Yung-Chang Chen

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (91)236.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency can adversely influence the prognosis of critically ill patients. However, its impact on the outcomes of patients with cirrhosis and acute gastroesophageal variceal bleeding remains unknown. We evaluated adrenal function using short corticotropin stimulation test in patients with cirrhosis and gastroesophageal variceal bleeding. The main outcomes analyzed were 5-day treatment failure and 6-week mortality.
    Critical care medicine. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with unfavorable prognosis. Endothelial activation and injury were found to play a critical role in the development of both AKI and AMI. This pilot study aimed to determine whether the plasma markers of endothelial injury and activation could serve as independent predictors for AKI in patients with AMI.
    Critical care (London, England) 05/2014; 18(3):R100. · 4.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polyomavirus BK (BKV) infection is an important cause of renal allograft failure. Viral microRNAs are known to play a crucial role in viral replication. This study investigated the expression of BKV-encoded microRNAs (miR-B1) in patients with polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN) and their role in viral replication. Following BKV infection in renal proximal tubular cells, the 3p and 5p miR-B1 levels were significantly increased. Cells transfected with the vector containing the miR-B1 precursor (the miR-B1 vector) showed a significant increase in expression of 3p and 5p miR-B1 and decrease in luciferase activity of a reporter containing the 3p and 5p miR-B1 binding sites, compared to cells transfected with the miR-B1-mutated vector. Transfection of the miR-B1 expression vector or the 3p and 5p miR-B1 oligonucleotides inhibited expression of TAg. TAg-enhanced promoter activity and BKV replication were inhibited by miR-B1. In contrast, inhibition of miR-B1 expression by addition of miR-B1 antagomirs or silencing of Dicer upregulated the expression of TAg and VP1 proteins in BKV-infected cells. Importantly, patients with PVAN had significantly higher levels of 3p and 5p miR-B1 compared to renal transplant patients without PVAN. In conclusion, we demonstrated that 1) miR-B1 expression was upregulated during BKV infection and 2) miR-B1 suppressed TAg-mediated autoregulation of BKV replication. Use of miR-B1 can be evaluated as a potential treatment strategy against BKV infection.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 04/2014; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been utilized for patients in critical condition, including life-threatening respiratory failure and postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. This study analyzed the outcomes of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated by ECMO and identified the relationship between prognosis and urine output (UO) obtained on the first day of ECMO support. This study reviewed the medical records of 81 ARDS patients after ECMO support on a specialized cardiovascular surgery intensive care unit of a tertiary care university hospital between May 2006 and December 2011. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory variables were retrospectively collected as survival predictors. The overall mortality rate was 55.5%. A multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, mean arterial pressure, platelet count, and UO on day 1 of ECMO support were independent risk factors for hospital mortality. By using the areas under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve, UO obtained on the first day of ECMO support demonstrated good discriminative power (AUROC 0.754 ± 0.056, p < 0.001). Urine output had the best discriminative power, the best Youden index, and the highest overall correctness of prediction. Cumulative survival rates at the 6-month follow-up differed significantly (p < 0.001) for UO 1,432 mL or greater on day 1 of ECMO support versus those with UO less than 1,432 mL on day 1 of ECMO support. In ARDS patients receiving ECMO support, UO obtained on the first day of ECMO support showed good prognostic ability in predicting hospital mortality.