F Hartl

Universitätsspital Basel, Bâle, Basel-City, Switzerland

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Publications (16)87.57 Total impact

  • Journal of Clinical Densitometry 01/2010; 13(1):133. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Persistent use of glucocorticoid drugs is associated with bone loss and increased fracture risk. Concurrent oral bisphosphonates increase bone mineral density and reduce frequency of vertebral fractures, but are associated with poor compliance and adherence. We aimed to assess whether one intravenous infusion of zoledronic acid was non-inferior to daily oral risedronate for prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. This 1-year randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, non-inferiority study of 54 centres in 12 European countries, Australia, Hong Kong, Israel, and the USA, tested the effectiveness of 5 mg intravenous infusion of zoledronic acid versus 5 mg oral risedronate for prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. 833 patients were randomised 1:1 to receive zoledronic acid (n=416) or risedronate (n=417). Patients were stratified by sex, and allocated to prevention or treatment subgroups dependent on duration of glucocorticoid use immediately preceding the study. The treatment subgroup consisted of those treated for more than 3 months (272 patients on zoledronic acid and 273 on risedronate), and the prevention subgroup of those treated for less than 3 months (144 patients on each drug). 62 patients did not complete the study because of adverse events, withdrawal of consent, loss to follow-up, death, misrandomisation, or protocol deviation. The primary endpoint was percentage change from baseline in lumbar spine bone mineral density. Drug efficacy was assessed on a modified intention-to-treat basis and safety was assessed on an intention-to-treat basis. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00100620. Zoledronic acid was non-inferior and superior to risedronate for increase of lumbar spine bone mineral density in both the treatment (least-squares mean 4.06% [SE 0.28] vs 2.71% [SE 0.28], mean difference 1.36% [95% CI 0.67-2.05], p=0.0001) and prevention (2.60% [0.45] vs 0.64% [0.46], 1.96% [1.04-2.88], p<0.0001) subgroups at 12 months. Adverse events were more frequent in patients given zoledronic acid than in those on risedronate, largely as a result of transient symptoms during the first 3 days after infusion. Serious adverse events were worsening rheumatoid arthritis for the treatment subgroup and pyrexia for the prevention subgroup. A single 5 mg intravenous infusion of zoledronic acid is non-inferior, possibly more effective, and more acceptable to patients than is 5 mg of oral risedronate daily for prevention and treatment of bone loss that is associated with glucocorticoid use.
    The Lancet 04/2009; 373(9671):1253-63. · 39.21 Impact Factor
  • Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey - OBSTET GYNECOL SURV. 01/2009; 64(8):521-523.
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    ABSTRACT: Pre-clinical studies indicate that pharmacologic agents can augment fracture union. If these pharmacologic approaches could be translated into clinical benefit and offered to patients with osteoporosis or patients with other risks for impaired fracture union (e.g. in subjects with large defects or open fractures with high complication rate), they could provide an important adjunct to the treatment of fractures. However, widely accepted guidelines are important to encourage the conduct of studies to evaluate bioactive substances, drugs, and new agents that may promote fracture union and subsequent return to normal function. A consensus process was initiated to provide recommendations for the clinical evaluation of potential therapies to augment fracture repair in patients with meta- and diaphyseal fractures. Based on the characteristics of fracture healing and fixation, the following study objectives of a clinical study may be appropriate: a) acceleration of fracture union, b) acceleration of return to normal function and c) reduction of fracture healing complications. The intended goal(s) should determine subsequent study methodology. While an acceleration of return to normal function or a reduction of fracture healing complications in and of themselves may be sufficient primary study endpoints for a phase 3 pivotal study, acceleration of fracture union alone is not. Radiographic evaluation may either occur at multiple time points during the healing process with the aim of measuring the time taken to reach a defined status (e.g. cortical bridging of three cortices or disappearance of fracture lines), or could be obtained at a single pre-determined timepoint, were patients are expected to reach a common clinical milestone (i.e. pain free full weight-bearing in weight-bearing fracture cases). Validated Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO's) measures will need to support the return to normal function co-primary endpoints. If reduction of complication rate (e.g. non-union) is the primary objective, the anticipated complications must be defined in the study protocol, along with their possible associations with the specified fracture type and fixation device. The study design should be randomized, parallel, double-blind, and placebo-controlled, and all fracture subjects should receive a standardized method of fracture fixation, defined as Standard of Care.
    Bone 09/2008; 43(2):343-7. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prospective studies have shown that quantitative ultrasound (QUS) techniques predict the risk of fracture of the proximal femur with similar standardised risk ratios to dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Few studies have investigated these devices for the prediction of vertebral fractures. The Basel Osteoporosis Study (BOS) is a population-based prospective study to assess the performance of QUS devices and DXA in predicting incident vertebral fractures. 432 women aged 60-80 years were followed-up for 3 years. Incident vertebral fractures were assessed radiologically. Bone measurements using DXA (spine and hip) and QUS measurements (calcaneus and proximal phalanges) were performed. Measurements were assessed for their value in predicting incident vertebral fractures using logistic regression. QUS measurements at the calcaneus and DXA measurements discriminated between women with and without incident vertebral fracture, (20% height reduction). The relative risks (RRs) for vertebral fracture, adjusted for age, were 2.3 for the Stiffness Index (SI) and 2.8 for the Quantitative Ultrasound Index (QUI) at the calcaneus and 2.0 for bone mineral density at the lumbar spine. The predictive value (AUC (95% CI)) of QUS measurements at the calcaneus remained highly significant (0.70 for SI, 0.72 for the QUI, and 0.67 for DXA at the lumbar spine) even after adjustment for other confounding variables. QUS of the calcaneus and bone mineral density measurements were shown to be significant predictors of incident vertebral fracture. The RRs for QUS measurements at the calcaneus are of similar magnitude as for DXA measurements.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 05/2008; 68(3):391-6. · 8.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a substudy of the HORIZON pivotal fracture trial, in which yearly intravenous zoledronic acid 5 mg was found to significantly reduce risk of various fracture types in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, 152 patients underwent bone biopsy. Zoledronic acid reduced bone turnover by 63% and preserved bone structure and volume, with evidence of ongoing bone remodeling in 99% of biopsies obtained. In the HORIZON pivotal fracture trial (PFT), enrolling 7,736 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, three annual intravenous infusions of the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (5 mg) significantly reduced morphometric vertebral, clinical vertebral, hip, and nonvertebral fractures by 70%, 77%, 41%, and 25%, respectively. Whereas 79% of patients received zoledronic acid/placebo only (stratum I, n = 6,113), 21% received concomitant treatment with other antiresorptive drugs, excluding other bisphosphonates, PTH, and strontium (stratum II, n = 1,652). To determine effects on bone remodeling and bone architecture, iliac crest bone biopsies were obtained in 152 patients on active treatment or placebo at 3 yr after double tetracycline labeling. In five patients, only qualitative histology was performed, leaving 147 biopsy cores (79 on active treatment and 68 on placebo) for microCT analysis and histomorphometry. Analysis of bone structure by microCT revealed higher trabecular bone volume (BV/TV) in the zoledronic acid group (median, 16.6% versus 12.8%; p = 0.020). In addition, patients treated with zoledronic acid exhibited higher trabecular numbers (p = 0.008), decreased trabecular separation (p = 0.011), and a trend toward improvement in connectivity density (p = 0.062), all indicating better preservation of trabecular structure after treatment with zoledronic acid. Qualitative analysis revealed presence of tetracycline label in 81 of 82 biopsies from patients on zoledronic acid and all 70 biopsies from placebo patients, indicative of continued bone remodeling. No bone pathology was observed. Zoledronic acid induced a 63% median (71% mean) reduction of the activation frequency (Ac.f; p < 0.0001) and reduced mineralizing surface (MS/BS; p < 0.0001) and volume referent bone formation rate (BFR/BV) versus placebo, indicating reduced bone turnover. Mineral appositional rate was higher in the zoledronic acid group (p = 0.0002), suggesting improved osteoblast function compared with placebo. Mineralization lag time was similar in the two groups, whereas osteoid volume (OV/BV; p < 0.0001) and osteoid thickness (O.Th; p = 0.0094) were lower in zoledronic acid-treated patients, indicating normal osteoid formation and mineralization of newly formed bone. Concomitant administration of other antiresorptive osteoporosis therapies (e.g., raloxifene, tamoxifen, tibolone, ipriflavone) did not significantly alter the tissue level response to zoledronic acid. Annual dosing for 3 yr with zoledronic acid 5 mg intravenously resulted in a median 63% (mean, 71%) reduction of bone turnover and preservation of bone structure and mass without any signs of adynamic bone. Concomitant treatment with other osteoporosis therapies did not significantly affect the bone response to zoledronic acid.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 01/2008; 23(1):6-16. · 6.13 Impact Factor
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    Revue Du Rhumatisme - REV RHUM. 01/2007; 74(10):977-978.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the prediction of hip fracture risk of several bone ultrasounds (QUS), 7062 Swiss women > or =70 years of age were measured with three QUSs (two of the heel, one of the phalanges). Heel QUSs were both predictive of hip fracture risk, whereas the phalanges QUS was not. As the number of hip fracture is expected to increase during these next decades, it is important to develop strategies to detect subjects at risk. Quantitative bone ultrasound (QUS), an ionizing radiation-free method, which is transportable, could be interesting for this purpose. The Swiss Evaluation of the Methods of Measurement of Osteoporotic Fracture Risk (SEMOF) study is a multicenter cohort study, which compared three QUSs for the assessment of hip fracture risk in a sample of 7609 elderly ambulatory women > or =70 years of age. Two QUSs measured the heel (Achilles+; GE-Lunar and Sahara; Hologic), and one measured the heel (DBM Sonic 1200; IGEA). The Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the hazard of the first hip fracture, adjusted for age, BMI, and center, and the area under the ROC curves were calculated to compare the devices and their parameters. From the 7609 women who were included in the study, 7062 women 75.2 +/- 3.1 (SD) years of age were prospectively followed for 2.9 +/- 0.8 years. Eighty women reported a hip fracture. A decrease by 1 SD of the QUS variables corresponded to an increase of the hip fracture risk from 2.3 (95% CI, 1.7, 3.1) to 2.6 (95% CI, 1.9, 3.4) for the three variables of Achilles+ and from 2.2 (95% CI, 1.7, 3.0) to 2.4 (95% CI, 1.8, 3.2) for the three variables of Sahara. Risk gradients did not differ significantly among the variables of the two heel QUS devices. On the other hand, the phalanges QUS (DBM Sonic 1200) was not predictive of hip fracture risk, with an adjusted hazard risk of 1.2 (95% CI, 0.9, 1.5), even after reanalysis of the digitalized data and using different cut-off levels (1700 or 1570 m/s). In this elderly women population, heel QUS devices were both predictive of hip fracture risk, whereas the phalanges QUS device was not.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 10/2006; 21(9):1457-63. · 6.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As an emerging alternative to DXA, there is a growing interest in the use of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements for the non invasive assessment of fracture risk in the management of osteoporosis. While the potential of QUS in the management of osteoporosis have been highly recognized by the scientific community and granted by the majority of the international bone disease organizations, it becomes important to develop strategies how to use ultrasound clinically. Our paper is highlighting Swiss operational clinical propositions for 2 QUS devices sold in Switzerland, on how to use the QUS in the management of osteoporosis.
    Revue medicale de la Suisse romande 03/2004; 124(2):63-5.
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    Age and Ageing 12/2003; 32(6):675-8. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone ultrasound measures (QUSs) can assess fracture risk in the elderly. We compared three QUSs and their association with nonvertebral fracture history in 7562 Swiss women 70-80 years of age. The association between nonvertebral fracture was higher for heel than phalangeal QUS. Because of the high morbidity and mortality associated with osteoporotic fractures, it is essential to detect subjects at risk for such fractures with screening methods. Because quantitative bone ultrasound (QUS) discriminated subjects with osteoporotic fractures from controls in several cross-sectional studies and predicted fractures in prospective studies, QUS could be more practical than DXA for screening. This cross-sectional and retrospective multicenter (10 centers) study was performed to compare three QUSs (two heel ultrasounds: Achilles+ [GE-Lunar] and Sahara [Hologic]; the phalanges: ultrasound DBM sonic 1200 [IGEA]) for determining by logistic regression nonvertebral fracture odds ratio (OR) in a sample of 7562 Swiss women, 75.3 +/- 3.1 years of age. The two heel QUSs measured the broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and the speed of sound (SOS). In addition, Achilles+ calculated the stiffness index (SI) and the Sahara calculated the quantitative ultrasound index (QUI) from BUA and SOS. The DBM sonic 1200 measured the amplitude-dependent SOS (AD-SOS). Eighty-six women had a history of a traumatic hip fracture after the age of 50, 1594 had a history of forearm fracture, and 2016 had other nonvertebral fractures. No fracture history was reported by 3866 women. Discrimination for hip fracture was higher than for the other nonvertebral fractures. The two heel QUSs had a significantly higher discrimination power than the QUSs of the phalanges, with standardized ORs, adjusted for age and body mass index, ranging from 2.1 to 2.7 (95% CI = 1.6, 3.5) compared with 1.4 (95% CI = 1.1, 1.7) for the AD-SOS of DBM sonic 1200. This study showed a high association between heel QUS and hip fracture history in elderly Swiss women. This could justify integration of QUS among screening strategies for identifying elderly women at risk for osteoporotic fractures.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 08/2003; 18(7):1261-6. · 6.13 Impact Factor
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    D Hans, F Hartl, M A Krieg
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    ABSTRACT: The World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for the diagnosis of osteoporosis are mainly applicable for dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements at the spine and hip levels. There is a growing demand for cheaper devices, free of ionizing radiation such as promising quantitative ultrasound (QUS). In common with many other countries, QUS measurements are increasingly used in Switzerland without adequate clinical guidelines. The T-score approach developed for DXA cannot be applied to QUS, although well-conducted prospective studies have shown that ultrasound could be a valuable predictor of fracture risk. As a consequence, an expert committee named the Swiss Quality Assurance Project (SQAP, for which the main mission is the establishment of quality assurance procedures for DXA and QUS in Switzerland) was mandated by the Swiss Association Against Osteoporosis (ASCO) in 2000 to propose operational clinical recommendations for the use of QUS in the management of osteoporosis for two QUS devices sold in Switzerland. Device-specific weighted "T-score" based on the risk of osteoporotic hip fractures as well as on the prediction of DXA osteoporosis at the hip, according to the WHO definition of osteoporosis, were calculated for the Achilles (Lunar, General Electric, Madison, Wis.) and Sahara (Hologic, Waltham, Mass.) ultrasound devices. Several studies (totaling a few thousand subjects) were used to calculate age-adjusted odd ratios (OR) and area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) for the prediction of osteoporotic fracture (taking into account a weighting score depending on the design of the study involved in the calculation). The ORs were 2.4 (1.9-3.2) and AUC 0.72 (0.66-0.77), respectively, for the Achilles, and 2.3 (1.7-3.1) and 0.75 (0.68-0.82), respectively, for the Sahara device. To translate risk estimates into thresholds for clinical application, 90% sensitivity was used to define low fracture and low osteoporosis risk, and a specificity of 80% was used to define subjects as being at high risk of fracture or having osteoporosis at the hip. From the combination of the fracture model with the hip DXA osteoporotic model, we found a T-score threshold of -1.2 and -2.5 for the stiffness (Achilles) determining, respectively, the low- and high-risk subjects. Similarly, we found a T-score at -1.0 and -2.2 for the QUI index (Sahara). Then a screening strategy combining QUS, DXA, and clinical factors for the identification of women needing treatment was proposed. The application of this approach will help to minimize the inappropriate use of QUS from which the whole field currently suffers.
    Osteoporosis International 06/2003; 14(3):251-8. · 4.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The discriminatory potential to classify subjects with or without vertebral fractures was tested cross-sectionally with different methods for the measurement of bone status in a population-based sample of postmenopausal women. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement at the calcaneus (Lunar Achilles, Hologic Sahara), the proximal phalanges (Igea Bone Profiler), and measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA; Lunar Expert) at several anatomic sites was performed in 500 postmenopausal women (aged 65-75 years) randomly selected from the population. In addition, 50 young female subjects (20-40 years old) had QUS measurements and served as controls to express QUS results as T-score values. Radiographs of the lumbar and thoracic spine were performed in the elderly women. Two independent radiologists reviewed the X-rays for the presence of vertebral fractures. Of 486 eligible study participants, no fracture was seen in 396 participants. Single vertebral fractures were observed in 71 subjects; 19 individuals presented multiple fractures. The overall prevalence of vertebral fractures was 18.5%. Participants without vertebral fractures were compared with subjects with vertebral fractures. Normal statistical distributions were found for all bone measurement results. Risk of vertebral fracture in subjects with no and multiple vertebral fracture was estimated using age adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for QUS and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) values. Each SD decrease in bone measurement increased the risk of multiple vertebral fracture by 3.0 (95% CI, 1.6-5.6) for the Achilles stiffness, by 3.8 (95% CI, 1.8-8.2) for the Sahara QUI, 2.1 (95% CI, 1.3-3.4) for the Bone Profiler amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SOS), and 2.1 (95% CI, 1.2-3.9) and 2.4 (95% CI, 1.3-4.3) for DXA lumbar spine and for DXA total hip, respectively. Results of a discriminant analysis showed sensitivities between 84% and 58% and specificities between 72% and 58% for the respective DXA and QUS parameters. Optimum fracture thresholds for QUS measurements derived from this analysis were calculated also. Optimum T-score threshold values for QUS measurements tended to be higher than those for DXA measurements. However, the performance of QUS measurements is at least comparable with DXA measurements in identifying subjects with multiple vertebral fractures randomly selected from the population.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 03/2002; 17(2):321-30. · 6.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because of the important morbidity and mortality associated with osteoporosis, it is essential to detect subjects at risk by screening methods, such as bone quantitative ultrasounds (QUSs). Several studies showed that QUS could predict fractures. None, however, compared prospectively different QUS devices, and few data of quality controls (QCs) have been published. The Swiss Evaluation of the Methods of Measurement of Osteoporotic Fracture Risk is a prospective multicenter study that compared three QUSs for the assessment of hip fracture risk in a population of 7609 women age >/=70 yr. Because the inclusion phase lasted 20 mo, and because 10 centers participated in this study, QC became a major issue. We therefore developed a QC procedure to assess the stability and precision of the devices, and for their cross-calibration. Our study focuses on the two heel QUSs. The water bath system (Achilles+) had a higher precision than the dry system (Sahara). The QC results were highly dependent on temperature. QUS stability was acceptable, but Sahara must be calibrated regularly. A sufficient homogeneity among all the Sahara devices could be demonstrated, whereas significant differences were found among the Achilles+ devices. For speed of sound, 52% of the differences among the Achilles+ was explained by the water s temperature. However, for broadband ultrasound attenuation, a maximal difference of 23% persisted after adjustment for temperature. Because such differences could influence measurements in vivo, it is crucial to develop standardized phantoms to be used in prospective multicenter studies.
    Journal of Clinical Densitometry 02/2002; 5(4):335-41. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Summary As an emerging alternative to DXA, there is a growing interest in the use of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements for the non-invasive assessment of fracture risk in the management of osteoporosis. While the potential of QUS in the man- agement of osteoporosis has been highly recognized by the scientific community and granted by the ma- jority of the international bone dis- ease organizations, it becomes im- portant to develop strategies how to use ultrasound clinically. A number Measurement of bone mineral density by quantitative ultrasound and screening in osteoporosis of potential approaches for using QUS for risk assessment have been outlined. All of the approaches have specific advantages and disadvan- tages and may be applicable only to certain specific QUS approaches. However, the main focus of this paper will be on the Swiss opera- tional clinical recommendations on the use of QUS in the manage- ment of osteoporosis for 2 QUS devices sold in Switzerland.
    01/2002;
  • F Hartl, R Theiler
    Praxis 09/2001; 90(35):1465-7.