Gen Sobue

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

Are you Gen Sobue?

Claim your profile

Publications (797)3073.01 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 57-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus for 10 years showed progressive loss of muscle strength in both legs, pain and muscle atrophy in the femoral region and significant weight loss. On admission, he could not stand alone and used a wheelchair. He also complained of severe pain in the lower extremities. He was diagnosed with proximal diabetic neuropathy (PDN) by characteristic clinical and electrophysiological features. Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIg 0.4 g/kg×5 days) markedly reduced the severe pain and muscle weakness in the legs. Eventually, pain assessed by the Visual Analogue Scale was relieved by 80% and muscle strength was also well recovered, thereby enabling the patient to walk with a cane. The present case suggests that IVIg therapy may be effective for the relief of pain in PDN.
    Case Reports 01/2009; 2009. DOI:10.1136/bcr.08.2008.0656
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our aim was to evaluate the location and extent of white matter involvement in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI). We obtained fractional anisotropy (FA) values from the internal capsule and various white matter regions of 46 patients with sporadic ALS and 19 control subjects. In ALS patients, FA values in the internal capsule, frontal white matter, genu and splenium of the corpus callosum (p<0.001), parietal and temporal lobe white matter, and posterior cingulum (p<0.05) were significantly lower than in controls. FA values in frontal white matter were lower than in parietal white matter (p<0.001). Decreased FA values in frontal, parietal, and temporal white matter, and the genu of the corpus callosum, correlated significantly with those in the internal capsule (r=0.66 and p<0.001, r=0.47 and p=0.001, r=0.33 and p=0.021, r=0.41 and p=0.005, respectively). No such correlations were found for FA values in other white matter areas or in controls. Patient FA values generally were not correlated with disease duration. DTI demonstrated more widespread involvement of the cerebral white matter in ALS patients than previously believed. The severity of involvement in the frontal, temporal and parietal white matter correlated with severity in the pyramidal tract.
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 01/2009; 10(5-6):288-94. DOI:10.3109/17482960802651717 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neurodegenerative diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases are thought to be caused by protein misfolding. Heat shock proteins (HSPs), which function mainly as molecular chaperones, play an important role in the folding and quality control of proteins. The histopathological hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases is accumulation and/or inclusions of the disease-causing proteins in residual neurons in targeted regions of the nervous system. The inclusions combine with many components of molecular chaperone pathways and ubiquitin-proteasome, raising the possibility that misfolding and altered degradation of mutant proteins may be involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Overexpression of HSPs has been reported to reduce the number and size of inclusions and accumulation of disease-causing proteins, and ameliorate the phenotypes in neuronal cell and mouse models. Hsp90 inhibitors also exert therapeutic effects through selective proteasome degradation of its client proteins. Elucidation of its pathophysiology using animal models has led to the development of disease-modifying drugs, i.e., Hsp90 inhibitor and HSP inducer, which inhibit the pathogenic process of neuronal degeneration. These findings may provide the basis for development of an HSP-related therapy for neurodegenerative diseases.
    International Journal of Hyperthermia 01/2009; 25(8):647-54. DOI:10.3109/02656730903315823 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There are many reports that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a risk factor for ischemic stroke of arterial origin, however, the relationship between OSAS and cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) remains unknown. We report the case of a 44-year-old man who had episodic headaches, unconsciousness attacks and seizures. Cerebral angiography showed CVT. He was obese and had severe OSAS. Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy prevented the recurrence of CVT as well as of headache. OSAS may be one of the multiple risk factors of CVT as well as arterial ischemic stroke.
    Internal Medicine 01/2009; 48(20):1837-40. DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.48.2037 · 0.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There are two distinct phenotypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Asians, manifesting as optic-spinal (OSMS) and conventional (CMS) forms. In Japan, four nationwide surveys of MS have been conducted. The first three were in 1972, 1982, and 1989, and we performed the fourth in 2004. The recent survey showed six main findings as follows: (1) a four-fold increase in the estimated number of clinically definite patients with MS in 2003 (9900; crude MS prevalence, 7.7/100,000) compared with 1972; (2) a shift in the peak age at onset from early 30s in 1989 to early 20s in 2003; (3) a successive proportional decrease in optic-spinal involvement in clinically definite patients with MS; (4) a significant north-south gradient for the CMS/OSMS ratio; (5) after subdivision of the mainland (30-45 degrees North) into northern and southern parts at 37 degrees N, northern-born northern residents (northern patients) showed a significantly higher CMS/OSMS ratio and higher frequency of brain lesions fulfilling the Barkhof criteria (Barkhof brain lesions) than southern-born southern residents (southern patients); (6) among northern patients, the absolute numbers of patients with CMS and those with Barkhof brain lesions rapidly increased with advancing birth year. These findings suggest that MS phenotypes are drastically altered by environmental factors, such as latitude and "Westernization."
    Multiple Sclerosis 12/2008; 15(2):159-73. DOI:10.1177/1352458508098372 · 4.86 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mechanism underlying the characteristic selective motor neuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has remained elusive. Modest advances in this research field have been achieved by the identification of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) as one of the causative genes for rare familial ALS and by the development and analysis of mutant SOD1 transgenic animal models. However, in sporadic ALS (SALS) with many more patients, causative or critical genes situated upstream of the disease pathway have not yet been elucidated and no available disease models have been established. We have been working on screening these genes employing and combining several new technologies such as cDNA microarray, molecular indexing, and laser capture microdissection. Many of the resultant genes are of intense interest and may provide a powerful tool for determining the molecular mechanisms of SALS. Of these, in this paper, we will focus on Dorfin, a RING finger-type E3 ubiquitin ligase and dynactin1, a major component of dynein/dynactin complex that is important for retrograde axonal transport. We are now challenging creation of the disease models by simulating the gene expression changes specifically observed in SALS patients.
    Rinsho shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology 12/2008; 48(11):970-2. DOI:10.5692/clinicalneurol.48.970
  • Naoki Hattori · Haruki Koike · Gen Sobue
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We assessed whether postgastrectomy polyneuropathy associated with thiamine deficiency is clinicopathologically identical to beriberi neuropathy, including a biochemical determination of thiamine status. The typical presentation for the two etiologies was as a symmetric sensorimotor polyneuropathy predominantly involving the lower limbs. In both groups, the main electrophysiologic findings were those of axonal neuropathy, most prominently in the lower limbs. Sural nerve biopsy specimens also indicated axonal degeneration in both groups. Subperineurial edema was commonly observed. Thiamine-deficiency neuropathies due to gastrectomy and dietary imbalance are identical despite variability in their clinicopathologic features and suggested that thiamine deficiency can be a major cause of postgastrectomy polyneuropathy. Characteristics of alcoholic neuropathy have been obscured by difficulty in isolating them from features of thiamine-deficiency neuropathy. We assessed 64 patients with alcoholic neuropathy including subgroups without and with coexisting thiamine deficiency. Thirty-two patients with nonalcoholic thiamine-deficiency neuropathy also were investigated for comparison. We concluded that pure-form of alcoholic neuropathy was distinct from pure-form of thiamine-deficiency neuropathy, supporting the view that alcoholic neuropathy can be caused by direct toxic effect of ethanol or its metabolites. However, features of alcoholic neuropathy is influenced by concomitant thiamine-deficiency state, having so far caused the obscure clinicopathological entity of alcoholic neuropathy.
    Rinsho shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology 12/2008; 48(11):1026-7. DOI:10.5692/clinicalneurol.48.1026
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To profile the detailed clinical features of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) on large-scale samples in Japan. We assessed the clinical features of sporadic ALS patients in Japan, based on the nationwide registration system of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. We described 3,428 new cases registered cases between 2003 and 2006 to analyze initial symptoms and related clinical features, 4,202 cases registered in the single year of 2005 to describe the cross-sectional overview of the ALS patients, and a total of 2,128 cases with tracheostomy positive pressure ventilation (TPPV) from all of the registration data from 2003 to 2006 to describe the features of ALS patients with TPPV. The patients with an older age at onset progressed more rapidly to the TPPV stage than those with a younger age at onset. The subpopulation of patients with long-standing TPPV showed ophthalmoplegia, while its appearance rate was less in the patients with an older age at onset than in those with a younger age at onset. Furthermore, age at onset strongly influenced the frequency of initial symptoms: dysarthria, dysphagia, neck weakness and respiratory disturbance were more frequent in patients with an older age at onset, while upper or lower limb weakness was observed more frequently in patients with a younger age at onset. In addition, those initial symptoms were still the most prominent at the follow-up stage, suggesting that the initial symptoms determine the major clinical features even in advanced illness. Our present study demonstrated that symptomatic features of ALS are strongly influenced by the age at onset by the large scale of samples.
    Journal of the Neurological Sciences 11/2008; 276(1-2):163-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2008.09.024 · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Comprehensive resequencing of the causative and disease-related genes of neurodegenerative diseases is expected to enable (1) comprehensive mutational analysis of familial cases, (2) identification of sporadic cases with de novo or low-penetrant mutations, (3) identification of rare variants conferring disease susceptibility, and ultimately (4) better understanding of the molecular basis of these diseases. To develop a microarray-based high-throughput resequencing system for the causative and disease-related genes of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and other neurodegenerative diseases. Validation of the system was conducted in terms of the signal-to-noise ratio, accuracy, and throughput. Comprehensive gene analysis was applied for patients with ALS. Subjects Ten patients with familial ALS, 35 patients with sporadic ALS, and 238 controls. The system detected point mutations with 100% accuracy and completed the resequencing of 270 kilobase pairs in 3 working days with greater than 99.9% accuracy of base calls, or the determination of base(s) at each position. Analysis of patients with familial ALS revealed 2 SOD1 mutations. Analysis of the 35 patients with sporadic ALS revealed a previously known SOD1 mutation, S134N, a novel putative pathogenic DCTN1 mutation, R997W, and 9 novel variants including 4 nonsynonymous heterozygous variants consisting of 2 in ALS2, 1 in ANG, and 1 in VEGF that were not found in the controls. The DNA microarray-based resequencing system is a powerful tool for high-throughput comprehensive analysis of causative and disease-related genes. It can be used to detect mutations in familial and sporadic cases and to identify numerous novel variants potentially associated with genetic risks.
    Archives of neurology 11/2008; 65(10):1326-32. DOI:10.1001/archneur.65.10.1326 · 7.01 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Through the development of gene diagnostic techniques, late-onset transthyretin Met30-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP TTR Met30) has been shown to be more prevalent than is generally believed. To examine the electrophysiological features of late-onset FAP TTR Met30 unrelated to endemic foci. Nerve conduction findings in 44 cases with an onset of more than 50 years of age in a non-endemic area were assessed and compared with findings from 21 earlier-onset cases related to endemic foci. The extent of the reduction of the compound muscle action potential and, especially, the sensory nerve action potential was more profound in the late-onset group even when the decline of these indices with aging in normal control subjects was taken into account. The feature of predominant lower-limb involvement seemed to be more conspicuous in the late-onset group. Electrophysiological indices tended to be aggravated as the duration of neuropathic symptoms increased in the early-onset group, while most of these indices in the lateonset group did not show this correlation. A slowing of conduction velocity and a prolongation of distal latency, which suggests demyelination, were conspicuous in some patients. Pathologically, a predominant loss of small-fibers was not conspicuous in sural nerve biopsy specimens from late-onset patients. Large myelinated fiber density showed a negative correlation with the disease duration in early-onset cases, but not in late-onset cases. Electrophysiological differences between late- and early-onset cases were present, probably reflecting the different underlying pathogenic mechanisms of neuropathy. The demyelinating feature does not exclude the possibility of this disease.
    Journal of Neurology 10/2008; 255(10):1526-33. DOI:10.1007/s00415-008-0962-z · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs) can generate a wide variety of neural cells. However, their fates are generally restricted, depending on the time and location of NS/PC origin. Here we demonstrate that we can recapitulate the spatiotemporal regulation of central nervous system (CNS) development in vitro by using a neurosphere-based culture system of embryonic stem (ES) cell-derived NS/PCs. This ES cell-derived neurosphere system enables the efficient derivation of highly neurogenic fibroblast growth factor-responsive NS/PCs with early temporal identities and high cell-fate plasticity. Over repeated passages, these NS/PCs exhibit temporal progression, becoming epidermal growth factor-responsive gliogenic NS/PCs with late temporal identities; this change is accompanied by an alteration in the epigenetic status of the glial fibrillary acidic protein promoter, similar to that observed in the developing brain. Moreover, the rostrocaudal and dorsoventral spatial identities of the NS/PCs can be successfully regulated by sequential administration of several morphogens. These NS/PCs can differentiate into early-born projection neurons, including cholinergic, catecholaminergic, serotonergic, and motor neurons, that exhibit action potentials in vitro. Finally, these NS/PCs differentiate into neurons that form synaptic contacts with host neurons after their transplantation into wild-type and disease model animals. Thus, this culture system can be used to obtain specific neurons from ES cells, is a simple and powerful tool for investigating the underlying mechanisms of CNS development, and is applicable to regenerative treatment for neurological disorders.
    Stem Cells 09/2008; 26(12):3086-98. DOI:10.1634/stemcells.2008-0293 · 7.70 Impact Factor
  • Y Kawai · M Suenaga · H Watanabe · M Ito · K Kato · T Kato · K Ito · F Tanaka · G Sobue
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between brain perfusion and cognitive dysfunction in spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) patients. Thirteen genetically confirmed SCA6 patients and 21 age- and education-matched control subjects were subjected to single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and neuropsychological tests. Brain perfusion was examined with SPECT analysis, while general cognition, verbal and visual memory, attention, visuospatial ability, language, executive function, depression, and anxiety were examined with the neuropsychological tests. SCA6 patients showed prefrontal hypoperfusion, and impairments of visual memory, verbal fluency, and executive function compared to control subjects. These neuropsychological impairments in SCA6 patients were significantly correlated with a decrease in prefrontal perfusion. This relation was not correlated to other factors, such as age, education and severity of cerebellar ataxia, which are possible relevant factors associated with cognitive performance. SCA6 patients have mild cognitive impairment, and correlating prefrontal hypoperfusion. These results indicate cognitive impairment in SCA6 patients resulting from prefrontal hypoperfusion.
    Journal of the Neurological Sciences 09/2008; 271(1-2):68-74. DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2008.03.018 · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the current state of education for undergraduates, the subcommittee of the Japanese Society of Neurology for undergraduate education sent a questionnaire on the 2001-version of Model Core Curriculum to the department of neurology in 80 medical universities and their 7 associate medical institutes throughout Japan. Answers were obtained from 56 out of those 87 institutes (64.4%). According to the answers, the Core Curriculum was introduced to the program of undergraduate education in 93% of those 56 universities. For the revision of neurology part in the current Core Curriculum, there are number of requests for improving the description on the neurological examination, list of common symptoms and disorders, and addition of therapeutics. Despite application of the Model Core Curriculum in medical education, the present study disclosed that there were considerable difference in the number and content of the lectures, and the duration of clinical clerkship in neurology ward. These differences of the curriculum and training program depends on not only the number of staffs, but also whether they are working as staffs in a department of neurology or as a small group of neurologists within a department other than neurology.
    Rinsho shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology 09/2008; 48(8):556-62. DOI:10.5692/clinicalneurol.48.556
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pathological studies have shown remarkable pyramidal tract involvement in multiple system atrophy (MSA), while clinical pyramidal signs are relatively rare. We investigated the fractional anisotropy (FA) values to assess the degree of pyramidal tract involvement in MSA, in comparison with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and controls. Furthermore, we compared FA values between MSA patients with or without clinical pyramidal signs and controls, and between MSA patients with or without positive conventional MRI findings and controls. We evaluated FA values in the internal capsule, corona radiate and whole pyramidal tract using visualized tractography of 65 subjects (20 probable MSA patients, 28 age-matched ALS patients, and 17 age-matched healthy controls) using a 3.0T magnetic resonance system. The FA values in the internal capsule, corona radiate, and whole pyramidal tract were significantly lower in MSA patients than in controls and were at a level similar to those of ALS patients. In addition, low FA values were prominent in MSA patients, even in those with short duration of illness, lacking precentral gyrus hyperintensity in FLAIR images, and without pyramidal signs. FA values could identify pyramidal tract degeneration even in patients with early phase MSA and those without clinical pyramidal signs or abnormal MRI findings. More extensive degeneration of the pyramidal tract occurs in MSA than so far believed.
    Journal of the Neurological Sciences 09/2008; 271(1-2):40-6. DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2008.03.013 · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is an adult-onset motor neuron disease caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the androgen receptor gene. Because the progression of SBMA is slow, it is plausible to identify biomarkers that monitor disease course for therapeutic development. To verify whether the 6-min walk test (6MWT) is a biomarker of SBMA, we performed the 6MWT in 35 genetically confirmed patients and in 29 age-matched healthy controls. The walk distance covered within 6 min (6MWD) was significantly less in SBMA than it was in controls (323.3 +/- 143.9 m and 637.6 +/- 94.2 m, respectively; P < 0.001). In test-retest analysis, the intraclass correlation coefficient for the 6MWD was high in SBMA patients (r = 0.982). In a 1-year follow-up the 6MWD significantly decreased at a rate of 11.3% per year. Our observations suggest that the 6MWT is a biomarker that can be used to monitor progression of motor impairment in SBMA.
    Muscle & Nerve 08/2008; 38(2):964-71. DOI:10.1002/mus.21077 · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The pathomechanism of sporadic amyotropic lateral sclerosis is not clearly understood, although a proportion of familial amyotropic lateral sclerosis is caused by superoxide dismutase 1 mutations. Theories based on studies of human post-mortem tissue, research on animal models and in vitro work have been proposed for the pathogenesis of amyotropic lateral sclerosis, but the pathogenesis is not the same between sporadic and familial amyotropic lateral sclerosis. Drug candidates were tested using superoxide dismutase 1 mutant mice. Although the candidates were shown to be effective in mice, clinical trials in humans have failed to identify any truly effective pharmacotherapies in sporadic amyotropic lateral sclerosis, with only riluzole providing a modest improvement in survival. Ongoing or planned trials are exploring the value of antiglutamatergic drugs, antioxidants, neurotrophic factors, anti-inflammatory drugs and anti-aggregation drugs. A combination of drugs acting on different mechanisms is needed for effective therapy. Moreover, gene expression profiling and genome-wide association studies, together with inhibitory RNA techniques, are helpful for developing new pharmacotherapeutic strategies including gene therapy. It is also likely that the recently advanced generation of induced pluripotent stem cells will lead to the development of cell therapy for amyotropic lateral sclerosis. In addition to finding effective therapies, research is also needed in order to detect early disease markers since pharmacotherapy is most beneficial when given early in the course of sporadic amyotropic lateral sclerosis.
    Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 08/2008; 9(11):1845-57. DOI:10.1517/14656566.9.11.1845 · 3.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined the diagnostic difficulty in thiamine deficiency. We report on two patients with polyneuropathy associated with thiamine deficiency (i.e., beriberi neuropathy) that presented with acute motor symptoms mimicking Guillain-Barré syndrome. The cause of the thiamine deficiency was associated with gastrectomy to treat cancer in a 46-y-old man and with dietary imbalance in a 33-y-old man. The thiamine deficiency was not related to alcohol intake in either patient. In both patients, the upper and lower extremities showed a rapidly progressive weakness over the course of 1 mo. Muscle weakness in the first patient progressed even after admission to the hospital, and urinary retention, Wernicke's encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, paralytic ileus, and heart failure appeared subsequently. Clinical symptoms in both patients showed improvement after initiation of thiamine administration, although some residual deficit remained. Thiamine deficiency must be actively considered as a possible cause of polyneuropathy, and variability in its clinical features should be taken into consideration.
    Nutrition 07/2008; 24(7-8):776-80. DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2008.02.022 · 3.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polyglutamine diseases are hereditary neurodegenerative disorders caused by an abnormal expansion of a trinucleotide CAG repeat, which encodes a polyglutamine tract. To date, nine polyglutamine diseases are known: Huntington's disease (HD), spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) and six forms of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). The diseases are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion except for SBMA, which shows an X-linked pattern of inheritance. Although the causative gene varies with each disorder, polyglutamine diseases share salient genetic features as well as molecular pathogenesis. CAG repeat size correlates well with the age of onset in each disease, shows both somatic and germline instability, and has a strong tendency to further expand in successive generations. Aggregation of the mutant protein followed by the disruption of cellular functions, such as transcription and axonal transport, has been implicated in the etiology of neurodegeneration in polyglutamine diseases. Although animal studies have provided promising therapeutic strategies for polyglutamine diseases, it remains difficult to translate these disease-modifying therapies to the clinic. To optimize "proof of concept", the process for testing candidate therapies in humans, it is of importance to identify biomarkers which can be used as surrogate endpoints in clinical trials for polyglutamine diseases.
    Current Molecular Medicine 06/2008; 8(3):221-34. DOI:10.2174/156652408784221298 · 3.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive impairment in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) and to verify the role of cerebellar involvement in intellectual abilities. Cognitive function was examined in 18 patients with genetically confirmed SCA6 and in 21 age and education matched controls using a test battery for attention, verbal and visuospatial memory, as well as executive function. Verbal fluency and immediate visual memory task were markedly impaired in SCA6 compared with the control group (p = 0.007, 0.004 and 0.014, respectively). The results of the Rule Shift Cards Test was reduced in patients with SCA6, but the reduction was not significant. These cognitive dysfunctions did not correlated with CAG repeat length, age at onset, ataxic motor dysfunctional scale or depression. Our results demonstrate that specific cognitive deficits occur in patients with SCA6, independent of ataxic motor dysfunction. These deficits may reflect disruption of cortico-cerebellar circuits.
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 06/2008; 79(5):496-9. DOI:10.1136/jnnp.2007.119883 · 5.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Silent brain infarction (SBI) is often detected on MR imaging, however the pathogenesis is still unclear. We aimed to investigate and compare the association of soluble adhesion molecules and C-reactive protein levels with the prevalence of SBI in patients with and without diabetes mellitus. We recruited 130 patients (mean age 59.6 +/- 7.6 yrs) with type 2 diabetes and 130 age- and sex-matched non-diabetic subjects. All subjects underwent head MRI to determine SBI. We measured levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1(sICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1(sVCAM-1), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and evaluated intima-media complex thickness (IMT) in common carotid arteries by ultrasound B-mode imaging. SBI was present in 36 (27.7%) of the diabetic patients and 31 ( 23.8%) of the non-diabetic subjects. Levels of sICAM-1, sVCAM-1 and IMT were all significantly higher in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic subjects, and were significantly increased in both subjects with SBI. IMT was only positively correlated with sVCAM-1 levels in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. On the other hand, hs-CRP levels were not significantly different in both subjects with and without SBI. In addition, sICAM-1 levels were associated with a significantly higher relative risk for the prevalence of SBI in diabetic patients after multivariate adjustment. Our study suggests that the associations between endothelial dysfunction and presence of SBI may be stronger in diabetic patients than in nondiabetic subjects. In particular, sICAM-1 may play an important role for the pathogenesis of SBI in patients with diabetes mellitus.
    Current neurovascular research 06/2008; 5(2):106-11. DOI:10.2174/156720208784310213 · 2.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

16k Citations
3,073.01 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1991–2015
    • Nagoya University
      • • Division of Neurology
      • • Institute for Advanced Research (IAR)
      • • Division of Pathology
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2012–2013
    • Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • Juntendo University
      • Department of Neurology
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 1995–2013
    • Nagoya Second Red Cross Hospital
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 1993–2013
    • Kyoto Daini Red Cross Hospital
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2007
    • Dokkyo Medical University
      • Department of Neurology
      Totigi, Tochigi, Japan
    • Fujita Health University
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 1987–2006
    • Aichi Medical University
      • • Division of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Neurology
      Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
  • 2005
    • Osaka City University
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2004
    • Yamagata University
      Ямагата, Yamagata, Japan
  • 2000
    • Nara Institute of Science and Technology
      Ikuma, Nara, Japan
    • Tachikawa Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1997
    • Tokai Central Hospital
      Tokitsu-chō, Gifu, Japan
  • 1989
    • University of Shizuoka
      • Department of Biochemistry
      Sizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 1984–1988
    • The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
      • Department of Neurology
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1985
    • University of Pennsylvania
      • Department of Neurology
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1982
    • Nagoya City University
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan