Mayumi Kuwagata

Kitasato University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (4)11.52 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although a blockade or lack of N-type Ca(2+) channels has been reported to suppress neuronal injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion in several animal models, information is still limited regarding the neuroprotective effects of a dual L/N-type Ca(2+) channel blocker, cilnidipine. We histologically examined the effects of cilnidipine on neuronal injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion, intravitreous N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) (200nmol/eye) and intravitreous NOC12 (400nmol/eye), an nitric oxide donor, in the rat retina, and compared its effects with those of omega-conotoxin MV IIA, an N-type Ca(2+) channel blocker and amlodipine, an L-type Ca(2+) channel blocker. Morphometric evaluation at 7 days after ischemia-reperfusion showed that treatment with cilnidipine (100microg/kg, i.v. or 0.5pmol/eye, intravitreous injection) prior to ischemia dramatically reduced the retinal damage. Treatment with omega-conotoxin MV IIA before ischemia (0.1pmol/eye, intravitreous injection) significantly reduced the retinal damage. However, amlodipine (30-100microg/kg, i.v. or 0.1-1pmol/eye, intravitreous injection) did not show any protective effects. Treatment with cilnidipine (100microg/kg, i.v.) reduced the retinal damage induced by intravitreous NMDA, but not NOC12. These results suggest that cilnidipine reduces Ca(2+) influx via N-type Ca(2+) channels after NMDA receptors activation and then protects neurons against ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat retina in vivo. Cilnidipine may be useful as a therapeutic drug against retinal diseases which cause neuronal cell death, such as glaucoma and central retinal vessel occlusion.
    Experimental Eye Research 02/2009; 88(5):974-82. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brief ischemia was reported to protect retinal cells against injury induced by subsequent ischemia-reperfusion with de novo protein synthesis, and this phenomenon is known as late ischemic preconditioning. The aims of the present study were to determine whether nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was involved in the mechanism of late ischemic preconditioning in rat retina using pharmacological tools. Under anesthesia with pentobarbital sodium, male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 60 min of retinal ischemia by raising intraocular pressure to 130 mm Hg. Ischemic preconditioning was achieved by applying 5 min of ischemia 24 hrs before 60 min of ischemia. Retinal sections sliced into 5 microm thick were examined 7 days after ischemia. Additional groups of rats received NG-nitro-L-arginine and NG-monomethyl-L-arginin, non-selective NO synthase inhibitors, 7-nitroindazole, a neuronal NOS inhibitor, and aminoguanidine and L-N6-(1-iminoethyl) lysine, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) inhibitors before preconditioning, and were subjected to 60 min of ischemia. In the non-preconditioned group, cell loss in the ganglion cell layer and thinning of the inner plexiform and inner nuclear layer were observed 7 days after 60 min of ischemia. Ischemic preconditioning for 5 min completely protected against the histological damage induced by 60 min of ischemia applied 24 hrs thereafter. Treatment of rats with aminoguanidine and L-N6-(1-iminoethyl) lysine, but not NG-nitro-L-arginine, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine or 7-nitroindazole, wiped off the protective effect of ischemic preconditioning. The inhibitory effect of aminoguanidine was abolished by L-arginine, but not D-arginine. The results in the present study suggest that NO synthesized by iNOS is involved in the histological protection by late ischemic preconditioning in rat retina.
    Experimental Eye Research 04/2006; 82(3):512-8. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brief ischemia was reported to protect various cells against injury induced by subsequent ischemia-reperfusion, and this phenomenon is known as ischemic preconditioning. The aims of the present study were to clarify whether early ischemic preconditioning could be observed in the rat retina by histological examination. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 60 min of retinal ischemia by raising intraocular pressure to 130 mm Hg. Ischemic preconditioning was achieved by applying 5 min of ischemia 5-60 min before 60 min of ischemia. Additional groups of rats received 10 mg/kg 8-phenyltheophiline and 4.5 mg/kg 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), adenosine A1 receptor antagonists, 5 mg/kg 5-hydroxydecanoate and 1 mg/kg glibenclamide, ATP-sensitive K+ channel blockers, or 2.5 mg/kg chelerythrine and 0.1 mg/kg bisindolylmaleimide I, protein kinase C inhibitors, 15 or 30 min before preconditioning. In the non-preconditioned group, cell loss in the ganglion cell layer and thinning of the inner plexiform and inner nuclear layer were observed 7 days after 60 min of ischemia. Five minutes of preconditioning ischemia 20-40 min before 60 min of sustained ischemia completely prevented the retinal tissue damage induced by the sustained ischemia. Treatment with 8-phenyltheophylline, DPCPX, 5-hydroxydecanoate, glibenclamide, chelerythrine and bisindolylmaleimide I almost completely reduced the protective effect of early ischemic preconditioning. The results in the present study indicated that early ischemic preconditioning was demonstrated in the rat retina. Stimulation of adenosine receptors, opening of ATP-sensitive K+ channels and activation of protein kinase C might be involved in the underlying protective mechanisms.
    Brain Research 08/2004; 1015(1-2):154-60. · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • K Sakamoto, M Kuwagata, T Nakahara, K Ishii
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether stimulation of adenosine receptors and opening of ATP-sensitive K(+) channels were involved in the protective effect of late preconditioning in the rat retina, rats were subjected to 60 min of retinal ischemia, and ischemic preconditioning was achieved by applying 5 min of ischemia 24 h before 60 min of ischemia. In non-preconditioned rats, cell loss in the ganglion cell layer and thinning of the inner plexiform and inner nuclear layer were observed 7 days after 60 min of ischemia. Ischemic preconditioning completely prevented the retinal tissue damage and 8-phenyltheophylline or 5-hydroxydecanoate reduced the protective effect of ischemic preconditioning. Therefore, stimulation of adenosine receptors and opening of ATP-sensitive K(+) channels might be involved in the mechanism of histological protection by late preconditioning in the retina.
    European Journal of Pharmacology 05/2001; 418(1-2):89-93. · 2.59 Impact Factor