Motohisa Akiyama

Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan

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Publications (27)102.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A 55-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of diverse symptoms of portal hypertension, such as refractory ascites, diarrhea, and general malaise. Blood test revealed liver and renal dysfunction and glucose tolerance. Contrast enhancement computed tomography revealed splenic arteriovenous fistula with dilated splenic artery and vein, causing portal hypertension. The splenic arteriovenous fistula was successfully treated by percutaneous transarterial embolization, resulting in the complete recovery of the patient. Herein, we report a case of arteriovenous fistula which was successfully treated with the aid of interventional radiology.
    Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 06/2013; 110(6):1038-43.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aim: Currently, hepatitis B virus (HBV) re-infection after liver transplantation (LT) can be almost completely suppressed by the administration of HBV reverse transcriptase inhibitors and hepatitis B immunoglobulins. However, after transplantation, there is no indicator of HBV replication because tests for the serum hepatitis B surface antigen and HBV-DNA are both negative. Therefore, the criteria for reducing and discontinuing these precautions are unclear. In this study, we examined the serum HBV core-related antigen (HBcrAg) and intrahepatic covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) in order to determine if these could be useful markers for HBV re-infection. Methods: Thirty-one patients underwent LT for HBV-related liver disease at Nagasaki University Hospital from 2001 to 2010. Of these, 20 cases were followed up for more than 1 year (median follow-up period, 903 days). We measured serum HBcrAg and intrahepatic cccDNA levels in liver tissue. In addition, in nine cases, we assessed the serial changes of HBcrAg and intrahepatic cccDNA levels from preoperative periods to stable periods. Results: We examined serum HBcrAg and intrahepatic cccDNA levels in 20 patients (35 samples). HBcrAg and cccDNA levels were significantly correlated with each other (r = 0.616, P < 0.001). From a clinical aspect, the fibrosis stage was significantly lower in both HBcrAg- and cccDNA-negative patients than in HBcrAg- or cccDNA-positive patients. Conclusions: HBcrAg and cccDNA were useful as HBV re-infection markers after LT. Keeping patients' HBcrAg and cccDNA negative after LT might contribute to long-term graft survival.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 02/2013; 28(7). DOI:10.1111/jgh.12182 · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal sugar metabolism is closely related to chronic liver diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We previously reported that fasting hyperinsulinemia is a poor prognostic factor for HCC patients. A recent large-scale study has shown that long-term administration of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) reduces the risk of HCC development in obese cirrhotic patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, although the mechanism by which it does so is unclear. In this study, we analyzed the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in HepG2 cells under high-insulin culture conditions, and examined the effect of BCAA on VEGF expression. VEGF secretion was significantly increased by 200 nM of insulin under BCAA deficient conditions, but it was repressed by the addition of BCAA. BCAA activated the mTOR pathway and increase HIF-1α expression under high-insulin culture conditions, however quantitative PCR analysis showed that insulin-induced expression of VEGF mRNAs (VEGF121 and VEGF165) decreased 2 h after the addition of BCAA. The half-lives of both VEGF121 and 165 mRNAs were shortened in the presence of BCAA compared to the absence of BCAA. Therefore it is thought that BCAA regulate VEGF expression mainly at the post-transcriptional level. We also examined which of the Valine, Leucine, and Isoleucine components of BCAA were essential for VEGF mRNA degradation. All three BCAA components were required for acceleration of insulin-induced VEGF mRNA degradation. These results suggest that administration of BCAA may downregulate VEGF expression in patients who have hyperinsulinemia and are in the process of developing HCC.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 10/2012; 113(10):3113-21. DOI:10.1002/jcb.24188 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), an isoprenoid compound which includes retinoids, has been used orally as an anti-ulcer drug in Japan. GGA acts as a potent inducer of anti-viral gene expression by stimulating ISGF3 formation in human hepatoma cells. This drug has few side effects and reinforces the effect of IFN when administered in combination with peg-IFN and ribavirin. This study verified the anti-HCV activity of GGA in a replicon system. In addition, mechanisms of anti-HCV activity were examined in the replicon cells. OR6 cells stably harboring the full-length genotype 1 replicon containing the Renilla luciferase gene, ORN/C-5B/KE, were used to examine the influence of the anti-HCV effect of GGA. After treatment, the cells were harvested with Renilla lysis reagent and then subjected to a luciferase assay according to the manufacturer's protocol. The results showed that GGA had anti-HCV activity. GGA induced anti-HCV replicon activity in a time- and dose-dependent manner. GGA did not activate the tyrosine 701 and serine 727 on STAT-1, and did not induce HSP-70 in OR6 cells. The anti-HCV effect depended on the GGA induced mTOR activity, not STAT-1 activity and PKR. An additive effect was observed with a combination of IFN and GGA. GGA has mTOR dependent anti-HCV activity. There is a possibility that the GGA anti-HCV activity can be complimented by IFN. It will be necessary to examine the clinical effectiveness of the combination of GGA and IFN for HCV patients in the future.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2012; 47(2):195-202. DOI:10.1007/s00535-011-0481-z · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is one of the influential molecules for the anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) action of interferon (IFN). IFN-induced mTOR activity, independent of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) and Akt, is a critical factor for anti-HCV activity. mTOR activity is involved in signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)-1 phosphorylation and nuclear localization, and then double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is expressed in hepatocytes. Insulin (INS) is a major cytokine for metabolism and regulates the PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling pathway in hepatocytes. Changes in mTOR activity have been reported in chronic HCV-infected patients with excess nutrition and INS resistance. Therefore, this experiment investigated whether INS increases anti-HCV activity via mTOR activity. This study used a genome-length HCV RNA (strain O of genotype 1b) replicon reporter system (OR6), derived from HuH7 cells. OR6 cells were pre-treated with rapamycin or LY294002 or siRNA, and the cells were treated with INS (0-300 nmol/l) or IFN (0-50 IU/ml) for 30 min to 48 h. The cells were lysed and analyses were carried out using the Renilla luciferase assay, western blotting or ELISA. INS induced the anti-HCV effects via mTOR activity, independently of STAT-1 tyrosine phosphorylation, in a dose- and time-dependent manner. INS-induced mTOR activation was found to be PI3K-Akt-dependent in OR6 cells. The combination of IFN and INS had an additive anti-HCV effect. The INS-induced mTOR activity was identified to be an anti-HCV signal independent of the STAT pathway in this study. mTOR activity may be associated with the HCV life cycle. Future studies should, therefore, attempt to identify new agents that activate mTOR to promote anti-HCV activity.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 11/2011; 5(2):331-5. DOI:10.3892/mmr.2011.662 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The number and ratio of both HBsAg- and HCV Ab-negative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC-nonBC) cases have been steadily increasing in Japan. The aim of this study was to examine the frequency of detection of HCC-nonBC by screening methods and to elucidate the clinical characteristics of HCC-nonBC compared with those of hepatitis C and/or B virus-associated HCC (HCC-virus). We recruited 624 patients with HCC who were diagnosed between 1982 and 2007 at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagasaki University Hospital. They were categorized into 2 groups as follows: i) 550 were included in the HCC-virus group: positive for HBsAg and/or positive for HCV Ab, and ii) 74 were included in the HCC-nonBC group: negative for both HBsAg and HCV Ab. The follow-up patterns until the initial detection of HCC and the survival rates were analyzed and compared between the 2 groups. Multivariate analysis identified follow-up, alcohol consumption, albumin level, total bilirubin level, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level, and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage as independent and significant risk factors for prognosis. Among the 397 patients with HCC in TNM stage I or II, multivariate analysis identified the cause of liver disease, gender, Child-Pugh score, serum albumin level and TNM stage as independent and significant risk factors for prognosis. We reported that the poor prognoses of patients with HCC-nonBC were attributable to its late detection in an advanced condition due to the absence of a surveillance system for the early detection of HCC. However, in early-stage patients, patients with HCC-nonBC showed significantly better prognosis than those in the HCC-virus group.
    Oncology Reports 05/2010; 23(5):1317-23. DOI:10.3892/or_00000766 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The frequency of regulatory T cells (Tregs) may be related to persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We studied the alteration of the Treg ratio in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from chronic hepatitis C patients during combination therapy compared with the Treg ratio in liver-infiltrating lymphocytes (LILs) before therapy. The study group consisted of 20 patients who were treatment-naive and had high virus titers of HCV genotype 1. Blood samples were collected prior to treatment and at several time points during treatment. All patients received a liver biopsy prior to treatment. Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)+, CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ cells in PBMCs and LILs were stained by specific antibodies. Ten patients had a sustained virological response (SVR), and 10 patients were non-responders. The SVR group had a significant increase in the Foxp3+/CD4+ ratio in PBMCs at 8 and 12 weeks as well as a significant decrease in the Foxp3+/CD4+ ratio and increase in the CD8+/Foxp3+ ratio in LILs. The evaluation of Tregs, a potentially significant factor for persistent HCV infection, in LILs prior to treatment and in PBMCs during treatment could predict the result of combination therapy.
    Intervirology 04/2010; 53(3):154-60. DOI:10.1159/000274976 · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hepatology 04/2010; 52. DOI:10.1016/S0168-8278(10)60662-9 · 11.34 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hepatology 04/2010; 52. DOI:10.1016/S0168-8278(10)60485-0 · 11.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Impaired glucose tolerance influences the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but this mechanism is still not fully understood. We investigated the impact of the fasting serum levels of insulin and adiponectin on the prognosis of HCC and its recurrence. One hundred and forty patients with newly diagnosed HCC were enrolled in the prognosis study. Their fasting serum levels of insulin and adiponectin were determined. Of 140 patients, 59 patients who underwent curative treatment were subjected to analysis of the recurrence-free survival. The 140 patients were divided into two groups by the 50th percentile value of insulin (7.73 microIU/ ml) or total adiponectin (6.95 microg/ml). Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that high insulin group (>7.73 microIU/ml) exhibited a significantly poorer prognosis than low insulin group (<7.73 microIU/ml) in early stage HCC (P=0.018). In contrast, the level of total adiponectin had no impact on the prognosis of HCC. Multivariate analysis indicated that fasting hyper-insulinemia was an independent risk factor for a poorer prognosis in early stage HCC (P=0.044). Likewise, Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that the recurrence-free survival of high insulin group was significantly lower than that of low insulin group (P=0.017). The level of total adiponectin had no impact on the recurrence-free survival of HCC. Multivariate analysis indicated that fasting hyperinsulinemia was an independent risk factor for the lower recurrence-free survival of HCC (P=0.049). In conclusion, our study suggests that the fasting insulin level affects the clinical course of early stage HCC.
    Oncology Reports 12/2009; 22(6):1415-24. DOI:10.3892/or_00000583 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can remove early gastric cancer (EGC) en bloc. We sought to assess the feasibility and efficacy of ESD and the clinical outcomes based on the indication criteria. 551 patients with 589 EGC lesions were divided into the guideline criteria group (elevated lesion < or =20 mm in diameter and depressed lesion < or =10 mm without ulceration) and the expanded criteria group (mucosal cancer without ulcer findings irrespective of tumor size; mucosal cancer with ulcer findings < or =3 cm in diameter; and minute submucosal invasive cancer < or =3 cm in size). En bloc, complete and curative resection were achieved in 98.6 and 93.0, 95.1 and 88.5, and 97.1 and 91.1%, for the guideline and expanded criteria lesions, respectively; the differences between the 2 groups were significant for each. The expanded criteria lesions were at significantly higher risk of ESD-associated bleeding and perforation. Overall survival was adequate irrespective of the indications, and the disease-specific survival rates were 100% in both. ESD for EGCs that met the expanded criteria was acceptable, though the resection rates and safety were decreased compared to those for the guideline criteria lesions.
    Digestion 09/2009; 80(3):173-81. DOI:10.1159/000215388 · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To identify the problems of pegylated interferon (PEG IFN) with ribavirin therapy against hepatitis C virus (HCV) reinfection in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) patients. HCV kinetics during the PEG IFN with ribavirin therapy were analyzed in LDLT patients, as well as in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. Methods: The study included 80 consecutive HCV infected patients undergoing PEG IFN with ribavirin therapy (64 CHC and 16 LDLT patients) who attended the Nagasaki University Hospital for an initial visit between January 2005 and December 2007. Results: The sustained viral response (VR) rate of the CHC group (80%) was superior to the LDLT group (22%). The viral disappearance rate of the CHC group was also superior to the LDLT group, regardless of the HCV serotype. The HCV core antigen (cAg) titer under treatment in the LDLT group was more than that of the CHC group from day 0 to week 12. The HCV cAg decrease rate of the LDLT group on the first day of treatment was less than that of the CHC group. Conclusion: The HCV infection of a transplanted liver is more refractory to treatment than a non-transplanted liver. The low reduction HCV cAg rate on day 1 is one of the problems of the combination therapy.
