Jean-François Bosset

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble, Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes, France

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Publications (44)406.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The study objectives were to analyze the impact of the number of lymph nodes (LNs) reported as resected (NLNr) and the number of LNs invaded (NLNi) on the prognosis of esophageal cancer (EC) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.
    Annals of surgery. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Although often investigated in locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC), the impact of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) in early stages is unknown. The aim of this multicenter randomized phase III trial was to assess whether NCRT improves outcomes for patients with stage I or II EC.
    Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 06/2014;
  • Jean-François Bosset, Laurence Collette
    The Lancet Oncology 05/2014; 15(6):e197-8. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the oncology setting, there has been increasing interest in evaluating treatment outcomes in terms of quality of life and patient satisfaction. The aim of our study was to investigate the determinants of patient satisfaction, especially the relationship between quality of life and satisfaction with care and their changes over time, in curative treatment of cancer outpatients. Patients undergoing ambulatory chemotherapy or radiotherapy in two centers in France were invited to complete the OUT-PATSAT35, at the beginning of treatment, at the end of treatment, and three months after treatment. This questionnaire evaluates patients' perception of doctors and nurses, as well as other aspects of care organization and services. Additionally, for each patient, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, and self-reported quality of life data (EORTC QLQ-C30) were collected. Of the 691 patients initially included, 561 answered the assessment at all three time points. By cross-sectional analysis, at the end of the treatment, patients who experienced a deterioration of their global health reported less satisfaction on most scales (p <= 0.001). Three months after treatment, the same patients had lower satisfaction scores only in the evaluation of doctors (p <= 0.002). Furthermore, longitudinal analysis showed a significant relationship between a deterioration in global health and a decrease in satisfaction with their doctor and, conversely, between an improvement in global health and an increase in satisfaction on the overall satisfaction scale. Global health at baseline was largely and significantly associated with all satisfaction scores measured at the following assessment time points (p < 0.0001). Younger age (<55 years), radiotherapy (versus chemotherapy) and head and neck cancer (versus other localizations) were clinical factors significantly associated with less satisfaction on most scales evaluating doctors. Pre-treatment self-evaluated global health was found to be the major determinant of patient satisfaction with care. The subsequent deterioration of global health, during and after treatment, emphasized the decrease in satisfaction scores, mainly in the evaluation of doctors. Early initiatives aimed at improving the delivery of care in patients with poor health status should lead to improved perception of the quality of care received.
    BMC Cancer 01/2014; 14(1):42. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background EORTC trial 22921 examined the addition of preoperative or postoperative chemotherapy to preoperative radiotherapy in patients with rectal cancer. After a median follow-up of 5 years, chemotherapy—irrespective of timing—significantly improved local control. Adjuvant chemotherapy did not improve survival, but the Kaplan-Meier curves diverged, suggesting possible delayed benefit. Here, we report the updated long-term results. Methods We randomly assigned patients with clinical stage T3 or T4 resectable rectal cancer to receive preoperative radiotherapy with or without concomitant chemotherapy before surgery followed by either adjuvant chemotherapy or surveillance. Randomisation was done using minimisation with factors of institution, sex, T stage, and distance from the tumour to the anal verge. Study coordinators, clinicians, and patients were aware of assignment. Radiotherapy consisted of 45 Gy to the posterior pelvis in 25 fractions of 1·8 Gy over 5 weeks. Each course of chemotherapy consisted of fluorouracil (350 mg/m2 per day intravenous bolus) and folinic acid (leucovorin; 20 mg/m2 per day intravenous bolus). For preoperative chemotherapy, two courses were given (during weeks 1 and 5 of radiotherapy). Adjuvant chemotherapy was given in four cycles, every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was overall survival. This analysis was done by intention to treat. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00002523. Findings 1011 patients were randomly assigned to treatment between April, 1993, and March, 2003 (252 to preoperative radiotherapy and 253 to each of the other three groups). After a median follow-up of 10·4 years (IQR 7·8–13·1), 10-year overall survival was 49·4% (95% CI 44·6–54·1) for the preoperative radiotherapy group and 50·7% (45·9–55·2) for the preoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy group (HR 0·99, 95% CI 0·83–1·18; p=0·91). 10-year overall survival was 51·8% (95% CI 47·0–56·4) for the adjuvant chemotherapy group and 48·4% (43·6–53·0) for the surveillance group (HR 0·91, 95% CI 0·77–1·09, p=0·32). 10-year disease-free survival was 44·2% (95% CI 39·5–48·8) for the preoperative radiotherapy group and 46·4% (41·7–50·9) for the preoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy group (HR 0·93, 95% CI 0·79–1·10; p=0·38). 10-year disease-free survival was 47·0% (95% CI 42·2–51·6) for the adjuvant chemotherapy group and 43·7% (39·1–48·2) for the surveillance group (HR 0·91, 95% CI 0·77–1·08, p=0·29). At 10 years, cumulative incidence of local relapse was 22·4% (95% CI 17·1–27·6) with radiotherapy alone, 11·8% (7·8–15·8) with neoadjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy, 14·5% (10·1–18·9) with radiotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy and 11·7% (7·7–15·6) with both adjuvant and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (p=0·0017). There was no difference in cumulative incidence of distant metastases (p=0·52). The frequency of long-term side-effects did not differ between the four groups (p=0·22). Interpretation Adjuvant fluorouracil-based chemotherapy after preoperative radiotherapy (with or without chemotherapy) does not affect disease-free survival or overall survival. Our trial does not support the current practice of adjuvant chemotherapy after preoperative radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. New treatment strategies incorporating neoadjuvant chemotherapy are required. Funding EORTC, US National Cancer Institute, Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique, Ligue contre le Cancer Comité du Doubs.
    The Lancet Oncology 01/2014; 15(2). · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many studies have reported that most invasive anal carcinomas contain high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs), HPV16 being the most prevalent type. This study aimed to investigate HPV status and cellular biomarkers in invasive anal cancers. HPV genotype distribution was determined in 76 anal cancers by the INNO-LiPA assay (Innogenetics, Gent, Belgium). HPV16-positive samples were then tested for viral load and physical state with type-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction targeting E6, E2, and albumin genes. Samples were also subjected to immunohistochemical analysis of p16, Ki-67, p53, and p21. Of the analyzable tumors, 98.6% were positive for α-HPV DNA. HPV16 was the most prevalent genotype (89.0%), followed by HPV39 (4.1%) and HPV33 (2.7%). HPV16 viral load was high, ranging from 2.1 × 10(3) to 1.5 × 10(7) copies/10(3) cells. Integration of HPV16 estimated by the E2/E6 ratio was detected in 77.8% of cases, among which 70.4% were mixed integrated and episomal DNA cases and 7.4% were fully integrated DNA cases. The latter cases were associated with a low HPV16 load compared with cases containing either episomes or mixed integrated and episomal DNA. As expected, most HPV16-positive tumors expressed p16 (92.6%) with a high proliferative index, whereas a minority of them overexpressed p53 (10.3%). p21 expression did not appear to correlate with p53 expression. Although HPV16 was almost exclusively detected, high viral load and differences in DNA integration have been identified in the present series of anal cancers. HPV features assessed in conjunction with expression of cell-cycle regulators could be helpful, as joint biomarkers, in predicting clinical outcome.
    Human pathology 12/2012; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We report the long-term results of a trial of immediate postoperative irradiation versus a wait-and-see policy in patients with prostate cancer extending beyond the prostate, to confirm whether previously reported progression-free survival was sustained. METHODS: This randomised, phase 3, controlled trial recruited patients aged 75 years or younger with untreated cT0-3 prostate cancer (WHO performance status 0 or 1) from 37 institutions across Europe. Eligible patients were randomly assigned centrally (1:1) to postoperative irradiation (60 Gy of conventional irradiation to the surgical bed for 6 weeks) or to a wait-and-see policy until biochemical progression (increase in prostate-specific antigen >0·2 μg/L confirmed twice at least 2 weeks apart). We analysed the primary endpoint, biochemical progression-free survival, by intention to treat (two-sided test for difference at α=0.05, adjusted for one interim analysis) and did exploratory analyses of heterogeneity of effect. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00002511. FINDINGS: 1005 patients were randomly assigned to a wait-and-see policy (n=503) or postoperative irradiation (n=502) and were followed up for a median of 10·6 years (range 2 months to 16·6 years). Postoperative irradiation significantly improved biochemical progression-free survival compared with the wait-and-see policy (198 [39·4%] of 502 patients in postoperative irradiation group vs 311 [61·8%] of 503 patients in wait-and-see group had biochemical or clinical progression or died; HR 0·49 [95% CI 0·41-0·59]; p<0·0001). Late adverse effects (any type of any grade) were more frequent in the postoperative irradiation group than in the wait-and-see group (10 year cumulative incidence 70·8% [66·6-75·0] vs 59·7% [55·3-64·1]; p=0.001). INTERPRETATION: Results at median follow-up of 10·6 years show that conventional postoperative irradiation significantly improves biochemical progression-free survival and local control compared with a wait-and-see policy, supporting results at 5 year follow-up; however, improvements in clinical progression-free survival were not maintained. Exploratory analyses suggest that postoperative irradiation might improve clinical progression-free survival in patients younger than 70 years and in those with positive surgical margins, but could have a detrimental effect in patients aged 70 years or older. FUNDING: Ligue Nationale contre le Cancer (Comité de l'Isère, Grenoble, France) and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Charitable Trust.
    The Lancet 10/2012; · 39.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with satisfaction with care in cancer patients undergoing ambulatory treatment. We investigated associations between patients' baseline clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, as well as self-reported quality of life, and satisfaction with care. Patients undergoing ambulatory chemotherapy or radiotherapy in 2 centres in France were invited, at the beginning of their treatment, to complete the OUT-PATSAT35, a 35 item and 13 scale questionnaire evaluating perception of doctors, nurses and aspects of care organisation. Additionally, for each patient, socio-demographic variables, clinical characteristics and self-reported quality of life using the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire were recorded. Among 692 patients included between January 2005 and December 2006, only 6 were non-responders. By multivariate analysis, poor perceived global health strongly predicted dissatisfaction with care (p < 0.0001). Patients treated by radiotherapy (vs patients treated by chemotherapy) reported lower levels of satisfaction with doctors' technical and interpersonal skills, information provided by caregivers, and waiting times. Patients with primary head and neck cancer (vs other localisations), and those living alone were less satisfied with information provided by doctors, and younger patients (< 55 years) were less satisfied with doctors' availability. A number of clinical of socio-demographic factors were significantly associated with different scales of the satisfaction questionnaire. However, the main determinant was the patient's global health status, underlining the importance of measuring and adjusting for self-perceived health status when evaluating satisfaction. Further analyses are currently ongoing to determine the responsiveness of the OUT-PATSAT35 questionnaire to changes over time.
    BMC Cancer 12/2011; 11:526. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to develop accurate models and nomograms to predict local recurrence, distant metastases, and survival for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer treated with long-course chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery and to allow for a selection of patients who may benefit most from postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and close follow-up. All data (N = 2,795) from five major European clinical trials for rectal cancer were pooled and used to perform an extensive survival analysis and to develop multivariate nomograms based on Cox regression. Data from one trial was used as an external validation set. The variables used in the analysis were sex, age, clinical tumor stage stage, tumor location, radiotherapy dose, concurrent and adjuvant chemotherapy, surgery procedure, and pTNM stage. Model performance was evaluated by the concordance index (c-index). Risk group stratification was proposed for the nomograms. The nomograms are able to predict events with a c-index for external validation of local recurrence (LR; 0.68), distant metastases (DM; 0.73), and overall survival (OS; 0.70). Pathologic staging is essential for accurate prediction of long-term outcome. Both preoperative CRT and adjuvant chemotherapy have an added value when predicting LR, DM, and OS rates. The stratification in risk groups allows significant distinction between Kaplan-Meier curves for outcome. The easy-to-use nomograms can predict LR, DM, and OS over a 5-year period after surgery. They may be used as decision support tools in future trials by using the three defined risk groups to select patients for postoperative chemotherapy and close follow-up (http://www.predictcancer.org).
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2011; 29(23):3163-72. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been implicated as an oncogene in several neoplastic diseases. However, the biological effects of STAT3 have not been extensively studied in rectal carcinogenesis. To evaluate STAT3 activation in advanced rectal cancers and its association with clinicopathological variables and prognosis. Nuclear immunohistochemical expression of phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) was studied in 104 advanced rectal cancers (T3-T4). All patients were participating in the EORTC 22921 trial to assess whether preoperative chemoradiotherapy followed by postoperative chemotherapy improved overall and progression-free survival. Nuclear p-STAT3 expression was detected in 37.5% of rectal cancer patients. No correlation was observed between p-STAT3 and any clinicopathological variables tested. However, patients with tumours positive for p-STAT3 had significantly improved overall survival. These results highlight an unexpected role for nuclear p-STAT3 expression in advanced rectal cancers and need further investigation to clarify this finding.
    Journal of clinical pathology 10/2010; 63(10):873-8. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative 5-fluorouracil-based chemoradiotherapy has been established as standard treatment for patients with cT3-T4 or N+ resectable rectal cancer by three randomized clinical trials. Local recurrence rates in the range of 6–8% are now common, a figure that was unachievable 15 years ago. However, combined modality treatment does not necessarily translate into a survival gain and induce acute toxicity that may be significant for some patients. The identification of higher risk subgroups of patients from lower risk subgroups of patients is a new paradigm designed to match treatment intensity with risk assessment and clinical outcome. Modern imaging techniques, biomarkers, and gene expression profiling hold promising for selecting future preoperative treatment strategies.
    07/2010: pages 165-174;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with the decision to perform an abdominoperineal resection (APR) and to assess if these factors or the surgical procedure itself is associated with circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement, local recurrence (LR), overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). The Swedish Rectal Cancer Trial (SRCT), TME trial, CAO/ARO/AIO-94 trial, EORTC 22921 trial and Polish Rectal Cancer Trial (PRCT) were pooled. A propensity score was calculated, which indicated the predicted probability of undergoing an APR given gender, age and distance, and used in the multivariate analyses. An APR procedure was associated with an increased risk of CRM involvement [odd ratio (OR) 2.52, p<0.001], increased LR rate [hazard ratio (HR) 1.53, p=0.001] and decreased CSS rate (HR 1.31, p=0.002), whereas the propensity score was not. The results suggest that the APR procedure itself is a significant predictor for non-radical resections and increased risk of LR and death due to cancer for patients with advanced rectal cancer.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 05/2009; 45(7):1175-83. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative treatments for patients with T3 rectal cancer have significantly improved local recurrence rates, while survival outcomes have not changed significantly relative to those achieved with surgery alone. The prognosis of patients with T3 tumors, however, is heterogeneous; therapy should be carefully selected based on characteristics of the tumor and other prognostic indices to provide an optimal outcome for each patient. This paper summarizes key findings from several large trials that have examined use of preoperative radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer, how these results can be applied to selection of the best therapy for an individual patient, as well as prognostic/predictive factors that have been identified and clinical tools for measuring them.
    Gastrointestinal cancer research: GCR 08/2008; 2(4 Suppl):S54-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Small and large bowels are dose-limiting structures for acute and late toxicity of abdominopelvic radiotherapy. Minor or moderate toxicities are underestimated. Major toxicities may occur years from treatment. Current optimal radiotherapy planning may predict precisely toxicities and new technologies for treatment delivery may prevent and/or reduce the frequency and severity of radiation enteropathy.
    La Revue du praticien 07/2008; 58(11):1217-22.
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    ABSTRACT: Randomized clinical trials have recently established preoperative chemoradiotherapy as the new standard treatment for patients with localized cT3-T4 or N+ rectal cancer. Although its inclusion in the modern multidisciplinary management of patients with rectal cancer makes total eradication of pelvic failure a near reality, it does not yet translate into improved survival. As a result, clinical research should be primarily directed against the micrometastatic process, focusing on integrating innovative strategies, such as upfront chemotherapy before chemoradiation, in subgroups of patients recognized to be at high risk.
    Current Oncology Reports 06/2008; 10(3):220-4. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    Jean-François Bosset
    Gastrointestinal cancer research: GCR 02/2008; 2(1):37-8.
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    ABSTRACT: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) trial 22921 compared adjuvant fluorouracil-based chemotherapy (CT) to no adjuvant treatment in a 2 x 2 factorial trial with randomization for preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy in patients with resectable T3-4 rectal cancer. The results showed no significant impact of adjuvant CT on progression-free or overall survival, although a difference seemed to emerge at approximately, respectively, 2 and 5 years after the start of preoperative treatment. We further explored the data with the aim of refining our understanding of the long-term results. Data of 785 of the 1,011 randomly assigned patients who whose disease was M0 at curative surgery were used. Using meta-analytic methods, we investigated the homogeneity of the effect of adjuvant CT on the time to relapse or death after surgery (disease-free survival [DFS]) and survival in patient subgroups. Although there was no statistically significant impact of adjuvant CT on DFS for the whole group (P > .5), the treatment effect differed significantly between the ypT0-2 and the ypT3-4 patients (heterogeneity P = .009): only the ypT0-2 patients seemed to benefit from adjuvant CT (P = .011). The same pattern was observed for overall survival. Exploratory analyses suggest that only good-prognosis patients (ypT0-2) benefit from adjuvant CT. This could explain why, in the whole group, the progression-free and overall survival diverged only after the poor-prognosis patients (ypT3-4) had experienced treatment failure. Patients in whom no downstaging was achieved did not benefit. This also suggests that the same prognostic factors may drive both tumor sensitivity for the primary treatment and long-term clinical benefit from further adjuvant CT.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2007; 25(28):4379-86. · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 11/2007; 69(3). · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The randomized controlled European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) trial 22911 studied the effect of radiotherapy after prostatectomy in patients with adverse risk factors. Review pathology data of specimens from participants in this trial were analyzed to identify which factors predict increased benefit from adjuvant radiotherapy. After prostatectomy, 1,005 patients with stage pT3 and/or positive surgical margins were randomly assigned to a wait-and-see (n = 503) and an adjuvant radiotherapy (60 Gy conventional irradiation) arm (n = 502). Pathologic review data were available for 552 patients from 11 participating centers. The interaction between the review pathology characteristics and treatment benefit was assessed by log-rank test for heterogeneity (P < .05). Margin status assessed by review pathology was the strongest predictor of prolonged biochemical disease-free survival with immediate postoperative radiotherapy (heterogeneity, P < .01): by year 5, immediate postoperative irradiation could prevent 291 events/1,000 patients with positive margins versus 88 events/1,000 patients with negative margins. The hazard ratio for immediate irradiation was 0.38 (95% CI, 0.26 to 0.54) and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.53 to 1.46) in the groups with positive and negative margins, respectively. We could not identify a significant impact of the positive margin localization. Provided careful pathology of the prostatectomy is performed, our results suggest that immediate postoperative radiotherapy might not be recommended for prostate cancer patients with negative surgical margins. These findings require validation on an independent data set.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2007; 25(27):4178-86. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present analyses aimed to determine risk factors for rectal cancer patients associated with circumferential resection margin (CRM) and number of examined lymph nodes (LN) and to correlate these parameters of surgical quality with local recurrence (LR), disease-free and overall survival (DFS and OS). Data of 884 eligible patients, who underwent a resection and had no metastases at time of surgery, were analysed. Age, period of treatment, distance and pT-stage were associated with surgical quality. CRM involvement, but not the number of examined LN, was associated with a higher risk of an LR, reduced DFS and OS. An abdomino-perineal resection (APR) was a risk factor for adverse outcome. Surgical quality is an important predictor of outcome, also for patients treated with conventional RT or chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Preoperative CRT results in downstaging and downsizing of the tumour, but not in less CRM involvement.
    European Journal of Cancer 09/2007; 43(12):1821-8. · 5.06 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
406.95 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble
      Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2007
    • European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      • Department of Surgery
      Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands
    • Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto
      • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2006
    • University of Franche-Comté
      Becoinson, Franche-Comté, France
  • 2004–2005
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional et Universitaire de Besançon
      Becoinson, Franche-Comté, France