Hong-Wei He

Hebei University, Pao-ting-shih, Hebei, China

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Publications (25)50.53 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Autophagy, a self-catabolic process, has been found to be involved in abrogating the proliferation and metastasis of breast cancer. SLC9A3R1 (solute carrier family 9, subfamily A [NHE3, cation proton antiporter 3], member 3 regulator 1), a multifunctional scaffold protein, is involved in suppressing breast cancer cells proliferation and the SLC9A3R1-related signaling pathway regulates the activation of autophagy processes. However, the precise regulatory mechanism and signaling pathway of SLC9A3R1 in the regulation of autophagy processes in breast cancer cells remains unknown. Here, we report that the stability of BECN1, the major component of the autophagic core lipid kinase complex, is augmented in SLC9A3R1-overexpressing breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells, subsequently stimulating autophagy by attenuating the interaction between BECN1 and BCL2. Initially, we found that SLC9A3R1 partially stimulated autophagy through the PTEN-PI3K-AKT1 signaling cascade in MDA-MB-231 cells. SLC9A3R1 then attenuated the interaction between BECN1 and BCL2 to stimulate the autophagic core lipid kinase complex. Further findings revealed that SLC9A3R1 bound to BECN1 and subsequently blocked ubiquitin-dependent BECN1 degradation. And the deletion of the C-terminal domain of SLC9A3R1 resulted in significantly reduced binding to BECN1. Moreover, the lack of C-terminal of SLC9A3R1 neither reduced the ubiquitination of BECN1 nor induced autophagy in breast cancer cells. The decrease in BECN1 degradation induced by SLC9A3R1 resulted in the activity of autophagy stimulation in breast cancer cells. These findings indicate that the SLC9A3R1-BECN1 signaling pathway participates in the activation of autophagy processes in breast cancer cells.
    Autophagy 07/2015; DOI:10.1080/15548627.2015.1074372 · 11.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the protective effect of bicyclol against bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats underwent BDL and sham-operated animals were used as healthy controls. The BDL rats were divided into two groups which received sterilized PBS or bicyclol (100 mg/kg per day) orally for two consecutive weeks. Serum, urine and bile were collected for biochemical determinations. Liver tissues were collected for histological analysis and a whole genome oligonucleotide microarray assay. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were used to verify the expression of liver fibrosis-related genes. Treatment with bicyclol significantly reduced liver fibrosis and bile duct proliferation after BDL. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (127.7 ± 72.3 vs 230.4 ± 69.6, P < 0.05) and aspartate aminotransferase (696.8 ± 232.6 vs 1032.6 ± 165.8, P < 0.05) were also decreased by treatment with bicyclol in comparison to PBS. The expression changes of 45 fibrogenic genes and several fibrogenesis-related pathways were reversed by bicyclol in the microarray assay. Bicyclol significantly reduced liver mRNA and/or protein expression levels of collagen 1a1, matrix metalloproteinase 2, tumor necrosis factor, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases 2, transforming growth factor-β1 and α-smooth muscle actin. Bicyclol significantly attenuates BDL-induced liver fibrosis by reversing fibrogenic gene expression. These findings suggest that bicyclol might be an effective anti-fibrotic drug for the treatment of cholestatic liver disease.
