[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify the possible microRNAs (miRNAs) which target the polycystic kidney disease-2 gene (PKD2), and clarify effects of the miRNAs on PKD2. We preliminarily used bioinformatics to analyze 3'UTR (3'untranslated regions) of PKD1 and PKD2 in order to predict the potential microRNAs targeted on them. Subsequently, the stable cell lines with overexpression of microRNA-17 (miR-17) were screened, and luciferase assay combined with the mutation 3'UTR of PKD2 were performed to verify PKD2 is the target of miR-17. Moreover, RT-PCR and Western Blotting were used to determine the post-transcriptionally regulation of PKD2 by miR-17. Finally, MTT cell assays allied with PKD2 rescued strategy were employed to evaluate cell proliferation effects. Our study firstly found that the 3'UTR of PKD2 was more conservation than that of PKD1, and microRNA-17 directly targets the 3'UTR of PKD2 and post-transcriptionally repress the expression of PKD2. Moreover, our findings also demonstrated that overexpression of miR-17 may promote cell proliferation via post-transcriptionally repression of PKD2 in HEK 293T. This suggested that microRNA might be a novel mechanism for cystogenesis as well as a potential therapeutic target for the cell proliferation of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Pkd2 gene encodes an integral protein (~130 kDa), named polycystin-2 (PC-2). PC-2 is mainly involved in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Recently, polycystin-1/polycystin-2 complex has been shown to act as an adhesion complex mediating or regulating cell-cell or cell-matrix adhesion, suggesting that PC-2 may play a role in cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions. Here, we knocked down the expression of Pkd2 gene with small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) in the mouse melanoma cells (B16 cells), indicating that the cells transfected with the targeted siRNAs significantly suppressed cell-cell adhesion, but not cell-matrix adhesion, compared to the cells transfected with non-targeted control (NC) siRNA. This study provides the first directly functional evidence that PC-2 mediates cell-cell adhesion. Furthermore, we demonstrated that PC-2 modulated cell-cell adhesion may be, at least partially, associated with E-cadherin. Collectively, these findings for the first time showed that PC-2 may mediate cell-cell adhesion, at least partially, through E-cadherin.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pkd2l2 is a novel member of the polycystic kidney disease (PKD) gene family in mammals. Prominently expressed in testis, this gene is still poorly understood. In this study, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results showed a time-dependent expression pattern of Pkd2l2 in postnatal mouse testis. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that Pkd2l2 encoded a protein, polycystin-L2, which was predominantly detectable in the plasma membrane of spermatocytes and round spermatids, as well as in the head and tail of elongating spermatids within seminiferous tubules in mouse testis tissue sections of postnatal day 14 and adult mice. A green fluorescent fusion protein of Pkd2l2 resided in the plasma membrane of HEK 293 and MDCK cells, suggesting that it functions as a plasma membrane protein. Overexpression of Pkd2l2 increased the intracellular calcium concentration of MDCK cells, as detected by flow cytometry. Collectively, these data indicated that Pkd2l2 may be involved in the mid-late stage of spermatogenesis through modulation of the intracellular calcium concentration.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: SH3 domain binding protein 5 like (xSH3BP5L) gene encodes a protein that is a new found member of SH3 domain binding protein family which has been implicated at multiple levels of biological functions. Here, we have characterized Xenopus SH3 domain binding protein 5 like (xSH3BP5L) gene in the development of Xenopus laevis. Transcripts of xSH3BP5L were detected at all stages of development and in numerous adult tissues. Whole-mount in situ hybridization demonstrated that xSH3BP5L is expressed at the animal pole from stage-2 onward. Interestingly, translational inhibition of xSH3BP5L using antisense morpholino oligonucleotides (MOs) and overexpression of xSH3BP5L in Xenopus embryos resulted in failed or delayed blastopore closure. Taken together, these data suggested that xSH3BP5L is required for normal embryogenesis of blastopore closure in X. laevis.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2008; 365(2):214-20. · 2.41 Impact Factor