Bin Li

Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Tsingtao, Shandong Sheng, China

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Publications (23)47.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire, used as a spice in Asia, is an important source of Chinese cuisine and traditional Chinese medicines. A. tsao-ko is reported to exert a variety of biological and pharmacological activities, including anti-proliferative, anti-oxidative and neuroprotective effects. In this study, NNMBS227, consisting of the ethanol extract of A. tsao-ko, exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activities in RAW264.7 macrophages. We investigated the effect of NNMBS227 in the suppression of pro-inflammatory mediators, including pro-inflammatory enzymes (inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2) and cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β) in LPS stimulated macrophages. NNMBS227 also inhibited the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α, as well as the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 caused by stimulation with LPS. In addition, NNMBS227 induced heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression through the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in macrophages. Using tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), an HO activity inhibitor, we confirmed an association between the anti-inflammatory effects of NNMBS227 and the up-regulation of HO-1. These findings suggest that Nrf2-dependent increases in the expression of HO-1 induced by NNMBS227 conferred anti-inflammatory activities in LPS stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages.
    The American journal of Chinese medicine. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In Korea and China, the heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen is an important traditional medicine used to treat blood disorders, ischemia, swelling, and epigastric pain. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of latifolin, a major neoflavonoid component isolated from the MeOH extract of D. odorifera, on the inflammatory reaction of thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages exposed to lipopolysaccharide, with a particular focus on heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling. Latifolin significantly inhibited the protein and mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and COX-2, reduced NO, prostaglandins E2, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-1β production in primary murine peritoneal macrophages exposed to lipopolysaccharide. Latifolin also suppressed inhibitor κB-α levels, NF-κB nuclear translocation, and NF-κB DNA-binding activity. Furthermore, latifolin upregulated HO-1 expression via nuclear transcription factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) nuclear translocation. In addition, using inhibitor tin protoporphyrin IX (SnPP), an inhibitor of HO-1, it was verified that the inhibitory effects of latifolin on the proinflammatory mediators and NF-κB DNA-binding activity were associated with the HO-1 expression. These results suggested that the latifolin-mediated up-regulation of HO-1 expression played a critical role in anti-inflammatory effects in macrophages. This study therefore identified potent therapeutic effects of latifolin, which warrants further investigation as a potential treatment for inflammatory diseases. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Phytotherapy Research 01/2014; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sulfuretin is one of the major flavonoid components in Rhus verniciflua Stokes (Anacardiaceae) isolates. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of sulfuretin against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative injury. The results indicated that the addition of sulfuretin before t-BHP treatment significantly inhibited cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human liver-derived HepG2 cells. Sulfuretin up-regulated the activity of the antioxidant enzyme heme oxygenase (HO)-1 via nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) translocation into the nucleus and increased the promoter activity of the antioxidant response element (ARE). Moreover, sulfuretin exposure enhanced the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), which are members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family. Furthermore, cell treatment with a JNK inhibitor (SP600125) and ERK inhibitor (PD98059) reduced sulfuretin-induced HO-1 expression and decreased its protective effects. Taken together, these results suggest that the protective effect of sulfuretin against t-BHP-induced oxidative damage in human liver-derived HepG2 cells is attributable to its ability to scavenge ROS and up-regulate the activity of HO-1 through the Nrf2/ARE and JNK/ERK signaling pathways. Therefore, sulfuretin could be advantageous as a bioactive source for the prevention of oxidative injury.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2014; 15(5):8863-8877. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae) is an important source of traditional Korean and Chinese medicines. 9-Hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxydalbergiquinol (HDDQ), a compound isolated from D. odorifera, has various biological activities. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of HDDQ in modulating the regulation of anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in BV2 microglia. HDDQ inhibited the protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), iNOS-derived nitric oxide (NO), and the production of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and COX-2-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse BV2 microglia. HDDQ also reduced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production, and suppressed the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α and the nuclear translocation of p65 in mouse BV2 microglia in response to LPS. Furthermore, HDDQ upregulated HO-1 expression via nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in mouse BV2 microglia. Using tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), an HO activity inhibitor, we verified that the inhibitory effects of HDDQ on the proinflammatory mediators NO, PGE2, TNF-α, and IL-1β, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) DNA-binding activity are associated with the induction of HO-1 expression. Our data suggest that HDDQ has therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases caused by neuroinflammation.
    International immunopharmacology 09/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sauchinone, a diastereomeric lignan isolated from the roots of Saururus chinensis (LOUR.) BAILL. (Saururaceae), is reported to exert a variety of biological activities such as hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory actions and inhibitory effects on bone resorption. In this study, we investigated the effect of sauchinone in suppressing cell adhesion molecules such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in high glucose stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Sauchinone inhibited the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α, as well as the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 caused by the stimulation of high glucose. In addition, sauchinone induced heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression through nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 in HUVEC. The effects of sauchinone on the high glucose-induced expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 and nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 were partially reversed by transfection of the cells with HO-1 siRNA. These findings suggest that sauchinone-induced HO-1 expression plays a key role in the vascular protective effects of sauchinone in HUVEC.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 09/2013; · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nine phenolic compounds, phloracetophenone-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), p-hydroxybenzoic acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), leonuriside A (3), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenol-1-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (4), cis-p-coumaric acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (5), trans-p-coumaric acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (6), trans-p-coumaric acid-9-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (7), (-)-shikimic acid (8) and (-)-methyl shikimate (9), were isolated for the first time from the fruits of Rhus parviflora. Compounds 1, 3-6 and 8 inhibited lipopolysaccharide-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production and inducible NO synthase expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages with IC50 values of 9.24 ± 1.20, 21.37 ± 2.02, 23.07 ± 1.58, 9.86 ± 0.98, 19.05 ± 1.66 and 11.3 ± 1.54 μM, respectively. The results indicated possible use of compounds for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    Natural product research 07/2013; · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae) has traditionally been used as an ingredient in East Asian medicines to treat various diseases. In the present study, 4,2',5'-trihydroxy-4'-methoxychalcone (TMC), a biologically active chalcone isolated from the heartwood of D. odorifera, inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, leading to a reduction in COX-2-induced prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and iNOS-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. Furthermore, TMC suppressed tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production, and the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α as well as the LPS-stimulated nuclear translocation of p65 in macrophages. The present study also demonstrated that TMC induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression through the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in macrophages. The effects of TMC on LPS-induced NO, PGE2, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-1β production were partially reversed by the HO inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). These results suggest that TMC inhibits pro-inflammatory mediators by inducing the expression of anti-inflammatory HO-1 via the Nrf2 pathway.
    International immunopharmacology 04/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rhus verniciflua Stokes is a plant that is native to East Asian countries, such as Korea, China, and Japan. Butein, a plant polyphenol, is one of the major active components of R. verniciflua. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), produced via dental adhesive bleaching agents and pulpal disease, can cause oxidative stress. Here, we found that butein possesses cytoprotective effects on hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced dental cell death. H(2)O(2) is a representative ROS and causes cell death through necrosis in human dental pulp (HDP) cells. H(2)O(2)-induced cytotoxicity and production of ROS were blocked in the presence of butein, and these effects were dose dependent. Butein also increased heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein expression and HO activity. In addition, butein-dependent HO-1 expression was required for the inhibition of H(2)O(2)-induced cell death and ROS generation. Furthermore, butein treatment caused nuclear accumulation of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and increased the promoter activity of antioxidant response elements (AREs). Treatment of HDP cells with a c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor also reduced butein-induced HO-1 expression, and butein treatment led to increased JNK phosphorylation. These results indicate that butein may be used to prevent functional dental cell death and thus may be useful as a pulpal disease agent.
    Toxicology in Vitro 01/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ganodermanondiol, a biologically active compound, was isolated from the Lingzhi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum). The present study examined the protective effects of ganodermanondiol against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced hepatotoxicity. Ganodermanondiol protected human liver-derived HepG2 cells through nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway-dependent heme oxygenase-1 expressions. Moreover, ganodermanondiol increased cellular glutathione levels and the expression of the glutamine-cysteine ligase gene in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, ganodermanondiol exposure enhanced the phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its upstream kinase activators, LKB1 and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase-II (CaMKII). This study indicates that ganodermanondiol exhibits potent cytoprotective effects on t-BHP-induced hepatotoxicity in human liver-derived HepG2 cells, presumably through Nrf2-mediated antioxidant enzymes and AMPK.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 12/2012; · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke (Compositae) is indigenous to India and Pakistan. The dried root of S. lappa has been traditionally used for alleviating pain in abdominal distention and tenesmus, indigestion with anorexia, dysentery, nausea, and vomiting. Santamarin is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from S. lappa. In the present study, santamarin inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein, reduced iNOS-derived nitric oxide (NO), suppressed COX-2 protein and reduced COX-derived PGE(2) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells and murine peritoneal macrophages. Similarly, santamarin reduced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production. In addition, santamarin suppressed the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α as well as the nuclear translocation of p65 in response to LPS in RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, santamarin induced heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression mRNA and protein level that plays a cytoprotective role against inflammation. The induction of HO-1 is primarily regulated at the transcriptional level, and its induction by various agents is mediated by the nuclear transcription factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), master regulator of antioxidant responses. Unbound Nrf2 translocates into the nucleus and binds to the antioxidant response element (ARE) in the upstream promoter region of many antioxidative genes, where it initiates their transcription. The effects of santamarin on LPS-induced NO, PGE(2), TNF-α, and IL-1β production were partially reversed by the HO-1 inhibitor, tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). Therefore, our data suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of santamarin in macrophages may be exerted through a novel mechanism that involves HO-1 expression.
    International immunopharmacology 05/2012; 13(3):271-9. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A number of diseases that lead to injury of the central nervous system are caused by oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain. In this study, NNMBS275, consisting of the ethanol extract of Viola patrinii, showed potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. NNMBS275 increased cellular resistance to oxidative injury caused by glutamate-induced neurotoxicity and reactive oxygen species generation in HT22 cells. In addition, the anti-inflammatory effects of NNMBS275 were demonstrated by the suppression of proinflammatory mediators, including proinflammatory enzymes (inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2) and cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β). Furthermore, we found that the neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of NNMBS275 were linked to the upregulation of nuclear transcription factor-E2-related factor 2-dependent expression of heme oxygenase-1 in HT22 and BV2 cells. These results suggest that NNMBS275 possesses therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are induced by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2012; 2012:128019. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 6,4'-Dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone (DMF), a biologically active compound, was isolated from the heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae). The present study proposed to examine the role of DMF as an anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inducer in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia cells. The effect of DMF on cell viability was determined by MTT assay and the effects of DMF on pro-inflammatory enzymes and cytokines were analyzed by western blot and ELISA. Parameters such as DMF induced HO-1 protein immunocontents, HO activity and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) activation were also measured. DMF increased cellular resistance to oxidative injury caused by glutamate-induced cytotoxicity in HT22 cells, via JUN N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway dependent HO-1 expression. Furthermore, DMF suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of pro-inflammatory enzymes and inflammatory mediators in BV2 microglia. DMF suppressed production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), through extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway dependent HO-1 expression. This study indicates that DMF effectively modulates the regulation of anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory action, via up-regulation of HO-1 in HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. These results suggest that DMF possesses therapeutic potentials against neurodegenerative diseases that are induced by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation.
    European journal of pharmacology 11/2011; 674(2-3):153-62. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular basis for the anti-inflammatory effects of lindenenyl acetate (LA) was investigated in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human periodontal ligament (HPDL) cell model. LA concentration-dependently inhibited LPS-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) derived nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)) production in HPDL cells. LA also attenuated the production of LPS-induced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-12. LA stimulated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein expression and enzyme activity of HPDL cells in a dose-dependent manner. Pretreatment with the HO-1 inhibitor, tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), attenuated the inhibitory activities of LA on LPS-induced inflammatory NO, PGE(2), IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-12 production. LA induced translocation of Nrf-2. Furthermore, an inhibitor of JNK MAPK abolished LA-induced HO-1 expression. LA exposure up-regulated the levels of phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its upstream kinase activators, including LKB1 and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase-II. Furthermore, compound C, a specific AMPK inhibitor, partially blocked the LA-induced anti-inflammatory effect. Taken together, these results indicate that LA has anti-inflammatory activity in HPDL cells that might be mediated by the HO-1, AMPK, JNK MAPK, and Nrf-2 pathways. Thus, LA may serve as a potential therapeutic agent in periodontal disease.
    European journal of pharmacology 09/2011; 670(1):295-303. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asperlin is a fungal metabolite isolated from Aspergillus sp. SF-5044. In the present study, we isolated asperlin from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus sp. SF-5044 and demonstrated that it inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, reduced iNOS-derived NO, suppressed cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression, and reduced COX-derived prostaglandin (PG) E₂ production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 and murine peritoneal macrophages. Similarly, asperlin reduced the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β. In addition, asperlin inhibited the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α, as well as the nuclear translocation of p65 caused by the stimulation of LPS in RAW264.7 macrophages. Furthermore, asperlin induced heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression through nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 and increased HO activity in RAW264.7 macrophages. The effects of asperlin on the LPS-induced expression of iNOS and COX-2 and production of NO, PGE₂, TNF-α, and IL-1β were partially reversed by a HO-1 inhibitor, tin protoporphyrin. These findings suggest that asperlin-induced HO-1 expression plays a role in the anti-inflammatory effects of asperlin in macrophages.
    Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 06/2011; 116(3):283-95. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sauchinone, a biologically active lignan isolated from the roots of Saururus chinensis (LOUR.) BAILL. (Saururaceae), is reported to exert a variety of biological activities, such as hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory actions and inhibitory effects on bone resorption. In this study, we investigated the effect of sauchinone in suppressing cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, leading to a reduction in COX-2-derived prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and iNOS-derived nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. Present study also demonstrates the effects of sauchinone in inducing heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression and an increase in heme oxygenase (HO) activity in RAW264.7 macrophages. The effects of sauchinone on LPS-induced PGE(2), NO, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interlukine-1β (IL-1β) production were partially reversed by the HO-1 inhibitor Tin protoporphyrin was also seen in this study. In addition, we found that treatment with extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) inhibitor (PD98059) reduced sauchinone-induced HO-1 expression. Sauchinone also increased ERK phosphorylation. These results suggest that sauchinone inhibits pro-inflammatory mediators through expression of anti-inflammatory HO-1 via ERK pathway.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 01/2011; 34(10):1566-71. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sappanchalcone has been demonstrated to possess several biological effects. However, the molecular mechanism underlying these effects is not fully understood. In this study, we examined the effects of sappanchalcone on hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced cytotoxicity using human dental pulp (HDP) cells, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation using human periodontal ligament (HPDL) cells. Sappanchalone concentration proportionately increased heme oxygenase (HO)-1 protein expression and enzyme activity in both HDP and HPDL cells. It also protected HDP cells from H(2)O(2)-induced cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species production. The cytoprotective effect of sappanchalcone was nullified by HO-1 inhibitor, Tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). Sappanchalcone is seen to inhibit LPS-stimulated nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), interlukine-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interlukine-6 (IL-6) and interlukine-12 (IL-12) release in addition to inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in HPDL cells. SnPP, a specific inhibitor of HO-1, partly blocked sappanchalcone mediated suppression of inflammatory mediator production, in LPS-stimulated HPDL cells. HDP and HPDL cells treated with sappanchalcone exhibited the transient activation of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and NF-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2). The expression of HO-1 protein by sappanchalcone was significantly reduced by pretreatment with JNK inhibitor. In conclusion, induction of HO-1 is an important cytoprotective mechanism by which sappanchalcone protects HDP cells from H(2)O(2) and in addition it also exhibits anti-inflammatory effects in LPS-stimulated HPDL cells. Thus, sappanchalcone could potentially be a therapeutic approach for periodontal, pulpal and periapical inflammatory lesion.
    European journal of pharmacology 10/2010; 644(1-3):230-7. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spinasterol, which is isolated from the aerial parts of Aster scaber Thunb. (Asteraceae), is involved in various biological activities. In this study, we report the efficacy of spinasterol in effectively modulating the regulation of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. We showed that spinasterol increased the cellular resistance of HT22 cells to oxidative injury caused by the glutamate-induced cytotoxicity by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. Furthermore, spinasterol suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of pro-inflammatory enzymes and inflammatory mediators in BV2 microglia. Spinasterol also suppressed the production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE₂), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) through extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. These results suggest that spinasterol has a therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation.
    International immunopharmacology 10/2010; 10(12):1587-94. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glutamate-induced oxidative injury causes neuronal degeneration related to many central nervous system diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy and ischemia. The bioassay-guided fractionation of the EtOH extract of the root bark of Dictamnus dasycarpus Trucz. provided one neuroprotective limonoid, obacunone, together with a degraded limonoid, fraxinellone and two alkaloids, dictamine and haplopine. At concentrations of 100-150 microM, obacunone showed the potent neuroprotective effects on glutamateinduced neurotoxicity and induced the expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in the mouse hippocampal HT22 cells. In addition, we found that obacunone increased p38 MAPK phosphorylation and induced HO-1 expression via p38 MAPK pathway. These results suggest that obacunone isolated from the root bark of D. dasycarpus increases cellular resistance to glutamate-induced oxidative injury in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells, presumably through the p38 MAPK pathway-dependent HO-1 expression. These results suggest that obacunone could be the effective candidates for the treatment of ROS-related neurological diseases.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 08/2010; 33(8):1269-75. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rhus verniciflua Stokes (Anacardiaceae) has traditionally been used as an ingredient in East Asian medicines used to treat oxidative damage and cancer. Sulfuretin is one of the major flavonoid components isolated from R. verniciflua. In the present study, we isolated sulfuretin from R. verniciflua and demonstrated that sulfuretin inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein and mRNA expression, reduced iNOS-derived NO, suppressed COX-2 protein and mRNA expression, and reduced COX-derived PGE(2) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 and murine peritoneal macrophages. Similarly, sulfuretin reduced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) production. In addition, sulfuretin suppressed the phosphorylation and degradation of I kappaB-alpha as well as the nuclear translocation of p65 by the stimulation of LPS in RAW264.7 macrophages. Furthermore sulfuretin induced heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression through nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf)2 and increased heme oxygenase (HO) activity in RAW264.7 macrophages. The effects of sulfuretin on LPS-induced NO, PGE(2), TNF-alpha, and IL-1 beta production were partially reversed by the HO-1 inhibitor, tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). Therefore, it is suggested that sulfuretin-induced HO-1 expression plays a role of the resulting anti-inflammatory effects in macrophages. This indicated that the anti-inflammatory effects of sulfuretin in macrophages might be exerted through a novel mechanism that involves HO-1 expression.
    International immunopharmacology 05/2010; 10(8):850-8. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sauchinone, a unique lignan isolated from the roots of Saururus chinensis (Lour.) Baill. (Saururaceae), is reported to exert potent hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory actions and inhibitory effects on bone resorption. This study investigated the potency of sauchinone as a hepatic heme oxygenase (HO)-1 inducer and its protective effects in HepG2 cells. Treatment of the cells with sauchinone induced HO-1 expression and increased HO activity in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. This expression conferred cytoprotection against oxidative injury induced by T-butyl hydroperoxide. HO-1 expression by sauchinone also suppressed T-butyl hydroperoxide-induced reactive oxygen species generation in HepG2 cells. Moreover, sauchinone promoted the nuclear accumulation of the nuclear factor, E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and increased the promoter property of the antioxidant response element (ARE). Furthermore, treatment of the cells with a p38 MAPK inhibitor (SB203580) reduced sauchine-induced HO-1 expression and its protective effects. These results suggest that sauchinone increases the cellular resistance of HepG2 cells to T-butyl hydroperoxide-induced oxidative injury, presumably through the p38 MAPK pathway-Nrf2/ARE-dependent HO-1 expression.
    Planta Medica 08/2009; 76(1):41-7. · 2.35 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

121 Citations
47.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Qingdao University of Science and Technology
      Tsingtao, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2008–2013
    • Wonkwang University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Institute for Radiological Imaging Science
      Iksan, North Jeolla, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Keimyung University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea