Yasuhiro Yamamoto

Osaka University, Suika, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (6)22.58 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most effective anti-neoplastic agents; however, its clinical use is limited by drug-induced cardiomyopathy. The molecular mechanisms responsible for this toxicity remain to be fully addressed. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of atrogin-1, one of the muscle-specific ubiquitin ligases, in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. This method involved intraperitoneal administration of DOX-induced atrogin-1 in the hearts and skeletal muscles of C57BL/6 mice. Consistently, atrogin-1 mRNA was upregulated with DOX treatment in cultured rat neonatal cardiomyocytes. Adenoviral transfer of atrogin-1 induced a reduction in cell size that was ameliorated by the ubiquitin proteasome inhibitor, MG-132. The transduction of constitutively active Akt (caAkt), a serine/threonine protein kinase, inhibited the DOX-mediated induction of atrogin-1. The phosphorylation status of Akt and its downstream target, FOXO, was not affected by DOX. DOX treatment did not activate the atrogin-1 promoter that contains FOXO-binding sites, suggesting that DOX induced atrogin-1 without modulating the Akt/FOXO pathway; importantly, DOX activated p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Furthermore, pharmacological inhibition of p38-MAPK, but not JNK, abrogated DOX-mediated induction of atrogin-1. Finally, adenoviral transfer of caAkt inhibited the DOX-induced p38-MAPK activation. DOX induces atrogin-1 through a p38-MAPK-dependent pathway in cardiac myocytes. Constitutive activation of Akt negatively regulates DOX-mediated atrogin-1 induction by inhibiting p38-MAPK activity as a novel mechanism.
    Cardiovascular Research 08/2008; 79(1):89-96. DOI:10.1093/cvr/cvn076 · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the process of cardiac remodeling, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is secreted from cardiac myocytes. Though CTGF is well known to promote fibroblast proliferation, its pathophysiological effects in cardiac myocytes remain to be elucidated. In this study, we examined the biological effects of CTGF in rat neonatal cardiomyocytes. Cardiac myocytes stimulated with full length CTGF and its C-terminal region peptide showed the increase in cell surface area. Similar to hypertrophic ligands for G-protein coupled receptors, such as endothelin-1, CTGF activated amino acid uptake; however, CTGF-induced hypertrophy is not associated with the increased expression of skeletal actin or BNP, analyzed by Northern-blotting. CTGF treatment activated ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, JNK and Akt. The inhibition of Akt by transducing dominant-negative Akt abrogated CTGF-mediated increase in cell size, while the inhibition of MAP kinases did not affect the cardiac hypertrophy. These findings indicate that CTGF is a novel hypertrophic factor in cardiac myocytes.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 06/2008; 370(2):274-8. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.03.100 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin (IL)-6 family cytokines, which share glycoprotein 130 (gp130) as a signal-transducing receptor component, play important roles in the maintenance of cardiac homeostasis. IL-11, a member of IL-6 family cytokines, is expressed in cardiac myocytes, though it remains to be elucidated how IL-11 functions in the hearts. In the present study, first, we showed that IL-11 administration reduced the ischemia/reperfusion injury in the hearts. IL-11 receptor alpha was expressed in cardiomyocytes. IL-11 treatment rapidly activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 in cardiac myocytes. IL-11 stimulation resulted in the translocation of phosphorylated STAT3 into nuclei. Immunofluorescence microscopic analyses revealed that IL-11 treatment led to the cell elongation, as is the case with other cardiotrophic members of IL-6 family, such as leukemia inhibitory factor. Finally we showed that IL-11 treatment conferred the resistance to cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide, which was abrogated by adenoviral transfer of dominant negative STAT3, but not by the inhibition of ERK1/2 with U0126. These findings indicate that IL-11 mediates cytoprotective signals in cardiomyocytes, proposing that IL-11 has the potential to exhibit cardioprotection as a novel biological function.
    Cytokine 06/2007; 38(2):107-15. DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2007.05.011 · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was reported to be correlated with myocardial protection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in ischemic preconditioning. Here, we tested the causality between STAT3 activity and cardioprotection. We also addressed the molecular mechanism for its cardioprotection. Cardiac-specific transgenic mice expressing constitutively active STAT3 (TG) were generated and exposed to I/R injury. TG hearts exhibited infarcts that reduced by 60.3% in size, compared with nontransgenic littermates (NTG). By measuring dichlorofluorescein (DCF) and 8-isoprostane, reactive-oxygen-species (ROS)-induced metabolites, it was revealed that ROS were generated to lesser extent in TG hearts than in NTG in response to I/R stress. In parallel, ROS scavengers, metallothionein1 (MT1), and metallothionein2 (MT2) were markedly up-regulated in TG hearts. Finally, homozygous deletion of the MT1 and MT2 genes abrogated cardioprotective effect of STAT3 against I/R injury with the cancellation of its ROS-scavenging effects. Activation of STAT3 protects myocardium from I/R injury in vivo. STAT3 mediates cardioprotection at least partially through MT1 and 2. STAT3 is a potential therapeutic target for I/R injury.
    Cardiovascular Research 03/2005; 65(2):428-35. DOI:10.1016/j.cardiores.2004.10.021 · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiomyocyte apoptosis contributes to cell death during myocardial infarction. One of the factors that regulate the degree of apoptosis during ischemia is the amino acid taurine. To study the mechanism underlying the beneficial effect of taurine, we examined the interaction between taurine and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis using a simulated ischemia model with cultured rat neonatal cardiomyocytes sealed in closed flasks. Exposure to medium containing 20 mM taurine reduced the degree of apoptosis following periods of ischemia varying from 24 to 72 h. In the untreated group, simulated ischemia for 24 h led to mitochondrial depolarization accompanied by cytochrome c release. The apoptotic cascade was also activated, as evidenced by the activation of caspase-9 and -3. Taurine treatment had no effect on mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome c release; however, it inhibited ischemia-induced cleavage of caspase-9 and -3. Taurine loading also suppressed the formation of the Apaf-1/caspase-9 apoptosome and the interaction of caspase-9 with Apaf-1. These findings demonstrate that taurine effectively prevents myocardial ischemia-induced apoptosis by inhibiting the assembly of the Apaf-1/caspase-9 apoptosome.
    AJP Cell Physiology 11/2004; 287(4):C949-53. DOI:10.1152/ajpcell.00042.2004 · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 02/2003; 526:25-31. DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-0077-3_4 · 1.96 Impact Factor