S E Park

CHA University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (16)40.66 Total impact

  • Fertility and Sterility - FERT STERIL. 01/2004; 82.
  • Fertility and Sterility - FERT STERIL. 01/2004; 82.
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    ABSTRACT: To increase the potency of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA vaccines, we constructed a series of HPV16 L1 vaccines genetically fused with a secretion signal and/or immune cell-recruiting RANTES. The DNA vaccines encoding secretory HPV L1 were constructed by inserting HPV L1 gene into a vector with an ER-targeting secretory signal sequence. The expression plasmid encoding secretory HPV L1 (pER/L1) was fused with cDNA of RANTES, generating pER/L1/R. For comparison, HPV L1 genes were cloned into pVAX1 vector with no signal sequence (pL1), and further linked to the N-terminus (pL1/R) or C-terminus of RANTES (pR/L1). The secretion of L1 proteins was observed in the pER/L1, pER/L1/R, and pR/L1-transfected cells, except the pL1/R-transfected group. Cytoplasmic localization of L1 protein was observed in the cells transfected with pL1/R, but not with pER/L1/R at 48 h after transfection. In mice, RANTES-fused vaccines more effectively elicited the levels of HPV16 L1-specific IgG and IgG2a antibodies than pL1. Of RANTES-fused vaccines, pER/L1/R encoding the secreted fusion protein induced the highest humoral and CD8(+) T-cell-stimulating responses. These results suggest that the immunogenicity of HPV L1 DNA vaccines could be enhanced by genetic fusion to a chemokine and secretory signal peptide sequences.
    Gene Therapy 09/2003; 10(15):1268-73. · 4.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To develop an effective ICR mouse embryo culture medium. In vitro model study. University-affiliated hospital. Four-week-old, superovulated mice. In vivo- or in vitro-derived one-cell embryos were cultured in preimplantation-1 medium (P-1). Preimplantation development. In vivo-derived embryos were cultured in BSA-containing P-1, to which one of the following substances was added: [1] no addition, [2] amino acids (aa), [3] aa+hemoglobin (hb), [4] aa+hb+cysteine (cys), [5] aa+hb and glucose (glu) added at the four-cell, or [6] aa+hb and glu+cys added at the four-cell stage. More (P<0.05) blastocysts developed after aa or aa+hb addition than after no addition, and glu addition to such medium further stimulated the formation (54%). In P-1 with aa+glu, the addition of 1 microg/mL hb was optimal. Additional improvement of blastocyst formation (78%) was achieved by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), supplementation and bovine serum albumin replacement with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) did not inhibit the development. P-1 supplemented with aa, hb, glu, EDTA, and PVA also supported the development of in vitro-derived embryos (70%). A modified P-1 medium was developed, and it supported the development of both in vivo- and in vitro-derived ICR mouse embryos.
    Fertility and Sterility 08/2001; 76(1):167-74. · 4.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To establish an effective cryopreservation method. In vitro model study. Infertility Medical Center, Pochon CHA University. Four-week-old ICR mice superovulated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotropin. Vitrified-thawed oocytes were fertilized and subsequently cultured in vitro. Post-thawed development, chromosome/spindle normalities, and blastocyst quality. More cumulus-enclosed oocytes were fertilized and developed to the 8-cell stage after vitrification and thawing than denuded oocytes. However, cryopreserved oocytes of both types had lower spindle and chromosome normalities than fresh oocytes, which resulted in reduced developmental competence after thawing. The addition of 1 microM of Taxol, a cytoskeleton stabilizer, to vitrification solution greatly promoted the blastocyst formation of vitrified-thawed oocytes, compared with no addition (24.0% vs. 58.6%). No difference in blastocyst quality, which was evaluated by blastomere and inner cell mass cell numbers and inner cell mass cell per trophoblast ratio, was found between fresh oocytes and oocytes vitrified with Taxol. A vitrification solution consisting of 5.5 M ethylene glycol, 1.0 M sucrose, 10% fetal bovine serum, and 1 microM Taxol greatly improved post-thawed development of vitrified oocytes.
    Fertility and Sterility 07/2001; 75(6):1177-84. · 4.17 Impact Factor
  • Fertility and Sterility - FERT STERIL. 01/2001; 76(3).
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate embryotropic action of hemoglobin (Hb) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) on preimplantation embryo development. In vitro model study using mouse embryos. University affiliated hospital, Pochon CHA University. Four-week-old block strain ICR mice naturally mated after superovulation. One-cell embryos were cultured in serum-free, modified preimplantation-1 medium, to which 1 microg/ml Hb and/or 0.1 mM EDTA were added. Preimplantation development and blastomere number. More (P<.05) 1-cell embryos developed to the 4-cell (52% vs. 67%-84%), 8-cell (48% vs. 65%-81%), and blastocyst (40% vs. 61%-79%) stages after the addition of hemoglobin (Hb) and/or EDTA than after no addition. Highest proportion of embryos developed to each stage after the combined addition of Hb+EDTA. EDTA specifically stimulated the development before the 8-cell stage, which was as similar as Hb+EDTA. On the contrary, higher ratio of morula to blastocyst transformation was obtained after the addition of Hb or Hb+EDTA than after no addition (0.76 vs. 0.96-0.98). Significant increases in the cell number of blastocysts (46.5-47.2 vs. 53.2 cells), inner cell mass (ICM) cells (16.7-17.5 vs. 21 cells), and the ratio of ICM cells to trophoblasts (0.3-0.37 to 0.39) were found after the combined addition of Hb+EDTA, compared with no addition or with the addition of EDTA or Hb alone. Hb and EDTA have stage-specific effects on supporting preimplantation embryo development; Hb promotes both the development before the 8-cell stage and the morula to blastocyst transformation, whereas EDTA mainly promotes the development to the 8-cell stage. The combined exposure of embryos to Hb and EDTA improves not only preimplantation development but also the growth and quality of blastocysts.
    Fertility and Sterility 12/2000; 74(5):996-1000. · 4.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To compare the level of mitochondrial ATPase 6 gene expression in unfertilized oocytes and cleavage-stage embryos. DESIGN: Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was performed in unfertilized oocytes and cleavage-stage embryos derived from tripronucleate embryos to determine ATPase 6 gene expression. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Human Genetics Laboratory, Infertility Medical Center of CHA General Hospital, College of Medicine, Pochon CHA University, Seoul, Korea. PATIENT(s): Oocytes were obtained from infertile couples undergoing in vitro fertilization. INTERVENTION(s): Unfertilized oocytes collected at 48 hours after retrieval and cleavage-stage embryos derived from tripronucleate embryos were prepared for evaluation of mitochondrial gene expression. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(s): Comparison of ATPase 6 gene expression by using single-cell reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULT(s): Expression of unfertilized oocytes decreased compared with early cleavage-stage embryos. CONCLUSION(s): Our findings of decreased ATPase 6 expression in unfertilized oocytes suggest that there may be a decrease in the mitochondrial functional capacity of oxidative phosphorylation.
    Fertility and Sterility 06/2000; 73(5):1001-5. · 4.17 Impact Factor
  • Fertility and Sterility - FERT STERIL. 01/2000; 74(3).
  • Fertility and Sterility - FERT STERIL. 01/2000; 74(3).
  • Fertility and Sterility - FERT STERIL. 01/2000; 74(3).
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to examine the effects of carbohydrates and amino acids on the maturation and fertilization of bovine oocytes. To evaluate the effect of each treatment without any unpredictable interference, oocytes were cultured in a simply defined medium (modified Tyrode's medium; mT) without the addition of hormones and proteins. In Experiment 1, oocyte maturation to the metaphase-II stage was significantly (P<0.0001) enhanced after the addition of glucose (5.6 mM), lactate (10 mM) and/or pyruvate (0.5 mM) to mT (37-74%) than after no addition (0%). In mT supplemented with glucose, the addition of 19 essential and non-essential amino acids (aa; 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 5 or 10%) did not further improve in vitro maturation (Experiment 2) or in vitro fertilization (Experiment 3) of oocytes. However, more (P<0.05) pronuclear formation after in vitro-insemination was found in oocytes matured in mT with 1% aa and glucose than in oocytes matured in mT with glucose alone (56% vs. 35%). Penetration of spermatozoa into the ooplasm was initiated at 3 h after insemination and pronuclear formation from 8 h (Experiment 4). When cultured inseminated oocytes were examined up to 192 h post insemination, a significant (P<0.05) increase in the number of 2-cell (18 v. 38%) and 8-cell embryos, (7 v. 20%) and morulae (0 v. 8%) was found after the addition of 1% aa to mT with glucose than after no addition (Experiment 5). A limited number of oocytes matured in mT with aa and glucose developed to the blastocyst stage (6%). These results indicate that exogenous carbohydrates and amino acids are prerequisites for the maturation and fertilization of bovine oocytes in vitro. Glucose alone promotes the nuclear maturation of oocytes, whereas amino acids aid the pronuclear formation of fertilized oocytes.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 01/1999; 11(2):127-32. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of preimplantation diagnosis for sex determination and detection of exon deletion means that unaffected babies can be born to parents suffering from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). However, those who do not have exon deletion should also be considered for further investigation. A new method, known as linkage analysis, has been developed to diagnose the presence of non-deletion DMD in preimplantation embryos. Linkage analysis uses informative intragenic and flanking markers to track the chromosome bearing the mutated gene. The present study reports the analysis of two polymorphic sites, in blastomeres biopsied from embryos from a female carrier of DMD. A single male embryo was obtained who had inherited alternate maternal alleles to the woman's affected surviving son, and this embryo was transferred.
    Molecular Human Reproduction 05/1998; 4(4):345-9. · 4.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate effects of cryoprotectant and cryopreservation on the chromosome and microtubule configuration of human immature oocytes. Intact cumulus-enclosed immature oocytes were collected from unstimulated ovaries and divided into three groups: group 1, no treatment (control); group 2, only 1,2-propanediol treatment, and group 3, cryopreserved oocytes. Oocytes in groups 1 and 2, and oocytes that survived after cryopreservation in group 3 were cultured for 48 hours. Infertility Medical Center at the CHA General Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Oocytes were obtained from patients undergoing gynecologic surgery. Maturation rate and abnormality in chromosomes by fluorescence in situ hybridization and in the spindle by immunostaining for tubulin. There was no effect of propanediol-only treatment on the chromosomal (41.4%) and spindle abnormalities (35.3%) in group 2 compared with control oocytes (31.8% and 22.2%, respectively), whereas a statistically significant increase in abnormalities in chromosomes (77.8%) and spindles (70%) was found in group 3. Human oocytes matured in vitro after cryopreservation at the germinal vesicle stage showed increased incidence of chromosomal and spindle abnormalities. These abnormalities may impair the capacity for further development of the embryos derived from frozen-thawed oocytes.
    Fertility and Sterility 12/1997; 68(5):920-6. · 4.17 Impact Factor
  • Fertility and Sterility 01/1997; 68. · 4.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate effects of 1,2-propanediol and freezing-thawing treatment on the maturation and developmental capacity of the human immature oocytes obtained from unstimulated ovaries. Intact cumulus-enclosed immature oocytes collected from unstimulated ovaries were divided into three groups, such as no treatment as control (group 1), only 1,2-propanediol-treated (group 2), and cryopreserved group (group 3). Oocytes in group 1, group 2, and survived oocytes from cryopreservation in group 3 were cultured for 48 hours. A random selection of matured oocytes was inseminated with normal donor sperm to evaluate the fertilization and developmental capacity. Infertility Medical Center at the CHA General Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Oocytes were obtained from patients undergoing gynecological surgery. Rates of survival, maturation to metaphase II, fertilization, and cleavage. Survival rate after freezing-thawing in group 3 was 55.1% (54/98). Oocytes were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum, 10 IU/mL pregnant mare serum gonadotropin, and 10 IU/mL hCG. Maturation rates were 76.8% (63/82), 67.1% (47/70), and 59.3% (32/54) in the groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Maturation rate in group 3 was significantly lower than that of group 1. Fertilization rates were 90.5% (19/21), 81.0% (17/21), and 42.9% (6/14), and cleavage rates were 94.7% (18/19), 88.2% (15/17), and 16.7% (1/6) in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Fertilization and cleavage rates of survived oocytes in group 3 also were significantly lower than those of groups 1 and 2. Results suggest that the pretreatment with 1.5 M 1,2-propanediol itself before the freezing has no inhibitory effect on the maturation, fertilization, and cleavage of human immature oocytes in vitro. However, the freezing-thawing procedure used had detrimental effects on the maturation and developmental capacity.
    Fertility and Sterility 01/1997; 66(6):995-9. · 4.17 Impact Factor