Massimo Abate

Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Publications (12)41.74 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of this study was to assess the objective response rate (ORR) of children and young adults with recurrent medulloblastoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (MB/PNET) treated with temozolomide (TMZ). The secondary purpose was to analyze the toxicity profile of TMZ when administered orally for 5 days in 3 divided daily doses every 28 days.Methods Forty-two patients with recurrent MB/PNET, aged 21 years and younger, were recruited. Patients were treated with oral TMZ. Starting doses ranged from 120 to 200 mg/m(2)/day based on previous treatments. A craniospinal MRI was performed prior to the first cycle of TMZ and following every 2 cycles of treatment.ResultsMedian age was 10 years (range, 2-21 years). Forty of 42 patients were assessed for response and toxicity. The objective response rate was 42.5%: 6 patients achieved a complete response, 11 had a partial response, and 10 had stable disease. Progression-free survival rates for all patients at 6 and 12 months were 30% and 7.5%, respectively. Their median overall survival rates at 6 and 12 months were 42.5% and 17.5%, respectively. No major extrahematological effects or life-threatening events were reported. The most common grade 3/4 toxicity included thrombocytopenia (17.5%), neutropenia (7.5%), and anemia (2.5%).ConclusionsTMZ proved to be an effective agent in children and young adults with MB/PNET, heavily pre-treated, with a tolerable toxicity profile.
    Neuro-Oncology 01/2014; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to describe the Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (AIEOP) and Italian Sarcoma Group (ISG) experience from 1980 to 2009 on 112 patients with Ewing sarcoma (ES) occurring in unusual sites such as the craniofacial bones (CF), hands or feet (HF), or the mobile spine. These sites were grouped because their rarity as ES localisations. Twenty-six patients had CF ES (23%), 37 patients had HF ES (33%) and 49 patients had mobile spine ES (44%). A total of 26 patients presented with synchronous metastatic disease (23%). The local treatment with surgery and/or radiotherapy differed among ES sites. Systemic therapy was administrated according to the protocols in use over the years. From the data available, the histological/radiological response was higher for HF-patients even not statistical significant (good responders: CF 41%, HF 65% and mobile spine 39%, P=0.NS) and the probability of achieving complete response was similar among the three sites (CF 87%, HF 83% and spine 74%, P=0.44). Ten year overall survival (OS) was 61% (95% confidence interval [CI] 39-82), 63% (95% CI 37-89) and 64% (95% CI 49-79) for CF, HF or vertebral ES, respectively (P=NS). Ten year OS for non-metastatic patients was 60% (95% CI 36-83), 75% (95% CI 56-94) and 67% (95% CI 47-89) for CF, HF and mobile spine patients respectively (P=NS). Ten year OS was 45% (95% CI, 31-84) and 70% (95% CI, 61-85, [p=0.01]) for metastatic and localised ES, respectively. The probability of successful treatment did not differ from ES of the extremities. Furthermore, our series confirm the poor prognosis for patients with metastatic disease. Our data do not strengthen the need for a specific protocol for unusual site ES.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 07/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Influence of age and sex on chemotherapy-related toxicity was evaluated in children (3-9 years), adolescents (10-17 years), and adults (up to 40 years) with localized Ewing sarcoma (ES) enrolled in the ISG/SSG III protocol. Treatment was based on vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, dactinomycin, and etoposide. High-dose chemotherapy with busulfan and melphalan was given in poor responder patients. The analysis was based on 2191 courses of standard chemotherapy and 230 patients. A lower risk of G4 leukopenia and thrombocytopenia, hospitalization, febrile neutropenia, and red blood cell (RBC) transfusions was observed in males. Use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was more frequent in adults, while children more often received RBC transfusions. A significant correlation between sex and chemotherapy-related toxicity was observed in the study, whereas no significant differences in terms of bone marrow toxicity can be expected according to patient age. Further studies should analyse the role of pharmacokinetics, pharmacogenomics, and clinical characteristics.
    Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) 06/2013; · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:: The incidence of central venous catheter (CVC)-related complications reported in pediatric sarcoma patients is not established as reports in available literature are limited. The analysis of risk factors is part of the strategy to reduce the incidence of CVC complications. OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of CVC complications in children with bone sarcomas and if defined clinical variables represent a risk factor. METHODS:: During an 8-year period, 155 pediatric patients with bone sarcomas were prospectively followed up for CVC complications. Incidence and correlation with clinical features including gender, age, body mass index, histology, disease stage, and use of thromboprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin were analyzed. RESULTS:: Thirty-three CVC complications were recorded among 42 687 CVC-days (0.77 per 1000 CVC-days). No correlation between the specific clinical variables and the CVC complications was found. A high incidence of CVC-related sepsis secondary to gram-negative bacteria was observed. CONCLUSIONS:: The analysis of CVC complications and their potential risk factors in this sizable and relatively homogeneous pediatric population with bone sarcomas has led to the implementation of a multimodal approach by doctors and nurses to reduce the incidence and morbidity of the CVC-related infections, particularly those related to gram-negative bacteria. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:: As a result of this joint medical and nursing study, a multimodal approach that included equipping faucets with water filters, the reeducation of doctors and nurses, and the systematic review of CVC protocol was implemented.
    Cancer nursing 06/2013; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the non-inferiority of pegfilgrastim versus filgrastim in speeding the recovery of polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) in pediatric patients who underwent autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT). The sample size of this randomized, multicenter, phase III study, was calculated assuming that a single dose of pegfilgrastim of 100 ug/kg was not inferior to 9 doses of filgrastim of 5 ug/kg/day. Randomization was performed by a computer-generated list and stored by sequentially numbered sealed envelopes. Sixty-one patients, with a median age of 11.5 years, were recruited: 29 in the filgrastim arm and 32 in the pegfilgrastim arm. Twenty percent were affected by lymphoma/leukaemia and eighty percent by solid tumors. The mean time to PMN engraftment was 10.48 days (standard deviation [SD] 1.57) and 10.44 days (SD 2.44) in the filgrastim and pegfilgrastim arms, respectively. Having fixed a non-inferiority margin Delta of 3, the primary endpoint of non-inferiority was reached. No differences were observed for other secondary endpoints: platelet engraftment, mean time to platelet recovery (28 days vs. 33 days), fever of unknown origin (79% vs. 78%), proven infection (34% vs. 28%), mucositis (76% vs. 59%). After a median follow-up of 2.3 years (95% C.I.: 1.5, 3.3), 20 deaths were observed due to disease progression. We conclude that pegfilgrastim was not inferior to daily filgrastim in pediatric patients who underwent PBSCT. EU CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTER NUMBER: 2007-001430-14.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e53252. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The Italian Sarcoma Group and the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group designed a joint study to improve the prognosis for patients with Ewing's family tumors and synchronous metastatic disease limited to the lungs, or the pleura, or a single bone. Patients and methods The study was opened in 1999 and closed to the enrollment in 2008. The program consisted of intensive five-drug combination chemotherapy, surgery and/or radiotherapy as local treatment, and consolidation treatment with high-dose busulfan/melphalan plus autologous stem cell rescue and total-lung irradiation. Results During the study period, 102 consecutive patients were enrolled. The median follow-up was 62 months (range 24-124). The 5-year event-free survival probability was 0.43 [standard deviation (SD) = 0.05] and the 5-year overall survival probability was 0.52 (SD = 0.052). Unfavorable prognostic factors emerging on multivariate analysis were a poor histological/radiological response at the site of the primary tumor [relative risk (RR) = 3.4], and incomplete radiological remission of lung metastases after primary chemotherapy (RR = 2.6). One toxic death and one secondary leukemia were recorded. Conclusions This intensive approach is feasible and long-term survival is achievable in ∼50% of patients. New treatment approaches are warranted for patients responding poorly to primary chemotherapy.
    Annals of Oncology 07/2012; 23(11):2970-6. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Periosteal osteosarcoma is a rare variant of osteosarcoma. Wide surgical removal is the mainstay of treatment, but controversy remains about the role of chemotherapy. The objective of this study was to review and analyze the clinical and treatment-related factors that influence the survival of patients with periosteal osteosarcoma who received treatment in a single institution. Thirty-three patients with periosteal osteosarcoma (19 males and 14 females) with a median age of 16 years (range, ages 6-32 years) underwent surgery (32 patients) and received radiotherapy (1 patient). Chemotherapy was received according to different regimens for high-grade osteosarcoma by 14 patients who had grade 3 tumors. The 10-year overall survival rate was 84%. The only patient who did not undergo surgery died of disease after 9 months; for the remaining 32 patients the 10-year disease-free survival rate was 65%. Survival was not influenced by the receipt of chemotherapy. The patients who received chemotherapy had a 10-year overall survival rate of 86%, and those who received only local treatment had an overall survival rate of 83% (P = .73). The authors' experience indicated that the treatment of periosteal osteosarcoma requires only wide surgical removal of the tumor and that adjuvant chemotherapy does not improve survival.
    Cancer 04/2011; 117(8):1731-5. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The occurrence of high-grade osteosarcoma is rare in children aged 5 years or younger and only limited series or case reports have been described. The records of patients aged 5 years or younger with non-metastatic high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities treated with surgery and adjuvant or neo-adjuvant chemotherapy at Rizzoli Institute between 1972 and 1999 were retrospectively evaluated in relation to gender, primary tumor site, histological subtype, surgical treatment, chemotherapy-induced tumor necrosis, 5- and 10-year event-free survival (EFS), and rate of local recurrence. Data were compared to patients aged 6-40 years entered with the same diagnosis and over the same time interval. Data from 20 patients were collected. Comparing these data with those from 1,106 patients 6-40 years of age only two main differences resulted: the younger group showed a higher rate for fibroblastic subtype (P < 0.01) and for amputation surgery (P < 0.01). Among the two groups, no statistical difference was observed for the 5-year EFS (60% vs. 53.8%; P = 0.6) and 10-year EFS (60% vs. 52.1%; P = 0.5). The rate of local recurrence was 5.0% and 5.4%. These findings suggest that in non-metastatic osteosarcoma of the extremities outcome and clinical characteristics are similar among children 5 years of age or younger and older patients. However, in the younger group we have observed a significant higher rate of fibroblastic subtype as well as a significant higher rate of mutilating surgery. Pediatr Blood Cancer.
    Pediatric Blood & Cancer 10/2010; 55(4):652-4. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of age and sex on chemotherapy-related toxicity was evaluated in children and adults with non metastatic osteosarcoma. treatment consisted of methotrexate (MTX, 12 g/m(2)), cisplatin (CDP 120 mg/m(2)) and doxorubicin (ADM 75-90 mg/m(2)) and high-dose ifosfamide (HDIFO). toxicity data from 1,051 courses (295 with MTX, 756 based on doxorubicin, cisplatin and high-dose ifosfamide) were analyzed. Children (4-14 yrs) and females showed a higher incidence of grade 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia and were more frequently hospitalized for neutropenic fever compared to adolescents and young adults (AYA, 15-19 yrs) and adults (>20-40 yrs). Delayed MTX excretion was higher in adults than AYA and children. Adults (up to 40 years) can be treated with pediatric protocols for osteosarcoma and they experience lower hematologic toxicity compared to pediatric population. further investigations on sex-related susceptibility to chemotherapy in osteosarcoma patients are recommended.
    Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) 04/2009; 21(2):205-10. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of Temozolomide (TMZ) administered for 5 consecutive days in three daily dosing in children with recurrent or refractory high-grade glioma. Twenty-four patients with a median age of 10.5 years were enrolled onto this open-label, multicenter, phase II study. The patients were previously treated with surgical resection (17 of 24), radiotherapy (19 of 24) and chemotherapy (18 of 24). Therapy was administered orally three times a day for 5 consecutive days at the dose of 200 mg/m(2)/dx5 for chemotherapy naive patients. In patients heavily pretreated with chemotherapy the starting dose was of 150 mg/m(2)/dx5. A total of 95 cycles were administered. The median progression free-survival (PFS) was 3 months for the entire group while disease stabilization was obtained in 7 patients (29.1%), all with supratentorial tumors. No CR or PR was observed. TMZ treatment showed a limited toxicity. Thrombocytopenia was the most common hematological adverse effect. Our data suggest a marginal activity of TMZ in children with recurrent high-grade glioma.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 04/2006; 77(1):89-94. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 1991, the Italian Association for Pediatric Hematology-Oncology and the National Council of Research (CNR) initiated an Italian Cooperative Study (SE 91-CNR Protocol) with the main objective of improving the overall survival (SUR) and the event free survival (EFS) of children and young adults with localized Ewing sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumors of bone compared with a previous study (IOR/Ew2 Protocol). Between November 1991 and November 1997, 165 patients were enrolled in this study, 160 of whom were evaluable. The patients were treated with a multimodal approach characterized by intensified chemotherapy, hyperfractionated and accelerated radiation therapy, and the addition of ifosfamide and etoposide to standard chemotherapy with vincristine, actinomycin-D, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide. After a median follow-up of 37 months, 126 of the 160 evaluable patients remained free of disease recurrence. Thirty-one patients developed a disease recurrence (20 with disseminated disease). The 3-year SUR and EFS rates found in the current study (83.6% and 77.8%, respectively) may be considered satisfactory. Only age at diagnosis < or =14 years and a good histologic response appeared to affect the outcome of patients with localized Ewing sarcoma positively. These results appear to demonstrate the efficacy of the addition of ifosfamide in induction chemotherapy to four-drug standard combination chemotherapy, as confirmed by the improved outcome in terms of 3-year EFS reported in the SE 91-CNR Protocol compared with the IOR/Ew2 Protocol (77.8% vs. 60.7%). In addition, the better outcome also could be explained by the change in treatment strategy with a trend toward the use of more surgery than radiation therapy compared with the authors' previous protocol.
    Cancer 09/1999; 86(3):421-8. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate a six-drug combination in patients with nonmetastatic Ewing sarcoma, focusing on chemotherapy-induced necrosis and chemotherapy toxicity in adult and pediatric patients. Alternating cycles of vincristine (1.5 mg/m2), doxorubicin (80 mg/m2) and cyclophosfamide (1200 mg/m2) (weeks 0, 6, 13, 22 and 31), ifosfamide (9 g/m2), vincristine (1.5 mg/m2), and actinomycin D (1.5 mg/m2) (weeks 3, 16, 25 and 34), and ifosfamide (9 g/m2) and etoposide (450 mg/m2) (weeks 9, 19, 28 and 37) were administered. Primary chemotherapy-induced necrosis was graded: G3 (complete necrosis), G2 (microfoci of tumor cells) and G1 (macrofoci of tumor cells). From 1996 to 1999, 50 patients with Ewing sarcoma were enrolled. The median age was 23.5 years (range, 4-56). Chemotherapy-induced necrosis (in 28 patients) was G3 in 36%, G2 in 21% and G1 in 43%. At a median follow-up of 110 months (range, 36-129), 5-year overall survival and event-free survival were 72% and 66%, respectively. According to histologic response, 5-year event-free survival was 90% in G3, 83% in G2, and 42% in G1 (P = 0.02). In adult and pediatric (<18 years) patients, the incidence of G4 leukopenia was 62% and 74%, respectively, with febrile neutropenia in 13% and 21%, respectively. G4 thrombocytopenia occurred in 3% of cycles in adults and in 7% in pediatric patients. Platelet and red blood cell transfusions were required respectively in 1% and 11% of cycles in adults and in 6% and 24% of cycles in pediatric patients. The six-drug combination can be administered safely in adult and pediatric populations. About 40% of patients have a poor chemotherapy-induced tumor necrosis, leading to poor probability of survival. New strategies are recommended to improve survival of poor responders to the six-drug combination.
    Tumori 96(2):213-8. · 0.92 Impact Factor