Milena Todorovic

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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Publications (17)30.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Orbital and ocular andexal Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma (MALT) or ocular adnexal MALT lymphoma (OAML) is the most common of all eye non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Autoimmune inflammatory disorders and chronic infections are important etiological factors and CD5 and CD43 (sialophorin) tumor markers are significant negative prognostic factors. Disease signs and symptoms can occur a long time before diagnosis. Varieties of treatment options are available. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to compare the efficiency of different treatment options and to investigate disease outcome. Twenty OAML patients, diagnosed in the Clinic of Hematology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, between 2003 and 2013, were enrolled. In most cases, OAML developed in the eighth decade with greater incidence in the male population. Median age was 67.5 years. The median period between the appearance of local signs and symptoms and diagnosis was 7 months. The dominant sign at presentation was swelling of involved tissue (40 %). The most common was orbital involvement (55 %). All patients had localized disease. Observed laboratory parameters on presentation showed low disease activity. Sialophorin prognostic significance was not registered. Our patients were initially treated differently but there was no significant difference in progression-free survival (PFS) due to initial treatment option (p = 0.2957). Median PFS was 22 months (3-89), and 5-year PFS was 60 %. Median overall survival (OS) was 43 months (1-105) and 5-year OS 95 %. Eight patients (40 %) relapsed and one patient died due to non-hematological complications. In our experience, most modern induction treatment options appear to result in the same, favorable outcome.
    Medical Oncology 12/2013; 30(4):722. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of blood products by riboflavin and ultraviolet (UV) light prevents of white blood cell (WBC) replication and inactivates of pathogens. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the inactivation by riboflavin and UV light upon plasma clinical performance, based on effect on the pretransfusion international normalized ratio (INR). A prospective, controlled randomized study included 60 patients who received transfusion of plasma on the Clinic for hematology of Clinical Centre in Nis. Experimental group (EG; 30 patients) was treated with Mirasol-inactivated fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and control group (CG; 30 patients) was transfused with noninactivated FFP. Besides pretransfusion vs. posttransfusion INR, the improvement in INR patient's plasma level per one FFP unit transfused was evaluated. Total of 68 units of FFP were transfused to patients of CG (2.24±0.83 units per patient). Patients of EG received 84 units of Mirasol-inactivated plasma (i.e. 2.80±1.19 units per patient). There was significant increase in number of FFP transfusions that normalized coagulation parameters in EG compared to CG (p=0.039). Also, there was a significant improvement of INR after every FFP unit application (p=0.046). We found a linear relationship between pretransfusion INR and improvement of INR (r=0.97; p<0.001). Plasma treated with riboflavin and UV light retains hemostatic competence and can be used efficiently in the therapy of congenital or acquired coagulopathies, but in larger quantity as compared to noninactivated FFP volume.
    Transfusion and Apheresis Science 03/2012; 47(1):33-7. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis in solid tumors is important for tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. However, angiogenesis plays also an important role in hematological malignancies. We have analyzed the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the leukemic blast cells and microvessel density (MVD) in the bone marrow biopsy samples of the patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Bone marrow MVD of the patients with ALL was significantly higher compared with normal controls and complete remission (P<0.001), but slightly lower than in patients with relapsed ALL (P>0.05). The bone marrow blast VEGF expression was significantly higher in newly diagnosed ALL patients, with predominant strong VEGF expression as compared with complete remission patients (who had negative or weak VEGF expression) (P<0.05), whereas initial values were slightly lower than in relapsed patients. There was a strong positive correlation between VEGF expression and MVD at presentation of ALL. Stronger expression of VEGF on blast cells indicates shorter overall survival in ALL. Furthermore, initial values of MVD had positive correlation with overall survival and leukemia-free survival (P=0.024 and P=0.017, respectively). Our data suggest that increased angiogenesis (confirmed by immunohistochemical expression of VEGF in leukemic blasts), and MVD may play an important role in the pathophysiology of ALL with prognostic implications. Thus, targeting VEGF pathway may bring the new approach for ALL treatment-using antiangiogenic drugs and tyrosine kinase inhibitors in combination with standard chemotherapy regimens.
    Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry 03/2012; 20(5):488-93. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of international prognostic index (IPI), mantle cell lymphoma IPI (MIPI), simplified MIPI (sMIPI), and MIPI biological (MIPIb), as well as their correlation with immunophenotype, clinical characteristics, and overall survival (OS), in a selected group of 54 patients with advanced-stage mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), treated uniformly with CHOP. Seventeen patients had IV clinical stage (CS), while other 37 had leukemic phase at presentation. Diffuse type of marrow infiltration was verified in 68.5% and nodular in remainder patients. Extranodal localization (25.9%) included bowel (20.4%), pleural effusion, sinus, and palpebral infiltration. All of analyzed patients expressed typical MCL immunophenotypic profile: CD19(+)CD20(+)CD22(+)CD5(+)Cyclin-D1(+)FMC7(+)CD79b(+)smIg(+)CD38(+/-)CD23(-)CD10(-). Median OS of the whole group was 23 months, without significant differences between IV CS and leukemic phase patients. Thirty-two patients (59.3%) responded to initial treatment, 9 (16.7%) with complete and 23 (42.6%) with partial remission. Negative prognostic influence on OS had high IPI (P < 0.01), high sMIPI (P < 0.001), MIPI (P < 0.01), MIPIb (P < 0.01), extranodal localization (P < 0.01), and diffuse marrow infiltration (P < 0.01). Testing between randomly selected groups showed that patients with lower proportion of CD5(+) cells (<80%) correlated with cytological blastoid variant and had shorter survival comparing with the group with higher proportion of CD5(+) cells (>80%) (P < 0.01). Using univariate Cox regression, we proved that IPI, sMIPI, MIPI, and MIPIb had an independent predictive importance (P < 0.01) for OS in uniformly treated advanced MCL patients, although sMIPI prognostic significance was the highest (P < 0.001).
    Medical Oncology 12/2011; 29(3):2212-9. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The initial use of immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in severe aplastic anemia (sAA) or reapplication of IST-centered methods following disease relapse is successful only in well-selected patients. The potential treatment by autologous stem cell (SC) transplant in sAA is still an innovative/pioneering therapeutic approach. To our best knowledge, this is the second published case of autologous SC transplant in sAA. The aim of this work was to optimize mobilization and timing for SC harvesting - using our own controlled-rate cryopreservation - with higher CD34(+)/CD90(+) subset yield and recovery in order to obtain complete and long-term hematopoietic reconstitution following autologous SC transplant. We report a 35 year-old sAA male patient who initially underwent IST using rabbit ATG and Cyclosporine A (CsA). He was supportive transfusion dependent for the whole period of IST-phase. After the second IST-cycle, polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell count increase (>2.0 × 10(9)/L) was observed, when SC mobilization, two large volume leukapheresis procedures and following autologous transplant were performed. The yields of harvested CD34(+) and CD34(+)/CD90(+) cells were 5.75 × 10(6)/kgbm and 1.7 × 10(6)/kgbm, respectively. The quantity of applied CD34(+) and CD34(+)/CD90(+) cells in autologous SC transplant were 5.45 × 10(6)/kgbm (7-AAD(CD34)(+)(viability)=95.42%) and 1.63 × 10(6)/kgbm (7-AAD(CD34)(+)(/CD90)(+)(viability)=95.42%), respectively. Hematopoietic reconstitution registered due to second month after autologous SC transplant and he is 24 months in complete medullar, hematological and clinical remission, with normal cytogenetic status - applying only continuous CsA therapy. The results obtained strongly confirm that in sAA, with no allogeneic SC donor, autologous transplant can result in a successful clinical outcome. We suggest that CD34(+)/CD90(+) subset count in peripheral blood and/or cell-harvest could be more valuable predictive factor than total CD34(+) quantity of optimized collection-timing and superior treatment efficacy of autologous SC transplant in sAA.
    Transfusion and Apheresis Science 08/2011; 45(2):137-41. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old woman with no previous history of chronic disease or malignancy presented with intense back and left leg pain and sleep disturbances. The patient had been treated unsuccessfully for the past 6 months with analgetics. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a soft tissue tumor in the L5-S1 region that involved the spinal canal, and a pathohistological analysis of the tumor specimen confirmed the presence of non-Hodgkin, diffuse large B cell lymphoma. After the diagnosis was confirmed, malaise, nausea, and vomiting developed. Multislice computed tomography of the endocranium showed focal infiltration of the hypothalamus and lateral ventricle; dissemination of a systemic lymphoma was excluded. Therapy was initiated as per the De Angelis protocol. After intravenous and intrathecal administration of metotrexate, the patient developed signs of central diabetes insipidus, which responded to therapy with an antidiuretic hormone analog. Despite the obvious infiltration of the hypothalamus, we cannot exclude an idiosyncratic effect of methotrexate on the central diabetes insipidus.
    Neurological Sciences 08/2011; 33(2):387-90. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical course of patients with follicular lymphoma is variable from a slowly progressive disease to a progressive disease with a survival time of approximately 1 year. Many prognostic models have been suggested to identify high-risk patients. Recent gene profiling analysis showed that the clinical behavior of follicular lymphoma is determined by the properties of the nonmalignant tumor microenvironment. We investigated the role of lymphoma-associated macrophages (LAMs) in tumor tissue in patients with newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma. The LAM was determined immunohistochemically in lymph node tissue sections by anti-CD68 PG-M1 and analyzed through high-power field (HPF) magnification intrafollicularly (IF) and extrafollicularly. In our study, the patients who had an IF LAM count equal to or more than 10/HPF had significantly shorter overall survival (P=0.018) and 3 years of progression-free survival (P=0.034) compared with patients with <10 LAM/HPF. Multivariate analysis indicated that IF LAM/HPF ≥ 10 and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status >1 are independent prognostic factors for a poor outcome.
    Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry 07/2011; 20(1):41-6. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical features of 40 lymphoproliferative neoplasm patients in the setting of systemic autoimmune diseases managed in the Clinic of Hematology during 1994-2006 were analyzed retrospectively. The classification of systemic autoimmune disease patients was as follows: 15 systemic lupus erythematosus--SLE, 11 rheumatoid arthritis--RA, 12 Sjögren's syndrome--SS, 1 scleroderma, and 1 dermatomyositis. Patients comprised 31 women and 9 men of mean age 55 years (range 33-76). Systemic autoimmune diseases preceeded the development of lymphoproliferative neoplasms in 37/40 (92.5%) patients. Mean latency period between the onset of systemic autoimmune diseases and lymphoproliferative neoplasms occurrence was significantly longer in RA (113 months) than in SLE (75 months) and SS patients (65 months)--P < 0.05. The most frequent lymphoproliferative neoplasms were non-Hodgkin's lymphoma--NHL (35/40; 88%), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DBCL)--12 (34%), follicular lymphoma (FC)--7 (20%), small lymphocytic (SL), and marginal zone lymphoma (MZL)--5 (14%) each. The primary site of NHL was extranodal in 18/35 (51.5%) cases. Advanced disease on diagnosis (III + IV clinical stages), constitutional symptoms, and bulky disease were diagnosed in 27/35 (77%), 26/35 (74%), and 3/35 (8.5%) patients, respectively. The overall survival (OS) was as follows (months): DBCL-12, FC-63, SLL-60, and MZL-48. There was no association between the lymphoproliferative neoplasm histological subtype and the systemic autoimmune diseases type or antirheumatic treatment P > 0.05. Our findings are in line with earlier reports showing a high proportion of patients with advanced disease, constitutional symptoms, extranodal manifestations, high grade histology, and low OS in the systemic autoimmune diseases setting.
    Medical Oncology 07/2011; 29(3):2207-11. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) has initially been described as a rapidly progressive and almost invariably fatal diffuse large-cell lymphoma with plasmablastic features, exclusively involving the jaw and oral mucosa in HIV-positive patients. Although its clinical features may help in differential diagnosis, an extra-oral localization in a patient without HIV makes it more difficult to suspect clinically. We describe a very rare case of gastric PBL primarily involving stomach in a middle age man without an HIV infection. A biopsy was performed and its findings revealed a diffuse, monomorphous proliferation of the tumor cells with features of immunoblasts, MUM-1, EMA, and lambda light chains positive. Serology was negative for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HBsAg, and hepatitis C virus infection. The patient started treatment with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) chemotherapy, but unfortunately died before the second cycle was given. To our knowledge, this is the second case of gastric PBL presented in HIV-negative patients. The findings in this case suggest that PBL should be included in the differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal tumors.
