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Publications (4)13.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: At present few vaccine candidates exists against potentially pandemic influenza virus infections. We provide compelling evidence that a targeted fusion protein based on the CTA1-DD adjuvant and containing tandem repeats of the matrix protein 2 (M2e) ectodomain epitope, CTA1-3M2e-DD, confers strong protective immunity against a potentially lethal challenge infection with influenza virus in mice. The formulation was highly effective for mucosal immunizations and promoted high M2e-specific serum IgG and mucosal IgA antibody titers and an hitherto unknown anti-M2e CD4 T cell immunity. This novel CTA1-3M2e-DD fusion protein combines adjuvant and a conserved influenza A antigen in a promising candidate for a universal anti-influenza vaccine.
    Vaccine 03/2008; 26(9):1243-52. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intranasal or oral delivery of the chimeric rotavirus VP6 protein MBP::VP6 to mice elicited >90% reductions in fecal rotavirus shedding after murine rotavirus challenge. Protection depended on co-administration of adjuvants, the most effective being bacterial toxins. Because of safety and efficacy concerns following intranasal or oral toxin delivery, protective efficacy of MBP::VP6 after intrarectal delivery with toxin adjuvants was determined and compared to that induced after intranasal and oral immunization. Adult BALB/c mice were orally challenged with the murine rotavirus strain EDIM 4 weeks after their second immunization with MBP::VP6 and either LT(R192G), an attenuated Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin, or CTA1-DD, a cholera toxin derivative. Reductions in fecal rotavirus shedding were then determined relative to mock-immunized mice. Immunization with MBP::VP6 and either adjuvant by any route (except oral immunization with CTA1-DD) significantly (P<0.0001) reduced rotavirus shedding. As was previously found after oral and intranasal immunization, intrarectal immunization with MBP::VP6 and adjuvant was associated with T cell responses (IFNgamma and IL-17) but not B cell (antibody) responses.
    Vaccine 09/2007; 25(33):6224-31. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: M2 is the third integral membrane protein of influenza A. M2e, the extracellular, 23 amino acid residues of M2, has been remarkably conserved in all human influenza A strains. This prompted us to evaluate the use of M2e as a potential broad-spectrum immunogen in a mouse model for influenza infection. Genetic fusion of the M2e and hepatitis B virus core (HBc) coding sequences allowed us to obtain highly immunogenic virus-like particles. This M2e-HBc vaccine induced complete protection in mice against a lethal influenza challenge. Protective immunity was obtained regardless of the position of M2e in the M2e-HBc chimera at the amino-terminus or inserted in the immuno-dominant loop of the HBc protein. Increasing the copy number of M2e inserted at the N-terminus from one to three per monomer (240-720 per particle) significantly enhanced the immune response and reduced the number of vaccinations required for complete protection against a lethal challenge with influenza A virus. A series of M2e-HBc constructs was subsequently combined with CTA1-DD, a recombinant cholera toxin A1 derived mucosal adjuvant, to test its efficacy as an intranasally delivered vaccine. All hybrid VLPs tested with CTA1-DD completely protected mice from a potentially lethal infection and, in addition, significantly reduced morbidity. Overall, increased resistance to influenza challenge in the mice correlated with an enhanced Th1-type M2e-specific antibody response induced by vaccination. These results show that M2e is a valid and versatile vaccine candidate to protect against any strain of human influenza A.
    Vaccine 12/2006; 24(44-46):6597-601. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mucosal vaccination requires effective and safe adjuvants. We have evaluated the non-toxic adjuvant CTA1-DD for mucosal vaccination against influenza. CTA1-DD contains the enzymatically active CTA1 subunit of cholera toxin (CT) genetically fused to a gene encoding a dimer of the D-fragment from Staphylococcus aureus protein A. CTA1-DD only binds to Ig-receptor carrying cells of the immune system. Nasal administration of the universal influenza vaccine M2e-HBc in combination with CTA1-DD completely protected mice from a potentially lethal infection and significantly reduced morbidity. Sera of mice immunized with M2e-HBc + CTA1-DD revealed IgG subclass profiles consistent with an enhanced Th1-type immunity. When the vaccine was administered intraperitoneally, the adjuvant improved the M2e antibody titer in circulation, but did not significantly reduce the morbidity.
    Vaccine 02/2006; 24(5):544-51. · 3.49 Impact Factor