    Hepatology Research 08/2009; 39(9):856-64. DOI:10.1111/j.1872-034X.2009.00524.x · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) can suppress Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signaling by blocking an IFN-induced protein. In this study, the relationship between SOCS3 and phosphorylation of STAT1 in the liver and outcome of interferon therapy were examined. Methods: Prior to interferon treatment, we immunostained for SOCS3 and phosphorylated-STAT1 (P-STAT1) in 59 liver specimens from chronic hepatitis C virus (CHC) patients and compared the expression of SOCS3 and clinicopathological factors. Fifty-one patients were receiving peg-interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin therapy and also compared interferon therapy effect and the expression of SOCS3. Results: Immunostaining for SOCS3 was mainly seen in the periportal area. The concentration of P-STAT1 nuclei was significantly larger in specimens with < 30% area immunostaining to SOCS3 than those in which this area was ≥ 30% (10.6 ± 8.8 vs. 4.6 ± 6.1, P = 0.004). SOCS3 immunostaining score was significantly correlated with aspartate amino transferase (r = 0.373, P = 0.003), alanine amino transferase (r = 0.337, P = 0.008), platelets (r = −0.273, P = 0.037), and homeostatic model assessment (r = 0.339, P = 0.008). On univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, SOCS3 immunostaining score (0 or 1) and age (<60 years old) were significant predictors of interferon response (odds ratio 10.888; P = 0.010; odds ratio 3.817, P = 0.045 respectively). Conclusion: SOCS3 expression in the liver prior to interferon therapy was correlated with increased insulin resistance and might be a useful predictor of HCV clearance by interferon therapy.
    Hepatology Research 08/2009; 39(9):850-5. DOI:10.1111/j.1872-034X.2009.00529.x · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has advantages over conventional endoscopic mucosa resection. The number of elderly patients (more than 75 years old) with early gastric cancer (EGC) has been steadily increasing. We sought to assess clinical outcomes of ESD for EGC in elderly. ESD was performed for patients with EGC, who fulfilled the criteria for ESD: mucosal cancer without ulcer findings irrespective of tumor size; mucosal cancer with ulcer findings 3 cm or less in diameter; and minute submucosal invasive cancer 3 cm or less in size. Two hundred and sixty elderly patients (> or =75 years old) with 279 lesions, and 401 non-elderly patients with 434 lesions were enrolled to this study. The patients underwent ESD and then received periodic endoscopic follow-up and metastatic surveys for 6-89 months (median: 30 months). Resectability (en-bloc or piecemeal resection), curability (curative or noncurative resection), completeness (complete or incomplete resection), complications, and survival rates were assessed. The one-piece resection rate was significantly lower in elderly patients (93.9%) than in non-elderly patients (97.9%). The complete resection rate was significantly lower in elderly patients (87.4%) than in non-elderly patients (96.6%). Pneumonia, but not bleeding or perforation, developed in association with ESD more frequently in the elderly patients by 2.2%. Local tumor recurrence was quite rare, and the overall and disease-free survival rates were acceptable irrespective of age. En-bloc and complete resections were achieved less frequently in elderly patients, but the long-term outcomes in elderly EGC patients may be excellent, and ESD is a feasible treatment in the elderly.
    European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 06/2009; 22(3):311-7. DOI:10.1097/MEG.0b013e32832c61d7 · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old man with alcoholic liver cirrhosis was admitted to our hospital with severe anemia and tarry stool. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed grade4 esophageal varices without bleeding and severe portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) of the fornix of the stomach with oozing. These findings suggested that PHG was the cause of progression of anemia. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated no enhancement of the main portal vein and its first branches, indicating portal thrombosis and cavernous transformation. The patient underwent partial splenic embolization (PSE) to reduce portal hypertension. Two months after PSE was performed, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed improvement of PHG and endoscopic variceal ligation was performed to treat the esophageal varices. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed partial enhancement of the main portal vein indicating improvement of portal thrombosis. One year after PSE, hemoglobin had increased from 6.0 to 11.0g/dl without blood transfusion. Moreover, albumin level had risen from 2.8 to 3.7g/dl, cholinesterase from 51 to 150IU/l, and prothrombin time from 47% to 66%. PSE can be an effective alternative for the management of severe PHG with portal vein thrombosis, and it might also be effective in improving liver function.
    Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2009; 2(3):218-221. DOI:10.1007/s12328-009-0068-x
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    ABSTRACT: The interferon-induced Jak-STAT signal alone is not sufficient to explain all the biological effects of IFN. The PI3-K pathways have emerged as a critical additional component of IFN-induced signaling. This study attempted to clarify that relationship between IFN-induced PI3-K-Akt-mTOR activity and anti-viral action. When the human normal hepatocyte derived cell line was treated with rapamycin (rapa) before accretion of IFN-alpha, tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT-1 was diminished. Pretreatment of rapa had an inhibitory effect on the IFN-alpha-induced expression of PKR and p48 in a dose dependent manner. Rapa inhibited the IFN-alpha inducible IFN-stimulated regulatory element luciferase activity in a dose-dependent manner. However, wortmannin, LY294002 and Akt inhibitor did not influence IFN-alpha inducible luciferase activity. To examine the effect of PI3-K-Akt-mTOR on the anti-HCV action of IFN-alpha, the full-length HCV replication system, OR6 cells were used. The pretreatment of rapa attenuated its anti-HCV replication effect in comparison to IFN-alpha alone, whereas the pretreatment with PI3-K inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002 and Akt inhibitor did not influence IFN-induced anti-HCV replication. IFN-induced mTOR activity, independent of PI3K and Akt, is the critical factor for its anti-HCV activity. Jak independent mTOR activity involved STAT-1 phosphorylation and nuclear location, and then PKR is expressed in hepatocytes.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2009; 44(8):856-63. DOI:10.1007/s00535-009-0075-1 · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) yields substantially high rates for curative resection of early gastric cancer (EGC). It is suggested that larger, ulcerative, or upper EGCs may prevent successful ESD. A detailed analysis of factors associated with the curability of ESD was performed. Endoscopic submucosal dissection was performed for patients with EGC that fulfilled the expanded criteria, which specified mucosal cancer without ulcer findings irrespective of tumor size, mucosal cancer with ulcers 3 cm in diameter or smaller, and minute submucosal invasive cancer 3 cm or smaller. Resectability (en bloc or by piecemeal resection), curability (curative or non-curative), and complications were assessed, and logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors. Ulcerative EGCs showed a significantly higher risk associated with ESD on multivariate analysis. When the risk factors (tumor size, location, and ulcer findings) were combined, the larger EGCs (>30 mm) located in the upper third or ulcerative tumors located in the upper and middle portion of the stomach were at significantly higher risk of non-curative resection. Such lesions also were associated with increased risk of procedure-related perforation. When risk factors including positive ulcer findings and larger size and upper location of tumors are combined, ESD should be performed more carefully.
    Surgical Endoscopy 05/2009; 23(12):2713-9. DOI:10.1007/s00464-009-0473-8 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nutritional support may play an important role in management of liver cirrhosis (LC) associated with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Total protein and albumin deteriorate in patients with LC undergoing trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Therefore, in this study, we examined the hypothesis that short-term administration of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) will prevent a fall in total protein and albumin in the perioperative period. The subjects were 56 patients who underwent TACE for HCC between 2004 and 2005 at Nagasaki University Hospital. The patients were randomly placed in the BCAA group (n = 28) or a control group (n = 28). The patients in the BCAA group consumed a snack containing 50 g of BCAA once a day at 10:00 pm starting 1 day before TACE and continuing until 2 weeks after TACE. A comparison of baseline and end point data showed greater decreases in the concentrations of total protein, albumin, cholinesterase, and total cholesterol and in the red blood cell count in the control group compared to the BCAA group. Ammonia levels decreased in the BCAA group and increased in the control group. Our findings indicate that a BCAA supplement taken orally as a late evening snack prevents suppression of liver function by TACE in patients with LC complicated with HCC during the 2-week period after TACE.
    Nutrition research 03/2009; 29(2):89-93. DOI:10.1016/j.nutres.2008.12.005 · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • Kanzo 01/2009; 50(8):445-450. DOI:10.2957/kanzo.50.445
  • Journal of Hepatology 12/2008; 48. DOI:10.1016/S0168-8278(08)60414-6 · 11.34 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

264 Citations
102.31 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2012
    • Nagasaki University
      • • Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
      • • Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
  • 2009
    • Nagasaki University Hospital
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan