Hsin-I Chen

University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (8)22.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Polydipsia is a serious condition often seen among patients with schizophrenia (SCZ). The cause of polydipsia is unknown; hence, it is hard to treat or manage. Animal studies showed that the drinking behavior is regulated by central dopaminergic neurotransmission at the hypothalamus. Meanwhile, the existence of a genetic predisposition to polydipsia in patients with SCZ has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a functional polymorphism, Val(108/158)Met in the gene for catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), is associated with susceptibility to polydipsia using a Japanese sample of SCZ. Our sample includes 330 chronic patients with SCZ (83 polydipsic patients and 247 non-polydipsic controls). The common COMT Val(108/158)Met polymorphism was genotyped, and the differences in genotype distribution and allele frequency between cases and controls were evaluated using the χ (2) test. A significant association between the COMT Val(108/158)Met polymorphism and polydipsia was found (genotype distribution: χ (2) = 13.0, df = 2, p = 0.001; allele frequency: χ (2) = 7.50, df = 1, p = 0.006). The high-COMT activity group (Val/Val) was more frequent among patients with polydipsia compared with the low-COMT activity group (Val/Met + Met/Met) [odds ratio (OR) = 2.46]. The association survived after controlling for other possible confounding factors, including gender, age, age of onset, current antipsychotic dose, and smoking status. Our results suggest that the COMT Val(108/158)Met genotype may confer susceptibility to polydipsia in SCZ. To our knowledge, this is the first association study between the COMT gene and polydipsia in SCZ. Further studies with larger sample sizes are warranted to confirm present findings.
    Neuromolecular medicine 01/2014; · 5.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) is considered being one of the candidate genes contributing to the development of tardive dyskinesia (TD). In a recent meta-analysis with mixed ethnicities, only a barely positive association was found between the functional DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism and TD in patients with schizophrenia (OR=1.17; 95% CI: 1.01-1.37; p=0.041). To further evaluate the controversial association between the polymorphism and TD using only Japanese subjects, we tested the association in a case-control design. We also conducted a meta-analysis including 8 studies with 3 East Asian populations (Japanese, Chinese, and Korean). In our Japanese case-control sample (43 with TD/157 without TD), we found no association between the DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism in schizophrenia and TD (genotype: p=0.92; allele: p=1.00). Furthermore, no significant difference in the mean AIMS score among the three genotypic groups was observed in our sample. The meta-analysis comprising 1291 East Asian subjects also showed no association between the polymorphism and TD; the Mantel-Haenszel pooled OR for TD among carriers of the DRD3 Ser9Gly of the eight Asian studies was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.78-1.12). Overall, our results suggest that the DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism may not confer susceptibility to TD in East Asian populations. Given that the Ser9Gly variant may play a putative role in the DRD3 function, further studies on the DRD3 are warranted.
    Neuroscience Letters 12/2011; 507(1):52-6. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is growing evidence that blood levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), a major metabolite of noradrenaline, are related to depression-associated personality traits as well as to depressive, suicidal and anxious states. Psychological job stress is well known to lead to symptoms of depression, anxiety and suicide. We have recently reported that psychological job stress among hospital employees altered blood levels of BDNF and MHPG (Mitoma et al., 2008). In the present study, we re-examined the effects of social adaptation and personality traits, as well as those of psychological job stress, on plasma levels of BDNF and MHPG in healthy employees (n=269, male/female=210/59, age=49 ± 10years) working in a publishing company in Japan. The values (mean ± SD) of scores on the Stress and Arousal Check Lists (s-SACL and a-SACL), Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (SASS), plasma MHPG levels and plasma BDNF levels were 6.0 ± 3.4, 5.7 ± 2.3, 33.7 ± 6.8, 5.8 ± 4.3 and 4.6 ± 3.1ngml(-1), respectively. A positive correlation was found between plasma MHPG levels and scores on the s-SACL, but not the a-SACL. A positive correlation was also found between SASS scores and plasma MHPG levels and between SASS scores and plasma BDNF levels. A negative correlation was found between plasma BDNF levels and s-SACL scores. Furthermore, a positive correlation between NEO-Five factor Inventory (Openness) scores and plasma MHPG levels was observed, as well as between NEO-Five factor Inventory (Extroversion) scores and plasma BDNF levels. These results suggest that levels of plasma BDNF and plasma MHPG might be associated with psychological job stress and certain personality traits among employees in the publishing industry in Japan.
    Psychiatry Research 04/2011; 186(2-3):326-32. · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • Psychiatry Research 03/2010; 177(1-2):268-9. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The principal hypothesis for pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD) is the amyloid cascade hypothesis, which emphasizes an imbalance between production and clearance of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the brain. Insulin has important effects on the regulation of the Abeta level in the brain, modulating both Abeta production and clearance. An optimal brain insulin level promotes Abeta clearance, which may play protective roles against AD. A functional human leptin receptor gene (LEPR) polymorphism, a glutamine to an arginine substitution at codon 223 (Gln223Arg), has been associated with insulin resistance capacity and an altered leptin-binding activity. The LEPR Gln223Arg polymorphism may thus play an important role in the pathogenesis of AD. In this study, we examined the association between the LEPR Gln223Arg polymorphism and late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) in a Japanese population. Our sample includes 49 patients with LOAD and 134 normal controls. Our preliminary data showed no significant association between the LEPR Gln223Arg polymorphism and LOAD (genotype distribution: chi=0.11, df=2, P=0.945; allele frequency: chi=0.058, df=1, P=0.81, odds ratio=1.08, 95% confidence interval=0.59 to 2.03). Our results suggest that the LEPR polymorphism may not play a major role in the development of LOAD.
    Alzheimer disease and associated disorders 12/2009; 24(1):101-3. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several lines of studies have shown the existence of an important inhibitory mechanism for the control of water intake involving adrenergic alpha2A receptors (ADRA2A). A human study using patients with schizophrenia demonstrated an exacerbation of polydipsia by the administration of clonidine, an ADRA2A-agonist, and a relief of polydipsia by mianserin, an ADRA2A-antagonist, suggesting the involvement of the central adrenergic system in the drinking behavior of patients with schizophrenia. Based on these findings we examined a possible association between the C-1291G polymorphism in the promoter region of the ADRA2A gene and polydipsia in schizophrenia using a Japanese case-control sample. Our sample includes 348 patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV) (84 with polydipsia and 264 without polydipsia). No significant association between the ADRA2A C-1291G polymorphism and polydipsia was found. Our result suggests that the ADRA2A C-1291G polymorphism may not confer susceptibility to polydipsia in schizophrenia in our sample. Further studies with larger samples are warranted.
    Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 05/2009; 33(3):499-502. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that hypoactivity of neuropeptide Y (NPY) may be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. A post-mortem study revealed a decreased level of NPY in the brain of patients with schizophrenia. An increased level of NPY after antipsychotic treatment was also reported in animal brain and cerebrospinal fluid of patients. Previously Itokawa et al. reported a positive association between the functional -485C>T polymorphism in the NPY gene and schizophrenia in a Japanese population. The aim of this study is to replicate their positive findings in an independent Japanese case-control sample. Our sample includes 260 patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV) and 196 control subjects. No significant differences in distribution of genotype or allele frequencies between patients and controls were observed. Our results suggest that the NPY -485C>T polymorphism may not confer susceptibility to schizophrenia, at least in our sample. Further studies in larger samples are warranted.
    Neuroscience Letters 01/2009; 452(1):72-4. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dysregulation in the dopaminergic system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). Dopamine D3 receptors (DRD3) concentrated in limbic regions of the brain (important for cognitive, emotional and endocrine function) may be particularly relevant to SCZ. A recent meta-analysis with mixed ethnicities reported a marginal significant association between the Ser9Gly homozygosity in the first exon of the DRD3 gene and SCZ. To further evaluate the controversial association between this polymorphism and SCZ, a case-control study and meta-analysis was conducted using the homogeneous Japanese population. In our Japanese case-control sample (246 cases/198 controls), we found an association between the DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism and SCZ (genotype: chi(2) = 9.76, d.f. = 2, p = 0.008; Ser allele versus Gly allele: chi(2) = 7.96, d.f. = 1, p = 0.0048; OR = 0.65; 95% CI = 0.48-0.88). However in a meta-analysis of nine Japanese case-control studies comprising 2056 subjects the association between DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism and SCZ did not persisted. The Mantel-Haenszel pooled OR for SCZ among carriers of the DRD3 Ser9Gly homozygosity (Ser/Ser homozygotes and Gly/Gly homozygotes) of the nine Japanese studies was 1.16 (95% CI 0.97-1.39), pointing to a non-significant effect of the DRD3 Ser9Gly homozygosity as a risk factor for SCZ. Overall, our results suggest that the DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism may not confer susceptibility to SCZ in the Japanese population. Given that the Ser9Gly variant may play a putative role in DRD3 function, further studies on the DRD3 with linked variants are warranted.
    Neuroscience Letters 09/2008; 444(2):161-5. · 2.03 Impact Factor