    06/2015; 21(23):7155-64. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v21.i23.7155
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    ABSTRACT: (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is one of the most abundant polyphenols in green tea with strong antioxidant activity and various therapeutic effects. In this study, we investigated the anti-fibrotic effects of EGCG and underlying mechanisms in bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats and a liver fibrosis model in vitro. BDL rats were treated with EGCG (25 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1), po) for 14 d, and then the serum, bile and liver samples were collected. Liver fibrosis was assessed by serum, urine and bile biochemistry analyses and morphological studies of liver tissues. TGF-β1-stimulated human hepatic stellate LX-2 cells were used as a liver fibrosis model in vitro. The expression of liver fibrogenic genes and signaling proteins in the PI3K/Akt/Smad pathway was examined using Western blotting and/or real-time PCR. In BDL rats, EGCG treatment significantly ameliorates liver necrosis, inflammation and fibrosis, and suppressed expression of the genes associated with liver inflammation and fibrogenesis, including TNF-α, IL-1β, TGF-β1, MMP-9, α-SMA, and COL1A1. In LX-2 cells, application of EGCG (10, 25 μmol/L) dose-dependently suppressed TGF-β1-stimulated expression of COL1A1, MMP-2, MMP-9, TGF-β1, TIMP1, and α-SMA. Furthermore, EGCG significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of Smad2/3 and Akt in the livers of BDL rats and in TGF-β1-stimulated LX-2 cells. Application of LY294002, a specific inhibitor of PI3K, produced similar effects as EGCG did in TGF-β1-stimulated LX-2 cells, but co-application of EGCG and LY294002 did not produce additive effects. EGCG exerts anti-fibrotic effects in BDL rats and TGF-β1-stimulated LX-2 cells in vitro via inhibiting the PI3K/Akt/Smad pathway.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 04/2015; 36(4):473-82. DOI:10.1038/aps.2014.155 · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: For screening the potential drugs as anti-liver fibrosis candidates, we established a high- throughput drug screening cell model based on COL1A1 promoter. The activity of COL1A1 promoter and luciferase reporter gene can be elevated by TGF-β1, and inhibited by candidate drugs. We constructed a recombined plasmid with COL1A1 promoter and luciferase reporter gene pGL4.17, the activity of COL1A1 promoter was reflected by fluorescence intensity. COL1A1 promoter activity was detected by Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System, it came that the relative luciferase activity of COL1A1 promoter was 15.98 times higher than that of control group induced by TGF-β1, showing the recombined plasmid could be used in cell model. The recombined plasmid was transfected into human hepatic stellate cells LX2, detected the effect of potential drugs, and obtained a stable expression system through stable transfection and monoclonal cell culture. A sample which could reduce COL1A1 promoter activity signally by our cell model, decreased collagen I mRNA and protein expression detected by real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting. It indicates this novel cell model can be used in high-throughput drug screening of potential anti-liver fibrosis drugs.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 02/2015; 50(2):169-73.
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    ABSTRACT: A series of chalcones a1-20 bearing a 4-OMe groups on the A-ring were initially synthesized and their anticancer activities towards HepG2 cells evaluated. Subsequently, a series of chalcones b1-42 bearing methoxy groups at the 2' and 6'-positions of the B-ring were synthesized and their anticancer activities towards five human cancer cell lines (HepG2, HeLa, MCF-7, A549 and SW1990) and two non-tumoral human cell lines evaluated. The results showed that six compounds (b6, b8, b11, b16, b18, b22, b23 and b29) displayed promising activities, with compounds b22 and b29 in particular showing higher levels of activity than etoposide against all five cancer cell lines. Compound b29 showed a promising SI value compared with both HMLE and L02 (2.1-6.5 fold in HMLE and > 33 > 103.1 fold in L02, respectively).
    Molecules 11/2014; 19(11):17256-78. DOI:10.3390/molecules191117256 · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • Shuang-shuang Zhao · Rong-guang Shao · Hong-wei He ·
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    ABSTRACT: Liver fibrosis is a pathological process of the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix, especially collagen al (I) in liver. Ultimately, hepatic fibrosis leads to cirrhosis or hepatic failure. Liver fibrosis and early cirrhosis can be reversed, thus control of the development of liver fibrosis is very important for preventive treatment of cirrhosis and hepatic failure. This is a review of potential targets for anti-hepatic fibrosis based on plenty of publications, including TGF-β1 and integrin α(v) and so on, aimed at providing novel therapeutic targets in liver fibrosis.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 10/2014; 49(10):1365-71.
  • Yi-Ran Sun · Sheng-Hua Zhang · Rong-Guang Shao · Hong-Wei He ·
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the synergistic effect of lidamycin (LDM) and rituximab on human B cell lymphoma Ramos cells. Cell proliferation was measured using MTS assay, cell apoptosis was analyzed by Annexin V-FITC/PI assay, the expression of apoptosis related proteins was analyzed by Western blotting, and the in vivo lymphoma inhibition was verified using BALB/c mice inoculated via tail vein using Ramos cells which stably expressed pEGFP-N1 plasmid. The results showed that, after the pretreatment with rituximab for 48 h, rituximab and LDM showed significantly synergistic effects on cell proliferation. Cells in combined treatment group had a higher apoptosis rate than that in LDM treatment group. Compared with the LDM treatment group, the expression of apoptosis-related proteins such as Cleaved caspase-3, Cleaved caspase-7, Cleaved caspase-9 and Cleaved PARP in combined treatment groups increased, and expression of cIAP-2 and Bcl-2 decreased. The result of in vivo experiment showed that, in the combined treatment group, the survival time of BALB/c mice was significantly longer than the mice in control group and LDM treatment group, and the degree of tumor accumulation and metastasis to lymph nodes and spleen was lower.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 02/2014; 49(2):198-203.
  • Cai-Xia Zhang · Hong Liu · Yu-Yan Gong · Hong-Wei He · Rong-Guang Shao ·
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    ABSTRACT: Sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) plays critical roles in cell biological functions. Here we investigated the effects of SphK1 inhibitor SKI II on hepatoma HepG2 cell cycle progression and invasion. Cell survival was determined by SRB assay, cell cycle progression was assayed by flow cytometry, the ability of cell invasion was measured by Matrigel-Transwell assay and protein expression was detected by Western blotting. The results showed that SKI II markedly inhibited HepG2 cell survival in a dose-dependent manner, induced G1 phase arrest in HepG2 cell and inhibited cell invasion. SKI II markedly decreased the expressions of G1-phase-related proteins CDK2, CDK4 and Cdc2 and the levels of cell invasion-associated proteins MMP2 and MMP9. The results showed that SKI II inhibited cell cycle progression and cell invasion, implying SphK1 as a potential target for hepatoma treatment.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 02/2014; 49(2):204-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Capecitabine (CAP), a prodrug, needs to be converted to 5-fluorouracil by several key enzymes, including thymidine phosphorylase (TP). To improve the therapeutic index, potentiation of antitumor activity of CAP is required. In this study, we explored whether lidamycin (LDM), an enediyne anticancer antibiotic, can induce synergistic antitumor effects in combination with CAP in murine breast cancer in vitro and in vivo. Using MTT, cell migration and invasion, siRNA knockdown, and Western blot assays, the in vitro synergistic effects of LDM plus CAP on 4T1(LUC) cells were evaluated, and the mechanism of this synergy was explored. For in vivo model of orthotopic implantation model of 4T1(LUC) cells, optical molecular imaging system was utilized to evaluate the growth of primary tumor and metastasis. To further understand the mechanism of action of the LDM/CAP combination, immunohistochemistry analysis was carried out to detect thymidine phosphorylase induction and ERK signaling. As determined by MTT and transwell assay, LDM enhanced the inhibitory effects of CAP on cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Western blot showed that this synergistic effect was attributed to the up-regulated expression of TP induced by LDM. Knocking down TP impaired the synergistic anti-proliferative effect of LDM and CAP. Furthermore, our data suggested that LDM-induced up-regulation of TP both in vitro and in vivo is associated with ERK activation, because the inhibition of ERK activity by ERK inhibitor U0126 abrogated LDM-induced TP up-regulation. In animal models, LDM plus CAP potently inhibited primary tumor growth as well as lung metastasis compared with control or single-agent-treated group. LDM can potentiate the antitumor effects of CAP on breast cancer line. The synergistic effects suggest that the combination of LDM and CAP is an innovative antitumor strategy for breast cancer therapy.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 08/2013; 72(4). DOI:10.1007/s00280-013-2253-3 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Cai-Xia Zhang · Hong-Wei He · Rong-Guang Shao ·
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    ABSTRACT: Sphingolipids as an important regulator play a critical role in the cell biological functions. Among them, ceramide (Cer) and sphingosine (Sph) induce apoptosis and inhibit cell proliferation; on the contrary sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) promotes cell survival and proliferation. The balance between ceramide/sphingosine and S1P forms a so-called "sphingolipid-rheostat", which decides the cell fate. Sphingosine kinases, which catalyze the phosphorylation of sphingosine to S1P, are critical regulators of this balance. Here, we review the role of sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) in regulating fundamental biological processes and tumorigenesis and the potential of SphK1 as a new target for cancer therapeutics.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 07/2013; 48(7):971-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The apical sodium-dependent bile salt transporter (ASBT) plays a pivotal role in maintaining bile acid homeostasis. Inhibition of ASBT would reduce bile acid pool size and lower cholesterol levels. In this report, a series of novel arylsulfonylaminobenzanilides were designed and synthesized as potential inhibitors of ASBT. Most of them demonstrated great potency against ASBT's bile acid transport activity. In particular, compound 5g2 inhibited ASBT activity with an IC50 value of 0.11 μM. These compounds represent potential cholesterol-lowering drugs.
    Molecules 06/2013; 18(6):6883-97. DOI:10.3390/molecules18066883 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of novel 1-acyl-3-amino-1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrazole derivatives were designed and synthesized. These derivatives were initially evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity against human colon carcinoma HCT-116 cell line, and compounds 11a, b were chosen for further evaluation their in vitro activity against other five human cancer cell lines. These results indicate that most of the target compounds have considerable in vitro anticancer activity. The most active compound 11a was found to be 4- to 28-fold more potent than (R)-roscovitine against six human cancer cell lines. In addition, compound 11a was assessed for its activity against 12 kinases, and then evaluated for its interaction mode by docking experiments with cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β).
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 09/2012; 22(22):6947-51. DOI:10.1016/j.bmcl.2012.08.117 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human xenograft mouse models, which have been used in cancer research for over a century, provided significant advances for our understanding of this multifaceted family of diseases. Orthotopic transplantation tumor models are emerging as the preference for cancer research due to the increasing clinical relevance over subcutaneous mouse models. In this study, a stable luciferase-expressed Capan-2 cell line was constructed and the expression of luciferase was tested. The results showed that the luminorescence intensity of Capan-2Luc cells was associated with the number of cells and the minimal detectable cell population was 600 cells/well. We established an orthotopic transplantation model of pancreatic cancer using Capan-2Luc cell line in athymic mice and investigated the inhibitory effects of gemcitabine (Gem) in vitro and in vivo. Optical imaging system was applied to evaluate the tumor growth of orthotopic transplantation model in vivo. The results suggested that the orthotopic transplantation model of pancreatic cancer was well established and the luminorescence intensity of Gem-treated group was markedly lower than that of control group with an inhibitory rate of 56.8% (P<0.001). Our orthotopic transplantation model of pancreatic cancer and real-time imaging observation method established in this study could be an ideal model and a useful tool for therapeutic approaches for pancreatic cancers.
    12/2011; 1(4):220–225. DOI:10.1016/j.apsb.2011.10.001
  • Yun Feng · Hong-Wei He · Bao-Wei Li · Zheng-Xian Zhang · Xi Chen · Xiao-Fang Li ·
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    ABSTRACT: This study is to investigate the tumor invasion and metastasis inhibition effects of the immunoconjugate composed of lidamycin and anti-type IV collagenase monoclonal antibody Fab' fragment. Boyden chamber assay was used to evaluate the influence of Fab'-LDM on HT-1080 cells invasion ability, gelatinase spectrum was used to measure the change of invasion factor MMP-2 and MMP-9's secretion, and RT-PCR was adopted to determine TIMP-1 mRNA expression level. The immunoconjugate inhibition of tumor in situ metastasis was also tested in nude mice. The Fab'-LDM conjugates had dose-dependent inhibition effect on HT-1080 cells' invasion. At the concentrations of 5 and 10 nmol L(-1), the Fab'-LDM inhibited the invasion by (60 +/- 12) % and (79 +/- 11) % respectively. At the concentration of 5 and 10 nmol L(-1), the Fab'-LDM inhibited the secretion of MMP-2 by (42 +/- 8) % and (54 +/- 6) % and that of MMP-9 by (57 +/- 3) % and (87 +/- 1) %, respectively. RT-PCR indicated that conjugates increased the anti-invasion factor TIMP-1 level. The in vivo experiment showed that, compared with the control group, the tumor inhibition rate in Fab', Fab'-LDM, and LDM group equaled to (30 +/- 13) %, (86 +/- 26) %, (74 +/- 22) % respectively. In conclusion, Fab'-LDM could inhibit the invasion and metastasis of tumor and it might be a new tumor biotherapy agent.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 12/2011; 46(12):1462-5.
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    ABSTRACT: This study is to investigate the inhibitory effect of lidamycin (LDM) and its combination with methotrexate (MTX) on lung metastasis of fibrosarcoma by bioluminescence imaging in athymic mice. A stable luciferase transfected HT-1080 cell line was constructed and the capability to establish experimental lung metastasis in athymic mice was confirmed. The optical imaging system was applied to evaluate the formation of lung metastasis in vivo. In addition, metastatic nodules were counted for the evaluation of inhibition rates. As shown, the fluorescent intensity of luciferase-transfected HT-1080 cells was colinear with the cell population and the minimal detected cell population was 100 cells/well. Optical imaging showed that the fluorescent intensity of treated group was apparently lower than that of the control. The inhibition rates of lung metastasis by LDM alone at 0.025 mg x kg(-1) and 0.05 mg x kg(-1) were 53.9% and 75.9%, respectively, while that of MTX alone at 0.5 mg x kg(-1) was 70.2%. The combination of LDM at 0.025 mg x kg(-1) and MTX at 0.5 mg x kg(-1) showed an inhibition rate of 88.7%. The coefficient of drug interaction (CDI) was 0.82. The results herein demonstrated that LDM alone had strong anti-metastasis effect on human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 and the inhibition efficacy is strengthened when combined with MTX.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 01/2011; 46(1):45-9.
  • Yun Feng · Rong-Guang Shao · Yao Dai · Bao-Wei Li · Hong-Wei He · Kai-Huan Ren ·
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the antitumor activities of the immunoconjugates composed of anti-type IV collagenase monoclonal antibody Fab' fragment and lidamycin (LDM) prepared with different linkers. The immunoconjugates were prepared by linking Fab' to lysine-69 of LDM apoprotein by SPDP, LCSPDP, SMBS or SSMPB as the intermediate drug linkers. Immunoreactivities of the conjugates were determined by ELISA. The cytotoxicities of the conjugates were examined by clonogenic assay. In vivo antitumor effects of the conjugates were evaluated in nude mice bearing subcutaneously implanted HT-1080 tumor. ELISA assay showed that the conjugates retained part of the immunoreactivity of 3G11 against the antigen. The cytotoxicities of the Fab'-SMBS-LDM and Fab'-SSMPB-LDM to HT-1080 cells were significantly potent, compared with Fab'-SPDP-LDM, Fab'-LCSPDP-LDM and free LDM. In animal models at the same condition, free LDM, Fab'-SPDP-LDM and Fab'-LCSPDP-LDM inhibited the growth of HT-1080 tumor by 70.9%, 74.8% and 72.3%, while Fab'-SMBS-LDM and Fab'-SSMPB-LDM reached 78.0% and 87.7%, respectively. The median survival time of the mice treated with free LDM, Fab'-SPDP-LDM and Fab'-LCSPDP-LDM were prolonged by 71.9%, 82.2% and 107.5%, respectively, compared with that of untreated group. Whereas, the median survival time of Fab'-SMBS-LDM and Fab'-SSMPB-LDM were prolonged by 145.2% and 165.8%, respectively, indicating that Fab'-SSMPB-LDM was more effective than Fab'-SMBS-LDM in tumor suppression and life span prolongation. Fab'-SSMPB-LDM has more marked selective antitumor efficacy and lower toxicity, and might be a novel candidate for cancer therapy.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 05/2010; 45(5):571-5.
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    ABSTRACT: 3-Bromoacetamino-4-methoxy-benzoylurea (F13) is a benzoylurea derivative selected from the library of small molecule tubulin ligands. Our earlier data showed that F13 had lost the capacity to interrupt microtubule dynamics while reserving anticancer activity. In this study, we found that F13 greatly inhibited cell proliferation in various human cancer cells. At concentrations of more than 1 microg/ml, F13 markedly slowed growth and induced apoptosis in HT-1080 cells. This apoptosis occurred through cleavages of caspase 3 and PARP. At low concentrations (< or =1 microg/ml), F13 reduced the migration, adhesion, and invasion of HT-1080 cells. In addition, F13 downregulated the activities of matrix metalloproteinase-2/9 (MMP-2/9) in a culture supernatant. This was found to occur through the upregulation of the reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK), a membrane-anchored inhibitor of MMPs, which acts by reducing ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Our data suggested that F13 might act as a novel RECK inducer, inhibiting cancerous processes with the inactivation of MMP-2/9 by the induction of RECK through the inhibition of ERK1/2 signalling transduction.
    Anti-cancer drugs 04/2010; 21(4):372-80. DOI:10.1097/CAD.0b013e3283357c44 · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heat stress cognate 70 (Hsc70) is a host protein associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication. The goal of this study was to investigate whether Hsc70 could be an anti-HBV drug target. Our results showed that introducing Hsc70 increased HBV replication in HBV(+) human hepatocytes (HepG2.2.15 cells). The coiled-coil region on Hsc70 (nucleotides 1533 to 1608; amino acids 511 to 536) was the key sequence for HBV replication. Knockdown of Hsc70 expression by RNA interference (RNAi) largely inhibited HBV replication with no cytotoxicity to the host. Using an Hsc70 mRNA screening assay, the natural compound oxymatrine (OMTR) was found to be a selective inhibitor for Hsc70 expression. Then, OMTR was used to investigate the potential of Hsc70 as an anti-HBV drug target. OMTR inhibited Hsc70 mRNA expression by 80% and HBV DNA replication by over 60% without causing cytotoxicity. The anti-HBV effect of OMTR appeared to be mediated by destabilizing Hsc70 mRNA. The half-life (T(1/2)) of Hsc70 mRNA decreased by 50% in OMTR-treated hepatocytes. The Hsc70 mRNA 3'-untranslated-region (UTR) sequence was the element responsible for OMTR's destabilization activity. OMTR suppressed HBV de novo synthesis at the reverse transcription stage from pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) to DNA and was active against either wild-type HBV or strains resistant to lamivudine, adefovir, and entecavir. Therefore, host Hsc70 could be a novel drug target against HBV, and OMTR appears to inhibit HBV replication by destabilizing Hsc70 mRNA. As the target is not a viral protein, OMTR is active for either wild-type HBV or strains resistant to reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 02/2010; 54(5):2070-7. DOI:10.1128/AAC.01764-09 · 4.48 Impact Factor
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    Yu Pan · Kai-Huan Ren · Hong-Wei He · Rong-Guang Shao ·
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    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in cell cycle regulation have led to a suggestion of therapeutically targeting cell cycle checkpoint pathways in cancer cells to increase the toxicity of DNA-damaging agents. In this study, we investigate whether knockdowns of checkpoint kinases Chk1 and Chk2 by RNA interfering potentiate the cytotoxicity and abrogate G(2)/M checkpoint induced by DNA-damaging agent lidamycin (LDM) in HCT116 cells with different p53 status. Our results showed that Chk1 knockdown enhanced the cytotoxicity of LDM through abrogating G(2)/M arrest and increasing apoptosis to a greater extent in HCT116 p53(-/-) cells than in p53(wt) cells. Abrogation of LDM-induced G(2)/M arrest by Chk1 knockdown was associated with reducing the inactivated phosphorylations of Cdc25C and Cdc2. LDM-induced gamma-H2AX was increased in cells with Chk1 knockdown, indicating that DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) were enhanced. Furthermore, knockdown of Chk1 also increased LDM-mediated apoptotic cell death in p53 knockout cells with activation of caspase-2 and caspase-3. On the contrary, knockdown of Chk2 had no impact on G(2)/M arrest or apoptosis induced by LDM. Moreover, dual knockdown of Chk1 and Chk2 failed to achieve better efficacy than Chk1 alone. Taken together, we suggest that Chk1 is a potential therapeutic target to sensitize human p53 deficient cancer cells to LDM.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2009; 8(16):1559-66. DOI:10.4161/cbt.8.16.8955 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major challenge because of its resistance to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Multi-targeted therapy might be a new option for HCC treatment. Our previous study showed that N-ras gene was activated in HCC and was inhibited by RNA interference. In the present study, we investigated the alternation of gene expression by microarray in N-Ras-siRNA-treated HepG2 cells. The results revealed that the EREG gene, encoding epiregulin, was dramatically up-regulated in response to silence of N-ras. We speculated that the up-regulation of epiregulin was involved in the compensatory mechanism of N-ras knockdown for cell growth. Therefore, we evaluated whether dual silence of N-ras and epiregulin display a greater suppression of cell growth. The results confirmed that dual knockdown of N-ras and epiregulin synergistically inhibited cell growth. Our results also showed that dual knockdown of N-ras and epiregulin significantly induced cell arrest at G0/G1 phase. Furthermore, Western blot assay showed that dual knockdown of N-ras and epiregulin markedly reduced the phosphorylations of ERK1/2, Akt and Rb, and inhibited the expression of cyclin D1. Our findings imply that multi-targeted silence of oncogenes might be an effective treatment for HCC.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/2009; 387(2):239-44. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.06.128 · 2.30 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

180 Citations
50.53 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Hebei University
      Pao-ting-shih, Hebei, China
  • 2004-2015
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009-2011
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China