searches. Methodological quality of included trials has been assessed. Then, 2 x 2 tables were constructed, and pooled odds ratios (ORs) were calculated. Ten arms (273 patients) were included in the meta-analysis. ORs were homogeneous between studies (heterogeneity chi2 = 2.33, P = 0.676). No difference was observed for live pregnancies (pooled OR 0.87, 95% CI, 0.46-1.65, P = 0.666) for aromatase inhibitors versus clomiphene citrate; however, the definition of live pregnancy by the authors was clear only in one trial. Data regarding secondary outcomes were omitted, and methodogical quality of eligible trials did not reach high scores. Evidence from randomized data regarding the use of aromatase inhibitors is fragmented and weak. Aromatase inhibitors may have a role in the treatment of women with unexplained infertility desiring pregnancy. However, meticulous reporting and study design should be a priority in this field and large, registered, and properly designed randomized trials are essential to test whether aromatase inhibitors can be introduced as a first-line treatment in carefully selected subgroups of women with unexplained infertility.
    Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey 08/2008; 63(7):472-9. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundColorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in European countries. Differences in screening implementation may explain USA vs. European survival differences. The proportion of European primary care physicians advising colorectal screening has been reported to be inconsistent. We therefore hypothesised the presence of a belief-related bias among European physicians regarding who is responsible for cancer screening delivery. ObjectivesTo index beliefs in cancer screening implementation among a wide sample of Greek physicians. Study design Cross-sectional survey MethodsThree hundred and sixty-six physicians involved in primary care activities in 15 provinces answered a questionnaire about responsibility in cancer screening delivery. Results22.4% and 7.6% of physicians declared that the health system and the patients, respectively, have the main responsibility for cancer screening implementation, while 70 % advocated patient-health system co-responsibility. Beliefs were statistically correlated to age (p=0.039) and specialisation category (p=0.002). Patients’ will was mainly indicated by internists, trainee internists and physicians older than 30, while GPs, trainee GPs and house officers were mainly health system-oriented. Worryingly, when physicians were asked about which specialty should inform the population, 81% indicated family doctor (for-fee-service) while the involvement of free-from-fee specialities was inconsistent. ConclusionA considerable disorientation about responsibilities in cancer screening delivery was observed in our study sample. Continual medical education and clear redefinition of primary care physicians’ activities are required.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 04/2008; 10(4):231-234. · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2008; 103(3):804-5. · 7.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Database systems have been developed to store data from large medical trials and survey studies. However, a reliable data storage system does not guarantee data entering reliability.We aimed to evaluate if double-blind control of the data manager might have any effect on data-reliability. Our secondary aim was to assess the influence of the inserting position in the insertion-sheet on data-entry accuracy and the effectiveness of electronic controls in identifying data-entering mistakes. A cross-sectional survey and single data-manager data entry.Data from PACMeR_02 survey, which had been conducted within a framework of the SESy-Europe project (PACMeR_01.4), were used as substrate for this study. We analyzed the electronic storage of 6,446 medical charts. We structured data insertion in four sequential phases. After each phase, the data stored in the database were tested in order to detect unreliable entries through both computerized and manual random control. Control was provided in a double blind fashion. Double-blind control of the data manager didn't improve data entry reliability. Entries near the end of the insertion sheet were correlated with a larger number of mistakes. Data entry monitoring by electronic-control was statistically more effective than hand-searching of randomly selected medical records. Double-blind control of the data manager should be considered an avoidable cost. Electronic-control for monitoring of data-entry reliability is suggested.
    BMC Medical Research Methodology 02/2008; 8:66. · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • The journal of supportive oncology 7(4):119.
  • The journal of supportive oncology 6(6):265-6.