Wen-Jing Zhai

Harbin Medical University, Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China

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Publications (19)2.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) immunosuppressive activity in the presence of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) to reveal synergistic immunomodulatory effects of IFN-γ and MSCs. METHODS: ① MSCs were cultured in the presence or absence of IFN-γ(100 ng/ml), the supernatants were collected for measurements of PGE2、HGF and TGF-β1 by ELISA kits. ② MSCs were cultured in the presence or absence of IFN-γ (100 ng/ml)for 48 h. The cDNA was analysed for the expression of human indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase(IDO)mRNA by semiquantitative RT-PCR. ③ Mononuclear cells (MNCs) were extracted from peripheral blood of healthy donors. The T cell proliferation was tested in the co-culture system added with MSCs, recombinant human IFN-γ (100 ng/ml) and anti-IFN-γ mAb (5 μg/ml) by BrdU ELISA kit. RESULTS: ①The immunosuppressive cytokines PGE2、HGF and TGF-β1 were detectable within 24-48 h in the supernatants. Their expressions were significantly up-regulated in the presence of IFN-γ. Concentrations of these cytokines were as of (1715.5±628.6) pg/ml vs (1344.5±709.4) pg/ml (P=0.001);(4031.8±1496.8) pg/ml vs (2452.4±1375.3) pg/ml(P=0.011);(1753.5±413.8) pg/ml vs (1026.6±450.5) pg/ml(P<0.001),respectively. ②The expression of IDO mRNA was undetectable when MSCs were cultured alone. In contrast, The IDO mRNA expression was remarkably enhanced in the presence of IFN-γ. ③Bone marrow-derived MSCs remarkably suppressed allogeneic T cell proliferation in vitro. Addition of exogenous IFN-γ had no significant effect on the inhibitory capacity of MSCs, the inhibitory ratios of T cell proliferation were (40.4±10.9)% vs(36.7±7.4)% (P=0.272). By contrast, the inhibitory ratio of T cell proliferation was significantly decreased in the presence of anti-IFN-γ mAb[(40.4±10.9)% vs (23.9±7.6)%,P=0.002]. CONCLUSION: ①Human MSCs constitutively expressed immunosuppressive concentrations of PGE2, HGF and TGF-β1, and their expressions were significantly up-regulated by IFN-γ. ②IFN-γ-induced expression of IDO on MSCs involved in tryptophan catabolism. ③MSCs notably suppressed allogeneic T cell proliferation in vitro. IFN-γ promoted the immunosuppressive capacity of human MSCs, indicating the synergistic immunomodulatory effect of IFN-γ and MSCs.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 03/2013; 34(3):213-216.
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    ABSTRACT: As an important immune mediator, PGE2 plays an important role in the immune tolerance, autoimmune diseases, immune regulation and tumor immunotolerance. PGE2 is considered to be a promising candidate for the control of the immune diseases. To further understand the immuno-modulating effects of PGE2 on CD4+ T cells, in vitro investigation was conducted in the present study. The results showed that PGE2 inhibited the proliferation of T cells in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. Gene expression profiling showed that 1716 genes were down regulated and 73 genes were up regulated with a change of 1.5 fold. Several signal transduction pathways were involved, such as TNF-α and NF-kB signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway, IL-2 signaling pathway, and MAPK pathway. The results showed that PGE2 inhibited IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-4 production by CD4+ T cells 24h after cell culture. A comparison between IFN-γ and IL-4 production showed that PGE2 enhanced the relative ratio of IL-4 to IFN-γ in CD4+ T cells culture, and regulated CD4+ T cells toward Th2 cell development. The results of the present study indicated that PGE2 has the potential to treat Th1-mediated inflammatory diseases by regulating CD4+ T cells toward Th2 cell immune response.
