Ayça Yilmaz

Mersin University, Zephyrium, Mersin, Turkey

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Publications (9)20.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the serum levels and H/L gene polymorphisms of mannose-binding lectin-2 (MBL-2) in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) cases and control subjects to investigate whether MBL-2 has a possible role in the development and pathogenesis of POAG. In 45 POAG cases and age and sex-matched 45 healthy controls, Elisa Kit was used to determine serum levels of MBL-2. The genomic DNA of patient and control groups was extracted from whole blood using High Pure PCR template preparation kit. Genotyping of MBL-2 polymorphisms were detected by using a MBL-2 mutation detection kit in real-time PCR. Chi-square or Fisher's Exact Tests were used to evaluate the distribution of MBL-2 H/L genotypes among patients and control subjects. Associations between the H/L genotype and POAG risk were analyzed by using binary logistic regression. The serum MBL-2 levels of both groups were compared with Independent Sample t-test. Results: Mean MBL-2 serum levels in the patient group (21.30 ± 4.97 µg/mL) was significantly higher than the control group (17.48 ± 3.66 µg/mL), (p < 0.001). The distribution of alleles in the patient group was 28.9% for LL, 44.4% for HL, 26.7% for HH and in controls was 33.3% for LL, 37.8% for HL, 28.3% for HH. According to genotype ratios, the two groups were not different from each other. Our findings may suggest an association between high serum MBL-2 levels and POAG, but H/L gene polymorphism of MBL-2 seems not to be associated with POAG.
    Current eye research 03/2012; 37(3):212-7. · 1.51 Impact Factor
  • Ayça Yilmaz, Lokman Ayaz, Lülüfer Tamer
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the levels of selenium (Se), an essential trace element, in aqueous humor, conjunctival specimens, and serum of patients with pseudoexfoliation (PEX) syndrome and control subjects; and to determine the role of Se in the development and pathogenesis of PEX syndrome. A prospective case-control study. Twenty-seven cataract patients with PEX syndrome and 20 age-matched cataract patients without PEX syndrome were enrolled in this institutional study. Patients with ophthalmic conditions other than PEX and conditions that may influence Se levels were excluded. During cataract surgeries, aqueous humor, conjunctival specimens, and serum were collected in both groups. Selenium levels of all samples were measured by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The mean Se levels in aqueous humor of patients with PEX syndrome (50.96 ± 23.79 μg/L) were significantly lower than the control group (77.85 ± 19.21 μg/L) (P < .001). The mean Se levels in conjunctival specimens of patients with PEX syndrome (4.04 ± 1.44 μg/mg) were significantly lower than the control group (7.19 ± 2.00 μg/mg) (P < .001), as well. The mean Se levels in serum of patients with PEX syndrome (115.25 ± 25.20 μg/L) were lower than the control group (124.25 ± 14.40 μg/L), but this was not statistically significant (P = .325). Reduced levels of Se in aqueous humor, conjunctival specimens, and serum of patients with PEX may support the role of impairment in antioxidant defense system in the pathogenesis of PEX syndrome.
    American journal of ophthalmology 02/2011; 151(2):272-6.e1. · 3.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a natural bee-produced compound, and compared it with corticosteroids in the treatment of experimentally induced methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) endophthalmitis in addition to intravitreal antibiotics. An experimental endophthalmitis model was produced in 24 New Zealand albino rabbits by unilateral intravitreal injection of 0.1 ml of 4.7 x 10(4) colony-forming units (CFU) methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis. The animals were then divided randomly into three treatment groups and a control group, group 1 (six rabbits), received only intravitreal vancomycin (1.0 mg/0.1 ml); group 2 (six rabbits), received both intravitreal vancomycin (1.0 mg/0.1 ml) and intravitreal dexamethasone (400 microg/0.1 ml) and group 3 (six rabbits), received both intravitreal vancomycin (1.0 mg/0.1 ml) and subtenon CAPE (10 mg/0.3 ml) after 24 h post-infection. No treatment was given to the control group. Treatment efficacy was assessed by clinical examination, vitreous culture and histopathology. There were no statististically significant differences between clinical scores of all groups in examinations at 24 and 48 h post-infection (p = 0.915 and p = 0.067 respectively), but in examinations at 72 h post-infection and after 7 days post-infection, although the clinical scores of treatment groups were not significantly different from each other, they were significantly lower than the control group (p < 0.05). The culture results of all groups were sterile. As a result, CAPE was found to be as effective as dexamethasone in reducing inflammation in the treatment of experimental MRSE endophthalmitis when used with antibiotics. More studies are needed to determine the optimal administration route and effective dosage of this compound.
    Cell Biochemistry and Function 01/2007; 25(6):693-700. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between neuropathy and increased morbidity in patients with COPD is clear, but few studies have assessed cranial neuropathies, especially optic nerve involvement, in COPD patients. We evaluated peripheral involvement of the optic nerve and determined factors influencing this condition in patients with severe COPD. Twenty-eight patients, mean age 59.4 +/- 9.4 years, diagnosed with severe stable COPD according to the GOLD criteria, and 20 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals, mean age 55.6 +/- 8.5 years, were included in the study. All subjects underwent visual evoked potential (VEP) assessment together with detailed clinical and laboratory examination to exclude concurrent risk factors for neuropathy. VEP assessment showed significant abnormalities in COPD patients (82.1%) (commonly amplitude abnormalities) when compared with healthy controls. The optic nerve is often involved in patients with severe COPD, possibly as part of a polyneuropathy, and this is related to acidosis, hypercarbia and airway obstruction, independent of disease duration, smoking and age. These results should be taken into consideration when determining management strategies for these patients.
    Respirology 12/2005; 10(5):666-72. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Free radicals and oxidative damage play roles in aging and age-related ocular diseases such as cataracts, so defensive mechanisms become important factors for protection. Because N-acetylation is involved in a wide variety of detoxification processes, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between the acetylator phenotypes and genotypes in a group of patients with age-related cataract. Sixty-one cases of age-related cataract and 104 controls were included in this study. Blood was collected in EDTA-containing tubes, and genomic DNA was extracted from the white blood cells by high pure PCR template preparation kit. Genotyping of NAT2 polymorphisms were detected by using a LightCycler-NAT2 mutation detection kit in real-time PCR. There was a significant difference in the distribution of the NAT2*6A acetylator phenotype between cases and the controls. The odds ratio of cataract for the NAT2*6A slow phenotype was 3.8 (95% CI = 1.08 to 13.11, p = 0.032) compared with the fast type. Our results suggest that slow acetylators are at higher risk of developing age-related cataracts than fast acetylators. As NAT2 is an important xenobiotic-metabolizing enzyme and theoretically xenobiotics such as ultraviolet B radiation, smoking, and alcohol use may induce cataract formation, NAT2 gene polymorphisms may be associated with genetic susceptibility of cataract.
    Current Eye Research 11/2005; 30(10):835-9. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and carcinostatic properties. In this study, the efficacy of CAPE in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in rats is investigated. EIU was induced by a footpad injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the treatment group, 10 micromol/kg CAPE was injected intraperitoneally immediately after LPS injection. At 24 hr after LPS injection, the number of infiltrating cells, protein concentration, and levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO) in aqueous humor; malondialdehyde (MDA), MPO, and total antioxidant levels in serum were determined. Eyes were enucleated for histopathologic evaluation, and, counting inflammatory cells in iris-ciliary body (ICB), the efficacy of treatment was determined. CAPE significantly suppressed LPS-induced increase in the number of inflammatory cells (p = 0.0001), protein concentration (p = 0.0001), and MPO levels (p = 0.0001) in aqueous humor as well as MDA (p = 0.001) and MPO (p = 0.0001) levels in serum. Histopathologic evaluation of ICB showed significant reduction in the inflammatory cell counts in the treatment group (p = 0.0001). CAPE was found efficient in suppressing inflammation and ocular tissue damage induced by LPS in rats.
    Current Eye Research 10/2005; 30(9):755-62. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the distribution of GSTM1, GSTP1, and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms in exfoliation syndrome (XFS) and the possible associations between the presence of exfoliation syndrome and glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene polymorphisms. Using a real-time polymerase chain reaction, GSTM1, GSTP1, and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms were detected in 60 patients with exfoliation syndrome, among which 71.7% had exfoliative glaucoma (43 patients), 16.7% had XFS with elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) (10 patients), and 11.7% had XFS only (7 cases), and in 65 otherwise healthy control group of similar age. Although the exfoliation syndrome group presented a higher prevalence of the GSTM1 null and GSTP1 Ile/Val genotypes than the control group, this increase was not statistically significant. GSTT1 null and GSTP1 Val/Val polymorphisms were also not different among groups. The risk of exfoliation syndrome was not increased as the number of putative high-risk genotypes increase (p = 0.73). GSTM1, GSTP1, and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms were not different among exfoliation syndrome patients, with or without glaucoma, and the controls therefore GSTM1, GSTP1, and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms did not seem to be associated with the risk of development of exfoliation syndrome.
    Current Eye Research 08/2005; 30(7):575-81. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Apolipoprotein E (apo E) is directly involved in the amyloid deposition and fibril formation and is present in many cerebral and systemic amyloidoses immunologically. It is encoded by a polymorphic gene and it has three common alleles-epsilon2, epsilon3, and epsilon4. Exfoliation syndrome (XFS) is characterized by the deposition throughout the body of focal fibrillogranular aggregates in which there have been some reports of amyloid or amyloid-like features. We evaluated the possible association between apo E polymorphism and the occurrence of XFS. Using High Pure PCR Template Preparation Kits, genomic DNAs were extracted from whole blood and apo E polymorphisms were determined by using Lightcycler-Apo E Mutation Detection Kits in 76 patients with XFS and 74 controls. The E2/E2, E2/E3 and E2/E4 genotypes (OR 29.9, 95% CI 3.1-293.7; OR 56.1, 95% CI 12.5-252.7; OR 43.9, 95% CI 7.4-257.6, respectively) and the in2 allele are found to have an increased risk of developing XFS (p=0.0001); whereas the in3 allele was found to be protective (p=0.0001). Apo E polymorphism and the presence of in2 allele are seem to be significantly associated with the development of XFS.
    Experimental Eye Research 07/2005; 80(6):871-5. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To find out whether the polymorphism at GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 loci is associated with increased susceptibility to glaucoma. We genotyped 153 primary open angle patients and 159 healthy controls. Genomic DNA from peripheral blood was examined using polymerase chain reaction and defined for the genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase. The frequency of the GSTM1 null genotype individuals among the glaucoma patients was significanlty higher than in controls (54.9 vs 40.9%) with odds ratio of 1.64 (95% CI: 1.10-2.59). The frequency of the GSTT1 and GSTP1 in both groups were not statistically different. The present study suggests that the GSTM1 null genotype may be a genetic risk factor for development of primary open angle glaucoma. Further associations studies in other polymorphic genes for xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes are needed to elucidate the environmental-genetic interaction in the underlying cause of primary open angle glaucoma.
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 05/2005; 243(4):327-33. · 1.93 Impact Factor