    Medical Oncology 04/2011; 29(2):1186-9. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-A/B depletion efficacy and clinical outcome for 22 ABO-incompatible kidney transplants were investigated. Preconditioning by anti-CD20 therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) by Cobe-Spectra (CaridianBCT USA) and simplified extracorporeal immunoadsorption (ECIA) as well as triple immunosuppression (tacrolimus/mycophenolate-mofetil/steroid) were performed. The use of TPE with ECIA resulted in a high in vivo anti-A/B depletion, 94.23±4.2% for IgG and 95.26±3.2% for IgM. The mean anti-A/B titers on day 0 were: IgG=1.27±1.03 and IgM=2.20±1.47. One HLA cross-match positive patient (beside ABO-incompatibility) subjected to double-dose anti-CD20 and intensive TPE-treatment had no allograft rejection. The level of serum creatinine ranged from 100 to 156 μmol/L in the entire group of patients during postoperative follow-up (up to 36 months). One recipient (with sepsis and multi organ distress syndrome) lost kidney function in early posttransplant period. ABO-incompatible (n=2) and ABO-compatible (n=3) kidney recipients had severe anemia and bleeding episodes. They were efficiently treated using original "multi-manner" apheresis. Our study represents a clear demonstration that the combination of TPE with ECIA and anti-CD20 is effective in anti-A/B depletion. This therapeutic approach is feasible in clinical setting showing satisfactory short-term results although verification of long-term effects needs to be confirmed in a larger study. The rapid beneficial outcome of "multi-manner" apheresis strongly supports the future use of this therapeutic modality for efficient oxygenation and advanced engraftment.
    Transfusion and Apheresis Science 10/2010; 43(2):141-8. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of splenic marginal-zone lymphoma (SMZL) following antigen expression and the influence of therapeutic approaches on clinical outcome and overall survival (OS). A total of 30 patients with typical histological and immunohistochemical SMZL patterns were examined. Splenectomy plus chemotherapy was applied in 20 patients, while splenectomy as a single treatment-option was performed in 10 patients. Prognostic factor and overall survival rate were analyzed. Complete remission (CR) was achieved in 20 (66.7%), partial remission (PR) in seven (23.3%), and lethal outcome due to disease progression occurred in three (10.0%) patients. Median survival of patients with a splenectomy was 93.0 mo and for patients with splenectomy plus chemotherapy it was 107.5 mo (Log rank = 0.056, P > 0.05). Time from onset of first symptoms to the beginning of the treatment (mean 9.4 mo) was influenced by spleen dimensions, as measured by computerized tomography and ultra-sound (t = 2.558, P = 0.018). Strong positivity (+++) of CD20 antigen expression in splenic tissue had a positive influence on OS (Log rank = 5.244, P < 0.05). The analysis of factors interfering with survival (by the Kaplan-Meier method) revealed that gender, general symptoms, clinical stage, and spleen infiltration type (nodular vs diffuse) had no significant (P > 0.05) effects on the OS. The expression of other antigens (immunohistochemistry) also had no effect on survival-rate, as measured by a c2 test (P > 0.05). Initial splenectomy combined with chemotherapy has been shown to be beneficial due to its advanced remission rate/duration; however, a larger controlled clinical study is required to confirm our findings.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2009; 15(32):4009-15. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are extranodal B-cell tumors that generally follow an indolent course. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common site of MALT lymphoma, comprising 50% of all cases. The tissue lesions are often localized, have high therapeutic response rates with late relapses with a long overall survival (OS). The patients with non-gastric lesions may follow a different clinical course and many of them present with disseminated disease. This study reports a series of 51 patients with non-gastric MALT lymphoma. Twenty patients (39.2%) presented with disseminated disease, seven (13.7%) patients had two MALT mucosal sites involved and eight (15.7%) had involvement of three or more mucosal sites. At presentation, 17 (33.3%) patients had the lymph node and 12 (23.5%) the bone marrow involvement. Following various combinations of treatment, complete remission was achieved in 40 (81.6%), and partial remission in three of the 49 treated patients with no difference in response rates between different disease stages. Relapse occurred in 12/43 (27.9%) patients among whom eight (18.6%) recurred in the presenting organ system. Five patients (9.8%) died because of a rapid disease progression after a median follow-up of 56 months; two patients with primary lung lesions, 1 patient with secondary intestinal disease, and 2 patients suffered transformation to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. No significant difference in survival was found between localized and disseminated disease (log rank 0.05, df = 1, P = 0.81). A patient age > or = 60 yr at diagnosis and presentation with the nodal disease were found to be statistically significant negative prognostic factors (P < 0.05). Median OS was not reached after 145 months of follow-up, with the estimated OS being 88% at 2 yr, and 78% at 5 yr.
    European Journal Of Haematology 01/2009; 82(5):373-80. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of gastric lymphoma after chemotherapy and immuno-chemotherapy. Thirty four patients with primary gastric mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (Ann Arbor stages I to IV) were enrolled. All had upper gastric endoscopy, abdominal ultrasonography, CT and H pylori status assessment (histology and serology). After anti-H pylori treatment and initial chemotherapy, patients were re-examined every 4 mo. Histological regression of the lymphoma was complete in 22/34 (64.7%) and partial in 9 (26.5%) patients. Median follow up time for these 31 responders was 60 mo (range 48-120). No regression was noted in 3 patients. Among the 25 (73.5%) H pylori positive patients, the eradication rate was 100%. Using univariate analysis, predictive factors for overall survival were international prognostic index (IPI) score, hemoglobin level, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and platelet numbers (P < 0.005). In addition to this, Cox proportion hazard model differentiate IPI score, ESR, and platelets as predictors of survival.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2008; 14(15):2388-93. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paragangliomas are tumors arising from the extra-adrenal paragangliar neural crest cells. The sympathoadrenal neuroendocrine system consists of extra-adrenal paragangliar cellular layer along the paravertebral and para-aortic axis, and the adrenal medullae. Paraganglioma should be included in the differential diagnosis of secondary erythrocytosis due to its possible ectopic erythropoietin (EPO) secretion. Thus, in this report we present a 24-year-old female patient with onset of unregulated ectopic EPO secretion, and consecutive erythrocytosis followed by hypertension, secondary to paraganglioma of multifocal retroperitoneal localization. Clinical, laboratory, and radiological investigations confirmed both an elevated EPO level and the presence of multiple paraganglioma. This paraneoplastic-mediated medical condition with high risk of cellular hyperviscosity syndrome (CHVS) requires prompt diagnosis and rapid therapeutic interventions. Initially, simple phlebotomy procedures were used; following that, tumors were surgically removed. In the course of the disease, this tumor relapsed, and urgent apheresis, as a treatment of life-threatening state, was used. The therapy performed resulted in a rapid blood viscosity depletion and a significant (P < 0.01) serum EPO reduction, as well as the general clinical benefit. Therefore, we conclude that the use of our own "multi-manner" apheresis (erythrocythapheresis plus plasma exchange), for long-time interval (until further causative therapy), effectively cross-bridged the possible hazards of EPO-dependent CHVS.
    Medical Oncology 01/2008; 25(2):148-53. · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia Research - LEUK RES. 01/2007; 31.
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate immunophenotypic profile along with clinical follow-up in patients with advanced stage mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), and their possible influence on overall survival (OS). Bone marrow (BM) cell and/or peripheral blood mononuclear cell flow cytometric analyses of the following antigens were performed: HLA-DR, CD19, CD20, CD22, CD23, CD25, CD10, SmIg, kappa, lambda, CD79b, CD38, FMC7, CD3, CD2, and CD5. There were 14 patients in IV CS, and 26 patients in CS V. All patients were treated with CHOP. Immunological markers showed a typical phenotype (CD5+ CD23-, Cyclin D1) in all cases. Pathohistological type of BM infiltration was predominantly diffuse (72.5%), and in remainder of patients, nodular. Comparison of patients with leukemic phase of MCL with CSIV (BM), has shown significantly higher expression of CD19, CD20, and CD23, followed by permanently negative expression of CD23. Patients with blastic variant of MCL had higher expression of CD23, compared to typical MCL (P < 0.001). Median OS was 20 months, and there were no significant OS-differences between CS IV and leukemic phase patients. Survival analyses showed that negative prognostic influence had high IPI (P < 0.01), presence of extranodal localization (P < 0.01), and diffuse type of BM involvement (P < 0.01). Using Cox regression according to OS, IPI had independent prognostic value (P < 0.001). Our results demonstrated that in the advanced MCL patients the most powerful prognostic factor was IPI, while extranodal localization and type of BM infiltration were of a limited value.
    Medical Oncology 01/2007; 24(4):413-8. · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • Medical Oncology 24(4):413-8. · 2.15 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

25 Citations
30.99 Total Impact Points


  • 2012
    • Harvard Medical School
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2007–2012
    • Klinički centar Srbije
      • Institute of Haematology
      Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia