Sung Tae Kim

Inje University Paik Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (242)821.27 Total impact

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    PLoS ONE 04/2015; 10(4):e0123251. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0123251 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to visualize the subjective symptoms before and after the treatment of whiplash injury using infrared (IR) thermography. IR thermography was performed for 42 patients who were diagnosed with whiplash injury. There were 19 male and 23 female patients. The mean age was 43.12 years. Thermal differences (ΔT) in the neck and shoulder and changes in the thermal differences (ΔdT) before and after treatment were analyzed. Pain after injury was evaluated using visual analogue scale (VAS) before and after treatment (ΔVAS). The correlations between ΔdT and ΔVAS results before and after the treatment were examined. We used Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging equipment of Dorex company for IR thermography. The skin temperature of the neck and shoulder immediately after injury showed 1-2℃ hyperthermia than normal. After two weeks, the skin temperature was normal range. ΔT after immediately injuy was higher than normal value, but it was gradually near the normal value after two weeks. ΔdT before and after treatment were statistically significant (p<0.05). VAS of the neck and shoulder significantly reduced after 2 week (p=0.001). Also, there was significant correlation between ΔdT and reduced ΔVAS (the neck; r=0.412, p<0.007) (the shoulder; r=0.648, p<0.000). The skin temperature of sites with whiplash injury is immediately hyperthermia and gradually decreased after two weeks, finally it got close to normal temperature. These were highly correlated with reduced VAS. IR thermography can be a reliable tool to visualize the symptoms of whiplash injury and the effectiveness of treatment in clinical settings.
    Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 04/2015; 57(4):283-8. DOI:10.3340/jkns.2015.57.4.283 · 0.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to investigate the therapeutic potential of phosphatidylcholine (PC) on oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the oxaliplatin group (4 mg/kg, twice per week for 4 weeks) and the oxaliplatin + PC (300 mg/kg) group. To evaluate the effect of PC, we examined the thermal nociceptive threshold changes in oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy by conducting paw pressure, hot-plate and tail-flick tests. Additional experiments on the degree of oxidative stress in sciatic nerves were performed by measuring the level of MDA, total glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. We also used histopathological and immunohistochemical methods to observe neuronal damage and glial activation. PC attenuated oxidative stress by increasing antioxidant levels. In histopathological evaluation, the PC administrated group maintained normal morphologic appearance of sciatic nerves, similar to the control group. In spinal cords, however, no significant difference between the oxaliplatin-alone group and the oxaliplatin + PC group was observed. In immunohistochemical evaluation, PC administration ameliorated oxaliplatin-induced microglial activation. It is suggested that PC has a therapeutic potential against oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy due to its antioxidant property and modulation of microglial activities. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Life sciences 03/2015; 130. DOI:10.1016/j.lfs.2015.03.013 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In brain-computer interfacing (BCI), motor imagery is used to provide a gateway to an effector action or behaviour. However, in contrast to the main functional role of the primary motor cortex (M1) in motor execution, the M1's involvement in motor imagery has been debated, while the roles of secondary motor areas such as the premotor cortex (PMC) and supplementary motor area (SMA) in motor imagery have been proposed. We examined which motor cortical region had the greatest predictive ability for imagined movement among the primary and secondary motor areas. For two modes of motor performance, executed movement and imagined movement, in 12 healthy subjects who performed two types of motor task, hand grasping and hand rotation, we used the multivariate Bayes method to compare predictive ability between the primary and secondary motor areas (M1, PMC, and SMA) contralateral to the moved hand. With the distributed representation of activation, executed movement was best predicted from the M1 while imagined movement from the SMA, among the three motor cortical regions, in both types of motor task. In addition, the most predictive information about the distinction between executed movement and imagined movement was contained in the M1. The greater predictive ability of the SMA for imagined movement suggests its functional role that could be applied to motor imagery-based BCI. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    NeuroImage 03/2015; 113. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.03.033 · 6.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and malignant brain tumor in adults. Despite therapeutic advances, almost all patients eventually experience tumor recurrence. Leptomeningeal spread (LMS) is not a rare condition of recurrence. However, the standard management protocol of LMS has not been established. The aim of this study is to report the risk of (LMS) and the prognosis between treatment modalities in GBM patients. A retrospective review was conducted of 321 patients who were diagnosed with GBM between January 2006 and December 2010. In 75 patients, LMS of tumor was detected by magnetic resonance image and/or cerebrospinal fluid cytology. Twelve patients underwent intrathecal methotrexate (IT-MTX) chemotherapy. Twenty-two patients underwent other salvage treatments. Forty-one patients underwent conservative management. We analyzed the possible clinical factors for LMS. Further, we examined overall survival and survival after diagnosis of LMS for several treatment modalities. In patients without LMS, median overall survival was 479 days, whereas that in patients with LMS it was 401 days. Younger age and larger initial tumor size were related to more frequent LMS incidence. Proximity between tumor margin and ventricle did not affect LMS. However, median duration from initial diagnosis to LMS was significantly different according to the distance to the ventricle. IT-MTX group's overall survival was 583 days, which is statistically no longer than that of the other treatment group and the conservative management group. However, an additional survival benefit may exist compared to the conservative treatment. The median survival of the IT-MTX group was 181 days compared with 91 days for the conservative management group. Treatment of LMS is mainly palliative. IT-MTX is generally the first-line treatment modality of LMS. Prediction and prevention of LMS is crucial because its treatment has been limited. Further approaches to improve the therapeutic effect should be established.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 02/2015; 157(4). DOI:10.1007/s00701-015-2344-5 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present our experiences of intra-arterial tirofiban injection through a deployed Solitaire stent as a rescue therapy after failed mechanical thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Data on 18 patients treated with adjunctive tirofiban injection through a temporarily deployed Solitaire stent after failed mechanical thrombectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Solitaire stent was used as a primary thrombectomy device in 16 of 18 patients. Two patients received manual aspiration thrombectomy initially. If initial mechanical thrombectomy failed, tirofiban was injected intra-arterially through the deployed Solitaire stent and then subsequent Solitaire thrombectomy was performed. Fourteen patients had occlusions in the middle cerebral artery, 2 in the distal internal carotid artery, and 2 in the basilar artery. Successful recanalization was achieved in 14 patients (77.7%) after intra-arterial injection of tirofiban and subsequent Solitaire thrombectomy. Three patients without successful recanalization after rescue method received angioplasty with stenting. Overall, successful recanalization (TICI grades 2b and 3) was achieved in 17 (94.4%) of 18 patients. Periprocedural complications occurred in 5 patients: distal migration of emboli in 5 patients and vessel perforation in 1. Three patients died. Good functional outcome (mRS ≤ 2) was achieved in 9 patients (50.0%) at 3 months. Rescue intra-arterial injection of tirofiban through a temporarily deployed Solitaire stent may facilitate further recanalization in cases of failed mechanical thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
    02/2015; 10(1):22-7. DOI:10.5469/neuroint.2015.10.1.22
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the prevalence and associations of cortical superficial siderosis (cSS) utilizing MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease and amyloid burden assessed through in vivo amyloid imaging in a cognitively impaired population. Gradient-recalled echo, T2*-weighted MRIs from 232 patients (Alzheimer disease-related cognitive impairment [ADCI], n = 90; subcortical vascular cognitive impairment [SVCI], n = 142) were reviewed for cSS. All subjects underwent in vivo amyloid imaging using [(11)C] Pittsburgh compound B (PiB)-PET. A multivariate logistic regression model was constructed to evaluate the predictive factors of cSS. A follow-up MRI was performed in 154 (66.4%) of 232 patients. Twelve patients (5.2%) with cSS were equally distributed in ADCI (n = 6) and SVCI (n = 6) groups, but cSS was not present in any of the patients with a negative PiB scan. cSS was associated with markers of cerebral amyloid angiopathy, including higher global PiB retention ratio, APOE ε2 allele presence, and a strictly lobar distribution of cerebral microbleeds. Of those patients with baseline cSS, 33% showed progression over time; there were 2 cases of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. cSS occurred in both ADCI and SVCI groups, but not in patients with amyloid-negative SVCI, supporting the hypothesis that cSS reflects an amyloid rather than ischemic etiology. The associations with strictly lobar cerebral microbleeds and APOE ε2 suggest that cerebral amyloid angiopathy, with increased vascular fragility related to APOE genotype, contributes to cSS in this population, with a high risk of progression over time and future intracranial hemorrhage. © 2015 American Academy of Neurology.
    Neurology 01/2015; 84(8). DOI:10.1212/WNL.0000000000001288 · 8.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and purposeRecent studies have demonstrated that Alzheimer's disease (AD) and subcortical vascular dementia (SVaD) have white matter (WM) microstructural changes. However, previous studies on AD and SVaD rarely eliminated the confounding effects of patients with mixed Alzheimer's and cerebrovascular disease pathologies. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the divergent topography of WM microstructural changes in patients with pure AD and SVaD.Methods Patients who were clinically diagnosed with AD and SVaD were prospectively recruited. Forty AD patients who were Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) positive [PiB(+) AD] without WM hyperintensities and 32 SVaD patients who were PiB negative [PiB(−) SVaD] were chosen. Fifty-six cognitively normal individuals were also recruited (NC). Tract-based spatial statistics of diffuse tensor imaging were used to compare patterns of fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD).ResultsCompared with the NC group, the PiB(+) AD group showed decreased FA in the bilateral frontal, temporal and parietal WM regions and the genu and splenium of the corpus callosum as well as increased MD in the left frontal and temporal WM region. PiB(−) SVaD patients showed decreased FA and increased MD in all WM regions. Direct comparison between PiB(+) AD and PiB(−) SVaD groups showed that the PiB(−) SVaD group had decreased FA across all WM regions and increased MD in all WM regions except occipital regions.Conclusion Our findings suggest that pure AD and pure SVaD have divergent topography of WM microstructural changes including normal appearing WM.
    European Journal of Neurology 01/2015; 10(4). DOI:10.1111/ene.12645 · 3.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prestressed Concrete Wire and Strand (PC) strands are the most used materials to introduce prestress in a Pre-Stressed Concrete (PSC) structure. However, it is difficult to evaluate the final prestress force of the PC strand after prestressing or its residual prestress force after completion of the structure on site. This impossibility to assess eventual loss of prestress of the PC strand has resulted in a number of serious accidents and even in the collapse of several structures. This situation stresses the necessity to maintain the prestress force residual or after prestressing for the evaluation of the health of the concrete structure throughout its lifespan. Recently, several researchers have studied methods enabling one to verify the prestress force by inserting an optical fiber sensor inside the strand but failed to provide simple techniques for the fabrication of these devices to fulfill measurement performance from the design prestress to failure. Moreover, these methods require the additional installation of electrical resistance strain gages, displacement sensors and load cells on the outer surface of the structure for long-term precise measurement. This paper proposes a method enabling one to evaluate precisely and effectively the prestress force of the PC strand and intends to verify the applicability of the proposed method on actual concrete structures. To that end, an innovative PC strand is developed by embedding a Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensor in the core wire of the PC strand so as to enable short term as well as long term monitoring. The measurement performance of the developed strand is then evaluated experimentally and the reliability of the monitoring data is assessed.
    Sensors 01/2015; 15(1):1060-70. DOI:10.3390/s150101060 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prolonged retention of internalized nanoparticulate systems inside cells improves their efficacy in imaging, drug delivery, and theranostic applications. Especially, regulating exocytosis of the nanoparticles is a key factor in the fabrication of effective nanocarriers for chemotherapeutic treatments but orthogonal control of exocytosis in the cellular environment is a major challenge. Herein, we present the first example of regulating exocytosis of gold nanoparticle (AuNP), a model drug carrier, by using a simple host-guest supramolecular system. AuNPs featuring quaternary amine head groups were internalized into the cells through endocytosis. Subsequent in situ treatment of a complementary cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]) to the amine head groups resulted in the AuNP-CB[7] complexation inside cells, rendering the particles assembled together. The complexation induced larger particle assemblies that remained sequestered in the endosomes, inhibiting exocytosis of the particles without any observed cytotoxicity.
    Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 12/2014; 13(8). DOI:10.1039/C4OB02433H · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) is efficacious for treating recurrent malignant gliomas as a salvage treatment. However, contrast enhancement alone on MR imaging remains difficult to determine the treatment response following GKS. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiosurgical effect for recurrent malignant gliomas and to clarify if relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) derived from dynamic susceptibility-weighted contrast-enhanced (DSC) perfusion MR imaging could represent the treatment response. Between March 2006 and December 2008, 38 patients underwent GKS for recurrent malignant gliomas. Before and after GKS, DSC perfusion MR imaging datasets were retrospectively reprocessed and regions of interest were drawn around the contrast-enhancing region targeted with GKS. DSC-perfusion MR scans were assessed at a regular interval of two months. Following GKS for the recurrent lesions, MR images showed response (stable disease or partial response) in 26 of 38 patients (68.4 %) at post-GKS 2 months and 18 of 38 patients (47.3 %) at post-GKS 4 months. Initial mean rCBV value was 2.552 (0.586-6.178) at the pre-GKS MRI. In the response group, mean rCBV value was significantly decreased (P < 0.05) at the follow up of 2 and 4 months. However, in the treatment-failure group, mean rCBV value had no significant change. We suggest that GKS is an alternative treatment choice for the recurrent glioma. DSC-perfusion MR images are helpful to predict the treatment response after GKS.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 12/2014; 121(2). DOI:10.1007/s11060-014-1634-8 · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Seamless stitching of graphene domains on polished copper (111) is proved clearly not only at atomic scale by scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and transmission electron micoscopy (TEM), but also at the macroscale by optical microscopy after UV-treatment. Using this concept of seamless stitching, we are able to synthesis 6 cm × 3 cm monocrystalline graphene without grain boundaries on polished copper (111) foil, which is only limited by the chamber size. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Advanced Materials 12/2014; 27(8). DOI:10.1002/adma.201404541 · 15.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Unexpected Solitaire stent detachment can occur during mechanical Solitaire thrombectomy. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the influencing factors causing unexpected Solitaire stent detachment and the clinical outcomes. Between October 2011 to December 2013, 232 cases of mechanical Solitaire thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke were performed in 3 stroke centers. During this period, we encountered unexpected Solitaire stent detachments during mechanical Solitaire thrombectomies in 9 cases. Solitaire stents unexpectedly detached in 9 cases (3.9%) during the retrieval of Solitaire stents. The median patient age was 76 years. The occlusion sites of the unexpected stent detachment were the proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) in 7 cases and the internal carotid artery in 2 cases. The sizes of the stents that unexpectedly detached were 6×30 mm in 7 cases, 5×30 mm in 1 case, and 4×20 mm in 1 case. Four patients had unexpected detachment at the first retrieval, 1 patient at the second, 3 patients at the third, and 1 patient at the fifth. In all of the cases of unexpected detachment at the first retrieval, the stent deployment site was the proximal MCA. After detachment, a proximal marker of the Solitaire stent was observed in 3 patients. However, no marker was visible in the remaining 6 patients. Unexpected Solitaire stent detachment should be considered in the first instance of stent retrieval for a relatively large-diameter stent, especially in elderly patients with MCA occlusions.
    Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 12/2014; 56(6):463-8. DOI:10.3340/jkns.2014.56.6.463 · 0.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of cervicomedullary compression by an anomalous vertebral artery treated using microsurgical decompression with intraoperative monitoring. A 68-year-old woman presented with posterior neck pain and gait disturbance. MRI revealed multiple abnormalities, including an anomalous vertebral artery that compressed the spinal cord at the cervicomedullary junction. Suboccipital craniectomy with C1 laminectomy was performed. The spinal cord was found to be compressed by the vertebral arteries, which were retracted dorsolaterally. At that time, the somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) changed. After release of the vertebral artery, the SSEP signal normalized instantly. The vertebral artery was then lifted gently and anchored to the dura. There was no other procedural complication. The patient's symptoms improved. This case demonstrates that intraoperative monitoring may be useful for preventing procedural complications during spinal cord microsurgical decompression.
    Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 12/2014; 56(6):513-6. DOI:10.3340/jkns.2014.56.6.513 · 0.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) is a genetic risk factor for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Once AD manifests clinically, however, the effects of APOE4 are less clear. Therefore, we investigated the longitudinal effects of APOE4 on topographical changes in AD patient brain atrophy. We prospectively recruited 35 patients with AD (19 APOE4 carriers and 16 non-carriers), and 14 normal controls, then followed them for five years. We measured hippocampal deformities and cortical thickness. Hippocampal comparison between APOE4 carriers and non-carriers with AD showed carriers had rapid changes in the head and body, while non-carriers had rapid changes in a small portion of the body. Cortical thickness comparison between APOE4 carriers and non-carriers with AD dementia showed carriers had rapid thinning in the lateral frontal, temporal, and parietal regions, while no region showed more rapid cortical thinning in non-carriers than in carriers. These findings underlined the importance of the APOE4 allele for designing and interpreting future treatment trials in patients with AD dementia.
    Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD 11/2014; DOI:10.3233/JAD-141773 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is growing evidence that the human brain is a large scale complex network. The structural network is reported to be disrupted in cognitively impaired patients. However, there have been few studies evaluating the effects of amyloid and small vessel disease (SVD) markers, the common causes of cognitive impairment, on structural networks. Thus, we evaluated the association between amyloid and SVD burdens and structural networks using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Furthermore, we determined if network parameters predict cognitive impairments. Graph theoretical analysis was applied to DTI data from 232 cognitively impaired patients with varying degrees of amyloid and SVD burdens. All patients underwent Pittsburgh compound-B (PiB) PET to detect amyloid burden, MRI to detect markers of SVD, including the volume of white matter hyperintensities and the number of lacunes, and detailed neuropsychological testing. The whole-brain network was assessed by network parameters of integration (shortest path length, global efficiency) and segregation (clustering coefficient, transitivity, modularity). A greater PiB retention ratio was not associated with any white matter network parameters. Greater white matter hyperintensity volumes or lacunae numbers were significantly associated with decreased network integration (increased shortest path length, decreased global efficiency) and increased network segregation (increased clustering coefficient, increased transitivity, increased modularity). Decreased network integration or increased network segregation were associated with poor performances in attention, language, visuospatial, memory, and frontal-executive functions. Our results suggest that amyloid burden disrupts white matter network integration, while SVD alters white matter network integration and segregation, which further predicts cognitive dysfunction.
    Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD 11/2014; DOI:10.3233/JAD-141623 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 49-year-old female patient was admitted due to memory disturbances. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging suggested gliomatosis cerebri (GC), which had spread to both insular lobes, both frontal and basal ganglia and the brain stem. A stereotactic biopsy was performed at the high signal intensity area of the T2-weighted MR image, and the revealed a diffuse astrocytoma. Radiation therapy was judged not to be an appropriate treatment for the patient because of her cognitive impairment. A combinatorial chemotherapy regiment consisting of Procarbazine, CCNU, and Vincristine (PCV) was agreed upon after discussion. The patient underwent six cycles of PCV chemotherapy (a full dose was applied until the 3rd cycle, and dose then was reduced to 75% for the remaining cycles). Although the patient exhibited side effects such as bone marrow suppression and gastrointestinal symptoms, these were managed by medication. Over the 28 months following initiation of treatment, the high signal area in the right frontal and temporal lobes in the T2-weighted MR image decreased, and the patient's cognitive function [global deterioration scale (GDS) 4 points, mini-mental state examination (MMSE) 25 point] also improved (GDS 1 points, MMSE 29 points). PCV chemotherapy can therefore be an alternative therapeutic option for patients with GC who cannot be treated with radiation therapy or other chemotherapies.
    10/2014; 2(2):102-107. DOI:10.14791/btrt.2014.2.2.102
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    ABSTRACT: The purposes of the present study were to explore whether hippocampal atrophy exists in pure subcortical vascular dementia (SVaD) as defined by negative (11)C-Pittsburg compound-B (PiB(-)) positron emission tomography and to compare hippocampal volume and shape between PiB(-) SVaD and PiB positive (PiB(+)) Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. Hippocampal volume and shape were compared among 40 patients with PiB(-) SVaD, 34 with PiB(+) AD, and 21 elderly with normal cognitive function (NC). The normalized hippocampal volume of PiB(-) SVaD was significantly smaller than NC but larger than that of PiB(+) AD (NC > PiB(-) SVaD > PiB(+) AD). Both PiB(-) SVaD and PiB(+) AD patients had deflated shape changes in the cornus ammonis (CA) 1 and subiculum compared with NC. However, direct comparison between PiB(-) SVaD and PiB(+) AD demonstrated more inward deformity in the subiculum of the left hippocampus in PiB(+) AD. PiB(-) SVaD patients did have smaller hippocampal volumes and inward shape change on CA 1 and subiculum compared with NC, suggesting that cumulative ischemia without amyloid pathology could lead to hippocampal atrophy and shape changes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Neurobiology of Aging 09/2014; 36(1). DOI:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2014.08.009 · 4.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background: Epidemiological studies have reported that higher education (HE) is associated with a reduced risk of incident Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, after the clinical onset of AD, patients with HE levels show more rapid cognitive decline than patients with lower education (LE) levels. Although education level and cognition have been linked, there have been few longitudinal studies investigating the relationship between education level and cortical decline in patients with AD. The aim of this study was to compare the topography of cortical atrophy longitudinally between AD patients with HE (HE-AD) and AD patients with LE (LE-AD). Methods: We prospectively recruited 36 patients with early-stage AD and 14 normal controls. The patients were classified into two groups according to educational level, 23 HE-AD (>9 years) and 13 LE-AD (≤9 years). Results: As AD progressed over the 5-year longitudinal follow-ups, the HE-AD showed a significant group-by-time interaction in the right dorsolateral frontal and precuneus, and the left parahippocampal regions compared to the LE-AD. Conclusion: Our study reveals that the preliminary longitudinal effect of HE accelerates cortical atrophy in AD patients over time, which underlines the importance of education level for predicting prognosis.
    International Psychogeriatrics 09/2014; DOI:10.1017/S1041610214001483 · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyze the results of an immediate and mid-term angiographic and clinical follow-up of endovascular treatment for paraclinoid aneurysms. From January 2002 to December 2012, a total of 113 consecutive patients (mean age: 56.2 years) with 116 paraclinoid saccular aneurysms (ruptured or unruptured) were treated with endovascular coiling procedures. Clinical and angiographic outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. Ninety-three patients (82.3%) were female. The mean size of the aneurysm was 5.5 mm, and 101 aneurysms (87.1%) had a wide neck. Immediate catheter angiography showed complete occlusion in 40 aneurysms (34.5%), remnant sac in 51 (43.9%), and remnant neck in 25 (21.6%). Follow-up angiographic studies were performed on 80 aneurysms (69%) at a mean period of 20.4 months. Compared with immediate angiographic results, follow-up angiograms showed no change in 38 aneurysms, improvement in 37 (Fig. 2), and recanalization in 5. There were 6 procedure-related complications (5.2%), with permanent morbidity in one patient. Out study suggests that properly selected patients with paraclinoid aneurysms can be successfully treated by endovascular means.
    09/2014; 9(2):83-88. DOI:10.5469/neuroint.2014.9.2.83

Publication Stats

2k Citations
821.27 Total Impact Points


  • 2014–2015
    • Inje University Paik Hospital
      • • Department of Neurosurgery
      • • Department of Radiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013–2015
    • Inje University
      • Department of Medicine and Premedicine
      Kŭmhae, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
    • Hanyang University
      • Department of Biomedical Engineering
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of Pittsburgh
      • School of Pharmacy
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2010–2015
    • Korea Institute of Construction Technology
      Kōyō, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
    • Konkuk University Medical Center
      • Department of Neurology
      Changnyeong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
    • Woosong University
      Onyang, South Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2007–2015
    • Samsung Medical Center
      • • Department of Neurology
      • • Department of Radiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • National Fisheries Research and Development Institution
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Korea National Police University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005–2015
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • • Samsung Medical Center
      • • Department of Radiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012–2014
    • University of Massachusetts Amherst
      • Department of Chemistry
      Amherst Center, Massachusetts, United States
    • Chung-Ang University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Kyung Hee University
      • Department of Applied Chemistry
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007–2014
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      • • Department of Anesthesiology
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
  • 2004–2014
    • Korea University
      • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • MEDIPOST Biomedical Research Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Boston Children's Hospital
      • Division of Newborn Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • University of Nebraska at Lincoln
      • Department of Management
      Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
  • 2009–2010
    • Community Tissue Services
      Fresno, California, United States
    • Yonsei University
      • Department of Prosthodontics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Hyundai Motor Company
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1995–2010
    • Seoul National University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • College of Engineering
      • • Division of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2009
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2005–2007
    • Inha University
      • Department of Polymer Science and Engineering
      Chemulpo, Incheon, South Korea
  • 1996–2007
    • LG Electronics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003–2005
    • Konyang University Hospital
      Gaigeturi, Jeju, South Korea
    • Inha University Hospital
      Sinhyeon, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
  • 1996–1998
    • University of Cambridge
      • Department of Chemistry
      Cambridge, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 1997
    • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
      • Department of Chemistry
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea