[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Immunohistochemical profiles of esophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma differ according to the presence or absence of Barrett's epithelium (BIM) and gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) in the fundus and antrum. Different lymphatic spreading has been demonstrated in esophageal adenocarcinoma. We investigated the correlation among the presence or absence of intestinal metaplasia in the esophagus and stomach and lymphatic metastases in patients who underwent radical surgery for esophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma. METHODS: The mucosa surrounding the adenocarcinoma and the gastric mucosa were analyzed. The BIM+ patients underwent subtotal esophagectomy and gastric pull up, and the BIM- patients underwent esophagectomy at the azygos vein, total gastrectomy, and esophagojejunostomy. The radical thoracic (station numbers 2, 3, 4R, 7, 8, and 9) and abdominal (station numbers 15 through 20) lymphadenectomy was identical in both procedures except for the greater curvature. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-four consecutive patients were collected in three major groups: BIM+/GIM-, 52 patients (26.8%); BIM-/GIM-, 90 patients (46.4%); BIM-/GIM+, 50 patients (25.8%). Two patients (1%) were BIM+/GIM+. A total of 6,010 lymph nodes were resected: 1,515 were recovered in BIM+, 1,587 in BIM-/GIM+, and 2,908 in BIM-/GIM- patients. The percentage of patients with pN+ stations 8 and 9 was higher in BIM+ (p = 0.001), and the percentage of patients with pN+ perigastric stations was higher in BIM- (p = 0.001). The BIM-/GIM- patients had a number of abdominal metastatic lymph nodes higher than did the BIM-/GIM+ patients (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: According to the presence or absence of BIM and GIM in the esophagus and cardia, adenocarcinoma correspond to three different patterns of lymphatic metastasization, which may reflect different biologic and carcinogenetic pathways.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 02/2013; · 3.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The misdiagnosis of short oesophagus may occur on recurrence of the hernia after surgery for type II-IV hiatal hernia (HH). The frequency of short oesophagus in type II-IV hernia is undefined. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of true short oesophagus in patients undergoing surgery for type II-IV hernia. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with type II-IV hernia underwent minimally invasive surgery. After full isolation of the oesophago-gastric junction, the position of the gastric folds was localized endoscopically and two clips were applied in correspondence. The distance between the clips and the diaphragm (intra-abdominal oesophageal length) was measured. When the intra-abdominal oesophagus was <1.5 cm after oesophageal mobilization, the Collis procedure was performed. After surgery, patients underwent a follow-up, comprehensive of barium swallow and endoscopy. RESULTS: After mediastinal mobilization (median 10 cm), the intra-abdominal oesophageal length was >1.5 cm in 17 patients (4 type II, 11 type III and 2 type IV) and ≤1.5 cm in 17 patients (13 type III and 4 type IV hernia). No statistically significant differences were found between patients with intra-abdominal oesophageal length > or ≤1.5 cm with respect to symptoms duration and severity. Global results (median follow-up 48 months) were excellent in 44% of patients, good in 50%, fair in 3% and poor in 3%. HH relapse occurred in 3%. CONCLUSIONS: True short oesophagus is present in 57% of type III-IV and in none of type II HHs. The intraoperative measurement of the submerged intra-abdominal oesophagus is an objective method for recognizing these patients. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV ID: NCT01587859. https://register.clinicaltrials.gov/prs/app/action/SelectProtocol?sid=S0003J7U&selectaction=View&uid=U0000GED&ts=4&cx=uweuc0.
European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 11/2012; · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aims of this study are to evaluate the macroscopic and microscopic changes in the remnant stomach at mid-term follow-up of patients who underwent a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on vertical banded gastroplasty (RYGB-on-VBG). The stomach could be reached through a 1.1-cm gastro-gastrostomy with an endoscope of standard size. METHODS: From January 2009 to July 2010, 51 asymptomatic patients at 4 and 5 years follow-up after RYGB-on-VBG submitted to upper endoscopy. All of them were examined with standard endoscopy with collection of biopsies in gastric fundus, body, and antrum. The macroscopic and microscopic findings were analyzed according to Sydney Classification. RESULTS: The endoscopy of the remnant stomach was technically easy and already showed on macroscopic examination 90 % cases of gastritis (41.2 % mild, 49 % severe) with tendency of severity in the distal stomach part. Histological analysis detected 39.2 % of active gastritis, 50.6 % of quiescent gastritis, 7.8 % of intestinal metaplasia, and 3.9 % of lymphoma-like gastritis. CONCLUSIONS: The results surprised us. We found a very high rate of mucosa abnormalities after RYGB-on-VBG. All of the patients have to be regularly controlled in follow-up and treatment has to be introduced when needed. Again, we would like to ask the question: what is happening with the remnant stomach after standard RYGB, banded gastric bapass, or minigastric bypass? Did we reach the time to answer the question?
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to assess the potential barrier effect of Esoxx(®), a new nonprescription medication under development for the relief of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms. Esoxx is based on a mixture of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate in a bioadhesive suspension of Lutrol(®) F 127 polymer (poloxamer 407) which facilitates the product adhesion on the esophageal mucosa. The mucosal damage was induced by 15 to 90 minutes of perfusion with an acidic solution (HCl, pH 1.47) with or without pepsin (2000 U/mL, acidified to pH 2; Sigma-Aldrich). Mucosal esophageal specimens were histologically evaluated and Evans blue dye solution was used to assess the permeability of the swine mucosa after the chemical injury. The results show that: (1) esophageal mucosal damage is related to the perfusion time and to the presence of pepsin, (2) mucosal damage is associated with an increased permeability, documented by an evident Evans blue staining, (3) perfusion with Esoxx is able to reduce the permeability of the injured mucosa, even after saline washing of the swine esophagus. These preliminary results support further clinical studies of Esoxx in the topical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms.
Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology 01/2012; 5:103-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prevalence of gastroesophageal (GE) mucosal prolapse in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was investigated as well as the clinical profile and treatment outcome of these patients. Of the patients who were referred to our service between 1980 and 2008, those patients who received a complete diagnostic work-up, and were successively treated and followed up at our center with interviews, radiology studies, endoscopy, and, when indicated, esophageal manometry and pH recording were selected. The prevalence of GE prolapse in GERD patients was 13.5% (70/516) (40 males and 30 females with a median age of 48, interquartile range 38-57). All patients had dysphagia and reflux symptoms, and 98% (69/70) had epigastric or retrosternal pain. Belching decreased the intensity or resolved the pain in 70% (49/70) of the cases, gross esophagitis was documented in 90% (63/70) of the cases, and hiatus hernias were observed in 62% (43/70) of the cases. GE prolapse in GERD patients was accompanied by more severe pain (P < 0.05) usually associated with belching, more severe esophagitis, and dysphagia (P < 0.05). A fundoplication was offered to 100% of the patients and was accepted by 56% (39/70) (median follow up 60 months, interquartile range 54-72), which included two Collis-Nissen techniques for true short esophagus. Patients who did not accept surgery were medically treated (median follow up 60 months, interquartile range 21-72). Persistent pain was reported in 98% (30/31) of medical cases, belching was reported in 45% (14/31), and GERD symptoms and esophagitis were reported in 81% (25/31). After surgery, pain was resolved in 98% (38/39) of the operative cases, and 79% (31/39) of them were free of GERD symptoms and esophagitis. GE prolapse has a relatively low prevalence in GERD patients. It is characterized by epigastric or retrosternal pain, and the need to belch to attenuate or resolve the pain. The pain is allegedly a result of the mechanical consequences of prolapse of the gastric mucosa into the esophagus.
Diseases of the Esophagus 11/2011; 25(6):491-7. · 1.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The advent of capsule endoscopy (CE) has resulted in a paradigm shift in the approach to the diagnosis and management of patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). With increasing global availability of this diagnostic tool, it has now become an integral part of the diagnostic algorithm for OGIB in most parts of the world. However, there is scant data on optimum timing of CE for maximizing diagnostic yield. OGIB continues to be a challenge because of delay in diagnosis and consequent morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the diagnostic yield of CE in identifying the source of bleeding in patients with OGIB. We identified patients who underwent CE at our institution from May 2006 to May 2011. The patients' medical records were reviewed to determine the type of OGIB (occult, overt), CE results and complications, and timing of CE with respect to onset of bleeding. Out of 346 patients investigated for OGIB, 246 (71.1%) had some lesion detected by CE. In 206 patients (59.5%), definite lesions were detected that could unequivocally explain the OGIB. Small bowel angiodysplasia, ulcer/erosions secondary to Crohn's disease, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent use, and neoplasms were the commonest lesions detected. Visualization of the entire small bowel was achieved in 311 (89.9%) of cases. Capsule retention was noted in five patients (1.4%). In this study, CE was proven to be a safe, comfortable, and effective, with a high rate of accuracy for diagnosing OGIB.
Internal and Emergency Medicine 09/2011; · 2.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heller myotomy results for the treatment of sigmoid achalasia are worse than those achieved for fusiform achalasia. We retrospectively examined two groups of sigmoid achalasia patients, in which we performed (1) the standard Heller-Dor procedure (no pull-down) and (2) the Heller-Dor plus a technique apt to obtain the verticality of the oesophageal axis (pull-down). We verified whether the latter technique improved long-term results.
We considered 33 patients affected by primitive oesophageal sigmoid achalasia operated upon consecutively (1979-2005). Diagnosis was based on symptoms, manometry, radiology and endoscopy. After 1987, we routinely isolated 360 degrees of the gastro-oesophageal junction and the lower oesophagus and applied U stitches at the right side of the lower oesophagus to pull down and rotate the gastro-oesophageal junction toward the right. Fifteen patients underwent the no pull-down and 18 patients underwent the pull-down technique. Postoperative follow-up included objective clinical and instrumental evaluation (questionnaire filled by a surgeon including the assessment of symptoms and endoscopic reflux oesophagitis according to a semi-quantitative scale) and subjective evaluation (self-evaluation SF-36 questionnaire).
The mean follow-up period was 89 months (range 12-261 months). The postoperative dysphagia score was significantly improved in the entire group. Excellent results were present in 12 patients (36.4%), good in 11 (33.3%), fair in 3 (9.1%) and insufficient in 7 patients (21.2%). No statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups with regard to the postoperative symptoms and oesophagitis. Postoperative radiological measurements of oesophageal diameter and residual barium column were significantly improved in the whole group and within each group with respect to the radiological variables measured preoperatively (p=0.000). In the comparison of the two groups, statistically significant differences were observed with regard to mean oesophageal diameter (p=0.030) (pull-down, 4+/-0.9 cm; no pull-down, 4.7+/-0.6 cm) and residual barium column (p=0.048) (pull-down, 6.2+/-3.4 cm; no pull-down, 9.6+/-5.8 cm).
The Heller-Dor operation is effective in the presence of sigmoid achalasia. The clinical objective and subjective evaluations show a trend toward the improvement of results with the pull-down technique. Stronger statistical significance would probably be obtained from a larger case series.
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 01/2008; 32(6):827-33. · 2.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The morphologic and immunohistochemical profiles of gastric mucosa and of the tumor were assessed in Siewert type I, type II, and gastric antrum adenocarcinomas.
Sixty-two patients, prospectively operated upon, were included in the study: 37 type II, 15 type I, and 10 antrum adenocarcinoma. Samples of the tumor, the surrounding area, and the gastric corpus and antrum were analyzed histologically, and immunostained for cytokeratins (CK)7/20 (staining positive for cells labeled > or = 50%).
Among the 37 type II adenocarcinomas were the following: (1) 13 of 37 (35%) had intestinal metaplasia (IM) in the stomach; (2) 24 of 37 (65%) did not show IM at any level; (3) 34 of 37 (92%) had Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection; (4) 13 of 37(35%) had CK7/20 expression of "Barrett's type" (CK7+/20-); 24 of 37 (65%) had a "no Barrett's type" profile (10 of 37 with CK7-/CK20+ and 14 of 37 with CK7+/CK20+); (5) 100% showed the same CK immunoprofile, both in IM and adenocarcinoma (measure of agreement k = 1, p = 0.000). Type I adenocarcinomas showed the following: (1) 87.5% CK Barrett's type, both in the tumor, and in the surrounding IM; (2) 100% gastric samples devoid of both IM and HP infection. Comparison between CK immunoprofiles in type I and type II tumors showed a difference within the two groups (p = 0.002). One hundred percent of antrum adenocarcinomas showed a no Barrett's type CK profile, both in the tumor and in the IM of the entire stomach.
Data suggest that type II adenocarcinoma cannot be always considered a gastroesophageal reflux disease-related tumor; other pathogenetic pathways should be taken into consideration.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 05/2007; 83(5):1814-9. · 3.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nowadays the subjective assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life after surgery for achalasia is often associated with the instrumental methods in order to evaluate long-term results of therapy.
To assess the long-term objective and subjective results of the surgical treatment of achalasia and to study the correlation between clinical-instrumental methods and those based on the patient's self-assessment and on Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaires.
One hundred and twenty-four patients consecutively submitted to trans-abdominal Heller-Dor operation were periodically followed up with clinical examination, endoscopy, barium swallow and manometry. The Health-Related Quality of Life was assessed using the 36 item short form (SF-36) and the Psychological General Well-Being Index questionnaire. The statistical comparison between the results of the self-assessment questionnaires and the long-term clinical-instrumental result was calculated by means of linear regression analysis.
Over the years, 123 patients underwent at least one complete clinical-instrumental check-up and filled the self-assessment questionnaires. Mean follow-up was 105 months (range 12-288) with a median of 82.5 months. The result of the surgery was considered satisfactory in 93.5% of the patients, while the reflux oesophagitis observed in 6.5% of the cases was the main cause of failure. Clinical scores for dysphagia and for gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms were significantly reduced after surgery. The results of the SF-36 and Psychological General Well-Being Index questionnaires were in our population very high and clinical correlation (p<0.05) emerged in physical function, in role physical, in mental health and in vitality domains of SF-36 questionnaire, and in self-control and general health scales of Psychological General Well-Being Index questionnaire.
Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaires can be considered valid aids in evaluating surgical results, but the clinical-instrumental evaluation remains the cardinal point of every long-term assessment in order to diagnose complications, the disease-related conditions of the patient and to acquire reliable data on which scientific discussion can be based.
Digestive and Liver Disease 08/2006; 38(8):544-51. · 3.16 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the literature, reports on the definitive rate of cure of the surgical treatment of oesophageal achalasia are not numerous. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical-instrumental-based patient's outcome related to long-term follow-up.
One hundred and seventy-four patients (80 men, median age 57 years, range 7-83) consecutively submitted to first instance transabdominal Heller-Dor in the period 1978-2002 were considered. Follow-up consisted of clinical interview, endoscopy, barium-swallow and oesophageal manometry if required. Twenty-six cases (15%) were sigmoid achalasias.
One patient died post-operatively (severe haemorrhage in a patient previously operated upon for a cardiovascular malformation and suffering for portal hypertension), 173 were followed-up (mean 109 months, range 12-288, median 93 months) of whom 68 for more than 15 years. On the whole 151 patients (87.3%) had satisfactory and 22 (12.7%) had poor long-term results. Seven out of 173 patients (4%), 6 of whom were pre-operatively classified as sigmoid achalasia, subsequently underwent oesophagectomy, 3 for epidermoid cancer, 1 for Barrett's adenocarcinoma, 2 for stasis oesophagitis and recurrent sepsis, 1 for severe dysphagia. Fifteen patients (8.7%) had an insufficient result due to reflux oesophagitis which appeared in 2 (one erosion) after 184 and 252 months. All 22 patients, whether surgically or medically retreated, achieved satisfactory control of dysphagia and reflux symptoms.
In the long term, insufficient results strictly related to Heller-Dor failure, always due to reflux oesophagitis, were recorded in 15/173 patients (8.7%) although it is questionable whether reflux oesophagitis appearing after more than 15 years is due to the Dor incompetence or to ageing. In sigmoid achalasia, oesophagectomy rather than myotomy should be taken into consideration in the first instance. In the long-term, surgery is the best definitive treatment for oesophageal achalasia.
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 07/2006; 29(6):914-9. · 2.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to illustrate a laparoscopic-thoracoscopic technique for the surgical management of foreshortened esophagus in patients affected by severe gastro-esophageal reflux disease. The patient is placed on the operating table with the left chest and arm lifted to perform a thoracostomy in theV-VI space, posterior to the axillary line. The hiatus is opened and the distal esophagus is mobilized. With intraoperative endoscopy the position of the gastroesophageal junction in relationship to the hiatus is determined in order to decide whether to perform a standard procedure for reflux or to lengthen the esophagus. In the second case, short gastric vessels are divided and the gastric fundus is mobilized. An endostapler is introduced into the left chest. The Collis gastroplasty is performed over a 42 Maloney bougie. A floppy Nissen and the hiatoplasty complete the procedure. Twenty-two procedures of laparoscopic-thoracoscopic Collis gastroplasty were performed. The postoperative course was regular in 17 patients and complicated in 5 cases. Two procedures were converted for split of the endosuture caused by an oversized Maloney bougie (52 Ch). Other complications included intrathoracic migration of the fundoplication with need for repeating laparoscopic surgery, an empyema without fistula and atrial fibrillation. In conclusion, this technique corresponds to all principles of anti-reflux surgery and makes it possible to properly treat any anatomical condition.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the rush to implement laparoscopic surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), the necessity to treat a short oesophagus with dedicated techniques was not always adequately considered. The aim of this study was to define the frequency, patterns and surgical treatment of the intrathoracic migration of the g-o junction and short oesophagus in GORD.
Between 1980 and 2003 our group indicated surgery only for severe and complicated GORD and for drawbacks of medical therapy. Preoperatively patients underwent clinical-instrumental work up. The various degrees of the intrathoracic migration of the g-o junction were classified according to the barium swallow. A total of 319 patients operated upon were grouped according to the periods 1980-1991 and 1992-2003 with 149 and 170 patients, respectively. In the first period only 'open' procedures were performed; the Collis gastroplasty in addition to the antireflux procedure was performed when reduction of the g-o junction in the abdomen required excessive tension. In the second period mini-invasive techniques were progressively introduced. During laparoscopy, the relationship between the g-o junction and the hiatus, and the need to elongate the oesophagus, was assessed by intraoperative oesophagoscopy.
The Collis gastroplasty was performed in 29% in the first period and in 23% in the second period. Radiology was a strong predictor of the necessity to elongate the oesophagus. In the second period, global long-term results improved with respect to the first period; P = 0.047 (first period satisfactory 82%, poor 18%, median FU 84, 12-252 months; second period satisfactory 93%, poor 7%, median FU 34, 6-126 months). In the second period, Collis-Nissen and Collis-Belsey procedures had satisfactory results in 80% and poor in 20%.
In surgery for severe GORD, the Collis procedure is required in 23% of operations; radiology helps to plan surgery; intraoperative endoscopy avoids unnecessary oesophageal lengthening.
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 07/2004; 25(6):1079-88. · 2.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prevalence and clinical presentation of reducible and irreducible hiatus hernia were investigated within a gastro-esophageal reflux disease patient population. Reflux symptoms and esophagitis data were collected on 791 patients. The barium swallow was used to assess the esophagogastric junction. Clinical and endoscopic findings were tested to predict radiographic findings. The esophagogastric junction was normal in 17% of patients, 53% had a sliding hiatus hernia with a reducible esophagogastric junction; in 23% it was irreducible although axial, and 8% had massive incarcerated hiatus hernia. The presence of reducible sliding hiatus hernia did not influence clinical presentation. Axial irreducibility presented with long-standing severe symptoms and esophagitis in 80% of cases. Clinical and endoscopic findings predicted axial irreducibility in 52% of cases. In conclusion, sliding hiatus hernia with an reducible esophagogastric junction does not influence the severity of gastroesophageal reflux disease. An irreducible esophagogastric junction is associated with long-standing severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. Clinical and endoscopic findings may only be indicative of axial esophagogastric junction irreducibility; thus barium swallow should be part of the work-up.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 10/2003; 48(9):1823-31. · 2.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a complex multifactorial disorder whose treatment is based on knowledge of its pathophysiology, natural history and evolution. Recently the relationship between the severest degrees of cardial incontinence and hiatus hernia has been emphasized, which causes the impairment of the mechanical properties of the gastro-oesophageal barrier and of oesophageal acid clearing. Among different types of hiatus hernia, those characterized by the permanent axial orad migration of the oesophago-gastric (EG) junction (nonreducible hiatus hernia) are correlated with severe GERD. Barium swallow may adequately differentiate hiatal insufficiency, concentric hiatus hernia and short oesophagus which are the steps of migration across or above the diaphragm. When associated with panmural oesophagitis and fibrosis of the oesophageal wall, these conditions may be the cause of recurrence of hiatus hernia and reflux after laparoscopic standard anti-reflux surgical procedures; in the presence of nonreducibility of the EG junction below the diaphragm without tension, dedicated surgical procedures are necessary. It is currently agreed that surgical therapy is indicated for patients affected by severe GERD who are not compliant with long-term medical therapy, require high dosages of drugs and are too young for lifetime medical treatment. While the existence of severe GERD correlated with an irreversible anatomical disorder represents an elective indication for surgery, warrants further investigation. Accurate identification of the functional and anatomical abnormalities underlying GERD is mandatory in order to decide whether medical or surgical therapy should be implemented, and to tailor the surgical technique, laparoscopic or open, to each patient.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined the value of multislice computed tomography (CT) with three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the images as a pre-treatment examination in order to plan endoluminal stenting in 14 patients with large tumours involving the oesophagus and/or the tracheobronchial tree. The measurement of the stenosis obtained during 3D reconstruction of the CT images corresponded to that obtained by endoscopy and to the prosthesis chosen in all cases, with the exception of one patient undergoing double stenting due to inadequate gaseous distension of the oesophageal lumen. 3D CT may add information with respect to axial imaging, and be helpful to better plan and perform stenting of the oesophagus and airways without burdening the preoperative work-up.
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 02/2003; 23(1):106-8. · 2.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of our paper is to define, on the basis of a long experience, the anatomical and radiological classification of the progressive phases of the axial intrathoracic migration of the esophago-gastric junction (EGJ), through a standardised radiological method that allows precise identification of the anatomical structures involved.
From 1981 to 2001, 1388 patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) were examined by traditional contrast techniques that consisted in taking single contrast radiograms of the patients in different positions after administering a small high-density bolus of barium: with the patient standing up in frontal position, at rest, during forced inspiration, and during straining; standing up in a right front 30 degrees oblique position; and in prone position, in a right posterior 30 degrees oblique projection. On the basis of previous radiological and manometric studies aimed at verifying the diagnostic reliability of the radiological examination , the distance of the esophago-gastric junction from the esophageal hiatus was indirectly evaluated in an anterior-posterior projection, according to the criteria introduced by Monges . The sling fibers, which form a radiologically detectable cut at the apex of the angle of His, are the lowest portion of the EGJ.
On the basis of the radiological findings, and in agreement with the radiological classifications reported in the literature, we evidenced five groups, with pathologically characteristic signs: - 1(st) group (63%) patients who in orthostatic position have an EGJ regularly placed within the abdomen (16%), and patients with the EGJ regularly placed within the abdomen, but with a small sliding intermittent hiatus hernia (47%); - 2(nd) group (13%) cardial tuberosity malposition; - 3(rd) group (7%) concentric hiatus hernia; - 4(th) group (8%) acquired short esophagus; - 5(th) group (9%) massive incarcerated gastric hiatus hernia.
Traditional radiography, performed with an adequate technique and with the necessary expedients, allows for the correct interpretation of the anatomical disoder called GERD, and is therefore the first diagnostic approach in defining correct patient management.
La radiologia medica 01/2002; 104(5-6):385-93. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bleeding due to radiation proctocolitis is a frequent and severe complication of radiotherapy in cancers of the pelvis.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic treatment with Nd:YAG laser in this condition.
A series of 9 patients with radiation-induced damage in the rectum and sigma were treated with endoscopic Nd:YAG laser until significant bleeding stopped and endoscopic features of proctocolitis improved. They received a median of 3 laser treatments (range 1-10) over a maximum time period of 11 months.
In 4 cases, bleeding ceased and, in 4, it was reduced to occasional spotting. In the remaining patient, laser therapy led to only a transient improvement, but did not modify the requirement of blood transfusion. In the 5 patients also suffering from urgency, incontinence and/or rectal mucoid discharge, the laser therapy course also relieved these symptoms. No significant treatment-related complications were observed.
Endoscopic Nd: YAG laser is a useful and safe treatment for patients with bleeding due to radiation proctocolitis.
Digestive and Liver Disease 05/2001; 33(3):230-3. · 3.16 Impact Factor