    International immunopharmacology 05/2011; 11(10):1599-605. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on proliferation of peripheral blood T lymphocytes, and to evaluate the regulatory role of PGE2 on immunological balance between Th1/Th2 and Tc1/Tc2 lymphocytes. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were stimulated by anti-human CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) and anti-human CD28 mAb, and were cultured in the presence of different concentration of PGE2 for 120 hours. The proliferation of peripheral blood T lymphocytes was assayed according to the manufacture protocol of BrdU Kit; the IFN-gamma and IL-4 levels in supernatants cultured for 24, 48, 72 and 120 hours were detected by ELISA; the ratios of CD4+IL-4+ T cells/CD4+ IFN-gamma+ T cells and CD8+IL-4+ T cell/CD8+IFN-gamma+ T cells were determined by flow cytometry. The cells cultured without PGE2 were used as control. The results indicated that (1) with the raising of concentration of PGE2, the inhibitory rate of T cell proliferation in vitro significantly increased (p=0.001). There was significant positive correlation between inhibitory rate of T cells and PGE2 concentration (correlation coefficient=0.889, p=0.000). (2) the difference between the IFN-gamma concentrations in supernatant cultured for 120 and 72 hours in test groups had no statistical significance (p=0.917). The IFN-gamma concentration increased continually with prolonging of culture time in control group (p=0.046). The IFN-gamma concentrations produced at different times in test group were significantly lower compared with those in control group (p<0.05). The IL-4 concentrations produced at different time had no significant change in test groups (p=0.400). The IL-4 concentration in 24 hours in control group was significantly higher than that at 48, 72 and 120 hours in control group (p=0.007, 0.003 and 0.002). After cultured for 24 hours the IL-4 concentration in test group was significantly lower than that in control group (p=0.037), but after cultured for 48, 72 and 120 hours, the IL-4 concentration in test group did not show statistical difference in comparison with control group (p>0.05). (3) the proportions of CD4+IFN-gamma+T cells in test group and in control group had no significant difference (p=0.767). The proportion of CD4+IL-4+T cells in test group was slightly higher than that in control group (p=0.051). The ratio of CD4+IL-4+T cells to CD4+IFN-gamma+ T cells in test group was significantly higher than that in control group (p=0.011). The proportions of CD8+IFN-gamma+ T cells in test group and in control group had no statistical difference (p=0.441). The proportion of CD8+IL-4+T cells in test group was significantly higher than that in control group (p=0.015). The ratio of CD8+IL-4+ T cells to CD8+IFN-gamma+ T cells in test group were obviously higher than that in control group(p=0.038). It is concluded that the PGE2 inhibits the proliferation of T lymphocytes in vitro. PGE2 influences the production of IFN-gamma and IL-4, and significantly influences peak appearance of IFN-gamma produced by T lymphocyte. PGE2 can continuously inhibit the production of IFN-gamma, but its continuous effect on IL-4 is no significant. PGE2 enhances the ratio of CD4+IL-4+T lymphocytes to CD4+IFN-gamma+T lymphocytes and the ratio of CD8+IL-4+T lymphocytes to CD8+IFN-gamma+T lymphocytes, and regulates development of T cells toward Th2/Tc2 cells.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 04/2010; 18(2):431-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was aimed to compare the efficiency of cytomegalovirus (CMV) quantitative PCR and CMV-pp65 antigen test for detection of CMV infection and their clinical significance in patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). 84 patients received allogeneic HSCT were enrolled in study. Anticoagulant blood samples were obtained from the recipients before and after transplantation and in the convalescence. CMV quantitative PCR and CMV-pp65 antigen test were performed weekly. The results showed that out of 84 patients, 26 cases were positive (30.95%) by CMV quantitative PCR method. Of the 26 cases, 9 cases were CMV antigenemia and 13 cases were CMV disease, the median positive time was 37.1 (7 - 105) days after HSCT. 22 cases were positive (26.19%) by CMV-pp65 antigen test method, the median positive time was 46.6 (10 - 128) days after HSCT. All the 22 positive cases detected by CMV-pp65 antigen test were also positive by CMV quantitative PCR method. Nevertheless, 4 positive cases detected by CMV quantitative PCR but negative detected by CMV-pp65 antigen test method did not develop CMV disease. The CMV disease was found in the cases either with moderate to high copies of CMV quantitative PCR or moderate to high level CMV antigenemia by CMV-pp65 antigen test method. The clearance median time was 17.5 (11 - 28) days by CMV quantitative PCR method after receiving antiviral therapy and was 10.0 (7 - 21) days by CMV-pp65 antigen detection method. It is concluded that both CMV quantitative PCR and CMV-pp65 antigen test can detect the infection of CMV early and effectively in patients received HSCT. CMV quantitative PCR is more sensitive, and CMV-pp65 is more specific. It can be more effective to guide the antiviral treatment and evaluate its efficacy when combining the two methods.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 12/2009; 17(6):1522-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the genotype distribution and the effects of killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligand on related donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The genotypes of donor/recipient HLA-Cw and donor KIR were determined by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) in 87 cases of related donor HSCT (40 cases were haploidentical HSCT, and the remaining 47 cases were HLA-identital sibling HSCT). All the donors possessed KIR2DL1, 2DL2/L3, 2DL4, 3DL2, and 3DL3, and 96.6% of donors possessed 3DL1. The rate of activating KIRs varied. 97.7% of the recipients expressed C1, while the rates of C2, Bw4, and HLA-A3/A11 were different. In haploidentical HSCT, KIR-HLA-mismatched group included 34 cases and the matched group included 6 cases. HLA-HLA-mismatched group included 31 cases and the matched group included 9 cases. In matched sibling donor HSCT, KIR-HLA-mismatched group included 42 cases and the matched group included 5 cases. KIR-HLA-mismatched group had higher 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate compared with KIR-HLA-matched group [ (71.5 +/- 6.5 ) % vs. (50.0 +/- 10.7)%, P < 0.05]. The rate of activating KIR is lower than inhibitory KIRs. Inhibitory KIR2DL1, 3DL1, and 3DL2 may play key roles in the natural killer cell alloreactivity. The DFS rate is higher in KIR-HLA-mismatched group than in KIR-HLA-matched group in related donor HSCT.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 10/2009; 31(5):533-7.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the phenotype, in vitro expansion and cytokine secretion profile of Valpha24(+) NKT cells from cord blood (CB), peripheral blood (PB), and granulocyte colony stimulating factor-mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cells (G-PBMNCs). Fresh mononuclear cells (MNCs) were isolated by the method of gradient centrifugation and then cultured with alpha-GalCer (100 ng/ml), IL-2 (50 U/ml), IL-15 (50 ng/ml) for 12 days. Valpha24(+) NKT cells were purified by anti-Vbeta11 TCR McAb and goat anti-mouse IgG magnetic beads. The phenotype and purity of Valpha24(+) NKT cells were determined by flow cytometry. Cytokine production was analyzed by ELISA. The results showed that Valpha24(+) NKT cells in CB, PB and G-PBMNCs were expanded by 221.5 (95 - 501), 456.5 (101 - 2207), and 756.38 (82 - 20373)-fold respectively. After stimulation by phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) for 24 hours, IL-4 and IFN-gamma produced by Valpha24(+) NKT cells from CB and PB were 180.33 (144.67 - 2253.48) vs 190.67 (110.07 - 6060.16) ng/ml, 864.33 (401.33 - 3386.67) vs 508.49 (253.82 - 8840.00) ng/ml respectively, with IL-4/IFN-gamma ratio of 0.503 +/- 0.642 vs 0.455 +/- 0.562 respectively. After expansion of Valpha24(+) NKT cells from G-PBMNCs, IL-4 and IFN-gamma produced by Valpha24(+) NKT cells at day 9 and day 12 were 139.08 (7.62 - 606) vs 89.3 (0 - 729.2) ng/ml, 14264.8 (1168 - 18059) vs 14488 (1041 - 18261) ng/ml respectively, with IL-4/IFN-gamma ratio of 0.0531 +/- 0.1081 vs 0.0376 +/- 0.1148 respectively. It is concluded that in presence of IL-2 and IL-15, alpha-GalCer can facilitate the rapid short-term expansion of Valpha24(+) NKT cells from CB, PB, and G-PBMNCs. Valpha24(+) NKT cells from G-PBMNCs show much high potential of expansion in comparison to the counterparts from CB or PB (p < 0.05). The activated Valpha24(+) NKT cells can secrete IFN-gamma and IL-4 in large amounts, with IFN-gamma in particular.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 06/2009; 17(3):633-6.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the effects of rat marrow mesenchymal stem cell (rMSC) transplantation on left ventricular (LV) function in a rat myocardial infarction model. Myocardial infarction was performed in male Lewis rats by ligating the proximal left coronary artery. Rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham operation group (only thoracotomy, n = 8), AMI group (DF12 injection, n = 10), rMSC group (Dil-Labeled rMSC transplantation). At 8 weeks later, the cardiac functions including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end systolic pressure (LVESP), left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP), +dp/dtmax and -dp/dtmax were evaluated by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. The presence and differentiation of engrafted cells were assessed. CD31 was detected by immunohistochemical staining to demonstrate neovascular formation. The results indicated that the cultured in vitro rMSC expressed CD90, CD44, CD105, CD54; did not express CD34, CD45, CD31, as compared with AMI group, rMSC group showed a significant increase of LVEF, LVESP, +dp/dtmax, -dp/dtmax and a significant decrease of LVEDP. Immunofluorescence demonstrated that some transplanted rMSCs were positive for myosin, suggesting that small number of transplanted rMSCs differentiated into cardiac-like cells. Immunostaining showed marked augmentation of capillary density in the rMSC group than that of AMI group. It is concluded that transplanted rMSCs can differentiate into cardiac-like cells and rMSC transplantation can improve LV function after myocardial infarction in rats.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 05/2009; 17(2):390-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was purposed to investigate the differentiation ability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into myocardial cells in vitro. Rat bone marrow-derived MSCs were labeled and co-cultured with neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CM) for 5 - 7 days. The expression of cell surface antigens was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression of muscle-specific marker myosin and troponin T in labeled cells was detected by immunofluorescence. The results showed that in vitro cultured MSCs expressed CD90, CD44, CD105, CD54, not expressed CD34, CD45, CD31. After co-cultured with neonatal rat CM, labeled MSCs differentiated into cardiomyocyte-like cells expressing myosin and troponin T. It is concluded that MSCs can differentiate into cardiomyocyte-like cells when co-cultured with neonatal myocardial cells in vitro. In co-culture of two kind of cells in ratio of four to one showed obvious efficacy differentiating MSCs into CMs.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 11/2008; 16(5):1111-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of donor killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and recipient HLA genotypes on outcome following haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). 26 patients with hematologic diseases received non T-cell-depleted (TCD) in vitro transplant from haploidentical donor. Donor/recipient HLA and donor KIR genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP). Donor/recipient KIR/HLA subgroup was assessed by donors KIR and recipients HLA-Bw4, Cw1 group and Cw2 group alleles. Hematopoietic reconstitution, incidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD), disease-free survival (DFS), infection and transplant-related mortality (TRM) were analyzed between every two groups. The influence of donor activating KIR on outcome following haploidentical HSCT also has been studied. The results showed that hematopoietic reconstitution, incidence of GVHD, DFS, infection and TRM were not significantly different between every two groups (p>0.05). There were 4 cases of severe GVHD in C2 mismatched group. The donor activating KIR2DS5 positive group had higher 2-year DFS compared with the negative group [(85.7+/-13.2)% vs (31.2+/-12.8)%, p<0.05]. It is concluded that KIR/HLA genotypes between donor and recipient influence the outcome following haploidentical HSCT. Donor activating KIR2DS5 may improve DFS in non TCD haploidentical HSCT.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2008; 16(1):111-5.
  • Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 01/2008; 15(12):949-50.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for aplastic anemia (AA). Twelve patients with severe AA (SAA) and 4 with chronic AA (CAA) received allo- HSCT. The effectiveness and complication were analyzed retrospectively. Hematopoiesis reconstitution was achieved 14 patients (87.50%). The median time of neutrophils reached to 0.5 x 10(9)/L and platelets reached to 20 x 10(9)/L were 14 (11 - 16) and 14 (10 - 33) days, respectively. Six cases developed grade I - II acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), chronic local GVHD occurred in 2 patients. Graft rejection occurred in 3 cases. Thirteen cases survived with a median of 10 (0.5 - 84) months at the end of follow-up. Three cases died of un-engraftment, graft rejection (GR) and interstitial pneumonia (IP) each. Allo-HSCT is an effective therapy for patients with AA. Enhancing immunosuppressive treatment for conditioning and GVHD prophylaxis may reduce the incidence of GR and GVHD.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 03/2007; 28(2):78-82.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was aimed to investigate the association of FOXP3 gene expression in donor grafts with acute graft-versus-host disease after HLA-identical sibling allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Twenty-six donor grafts (peripheral blood or bone marrow) and their respective clinical characteristics were evaluated. Flow cytometry analysis was performed to assess the percentage of CD4+CD25+ and CD4+CD25(high) T cells in cord blood, healthy controls' peripheral blood and donor grafts. Relative transcripts of FOXP3 mRNA were determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcription -polymerase chain reaction with beta2-MG as the internal control gene. The specificity of FOXP3 and beta2-MG amplifications was confirmed by analyzing the dissociation curves and electrophoresis of the target amplicon. The results showed that the CD4+CD25+ T cells in peripheral blood, peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) or BM grafts exhibited a continuous and primarily low expression of CD25 and the frequencies of CD4+CD25+ T and CD4+CD25(high) T in CD4+ T cells were (48.5 +/- 16.3)% and (9.6 +/- 2.5)%, (42.1 +/- 14.7)% and (13.1 +/- 4.2)%, (43.4 +/- 9.6)% and (14.6 +/- 4.5)%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the frequencies and absolute numbers of CD4+CD25(high) T cells between patients with aGVHD and patients without aGVHD (P > 0.05). The plot of log transfused cDNA amount versus DeltaCt had a slope of 0.0826 which indicated approximately equal efficiency of FOXP3 and beta2-MG amplifications in real-time PCR. The specificities of amplification were confirmed by analyzing the dissociation curves and electrophoresis of PCR products with the values of Tm 86.5 degrees C and 82.3 degrees C, respectively. The relative transcripts of FOXP3 in PBSC grafts of recipients without aGVHD were 318%high as those with aGVHD (median of 41.0 x 10(-5) and 12.9 x 10(-5), respectively) (P = 0.03). No significant difference was found in other related variables for GVHD. It is concluded that coexpression of CD4 and CD25 may be insufficient to identify regulatory T cells; FOXP3 mRNA expression may be specifically quantified with real-time quantitative RT-PCR using SYBR Green I chemistry. FOXP3 mRNA expression in donor grafts is significantly low in patients with aGVHD compared with patients without aGVHD. It indicated that the expression level of FOXP3 mRNA may be one of the useful indicators for in predicting aGVHD.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 01/2007; 14(6):1215-20.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of alloreactive natural killer (NK) cells used in conditioning regimen on elimination of recipient-type T cell and granulocyte, reconstitution of hematopoiesis, engraftment and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in murine major histocompatibility complex (MHC) haploidentical bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The murine model of MHC haploidentical BMT was established by using (C57BL/6 x BALB/c) BCF(1) (H-2(d/b)) mouse as the donor, and BALB/c (H-2(d)) mouse as the recipient. Recipient mice were divided into 8.5 Gy control group and 7, 6 and 5 Gy experimental groups according to different irradiation dose and different kinds of NK cell treatment. The control group was further subdivided into untreated and BMT groups, while each experimental group was subdivided respectively into untreated group, BMT group, non-allo-reactive NK cells (non-allo NK) group and alloreactive NK cells (allo NK) group. The effect of adding alloreactive NK cell to conditioning regimen was assessed by peripheral white blood cell and platelet counts, recipient type H-2(d+) T cells and granulocytes counts, expression of H-2(d/b+) cells and pathohistological examination. Survival time was (6.00 +/- 0.82) days for 8.5 Gy untreated group, and beyond 60 days for all the other groups. No clinical and histopathological evidence of GVHD was observed in all the groups. The reconstitution of hematopoiesis was faster in allo NK groups than in other groups (P < 0.05). On day 1 after BMT, in allo NK groups with different irradiation dose, bone marrow and spleen recipient type H-2(d+) granulocytes and T cells were significantly decreased compared with identical BMT groups and non-allo NK groups (P < 0.05). The engraftment rates of H-2(d/b+) cells were significantly higher in 7, 6 and 5 Gy allo NK groups than in identical BMT groups and non-allo NK groups (P < 0.05, respectively). In mouse MHC haploidentical BMT, alloreactive NK cell can eliminate recipient-type T cell and granulocyte, promote reconstitution of hematopoiesis, enhance engraftment while not induce GVHD.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 02/2006; 27(2):82-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on in vitro expansion potential, the adherent molecules expression of cord blood (CB) CD34(+) cells. MSCs were obtained from human bone marrow and their differentiation function and phenotype were identified. CB CD34(+) cells were expanded in culture systems with or without MSC layer. Hematopoietic progenitor cells and adhesion molecules expression were assessed by semisolid culture assay and flow cytometry. Thy-1, SH2, SB10, CD44, CD13, CD49e and CD29 were highly expressed on MSCs with no expressions of CD34, CD45, HLA-DR, CD14 and CD31. The MSCs could differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts under specific induction conditions. After culturing on MSCs layer with supplement of cytokines for 8 days, the absolute numbers of nuclear cells, CD34(+), CD34(+)CD38(-), CD34(+)CD62L(+) cells and CFU-Cs were increased by 145.57 +/- 17.89, 37.47 +/- 13.78, 69.78 +/- 50.07, 10.74 +/- 5.89 and 20.73 +/- 5.54-folds, respectively, being significantly higher than that cultured with cytokines alone. The expression of ALCAM, VLA-alpha4, VLA-alpha5, VLA-beta1, HCAM, PECAM and LFA-1 on CD34(+) cells remained unaffected. The expressions of ICAM-1 and L-selectin were downregulated during expansion, while the absolute numbers of CD34(+)CD62L(+) and CD34(+)CD54(+) cells were increased. MSCs layer improves expansion of CB CD34(+) cells while inhibiting their differentiation and retaining their homing ability.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 08/2005; 26(7):397-400.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the treatment outcome of HLA-identical sibling allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients in first chronic phase (CP(1)). Fifty-one patients with CML-CP(1) received HLA-identical sibling allo-HSCT with conditioning regimens of TBI plus Cy or Bu plus Cy. Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) and bone marrow transplantation (BMT) were performed for 28 and 23 patients, respectively. The median follow-up duration was 1434 (60 - 4062) days. Fifty (98.0%) patients were successfully engrafted. Transplant-related mortality occurred in 8 (15.7%) patients. Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) occurred in 35 (68.6%) patients and 11 (21.6%) patients were grade II-IV, while chronic GVHD (cGVHD) did in 17 (37.8%) patients. Five (7.4%) patients relapsed. The 5-year probability of disease-free survival (DFS) was (79.2 +/- 6.4)%. There was no significant difference in 5-year DFS, death rate and treatment related syndromes between the two conditioning regimens (P > 0.05), and in 5-year DFS, relapse rate and death rate between two transplant choices (P > 0.05). However, the rate of relapse was lower in Bu/Cy group (P < 0.01) and the rate of cGVHD was higher in allo-PBSCT group (P < 0.05). Allo-HSCT can cure a significant proportion of patients with CML-CP(1). There was no significant difference in DFS between the two different conditioning regimens and between the different transplant choices. Donor lymphocyte infusion is a therapeutic alternative for CML patients relapsed after transplantation.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 08/2005; 26(7):389-92.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the method for expanding Valpha24 natural killer T (NKT) cells with alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer) ex vivo. Mononuclear cells (MNCs) isolated from adult peripheral blood or umbilical cord blood (UCB) were divided into three groups. In Group A1 (n = 5), CD34+ progenitorderived dendritic cells were differentiated in a cytokine-supplemented culture system from cord blood and acted as antigen presenting cells (APC) to induce the expansion of cord blood Valpha24 NKT cells in presence of alpha-GalCer; in Group A2 (n = 5), adult peripheral monocyte-derived dendritic cells (Mo-DC) were used as APC to induce the expansion of adult peripheral NKT cells in presence of alpha-GalCer; whereas in Group B (n = 16), alpha-GalCer was added into adult peripheral MNCs culture system without additional DCs. Cytokine-produce were measured by ELISA, and NKT cells' proliferation ability, cytotoxicity, and suppressive effect on mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) were examined by MTT assays. Valpha24 NKT cells in Group A1, A2, and B were expanded up to 128 (95-207), 250.5 (179.6-790.6), and 326 (101-2 136) -fold by day 12, respectively. Adult NKT cells expanded in Group B were markedly better than those in Group A1 (P = 0.038). When stimulating by PMA, the NKT cells had a 3-day stimulate index of 1.80 +/- 0.41; and the secretion ratio of IL-4 to IFN-gamma of UCB or adult peripheral blood NKT cells were 0.30 +/- 0.13 and 0.28 +/- 0.18; and the ex vivo antitumor effect of expanded NKT cells were found in cell line HL60, KG1a, and Raji except for K562; and the suppressive effect of expanded NKT cells or the culture supernatant on MLR were confirmed. Alpha-GalCer can facilitate the rapid shorttime expansion of Valpha24 NKT cells in presence of IL-2 and IL-15. These expanded NKT cells, kill tumor cell lines, and inhibit can massively excret IL-4 and IFN-gamma allogeneic T-cell response.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 07/2005; 27(3):315-20.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the difference of biological characteristics between two subpopulations of adult bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), this study was designed to observe the morphological feature and immunophenotype of the adult MSC in the ex vivo culture, the mononuclear cells isolated from normal adult bone marrow were cultured in DMEM with 10% fetal bovine serum. Cell morphology, immunophenotype and cell cycle of two different subgroups were investigated. Cells from 80% confluence were passed through a 10 microm filter, then the fillered cells were cultured in the semisolid methylcellulose medium. The results showed that (1) two different subpopulations were observed in the ex vivo culture. The fibro-like cell was called mature MSC (mMSC) and the smaller round cell was defined rapidly as MSC self-renewing cells (RS cells); (2) the average proportion of cells in G(0)/G(1) of RS cells was approximately 99%, but that of mMSCs was 90%; (3) both of the two populations were negative on the lineage-committed antigen (such as CD34, CD45, CD3, CD19, CD33, HLA-DR, CD38), while positive on the expression of CD90, CD105, C166, CD29, CD44, CD49e, CD54, CD13. However, the expression of these antigens on RS cells was weaker than that on mMSC, but CD117 and KDR were higher expressed when compared with the mMSC; (4) after 4 to 5 week semisolid culture, no hematopoietic progenitor cell colonies were observed. It is concluded that adult MSCs are heterogeneous in that distinct morphological populations exist. The RS cells appear to be the more primitive with greater potential for self-renewal and multilineage differentiation.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2005; 13(1):54-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the role of T-bet [a T helper 1 (Th1) lymphocyte transcription factor] gene expression in predicting acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and evaluate the correlation between T-bet gene and aGVHD. Twenty patients who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo. HSCT) entered this study. The expression of T-bet gene was examined with reverse transcription (RT)-PCR in bone marrow samples collected from patients on the day before conditioning, and day 0, day 14, day 28, and day 42 after HSCT. The expression level of T-bet in patients developed aGVHD was increased compared with that before conditioning (P = 0.043). The incidence of aGVHD was 91.7% in patients whose T-bet expression level was increased on day 14 after transplant while was 12.5% in those whose T-bet gene expression level was not increased on that day (P < 0.001). Patients with increased expression levels of T-bet after allo-HSCT may have an increased possibility to develop aGVHD. T-bet expression level may serve as an advisable guide to the clinician in predicting aGVHD and monitoring treatment.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 08/2004; 25(8):458-61.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for treatment of leukemia relapsed after first allo-HSCT. Nine patients with relapsed acute leukemia (5 AML, 4 ALL) and one with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who showed cytogenetic relapse after first allo-HSCT received second allo-HSCT. The median relapse time from the first allo-HSCT was 141 days. Conditioning regimens for second allo-HSCT were combination chemotherapy based on moderate-dose Ara-C (n = 5), Bu (n = 3), conventional-dose Ara-C (n = 1) and Flud/Mel (n = 1). Prophylaxis for acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) were CsA alone (n = 2), CsA/MTX (n = 1), FK506 (n = 1), and no prophylaxis in 6. The median number of peripheral blood mononuclear cells transfused was 6.1 x 10(8)/kg. Eight cases were evaluable. All of them were engrafted and 7 developed aGVHD (grade I 4, grade II 3). The median time for absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 0.5 x 10(9)/L and platelets > 20 x 10(9)/L were 11 and 12 days, respectively. Five cases developed localized chronic GVHD. Of all the 10 cases received second allo-HSCT, 8 died from interstitial pneumonia (n = 2), multiple-organ failure (n = 1), sepsis (n = 1), fungous pneumonia (n = 1), and leukemia relapse (n = 3), and 2 survived without leukemia for +986 and +1913 days, respectively. The leukemia free survival, transplantation related mortality and relapse rate at 2 year were 20%, 50% and 30%, respectively. Second allo-HSCT is a therapeutic alternative for selected patients with relapsed leukemia after first allo-HSCT.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 05/2004; 25(5):285-9.

Publication Stats

18 Citations
2.21 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2011
    • Harbin Medical University
      Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China
  • 2009
    • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2005–2008
    • China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
      • Institute of Hematology
      Peping, Beijing, China