Xiao-Dong Xie

General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region, Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China

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Publications (8)6.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of low-dose carvedilol combined with candesartan in the prevention of acute and chronic cardiotoxicity of anthracycline drugs in adjuvant chemotherapy of breast cancer. Forty patients were randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group with chemotherapy plus low-dose carvedilol combined with candesartan (20 cases) and control group with chemotherapy alone (20 cases). The same chemotherapy was given to the two groups. All the 40 patients had no contraindication for carvedilol and candesartan. Patients of the experimental group received low-dose carvedilol from 2.5 mg orally twice a day at first cycle to 5 mg twice a day gradually if no side reactions, and candesartan 2.5 mg orally once a day. Electrocardiogram, ultrasonic cardiogram, arrhythmia, troponin and non-hematologic toxicity were recorded and compared after the second, forth and sixth cycle of chemotherapy. Each cycle included 21 days. LVEF was decreased along with the prolongation of chemotherapy in the experimental group and control group. LVEDD and LVESD showed no significant changes in the experimental group, but gradually increased in the control group. After four and six cycles of chemotherapy, LVEF were (57.00 ± 5.13)% and (45.95 ± 3.68)%, respectively, in the control group, significantly lower than that of (67.00 ± 5.13)% and (57.50 ± 2.57)%, respectively, in the experimental group (P < 0.05). After six cycles of chemotherapy, LVEDD and LVESD were (50.00 ± 10.48) mm and (35.01 ± 2.99) mm, respectively, in the control group, significantly higher than those before chemotherapy (P < 0.05) and experimental group (P < 0.001). The rate of ST segment and T wave abnormalities was 80.0% in the control group after six cycles of chemotherapy, significantly higher than that of 25.0% after four cycles of chemotherapy (P = 0.001) and 10.0% after two cycles of chemotherapy (P < 0.001). The reduction of QRS voltage, arrhythmia and abnormal troponin were 55.0%, 45.0% and 45.0%, respectively, in the control group, significantly higher than those in the experimental group (20.0%, P < 0.05), (10.0%, P = 0.010) and (10.0%, P < 0.05), respectively. The rate of abnormal expression of troponin was 45.0% in the control group, significantly higher than the 10.0% in the experimental group (P < 0.05). The use of low-dose carvedilol combined with candesartan can reduce the acute and chronic cardiotoxicity of anthracycline drugs, and with tolerable toxicities. This may provide a new approach to prevent cardiotoxicity of anthracycline drugs in adjuvant chemotherapy of breast cancer.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 12/2013; 35(12):936-40.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effect of autologous cytokine-induced killer cells on the quality of life in patient with breast cancer who have already finished the adjuvant chemotherapy. One hundred and twenty-eight postoperative patients with breast cancer who underwent anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled in this prospective study, and they were randomized into 2 groups, i.e., treatment group, which received the therapy of CIK cells transfusion, and control group, which was given regular follow-up. Meanwhile, patients with positive hormone receptor in the two groups were given endocrine therapy, and the patients with positive axillary lymph nodes were given radiotherapy to the chest wall and regional lymph nodes. The difference of quality of life between the two groups was analyzed according to the EORTC QLQ-BR53 quality of life questionnaire, and the adverse reactions were monitored. As regarding the functional evaluation, the physical function scores of patients of the treatment group were (83.43 ± 14.87) and (88.55 ± 11.62) at 3 and 6 months after the CIK cell therapy, respectively, significantly higher than the baseline value [(74.83 ± 13.82), P < 0.05)]. Global health status/QOL scores were (83.30 ± 19.09) and (89.68 ± 10.81), significantly higher than the baseline value [(77.72 ± 21.05), P < 0.05]. As regarding symptoms, the scores of fatigue, nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite of patients in the treatment group were higher than the baseline value, with significant differences (P < 0.05). The nausea and vomiting scores in the control group at 3 and 6 months of followed-up were (26.67 ± 22.56) and (21.47 ± 21.06), significantly lower than the baseline values [(33.31 ± 27.07), P < 0.05]. The scores of worrying about the future in the patients of treatment group were (47.56 ± 30.84) and (42.33 ± 26.95) after 3 and 6 months, significantly better than the baseline value [(57.41 ± 30.63), P < 0.05]. The systematic therapy side effects scores were (31.95 ± 27.52) and (23.72 ± 22.87), significantly better than the baseline value [(40.56 ± 26.28), P < 0.05]. The scores of arm edema were (45.26 ± 25.42) and (36.61 ± 20.51), signbificantly milder than the baseline value [(55.11 ± 22.82), P < 0.05]. In the control group, the scores of arm edema were (44.85 ± 28.94) and (38.64 ± 23.68), significantly lower than the baseline values [(53.26 ± 23.84) points, P < 0.05]. Alopecia scores were (29.93 ± 24.72) and (24.18 ± 22.66), significantly lower than the baseline values [(35.92 ± 22.08), P < 0.05]. In the treatment group, the patients' physical function, social function and global health status/QOL, fatigue, insomnia, and worrying about the future rates were significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05 for all). Three patients after CIK reinfusion had transient fever, and 6 cases felt pain in the lower limb, but the symptoms were relieved after symptomatic treatment. Therapy of autologous CIK cells transfusion can significantly improve the quality of life of breast cancer patients, and the adverse reactions during the treatment can be alleviated by symptomatic treatment.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 10/2013; 35(10):764-8.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To estimate the efficacies of different first-line treatments for advanced stage kidney cancer. METHODS: For this observation controlled trial, a total of 82 cases with advanced stage kidney cancer from 2006 to 2011 were recruited. They were divided into 3 groups and accepted gemcitabine plus interleukin-2 (IL-2) (Group A), oxaliplatin plus capecitabine (Group B) or sorafenib alone (Group C). RESULTS: Among them, 76 patients had complete data. The overall response rates of A-C groups were 39.3% (11/28), 37.0% (10/27) and 38.1% (8/21) respectively. And there was no significant difference (χ(2) = 0.029, P = 0.986). And their progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 9.1 (95%CI: 7.9 - 10.3), 7.5(95%CI: 5.5 - 9.5) and 10.9 (95%CI: 10.5 - 11.3) months respectively. And there were significant differences (P = 0.013). Average daily treatment costs were 490, 498 and 501 Chinese yuan respectively. And there was no significant difference (P = 1.240). Because of toxicity, 2 and 3 cases withdrew in Groups A and B respectively. CONCLUSION: Gemcitabine plus IL-2 and oxaliplatin plus capecitabine have similar early efficacies and tolerance profiles for the patients who can not accept sorafenib as first-line treatment.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 11/2012; 92(42):2984-2987.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the potential role of small breast epithelial mucin (SBEM) as a marker for detecting hematogenous micrometastasis in breast cancer and explore its clinical significance in neoadjuvant chemotherapy. SBEM protein expression in 82 tissue specimens of primary breast cancer was detected using immunohistochemistry (IHC), and SBEM expression in peripheral blood (PB) samples of 109 primary breast cancer patients (94 cases at stage I-III, 15 cases at stage IV) was detected by flow cytometry (FCM) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Moreover, SBEM mRNA expression was monitored by quantification real-time PCR (QPCR) before and after 3 cycles' neoadjuvant chemotherapy. SBEM expression correlated with tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging and lymph node metastasis at both mRNA and protein levels. SBEM expression in PB of breast cancer patients was markedly higher than that of healthy donors and other cancer patients. SBEM was found expressed in PB of 50 cases among 94 cases at stage I-III and expressed in PB of 11 cases among 15 cases at stage IV. After 3 cycles' neoadjuvant chemotherapy, SBEM expression levels were significantly down-regulated in up to 58% breast cancer patients. SBEM has the potential to be a specific marker for predicting hematogenous micrometastasis and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.
    Clinical and Experimental Metastasis 04/2010; 27(4):251-9. · 3.46 Impact Factor
  • Xiao-dong Xie, Ying Piao, Zhao-zhe Liu
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 09/2009; 31(9):714-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between microvessel density, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) and micrometastases in peripheral blood of patients with breast cancer. Microvessel density (MVD) and expression of VEGF-A were detected by immunohistochemistry S-P. Nested RT-PCR was introduced to detect the expression of hMAM mRNA in peripheral blood of all cases. Average MVD was 28.95 +/- 6.95 microvessels/100x and positive rate of VEGF-A was 64.0% (32/50) in 50 cases with breast cancer. MVD count and expression of VEGF-A were related to tumor size, metastasis of axillary lymph nodes and clinical stages (P < 0.05), independent of age and histological classification (P > 0.05). The positive rate of hMAM mRNA in peripheral blood was 34.0% (17/50), which correlated with lymphatic metastasis and clinical stages (P < 0.05), independent of pathological category, menopause and hormone receptor (P > 0.05). MVD count and positive rate of VEGF-A in breast cancer with positive expression of hMAM mRNA was obviously higher than those without hMAM mRNA expression (chi (2) = 5.766, P = 0.032; t = 5.37, P = 0.002). MVD count and positive expression of VEGF-A closely correlated to hMAM mRNA released from tumor cells in the circulation. hMAM mRNA is expected to become a valuable marker for further study on micrometastases of breast cancer.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 10/2008; 135(3):413-9. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship of lymphatic micovessel density (LMVD) detected by monoclonal antibody D2-40) with the VEGF-C expression in human breast cancer. Tissue samples of 102 breast cancers, 25 breast fibroadenomas and 10 normal breasts were collected. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detected the lymphatic micovessels with monoclonal antibody D2-40. The expression of VEGF-C was detect by SP immunohistochemistry, and VEGF-C mRNA by hybridization in situ. In 102 breast cancers, the positive rate of D2-40 was 76.5% (78/102), higher than that in the breast fibroadenomas. LMVD in the periphery of breast cancer was 30.1 lymphatic microvessels per x 100 field of vision, which was significantly higher than that in the central area of the tumors (P = 0.000). The LMVD in the periphery of the breast cancers was correlated with the number of metastatic lymph nodes (r = 0.964, P < 0.01). The positive rates of VEGF-C protein and mRNA were 55.9% (57/102) and 59.8% (61/102), respectively, significantly higher than that in the breast fiberoadenomas and normal breast tissues (chi2 = 11.653, P = 0.003; chi2 = 10.345, P = 0.006), and were significantly correlated with the status of lymph node metastasis, clinical stage and the expressions of c-erbB-2 and p53 protein (P < 0.05). Both of VEGF-C protein and mRNA were significantly correlated with LMVD detected by D2-40 (P < 0.05), especially with the LMVD in the periphery of breast cancers (P < 0.05). The monoclonal antibody D240 can be used to detect the lymphatic endothelium in human breast cancer. The lymphatic microvessel density in the periphery of breast cancer is correlated with the lymph node metastasis and expression of VEGF-C. Therefore, VEGF-C may play a significant role in the lymphangiogenesis leading to metastasis of breast cancer.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 05/2008; 30(5):356-60.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of Nasea on prevention of gastrointestinal side effects caused by chemotherapeutic drugs. Eighty-five in-patients with cancer undergoing chemotherapy were randomly divided into 2 groups: Nasea group (group A, n = 43, Nasea, ramosetron hydrochloride was injected intravenously 30 minutes before chemotherapy) and ondansetron group (group B, n = 42, ondamsetron was injected intravenously 30 minutes before chemotherapy). The side effects of chemotherapy, including nausea, vomiting, anorexia, etc, were observed during the 3 days after chemotherapy. The complete effective rate and effective rate of prevention of nausea, vomiting, and anorexia during the periods 0 - 6 hours, 6 - 12 hours, 24 - 48 hours, and 48 - 62 hours after chemotherapy were similar in these 2 groups. However, these rates during the period 12 approximately 24 hours after chemotherapy were significantly higher in group A than in group B (all P < 0.05). The side effects of these 2 drugs included carebarja, headache, fatigue, etc, all being mild and not significantly different between these 2 groups. Effectively preventing the gastrointestinal side effects caused by chemotherapeutic drugs with an efficacy similar to that of ondansetron and seemingly lasting longer, Nasea is a promising drug.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 07/2003; 83(13):1180-2.