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2014; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence supports that proteinuria is a useful tool in several clinical situations. Cirrhotic patients with proteinuria admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) have high mortality rates. This study analyzed the outcomes of critically ill cirrhotic patients and determined the prognostic value of proteinuria. A total of 230 cirrhotic patients were admitted to the ICU of a hospital in Taiwan between March 2008 and February 2011. We prospectively collected data, including demographic parameters and clinical characteristics, of patients on day 1 of admission to the ICU and analyzed these variables as predictors of mortality. The overall ICU, hospital, and 90-day mortality rates were 54%, 60%, and 63%, respectively. The patients with proteinuria had higher rates of acute kidney injury (84% vs. 53%, P<0.001), ICU death (60% vs. 25%, P<0.001), and 90-day mortality (79% vs. 40%, P<0.001). Patients with proteinuria had a hazard ratio for 90-day mortality of 2.800 (P<0.001; 95% CI, 1.927-4.069). Multivariate analysis showed that proteinuria and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score were predictors of short-term prognosis. Proteinuria in critically ill cirrhotic patients is associated with increased complications of liver cirrhosis, ICU mortality, and poor short-term prognosis.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 01/2014; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been utilized for critically ill patients such as patients with postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock or life-threatening respiratory failure. Acute kidney injury (AKI) that develops during ECMO is associated with a very poor outcome, possibly because of accumulated extravascular water causing interstitial overload, impaired oxygen transport through tissues, and increased extravascular lung water volume with impaired O2 transport. Increased water is associated with subsequent organ dysfunction, particularly of the heart, lungs, and brain. Based on single-center studies, the incidence of AKI is 70–85% in ECMO patients. Therefore, renal replacement therapy is required in approximately 50% of these patients. This review summarizes three modalities that can be used to introduce renal replacement therapy to patients on ECMO, the pathophysiology of AKI in ECMO, and the impact of AKI on mortality. This review also identifies specific research-focused questions that need to be addressed to predict AKI early and to improve outcomes in this at-risk adult population.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Polyomavirus BK (BKV) infection is an important cause of renal allograft failure. Viral microRNAs are known to play a crucial role in viral replication. This study investigated the expression of BKV-encoded microRNAs (miR-B1) in patients with polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN) and their role in viral replication. Following BKV infection in renal proximal tubular cells, the 3p and 5p miR-B1 levels were significantly increased. Cells transfected with the vector containing the miR-B1 precursor (the miR-B1 vector) showed a significant increase in expression of 3p and 5p miR-B1 and decrease in luciferase activity of a reporter containing the 3p and 5p miR-B1 binding sites, compared to cells transfected with the miR-B1-mutated vector. Transfection of the miR-B1 expression vector or the 3p and 5p miR-B1 oligonucleotides inhibited expression of TAg. TAg-enhanced promoter activity and BKV replication were inhibited by miR-B1. In contrast, inhibition of miR-B1 expression by addition of miR-B1 antagomirs or silencing of Dicer upregulated the expression of TAg and VP1 proteins in BKV-infected cells. Importantly, patients with PVAN had significantly higher levels of 3p and 5p miR-B1 compared to renal transplant patients without PVAN. In conclusion, we demonstrated that 1) miR-B1 expression was upregulated during BKV infection and 2) miR-B1 suppressed TAg-mediated autoregulation of BKV replication. Use of miR-B1 can be evaluated as a potential treatment strategy against BKV infection.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2014; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver transplantation can prolong survival in patients with end-stage liver disease. We have proposed that the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score calculated on post-transplant day 7 has a great discriminative power for predicting 1-year mortality after liver transplantation. The Chronic Liver Failure - Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (CLIF-SOFA) score, a modified SOFA score, is a newly developed scoring system exclusively for patients with end-stage liver disease. This study was designed to compare the CLIF-SOFA score with other main scoring systems in outcome prediction for liver transplant patients.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(9):e107138. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An elevated level of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is widely considered an indicator of an underlying inflammatory disease and a long-term prognostic predictor for dialysis patients. This cross-sectional cohort study was designed to assess the correlation between the level of high-sensitivity CRP (HS-CRP) and the outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. A total of 402 patients were stratified into 3 tertiles (lower, middle, upper) according to serum HS-CRP level and and followed up from October 2009 to September 2011. During follow-up, cardiovascular events, infection episodes, technique failure, and mortality rate were recorded. During the 24-month follow-up, 119 of 402 patients (29.6%) dropped out from PD, including 28 patients (7.0%) who died, 81 patients (20.1%) who switched to hemodialysis, and 10 patients (2.5%) who underwent kidney transplantation. The results of Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test demonstrated a significant difference in the cumulative patient survival rate across the 3 tertiles (the lowest rate in upper tertile). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, only higher HS-CRP level, older age, the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), lower serum albumin level, and the occurrence of cardiovascular events during follow-up were identified as independent predictors of mortality. Every 1 mg/L increase in HS-CRP level was independently predictive of a 1.4% increase in mortality. Multivariate Cox regression analysis also showed that higher HS-CRP level, the presence of DM, lower hemoglobin level, lower serum albumin level, higher dialysate/plasma creatinine ratio, and the occurrence of infective episodes and cardiovascular events during follow-up were independent predictors of technique failure. The present study shows the importance of HS-CRP in the prediction of 2-year mortality and technique survival in PD patients independent of age, diabetes, hypoalbuminemia, and the occurrence of cardiovascular events.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(3):e93063. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) is an acute-phase protein produced by the liver. It has been shown that LBP plays an important role in the inflammatory response to sepsis. LBP has also been shown to protect animals from endotoxin challenge by facilitating the removal of endotoxin from the blood circulation. Cirrhotic patients are susceptible to bacterial infection. It is unknown whether pre-existing liver dysfunction impacts the LBP levels and thus the prognosis in severe sepsis. We evaluated the serum LBP, inflammatory cytokines, and the relationship between LBP concentrations, functional liver reserve and outcomes in 58 critically ill cirrhotic patients with severe sepsis. The serum LBP levels were significantly higher in 28-day survivors, while the interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels were significantly higher in non-survivors. We analyzed the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to determine the cut-off point for LBP to predict 28-day mortality. The cumulative rates at 28 days were 58.3% versus 16.7% for the high LBP group (>46 ng/mL) and low LBP group (<46 ng/mL) (p < 0.001). The high-LBP group had significantly lower INR, Child-Pugh, Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores and TNF-α level. Meanwhile, the LBP levels were inversely correlated with INR, and Child-Pugh, MELD and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores. The concentration of LBP is associated inversely with disease severity scores and outcomes in critically ill cirrhotic patients with severe sepsis.
    Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 11/2013; · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a heterogeneous disease caused by mutations in PKD1 and PKD2. The genotype-phenotype correlations are not completely understood. We performed direct PCR-sequencing plus multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification for PKD1 and PKD2 in 46 unrelated patients. Disease-causing mutations were identified in 30 (65%) patients: 23 (77%) patients have mutations in PKD1 and 7 (23%) have mutations in PKD2. Nonsense, splicing or frame-shifting mutations were found in 18 patients, exon duplication in 1 and missense mutations in 11 patients. Two likely PKD1 hypomorphic alleles (p.Arg2477His and p.Arg3439Trp) segregated with mild disease in a family. A total of 34 mutations were identified and 17 (50%) of which are novel. The median age at onset of dialysis was significantly earlier in patients with PKD1 mutations (52 years) than in patients with PKD2 mutations (65.5 years) and those with an undetermined genotype (67 years) by survival analysis (log-rank test, P=0.014). Patients carrying PKD1-truncating mutations have a trend toward earlier initiation of dialysis compared with carriers of non-truncating mutations (52 years vs 57 years, P=0.061). A family history of dialysis before 55 years was more common in PKD1 patients than in others (P<0.05). In conclusion, this study identified novel mutations in PKD1 and PKD2 and demonstrated the presence of PKD1 hypomorphic alleles in Taiwanese patients. Patients carrying PKD1 mutations, especially those with truncating mutations, could have a more rapidly progressive disease than others. These results might have implications for diagnosis and risk stratification in patients with ADPKD.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 29 August 2013; doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.91.
    Journal of Human Genetics 08/2013; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis may develop after endoscopic procedures, and the benefit of prophylactic antibiotics is unclear. In the present study, we investigated whether prophylactic antibiotics reduce the incidence of peritonitis in these patients. We retrospectively reviewed all endoscopic procedures, including esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, cystoscopy, hysteroscopy, and hysteroscopy-assisted intrauterine device (IUD) implantation/removal, performed in CAPD patients at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan, between February 2001 and February 2012. Four hundred and thirty-three patients were enrolled, and 125 endoscopies were performed in 45 patients. Eight (6.4%) peritonitis episodes developed after the examination. Antibiotics were used in 26 procedures, and none of the patients had peritonitis (0% vs. 8.1% without antibiotic use; p = 0.20). The peritonitis rate was significantly higher in the non-EGD group than in the EGD group (15.9% [7/44] vs. 1.2% [1/81]; p<0.005). Antibiotic use prior to non-EGD examinations significantly reduced the endoscopy-associated peritonitis rate compared to that without antibiotic use (0% [0/16] vs. 25% [7/28]; p<0.05). Peritonitis only occurred if invasive procedures were performed, such as biopsy, polypectomy, or IUD implantation, (noninvasive procedures, 0% [0/20] vs. invasive procedures, 30.4% [7/23]; p<0.05). No peritonitis was noted if antibiotics were used prior to examination with invasive procedures (0% [0/10] vs. 53.8% [7/13] without antibiotic use; p<0.05). Although not statistically significant, antibiotics may play a role in preventing gynecologic procedure-related peritonitis (antibiotics, 0% [0/4] vs. no antibiotics, 55.6% [5/9]; p = 0.10). Antibiotic prophylaxis significantly reduced endoscopy-associated PD peritonitis in the non-EGD group. Endoscopically assisted invasive procedures, such as biopsy, polypectomy, IUD implantation/removal, and dilatation and curettage (D&C), pose a high risk for peritonitis. Prophylactic antibiotics for peritonitis prevention may be required in colonoscopic procedures and gynecologic procedures.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e71532. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in critically ill patients results in a high hospital mortality. Outcome prediction in this selected high-risk collective is challenging due to the lack of appropriate biomarkers. The aim of this study was to identify outcome-specific biomarkers in this patient population. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Serum samples were collected from 101 critically ill patients with AKI at the initiation of RRT in intensive care units (ICUs) of a tertiary care university hospital between August 2008 and March 2011. Measurements of serum levels of cystatin C (CysC), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, and interleukin-18 (IL-18) were performed. The primary outcome measure was hospital mortality. The observed overall mortality rate was 56.4% (57/101). Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the serum IL-18 and CysC concentrations and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation III (ACPACHE III) scores determined on the first day of RRT were independent predictors of hospital mortality. The APACHE III score had the best discriminatory power (0.872±0.041, p<0.001), whereas serum IL-18 had the best Youden index (0.65) and the highest correctness of prediction (83%). Cumulative survival rates at 6-month follow-up following hospital discharge differed significantly (p<0.001) for serum IL-18 <1786 pg/ml vs. ≥1786 pg/ml in these critically ill patients. In this study, we confirmed the grave prognosis for critically ill patients at the commencement of RRT and found a strong correlation between serum IL-18 and the hospital mortality of ICU patients with dialysis-dependent AKI. In addition, we demonstrated that the APACHE III score has the best discriminative power for predicting hospital mortality in these critically ill patients.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(5):e66028. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute renal failure (ARF) is a common complication of liver cirrhosis and severe sepsis. Differentiating functional renal failure from acute tubular necrosis (ATN) has been difficult in this clinical setting. It has been shown urinary interleukin 18 (IL-18) can serve as a sensitive marker for ARF and ATN. This study was aimed to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic values of urinary IL-18 in ARF associated with liver cirrhosis and severe sepsis. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the relationship between urinary IL-18 and clinical outcomes in 168 consecutive cirrhotic patients with severe sepsis. RESULTS: One hundred eight patients (64.3%) developed ARF at admission to ICU. ARF was associated with higher urinary IL-18 and impaired effective arterial volume. Renal failure was functional in 64 (59.2%), due to acute tubular necrosis (ATN) in 30 (27.7%), and mixed type in 14 (12.9%). Patients with ATN had significantly higher level of urinary IL-18, rates of vasopressor dependency, and hospital mortality than those with functional renal failure. By using the areas under receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve, urinary IL-18 demonstrated an excellent discriminative power (AUROC 0.882) for diagnosing tubular injury in those with ARF. Meanwhile, hospital survivors had significantly lower urinary and serum IL-18 levels, compared to non-survivors. In multivariate analysis, urinary IL-18, INR, and mean arterial pressure were independent factors to predict hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Urinary IL-18 can serve as a diagnostic and prognostic marker in cirrhotic patients with severe sepsis.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10/2012; · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Recent studies have proven that initial renal dysfunction and worsening renal function during hospitalization can predict the clinical outcome of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). There is limited study regarding acute kidney injury (AKI) by the RIFLE classification (Risk of renal failure, Injury to the kidney, Failure of kidney function, Loss of kidney function, and End-stage renal failure) to assess the outcome of AMI survivors. Methods and Results: During a mean follow-up period of 635.3±204.9 days, the 2-year mortality rate was 10.6% in 613 AMI patients who survived to discharge. Adjusted Cox regression analysis revealed that left ventricular dysfunction (<40%) [hazard ratio (HR), 2.83; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-7.20; P=0.029], estimated glomerular filtration rate <60ml·min(-1)·1.73m(-2) on admission (HR, 4.01; 95% CI, 1.51-10.62; P=0.005), and AKI severity by RIFLE classification during first week after hospitalization (Injury: HR, 8.11; 95% CI, 2.53-26.05; P=0.001; Failure: HR, 19.28; 95% CI, 2.24-166.26; P=0.007) were independent predictors of 2-year mortality. Conclusions: Independent of initial renal dysfunction on admission, the AKI severity by RIFLE classification may be useful in establishing the hospital discharge risk score for predicting long-term mortality in AMI patients who survive to discharge.
