Victoria Z C Borba

Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curityba, Paraná, Brazil

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Publications (39)57.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with low aBMD as measured by DXA and altered microstructure as assessed by bone histomorphometry and microcomputed tomography. Knowledge of bone matrix mineralization is lacking in COPD. Using quantitative backscatter electron imaging (qBEI), we assessed cancellous (Cn.) and cortical (Ct.) bone mineralization density distribution (BMDD) in 19 postmenopausal women (62.1±7.3 years of age) with COPD. Eight had sustained fragility fractures, and 13 had received treatment with inhaled glucocorticoids. The BMDD outcomes from the patients were compared to healthy reference data and were correlated with previous clinical and histomorphometric findings. In general, the BMDD outcomes for the patients were not significantly different from the reference data. Neither the subgroups of with or without fragility fractures or of who did or did not receive inhaled glucocorticoid treatment, showed differences in BMDD. However, subgroup comparison according to severity revealed 10% decreased cancellous mineralization heterogeneity (Cn.CaWidth) for the most severely affected compared to less affected patients (p=0.042) and compared to healthy premenopausal controls (p=0.021). BMDD parameters were highly correlated with histomorphometric cancellous bone volume (BV/TV) and formation indices: mean degree of mineralization (Cn.CaMean) versus BV/TV (r=0.58, p=0.009), and Cn.CaMean and Ct.CaMean versus bone formation rate (BFR/BS) (r=-0.71, p<0.001). In particular, those with lower BV/TV (<50(th) percentile) had significantly lower Cn.CaMean (p=0.037) and higher Cn.CaLow (p=0.020) compared to those with higher (>50(th) percentile) BV/TV. The normality in most of the BMDD parameters and bone formation rates as well as the significant correlations between them suggest unaffected mineralization processes in COPD. Our findings also indicate no significant negative effect of treatment with inhaled glucocorticoids on the bone mineralization pattern. However, the observed concomitant occurrence of relatively lower bone volumes with lower bone matrix mineralization will both contribute to the reduced aBMD in some patients with COPD. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Bone 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.bone.2015.05.018 · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Summary Lower bone mineral density, vitamin D deficiency, lower lean body mass, greater loss of excess weight, and increased bone turnover are complications found after bariatric surgery correlated in the literature with increased risk of fractures. The prevention and treatment of such complications should begin immediately after surgery. Introduction The aims of the study were to evaluate bone mass in patients undergoing bariatric surgery by the Wittgrove technique after 1 year of the procedure and correlate it with body composition, weight loss, 25OH vitamin D levels, and markers of bone metabolism. Methods The operated group (OG) participated in a clinical consultation; a blood sample taken and a body composition; and bone mineral density assessment by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The results were compared with a control group (CG). Results Fifty-six subjects in the OG and 27 in the CG were included. The bone mineral density (BMD), after the surgery, at the lumbar spine (LS) was lower in the OG than in the CG. There was a positive correlation between total body (TB) BMD with 25OHD, body mass index (BMI), and lean mass and an inverse correlation with percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL). Vitamin D deficiency was seen in 60.41 % (OG) and in 16.6 % (CG). PTH was higher in the OG, with secondary hyperparathyroidism in 41.7 %. In 26.5 % and 14.2 % of the OG, ALP and OC levels were above the reference values. In Conclusions Lower BMD was observed, correlated with lower lean body mass and greater loss of excess weight. Vitamin D deficiency with high prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism and high bone turnover was detected. The prevention of bone loss should be initiated in the first months after surgery, which is a period associated with severe muscle loss and increased bone turnover.
    Osteoporosis International 11/2014; 26(2). DOI:10.1007/s00198-014-2962-4 · 4.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe four cases of atypical femoral fractures treated at the Department of Endocrinology, Hospital de Clínicas, Federal University of Paraná (SEMPR) which, although characteristic of this type of fracture, presented clinical peculiarities that should be considered and serve as a warning in these patients, such as: late diagnosis with maintenance of bisphosphonates; absence of co-morbidities with excellent result; failure of fracture healing; use of anabolic medication after the fracture and the use of bone turnover markers at the follow up.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The objective is to present an update on the diagnosis and treatment of hypovitaminosis D, based on the most recent scientific evidence. Materials and methods The Department of Bone and Mineral Metabolism of the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabology (SBEM) was invited to generate a document following the rules of the Brazilian Medical Association (AMB) Guidelines Program. Data search was performed using PubMed, Lilacs and SciELO and the evidence was classified in recommendation levels, according to the scientific strength and study type. Conclusion A scientific update regarding hypovitaminosis D was presented to serve as the basis for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition in Brazil.
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    ABSTRACT: Osteocalcin is a bone matrix protein that has been associated with several hormonal actions on energy and glucose metabolism. Animal and experimental models have shown that osteocalcin is released into the bloodstream and exerts biological effects on pancreatic beta cells and adipose tissue. Undercarboxylated osteocalcin is the hormonally active isoform and stimulates insulin secretion and enhances insulin sensitivity in adipose tissue and muscle. Insulin and leptin, in turn, act on bone tissue, modulating the osteocalcin secretion, in a traditional feedback mechanism that places the skeleton as a true endocrine organ. Further studies are required to elucidate the role of osteocalcin in the regulation of glucose and energy metabolism in humans and its potential therapeutic implications in diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome.
    Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 07/2014; 58(5):444-451. DOI:10.1590/0004-2730000003333 · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Organ transplantation is the gold standard therapy for several end-stage diseases. Bone loss is a common complication that occurs in transplant recipients. Osteoporosis and fragility fractures are serious complication, mainly in the first year post transplantation. Many factors contribute to the pathogenesis of bone disease following organ transplantation. This review address the mechanisms of bone loss including the contribution of the immunosuppressive agents as well as the specific features to bone loss after kidney, lung, liver, cardiac and bone marrow transplantation. Prevention and management of bone loss in the transplant recipient should be included in their post transplant follow-up in order to prevent fractures.
    Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 07/2014; 58(5):484-492. DOI:10.1590/0004-2730000003343 · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 01/2014; 58(5):411-433. DOI:10.1590/0004-2730000003388 · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To conduct a literature review on the diagnosis and management of primary hyperparathyroidism including the classical hipercalcemic form as well as the normocalcemic variant. This scientific statement was generated by a request from the Brazilian Medical Association (AMB) to the Brazilian Society for Endocrinology as part of its Clinical Practice Guidelines program. Articles were identified by searching in PubMed and Cochrane databases as well as abstracts presented at the Endocrine Society, Brazilian Society for Endocrinology Annual Meetings and the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting during the last 5 years. Grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendation were adapted from the first report of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine. All grades of recommendation, including "D", are based on scientific evidence. The differences between A, B, C and D, are due exclusively to the methods employed in generating evidence. We present a scientific statement on primary hyperparathyroidism providing the level of evidence and the degree of recommendation regarding causes, clinical presentation as well as surgical and medical treatment.
    Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 08/2013; 57(6):406-24. DOI:10.1590/S0004-27302013000600002 · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated vitamin D status in Brazilian cities located at different latitudes. Insufficiency (<50 nmol/L) was common (17 %), even in those living in a tropical climate. Vitamin D insufficiency increased as a function of latitude. Mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in each site and latitude correlation were very high (r = -0.88; p < 0.0001). INTRODUCTION: Inadequate vitamin D, determined by low levels of 25(OH)D, has become very common despite the availability of sunlight at some latitudes. National data from a country that spans a wide range of latitudes would help to determine to what extent latitude or other factors are responsible for vitamin D deficiency. We investigated vitamin D status in cities located at different latitudes in Brazil, a large continental country. METHODS: The source is the Brazilian database from the Generations Trial (1,933 osteopenic or osteoporotic postmenopausal women (60 to 85 years old) with 25(OH)D measurements). 25(OH)D below 25 nmol/L (10 ng/mL) was an exclusion criterion. Baseline values were between fall and winter. The sites included Recife, Salvador, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Curitiba, and Porto Alegre. Mean and standard deviation of 25(OH)D, age, spine and femoral neck T-score, calcium, creatinine, and alkaline phosphatase were calculated for each city. Pearson correlation was used for 25(OH)D and latitude. RESULTS: Insufficiency (<50 or <20 ng/mL) was common (329 subjects, 17 %). Vitamin D insufficiency increased as a function of latitude, reaching 24.5 % in the southernmost city, Porto Alegre. The correlation between mean 25(OH)D levels in each site and latitude was very high (r = -0.88, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: There is a high percentage of individuals with vitamin D insufficiency in Brazil, even in cities near the equator, and this percentage progressively increases with more southern latitudes.
    Osteoporosis International 04/2013; 24(10). DOI:10.1007/s00198-013-2366-x · 4.17 Impact Factor
  • C A M Kulak, V Z Cochenski Borba, J Kulak, M Ribeiro Custódio
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis and high risk of fractures have emerged as frequent and devastating complications of organ solid transplantation process. Bone loss after organ transplant is related to adverse effects of immunosuppressive drugs on bone remodeling and bone quality. Many factors contribute to the pathogenesis of osteoporosis in transplanted patients. This review address the mechanisms of bone loss that occurs both in the early and late post-transplant periods including the contribution of the immunosuppressive agents as well as the specific features to bone loss after kidney, lung, liver and cardiac transplantation. Therapy for bone loss and prevention of fragility fracture in the transplant recipient will also be discussed.
    Minerva endocrinologica 09/2012; 37(3):221-31. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    Mauricio Carvalho, Carolina Aguiar Moreira Kulak, Victória Zegbi Cochenski Borba
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of hypercalciuria (HC) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and its relationship with clinical data and bone mineral metabolism. Calciuria was measured in 24-hour urine samples of 127 women. BMD was measured in the lumbar spine and femur by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Mean age (±SD) was 64 (±8) years. According to urinary calcium excretion, patients were divided into normo- and hypercalciuric (HC). Of the 127 patients, 19 (15%) were classified as HC. The only difference between the groups was the age of onset of menopause (46 ± 6 vs. 50 ± 3 years HC, p < 0.0005). No association was found between calciuria and age, BMI, BMD, calcium, phosphorus, PTH, and alkaline phosphatase. HC is frequent in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, and calciuria measurement should be included in the investigation of these patients.
    Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 02/2012; 56(1):1-5. DOI:10.1590/S0004-27302012000100001 · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transplantation is an established therapy for end-stage diseases of kidney, lung, liver, and heart among others. Osteoporosis and fragility fractures are serious complications of organ transplantation, particularly in the first post-transplant year. Many factors contribute to the pathogenesis of osteoporosis following organ transplantation. This review addresses the mechanisms of bone loss that occurs both in the early and late post-transplant periods, including the contribution of the immunosuppressive agents as well as the specific features to bone loss after kidney, lung, liver, cardiac, and bone marrow transplantation. Prevention and treatment for osteoporosis in the transplant recipient are also discussed.
    Current Osteoporosis Reports 12/2011; 10(1):48-55. DOI:10.1007/s11914-011-0083-y
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with osteoporosis and fragility fractures. The objectives of this study were to assess static and dynamic indices of cancellous and cortical bone structure in postmenopausal women with COPD. Twenty women with COPD who had not received chronic oral glucocorticoids underwent bone biopsies after double tetracycline labeling. Biopsies were analyzed by histomorphometry and µCT and compared with age-matched controls. Distribution of the patients according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) was: Type I (15%), Type II (40%), Type III (30%), and Type IV (15%). Mean (±SD) cancellous bone volume (15.20 ± 5.91 versus 21.34 ± 5.53%, p = .01), trabecular number (1.31 ± 0.26 versus 1.77 ± 0.51/mm, p = .003), and trabecular thickness (141 ± 23 versus 174 ± 36 µm, p = .006) were lower in patients than in controls. Connectivity density was lower in COPD (5.56 ± 2.78 versus 7.94 ± 3.08/mm, p = .04), and correlated negatively with smoking (r = -0.67; p = .0005). Trabecular separation (785 ± 183 versus 614 ± 36 µm, p = .01) and cortical porosity (4.11 ± 1.02 versus 2.32 ± 0.94 voids/mm(2); p < .0001) were higher in COPD while cortical width (458 ± 214 versus 762 ± 240 µm; p < .0001) was lower. Dynamic parameters showed significantly lower mineral apposition rate in COPD (0.56 ± 0.16 versus 0.66 ± 0.12 µm/day; p = .01). Patients with more severe disease, GOLD III and IV, presented lower bone formation rate than GOLD I and II (0.028 ± 0.009 versus 0.016+ 0.011 µm(3)/µm(2)/day; p = 04). This is the first evaluation of bone microstructure and remodeling in COPD. The skeletal abnormalities seen in cancellous and cortical bone provide an explanation for the high prevalence of vertebral fractures in this disease.
    Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 09/2010; 25(9):1931-40. DOI:10.1002/jbmr.88 · 6.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transplantation is an established therapy for many hematologic disorders as well as for end-stage diseases of the kidney, lung, liver, heart among others. Osteoporosis and a high incidence of fragility fractures have emerged as a complication of organ transplantation. Many factors contribute to the pathogenesis of osteoporosis following organ transplantation. In addition, most patients have some form of bone disease prior to transplantation, which is usually related to adverse effects of end-stage organ failure on the skeleton. This chapter reviews the mechanisms of bone loss that occur both in the early and late post-transplant periods including the contribution of immunosuppressive agents as well as the specific features of bone loss after kidney, lung, liver, cardiac and bone marrow transplantation. Prevention and treatment for osteoporosis in the transplant recipient will also be addressed.
    Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 03/2010; 54(2):143-9. DOI:10.1590/S0004-27302010000200009 · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    Victória Z Cochenski Borba, Nádila Cecyn Pietszkowski Mañas
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    ABSTRACT: Anabolic drugs have recently widened therapeutic options in osteoporosis treatment, as they influence processes associated with bone formation to a greater extent and earlier than bone reabsortion. They positively affect a number of skeletal properties besides bone density, as intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) results in an increase in the number and activity of osteoblasts leading to an increase in bone mass and improvement in skeletal architecture at both the trabecular and cortical bone. Human recombinant parathyroid hormone (hrPTH 1-84) and human recombinant PTH peptide 1-34 (teriparatide) belong to this group. The objective of this paper is to review PTH actions, benefits and adverse effects, action on biochemical markers, combination therapy with antiresorptive agents, impact of antiresorptive therapy prior to anabolic treatment, sequential treatment, and effect on glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.
    Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 03/2010; 54(2):213-9. DOI:10.1590/S0004-27302010000200018 · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 02/2010; 16(2). DOI:10.1016/j.bbmt.2009.12.291 · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Compare levels of androgens and bone mineral density (BMD) of ovariectomized (OVX) and non-ovariectomized (NOVX) postmenopausal women. Forty women, 20 OVX and 20 NOVX, (53.9 +/- 4 years) were selected. Total testosterone (TT), free testosterone (FT), androstenedione (AN), dehidroepiandrostenedione (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEA-S) were measured. BMD was measured in 14 OVX and 16 NOVX. No differences between groups with regard to age, body mass index (BMI) and time since menopause were found. Mean levels of TT and FT were two-fold higher in NOVX group (60.91 versus 30.17 ng/dL, p = 0.0001; 1.00 versus 0.48 pg/mL, p = 0.003). BMD was not different between groups. Inverse correlations were found between BMI and TT (r = -0.3; p = 0.05); time since menopause and AN (r = -0.35; p = 0.02) and time since menopause and DHEA (r = -0.3; p = 0.01). Bilateral ovariectomy leads to a more severe androgen deficiency than natural menopause in postmenopausal women and did not compromise bone mass.
    Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 11/2009; 53(8):1033-9. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antiepileptic drugs (AED) have been widely used for a great deal of people--in the treatment of epilepsy and other diseases--throughout the world. Continuous and prolonged use of AED may be associated with adverse effects in different systems, including a variety of endocrine and metabolic abnormalities. In this review, the relationship of AED with alterations in bone mineral metabolism, energy balance and body weight, gonadal function and thyroid metabolism was revised, as well as their clinical utility in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy.
    Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 10/2009; 53(7):795-803. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic and racial background, body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), diet, physical activity and life style help to explain the wide difference observed in the world prevalence and incidence of osteoporosis. Recently, a fracture assessment tool, named FRAX TM, was developed to integrate clinical risk factors (genetic and environmental conditions) and BMD, in order to quantify the ten-year probability of an osteoporotic fracture. Shortly, it will be used to indicate treatment for high risk patients. However, this tool is now available only to those populations with known reliable and prospective epidemiologic data of the osteoporotic fractures - fact that does not include the Brazilian population. The aim of this paper was to review the main national and international epidemiologic studies to better understand the differences between the clinical risk factors, BMD and fracture probability of these populations. The authors concluded that, to use the FRAX TM tool, it is necessary more epidemiological data that could characterize the Brazilian population. The future studies should be prospective, evaluate the quality of life, mortality and morbidity after a fracture, as well the life expectancy of the population and the cost-effectiveness and utility related to the osteoporotic fracture. In fact, it is not recommended to use any of the populations available in the FRAX TM tool, as a substitute for the Brazilian population.
    Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 08/2009; 53(6):783-90. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic and racial background, body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), diet, physical activity and life style help to explain the wide difference observed in the world prevalence and incidence of osteoporosis. Recently, a fracture assessment tool, named FRAXTM, was developed to integrate clinical risk factors (genetic and environmental conditions) and BMD, in order to quantify the ten-year probability of an osteoporotic fracture. Shortly, it will be used to indicate treatment for high risk patients. However, this tool is now available only to those populations with known reliable and prospective epidemiologic data of the osteoporotic fractures - fact that does not include the Brazilian population. The aim of this paper was to review the main national and international epidemiologic studies to better understand the differences between the clinical risk factors, BMD and fracture probability of these populations. The authors concluded that, to use the FRAXTM tool, it is necessary more epidemiological data that could characterize the Brazilian population. The future studies should be prospective, evaluate the quality of life, mortality and morbidity after a fracture, as well the life expectancy of the population and the cost-effectiveness and utility related to the osteoporotic fracture. In fact, it is not recommended to use any of the populations available in the FRAXTM tool, as a substitute for the Brazilian population.
    Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 08/2009; 53(6):783-790. DOI:10.1590/S0004-27302009000600015 · 0.68 Impact Factor