    Circulation Journal 09/2012; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Often seen in childhood, Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a self-limiting illness, in which complications involving intussusception are rarely found in adults. This study reported a case of HSP initially presented as intussusception in a 60-year-old man. Gastrointestinal manifestations before the onset of rash may prevent an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. Primary care physicians should be alert for this association between intussusception and HSP, especially in adult patients.
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 09/2012; 344(4):337-339. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical treatment is an option for both type A aortic dissection and complicated type B aortic dissection. Acute kidney injury (AKI) influences the disease course after surgery. Our hypothesis was that AKI should be an important prognostic factor for aortic dissection after surgical treatment. Between July 2005 and October 2010, 268 patients (mean age 53 ± 14 years; range, 16 to 88) underwent open surgery for aortic dissection. We reviewed the clinical presentations, surgical variables, and postoperative outcomes to identify the risk factors of death. The 256 patients were divided into groups, with and without AKI, within 24 hours after operation according to the RIFLE (acronym for risk, injury, failure, loss, end stage) criteria. The in-hospital mortality rate was 17.9%, the 1-year mortality rate was 18.7%, and the major adverse cardiac events rate within 1 year was 29.9%. In multivariate analysis, patients more than 70 years of age (hazard ratio [HR] 2.390, p = 0.029), cardiogenic shock (HR 2.895, p = 0.005), preoperative ventilator use (HR 4.137, p = 0.018), operation at midnight (HR 2.295, p = 0.028), longer bypass time (HR 1.007, p < 0.001), and AKI (HR 2.552, p = 0.041) were clinical predictors of mortality. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the survival rate was strongly correlated with the severity of AKI by the RIFLE criteria. The independent predictors of AKI included hypertension (odds ratio 2.340, p = 0.027), sepsis (odds ratio 2.594, p = 0.043), and lower limb malperfusion (odds ratio 4.558, p = 0.022). Our study provides outcomes of postoperative aortic dissection. We found that AKI was a predictor of 1-year mortality by using the RIFLE criteria. Factors associated with increased 1-year mortality and AKI should be taken into consideration for surgery and postoperative care.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2012; 94(5):1407-12. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have revealed that acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with acute kidney injury (AKI), about 17%, is strongly related to long-term mortality and heart failure. The dynamic changes in renal function during AMI are strongly related to long-term mortality and heart failure. Our study used clinical parameters and AKI biomarkers including neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-18, and cystatin C to evaluate prognostic relevance of AKI in the setting of AMI. This prospective study was conducted from November 2009 to January 2011 and enrolled sequential 96 patients with catheter-proven AMI; it was approved by the institutional review board of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan (institutional review board no. 99-0140B) and conformed to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. The definition of AKI is the elevation of serum creatinine of more than 0.3 mg/dL within 48 hours. Our results show that the incidence of AKI after AMI is 17.7% (17 patients). The following could be statistically related to AKI after AMI: age (P = .012), cardiac functions (Killip stage and echocardiogram; P = .003 each), Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade (P < .001), stenting (P < .001), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (P = .005), IL-6 (P = .01), IL-18 (P = .002), and cystatin C (P = .002) in serum. The TIMI flow grade and serum cystatin C were shown to be important predictors by using multivariate analysis. Both TIMI flow lower than grade 2 and serum cystatin C of more than 1364 mg/L could be used to predict AKI (both overall correctness, 0.78). Moreover, IL-6 in serum is also associated with the major cardiovascular events after AMI (P = .02), as demonstrated in our study. In conclusion, the worse TIMI flow and high plasma cystatin C can be used to predict AKI after AMI. Moreover, IL-6 can also be used as a 30-day major cardiovascular event indicator after AMI. A larger prospective and longitudinal study should follow the relationship between AKI predictors after AMI.
    Journal of critical care 07/2012; 27(5):525.e1-7. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leptospirosis is the most common zoonosis in the world but remains underreported, owing to protean manifestations and ignorance about the disease among health care providers in Taiwan. From September 2000 to March 2006, surveillance of 455 patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome with unclear cause or clinical suspicion of leptospirosis was performed. Diagnosis was further confirmed by microscopic agglutination test or isolation of Leptospira. Cases were classified as excluded based on confirmed etiology other than leptospirosis or negative paired serologic test. Forty-two patients were confirmed as having leptospirosis, which accounted for 9.2% of total patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Forty-nine excluded cases were identified for a case-control analysis for clinical distinction. The most common presentations of leptospirosis were fever (97.6%), acute kidney injury (85.7%), and jaundice (61.9%). The leptospirosis group showed lower urine specific gravity (cutoff value, 1.0145) and enlarged kidney size (cutoff value, 11.05 cm) as compared with the excluded cases by multivariate logistics regression. Delayed antibiotic administration prolongs the duration of hospitalization (R2 = 0.486, P < 0.01). No mortality has been found in the leptospirosis group after initiation in 2003 of rapid immunoglobulin M serology assay that showed considerably high sensitivity and specificity. Leptospirosis accounts for a salient cause of multiple organ dysfunctions in Taiwan. Early awareness of leptospirosis by distinct presentations, followed by prompt antibiotics therapy, can dramatically save the patients. The easily performed rapid immunoglobulin M serology assay is suitable as a rapid screening test for the diagnosis of leptospirosis.
    Shock (Augusta, Ga.) 05/2012; 38(1):24-9. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leptospirosis is the most common zoonosis in the world but remains underreported, owing to protean manifestations and ignorance about the disease among healthcare providers in Taiwan. From September 2000 to March 2006, surveillance of 455 multiple organ dysfunction syndrome patients with unclear cause or clinical suspicion of leptospirosis was performed. Diagnosis was further confirmed by microscopic agglutination test or isolation of leptospira. Cases were classified as excluded based on confirmed etiology other than leptospirosis or negative paired serologic test. Forty-two patients were confirmed as leptospirosis, which accounted for 9.2% of total patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Forty-nine excluded cases were identified for a case-control analysis for clinical distinction. The most common presentations of leptospirosis were fever (97.6%), acute kidney injury (85.7%), and jaundice (61.9%). The leptospirosis group showed lower urine specific gravity (cutoff value: 1.0145) and enlarged kidney size (cutoff value: 11.05 cm) as compared with the excluded cases by multivariate logistics regression. Delayed antibiotics administration prolongs the duration of hospitalization (R Square: .486, P< .01). No mortality has been found in the leptospirosis group after initiation in 2003 of rapid IgM serology assay that showed considerably high sensitivity and specificity. Leptospirosis accounts for a salient cause of multiple organ dysfunctions in Taiwan. Early awareness of leptospirosis by distinct presentations, followed by prompt antibiotics therapy can dramatically save the patients. The easy-performed rapid IgM serology assay is suitable as a rapid screening test for the diagnosis of leptospirosis.
    Shock (Augusta, Ga.) 05/2012; · 2.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

782 Citations
236.45 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
      • • Division of Nephrology
      • • Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2002–2013
    • Chang Gung University
      • • Department of Nephrology
      • • College of Medicine
      • • School of Medicine
      Hsin-chu-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2011
    • Cardiff University
      Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom
    • Taipei Medical University
      • Division of Nephrology
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2010
    • National Yang Ming University
      • Institute of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan