Teru Hideshima

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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Publications (327)2377.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ongoing DNA damage is a common feature of epithelial cancers. Here we show that tumor cells derived from multiple myeloma (MM), a disease of clonal plasma cells, demonstrate DNA replicative stress leading to DNA damage. We identified a poor prognosis subset of MM with extensive chromosomal instability and replicative stress which rely on ATR to compensate for DNA replicative stress; conversely, silencing of ATR or treatment with a specific ATR inhibitor triggers MM cell apoptosis. We show that oncogenes such as MYC induce DNA damage in MM cells not only by increased replicative stress, but also via increased oxidative stress, and that ROS-inducer piperlongumine triggers further DNA damage and apoptosis. Importantly, ATR inhibition combined with piperlongumine triggers synergistic MM cytotoxicity. This synthetic lethal approach, enhancing oxidative stress while concomitantly blocking replicative stress response, provides a novel combination targeted therapy to address an unmet medical need in this subset of MM. Copyright © 2015, American Association for Cancer Research.
    Cancer Discovery 06/2015; DOI:10.1158/2159-8290.CD-14-0943 · 15.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: B cell malignancies frequently colonize the bone marrow. The mechanisms responsible for this preferential homing are incompletely understood. Here we studied multiple myeloma (MM) as a model of a terminally differentiated B cell malignancy that selectively colonizes the bone marrow. We found that extracellular CyPA (eCyPA), secreted by bone marrow endothelial cells (BMECs), promoted the colonization and proliferation of MM cells in an in vivo scaffold system via binding to its receptor, CD147, on MM cells. The expression and secretion of eCyPA by BMECs was enhanced by BCL9, a Wnt-β-catenin transcriptional coactivator that is selectively expressed by these cells. eCyPA levels were higher in bone marrow serum than in peripheral blood in individuals with MM, and eCyPA-CD147 blockade suppressed MM colonization and tumor growth in the in vivo scaffold system. eCyPA also promoted the migration of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma cells, two other B cell malignancies that colonize the bone marrow and express CD147. These findings suggest that eCyPA-CD147 signaling promotes the bone marrow homing of B cell malignancies and offer a compelling rationale for exploring this axis as a therapeutic target for these malignancies.
    Nature medicine 05/2015; 21(6). DOI:10.1038/nm.3867 · 28.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PD1/PD-L1 signaling promotes tumor growth while inhibiting effector cell-mediated anti-tumor immune responses. Here we assessed the impact of single and dual blockade of PD1/PD-L1, alone or in combination with lenalidomide, on accessory and immune cell function as well as multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth in the BM milieu. Surface expression of PD1 on immune effector cells, and PD-L1 expression on CD138+MM cells and myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC) were determined on tumor cells from newly diagnosed (ND)-MM and relapsed/refractory (RR)-MM BM versus healthy donor (HD). We defined the impact of single and dual blockade of PD1/PD-L1, alone and with lenalidomide, on autologous anti-MM immune response and tumor cell growth. Both ND and RR patient MM cells have increased PD-L1 mRNA and surface expression compared to HD. There is also a significant increase in PD1 expression on effector cells in MM. Importantly, PD1/PD-L1-blockade abrogates BM-stroma cell (BMSC)-induced MM growth, and combined blockade of PD1/PD-L1 with lenalidomide further inhibits BMSC-induced tumor growth. These effects are associated with induction of intracellular expression of IFNγ and Granzyme-B in effector cells. Importantly, PD-L1 expression in MM is higher on MDSC than on antigen presenting cells, and PD1/PD-L1-blockade inhibits MDSC-mediated MM growth. Finally, lenalidomide with PD1/PD-L1-blockade inhibits MDSC-mediated immune suppression. Our data therefore demonstrates that checkpoint signaling plays an important role in providing the tumor-promoting, immune-suppressive microenvironment in MM, and that PD1/PD-L1-blockade induces anti-MM immune response that can be enhanced by lenalidomide, providing the framework for clinical evaluation of combination therapy. Copyright © 2015, American Association for Cancer Research.
    Clinical Cancer Research 05/2015; DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-0200 · 8.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) thalidomide, lenalidomide (Len) and pomalidomide trigger anti-tumor activities in multiple myeloma (MM) by targetting cereblon and thereby impacting IZF1/3, c-Myc and IRF4. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) also downregulate c-Myc. We therefore determined whether IMiDs with HDACi trigger significant MM cell growth inhibition by inhibiting or downregulating c-Myc. Combination treatment of Len with non-selective HDACi suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid or class-I HDAC-selective inhibitor MS275 induces synergic cytotoxicity, associated with downregulation of c-Myc. Unexpectedly, we observed that decreased levels of cereblon (CRBN), a primary target protein of IMiDs, was triggered by these agents. Indeed, sequential treatment of MM cells with MS275 followed by Len shows less efficacy than simultaneous treatment with this combination. Importantly ACY1215, an HDAC6 inhibitor with minimal effects on class-I HDACs, together with Len induces synergistic MM cytotoxicity without alteration of CRBN expression. Our results showed that only modest class-I HDAC inhibition is able to induce synergistic MM cytotoxicity in combination with Len. These studies may provide the framework for utilizing HDACi in combination with Len to both avoid CRBN downregulation and enhance anti-MM activities.
    Blood Cancer Journal 05/2015; 5(5):e312. DOI:10.1038/bcj.2015.38 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been extensively investigated as therapeutic agents in cancer. However, the biologic role of class IIa HDACs (HDAC4, 5, 7 and 9) in cancer cells, including multiple myeloma (MM), remains unclear. Recent studies show HDAC4 interacts with activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and inhibits activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated proapoptotic transcription factor C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP). In this study, we hypothesized HDAC4 knockdown and/or inhibition could enhance apoptosis in MM cells under ER stress condition by upregulating ATF4, followed by CHOP. HDAC4 knockdown showed modest cell growth inhibition; however, it markedly enhanced cytotoxicity induced by either tunicamycin or carfilzomib (CFZ), associated with upregulating ATF4 and CHOP. For pharmacological inhibition of HDAC4, we employed a novel and selective class IIa HDAC inhibitor TMP269, alone and in combination with CFZ. As with HDAC4 knockdown, TMP269 significantly enhanced cytotoxicity induced by CFZ in MM cell lines, upregulating ATF4 and CHOP and inducing apoptosis. Conversely, enhanced cytotoxicity was abrogated by ATF4 knockdown, confirming ATF4 plays a pivotal role mediating cytotoxicity in this setting. These results provide the rationale for novel treatment strategies combining class IIa HDAC inhibitors with ER stressor, including proteasome inhibitors, to improve patient outcome in MM.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 24 March 2015. doi:10.1038/leu.2015.83.
    Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K 03/2015; DOI:10.1038/leu.2015.83 · 9.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Novel therapeutic approaches are urgently required for multiple myeloma (MM). We used a phenotypic screening approach using co-cultures of MM cells with bone marrow stromal cells to identify compounds that overcome stromal resistance. One such compound, BRD9876, displayed selectivity over normal hematopoietic progenitors and was discovered to be an unusual ATP non-competitive kinesin-5 (Eg5) inhibitor. A novel mutation caused resistance, suggesting a binding site distinct from known Eg5 inhibitors, and BRD9876 inhibited only microtubule-bound Eg5. Eg5 phosphorylation, which increases microtubule binding, uniquely enhanced BRD9876 activity. MM cells have greater phosphorylated Eg5 than hematopoietic cells, consistent with increased vulnerability specifically to BRD9876's mode of action. Thus, differences in Eg5-microtubule binding between malignant and normal blood cells may be exploited to treat multiple myeloma. Additional steps are required for further therapeutic development, but our results indicate that unbiased chemical biology approaches can identify therapeutic strategies unanticipated by prior knowledge of protein targets. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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    ABSTRACT: XBP1 is a critical transcriptional activator of the unfolded protein response (UPR), which increases tumor cell survival under prolonged endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and hypoxic conditions.This study was designed to evaluate the immunogenicity of heteroclitic XBP1 unspliced (US)184-192 (YISPWILAV) and heteroclictic XBP1 spliced (SP)367-375 (YLFPQLISV) HLA-A2 peptides, and to characterize the specific activities of XBP1 peptides-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (XBP1-CTL) against breast cancer, colon cancer, and pancreatic cancer cells.The XBP1-CTL had upregulated expression of critical T cell markers and displayed HLA-A2-restricted and antigen-specific activities against breast cancer, colon cancer and pancreatic cancer cells. XBP1-CTL were enriched withCD45RO+ memory CTL, which showed high expression of critical T cell markers (CD28, ICOS, CD69, CD40L), cell proliferation and antitumor activities as compared to CD45RO− non-memory CTL. The effector memory (EM: CD45RO+CCR7−) subset had the highest level of cell proliferation while the central memory (CM: CD45RO+CCR7+) subset demonstrated enhanced functional activities (CD107a degranulation, IFNγ/IL-2 production) upon recognition of the respective tumor cells. Furthermore, both the EM and CM XBP1-CTL subsets expressed high levels of Th1 transcription regulators Tbet and Eomes. The highest frequencies of IFNγ or granzyme B producing cells were detected within CM XBP1-CTL subset that were either Tbet+ or Eomes+ in responding to the tumor cells.These results demonstrate the immunotherapeutic potential of a cocktail of immunogenic HLA-A2 specific heteroclitic XBP1 US184-192 and heteroclictic XBP1 SP367-375 peptides to induce CD3+CD8+ CTL enriched for CM and EM cells with specific antitumor activities against a variety of solid tumors.
    OncoImmunology 01/2015; 3(12):e970914. DOI:10.4161/21624011.2014.970914 · 6.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carfilzomib, a recently FDA-approved proteasome inhibitor, has remarkable anti-myeloma (MM) activity. However, its effectiveness is limited by associated severe side-effects, short circulation half-life, and limited solubility. Here, we report the engineering of liposomal carfilzomib nanoparticles to overcome these problems and enhance the therapeutic efficacy of carfilzomib by increasing tumoral drug accumulation while decreasing systemic toxicity. In our design, carfilzomib was loaded into the bilayer of liposomes to yield stable and reproducible liposomal nanoparticles. Liposomal carfilzomib nanoparticles were efficiently taken up by MM cells, demonstrated proteasome inhibition, induced apoptosis, and exhibited enhanced cytotoxicity against MM cells. In vivo, liposomal carfilzomib demonstrated significant tumor growth inhibition and dramatically reduced overall systemic toxicity compared to free carfilzomib. Finally, liposomal carfilzomib demonstrated enhanced synergy in combination with doxorubicin. Taken together, this study establishes the successful synthesis of liposomal carfilzomib nanoparticles that demonstrate improved therapeutic index and the potential to improve patient outcome in MM.
    Journal of Controlled Release 10/2014; 196. DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2014.10.005 · 7.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: New, next-generation targeted treatment strategies are required to improve outcomes in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Monoclonal antibodies, cell signaling inhibitors, and selective therapies targeting the bone marrow microenvironment have demonstrated encouraging results with generally manageable toxicity in therapeutic trials of patients with relapsed and refractory disease, each critically informed by preclinical studies. A combination approach of these newer agents with immunomodulators and/or proteasome inhibitors as part of a treatment platform seems to improve the efficacy of anti-MM regimens, even in heavily pretreated patients. Future studies are required to better understand the complex mechanisms of drug resistance in MM.
    Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America 10/2014; 28(5). DOI:10.1016/j.hoc.2014.07.001 · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Multiple myeloma patients who are refractory to lenalidomide and bortezomib have a dismal prognosis. Pomalidomide is a new immunomodulatory agent approved for the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) that is unique in that it demonstrates promising activity but appears to be associated with lower toxicity than thalidomide or lenalidomide.Areas covered: We review the mechanisms of action of pomalidomide, evaluate preclinical data, summarize the results of dose-finding Phase I studies and describe Phase II/III studies of this drug in combination with dexamethasone and other agents. Data presented were gathered from multiple sources, including articles from PubMed, published abstracts from the annual meetings of the American Society of Hematology and American Society of Clinical Oncology and websites such as http://clinicaltrials.gov/.Expert opinion: The regulatory approval of pomalidomide represents an important addition to a hematologist’s armamentarium for the treatment of RRMM. Pomalidomide is well tolerated and demonstrates a high level of anti-myeloma activity. Pomalidomide combined with dexamethasone should be considered as standard-of-care therapy for advanced RRMM following progression on both lenalidomide and bortezomib. Ongoing and future studies will characterize the activity of different combinations intended to improve treatment responses, and the potential role of pomalidomide as maintenance therapy.
    09/2014; 2(10). DOI:10.1517/21678707.2014.953480
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    ABSTRACT: Despite promising preclinical results with mTOR kinase inhibitors in multiple myeloma (MM), resistance to these drugs may arise via feedback activation loops. This concern is especially true for IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R), because IGF-1R signaling is downregulated by multiple AKT and mTOR feedback mechanisms. We have tested this hypothesis in MM using the novel selective mTOR kinase inhibitor AZD8055. We evaluated p-mTOR S2481 as the readout for mTORC2/Akt activity in MM cells in the context of mTOR inhibition via AZD8055, or rapamycin. We next validated AZD8055 inhibition of mTORC1 and mTORC2 functions in MM cells alone or in culture with BMSCs and growth factors. Unlike rapamycin, AZD8055 resulted in apoptosis of MM cells. AZD8055 treatment however induced upregulation of IGF-1R phosphorylation in p-Akt S473 expressing MM cell lines. Furthermore, exposure of AZD8055-treated cells to IGF-1 induced p-Akt S473 and rescued MM cells from apoptosis despite mTOR kinase inhibition and TORC2/Akt blockage. The addition of blocking IGF-1R antibody resulted in reversing this effect and increased AZD8055-induced apoptosis. Our study suggests that combination treatment with AZD8055 and IGF-1R blocking agents is a promising strategy in MM with potential IGF-1R/Akt signaling mediated survival.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 08/2014; 13(11). DOI:10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-14-0147 · 6.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The PI3K/Akt pathway plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM) in the bone marrow (BM) milieu. However, efficacy of selective and potent Akt inhibition has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, we therefore examined the biologic impact of selective and potent Akt inhibition by a novel allosteric inhibitor TAS-117. TAS-117 induced significant growth inhibition, associated with downregulation of phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), selectively in MM cell lines with high baseline p-Akt. Cytotoxicity of TAS-117 was also observed in patients MM cells, but not in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Importantly, TAS-117 induced significant cytotoxicity in MM cells even in the presence of BM stromal cells, associated with inhibition of IL-6 secretion. Oral administration of TAS-117 significantly inhibited human MM cell growth in murine xenograft models. TAS-117 triggered apoptosis and autophagy, as well as induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response with minimal expression of CHOP, a fatal ER-stress marker. Importantly, TAS-117 enhanced bortezomib-induced cytotoxicity, associated with increased CHOP and PARP cleavage and blockade of bortezomib-induced p-Akt, suggesting that TAS-117 augments bortezomib-induced ER stress and apoptotic signaling. Carfilzomib-induced cytotoxicity was similarly enhanced by TAS-117. Importantly, TAS-117 enhanced bortezomib-induced cytotoxicity in vivo, associated with prolonged host survival. Our results show that selective and potent Akt inhibition by TAS-117 triggers anti-MM activities in vitro and in vivo, as well as enhances cytotoxicity of proteasome inhibition, providing the preclinical framework for clinical evaluation of selective Akt inhibitors, alone and in combination with proteasome inhibitors in MM.
    Cancer Research 06/2014; 74(16). DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-3652 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oncogene-induced DNA damage elicits genomic instability in epithelial cancer cells, but apoptosis is blocked through inactivation of the tumor suppressor p53. In hematological cancers, the relevance of ongoing DNA damage and the mechanisms by which apoptosis is suppressed are largely unknown. We found pervasive DNA damage in hematologic malignancies, including multiple myeloma, lymphoma and leukemia, which leads to activation of a p53-independent, proapoptotic network centered on nuclear relocalization of ABL1 kinase. Although nuclear ABL1 triggers cell death through its interaction with the Hippo pathway coactivator YAP1 in normal cells, we show that low YAP1 levels prevent nuclear ABL1-induced apoptosis in these hematologic malignancies. YAP1 is under the control of a serine-threonine kinase, STK4. Notably, genetic inactivation of STK4 restores YAP1 levels, triggering cell death in vitro and in vivo. Our data therefore identify a new synthetic-lethal strategy to selectively target cancer cells presenting with endogenous DNA damage and low YAP1 levels.
    Nature medicine 05/2014; 20(6). DOI:10.1038/nm.3562 · 28.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Everolimus, an oral mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, has been studied in multiple myeloma (MM) but lacks significant single agent activity. Based on preclinical studies showing synergistic activity of mTOR inhibitors with lenalidomide, we studied the combination of lenalidomide and everolimus in relapsed or refractory MM in a phase I clinical trial. We assessed patient samples using gene expression, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry to probe the mTOR pathway. Twenty-six patients were evaluable for toxicity. Dose-limiting toxicities included grade 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. The maximum tolerated dose was lenalidomide 15 mg and everolimus 5 mg for 21 d with a 7 d rest period. Grade 3/4 adverse events included thrombocytopenia (35%) and neutropenia (42%). The overall response rate was 65% (1 complete response + 4 partial response + 10 minimal response). The median progression-free survival was 5·5 months and median overall survival was 29·5 months. Biomarker data demonstrated downregulation of phosphorylated p70S6K. Gene expression profiling suggested activation of mTOR in responders versus non-responders. The combination of lenalidomide and everolimus was well tolerated with predictable toxicities and showed responses in a heavily pretreated population. When confirmed with larger patient numbers, this analysis may guide patient selection for future clinical trials of mTOR inhibition in MM.
    British Journal of Haematology 04/2014; 166(3). DOI:10.1111/bjh.12909 · 4.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wnt/β-catenin signaling underlies the pathogenesis of a broad range of human cancers, including the deadly plasma cell cancer multiple myeloma. In this study, we report that downregulation of the tumor suppressor microRNA miR-30-5p is a frequent pathogenetic event in multiple myeloma. Evidence was developed that miR-30-5p downregulation occurs as a result of interaction between multiple myeloma cells and bone marrow stromal cells, which in turn enhances expression of BCL9, a transcriptional coactivator of the Wnt signaling pathway known to promote multiple myeloma cell proliferation, survival, migration, drug resistance, and formation of multiple myeloma cancer stem cells. The potential for clinical translation of strategies to re-express miR-30-5p as a therapeutic approach was further encouraged by the capacity of miR-30c and miR-30 mix to reduce tumor burden and metastatic potential in vivo in three murine xenograft models of human multiple myeloma without adversely affecting associated bone disease. Together, our findings offer a preclinical rationale to explore miR-30-5p delivery as an effective therapeutic strategy to eradicate multiple myeloma cells in vivo. Cancer Res; 74(6); 1-13. ©2014 AACR.
    Cancer Research 03/2014; 74(6). DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-3311-T · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor with remarkable clinical antitumor activity in multiple myeloma (MM) and is under evaluation in clinical trials in various types of cancer including breast cancer. Although the initial rationale for its use in cancer treatment was the inhibition of NF-κB activity by blocking proteasomal degradation of IκBα, direct evidence indicating inhibition of constitutive NF-κB activity by bortezomib in tumor cells in patients has not yet been reported. Moreover, recent studies have shown that bortezomib activates constitutive NF-κB activity via stimulating the canonical pathway in MM cells. In this study, we first examined protein expression of IκBα after bortezomib treatment. We observed that bortezomib upregulated the phosphorylation and downregulated IκBα protein expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner in MCF7 and T47D cells, associated with phosphorylation of IKKβ. Since IκBα is an inhibitor of nuclear translocation of NF-κB, we further examined alteration of NF-κB activity by bortezomib. Importantly, bortezomib significantly upregulates NF-κB activity in both MCF7 and T47D in a dose-dependent fashion, demonstrated by electrophoretic mobility shift analysis (EMSA). Furthermore, immunocytochemical analysis confirmed enhanced nuclear translocation of p65 NF-κB (RelA) by bortezomib treatment. Supershift assay showed supershifted bands by anti-p65 and -p50 antibodies. Taken together, these results indicate that bortezomib activates the canonical NF-κB pathway in both cell lines. Finally, we demonstrated that IKKβ inhibitor enhanced cytotoxicity, associated with inhibition of NF-κB activity induced by bortezomib in MCF7 and T47D breast cancer cells.
    International Journal of Oncology 01/2014; 44(4). DOI:10.3892/ijo.2014.2273 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this prospective, multicenter, phase 2 study, 64 patients with relapsed or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (MM) received up to eight 21-day cycles of bortezomib 1.0 mg/m(2) (days 1, 4, 8, 11), lenalidomide 15 mg/day (days 1-14), and dexamethasone 40/20 mg/day (cycles 1-4) and 20/10 mg/day (cycles 5-8) (days of/after bortezomib dosing). Responding patients could receive maintenance therapy. Median age was 65 years, 66% were male, 58% had relapsed and 42% relapsed and refractory MM, and 53%, 75%, and 6% had received prior bortezomib, thalidomide, and lenalidomide, respectively. Forty eight of 64 patients (75%; 90% CI, 65-84) were alive without progressive disease at 6 months (primary endpoint). The rate of partial response or better was 64%; median duration of response was 8.7 months. Median progression-free and overall survival were 9.5 and 30 months, respectively (median follow-up: 44 months). Common treatment-related toxicities included sensory neuropathy (53%), fatigue (50%), and neutropenia (42%); common grade 3/4 treatment-related toxicities included neutropenia (30%), thrombocytopenia (22%), and lymphopenia (11%). Grade 3 motor neuropathy was reported in two patients. Lenalidomide-bortezomib-dexamethasone appears effective and tolerable in patients with relapsed or relapsed and refractory MM, demonstrating substantial activity among patients with diverse prior therapies and adverse prognostic characteristics. This trial is registered with www.ClinicalTrials.gov as #NCT00378209.
    Blood 01/2014; 123(10). DOI:10.1182/blood-2013-07-517276 · 10.43 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K 10/2013; DOI:10.1038/leu.2013.301 · 9.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The outlook for patients with multiple myeloma (MM) has improved significantly with the development of new and more effective therapies, particularly the immunomodulatory agents and proteasome inhibitors. Preclinical and correlative science investigations have played a critical role in these advances, providing important insights regarding mechanisms of neoplasia, inhibition of tumor growth, and drug resistance. This review highlights the evolution of drug development in MM, the manner in which preclinical models have contributed to the process of drug discovery, and important insights gained during the current era of MM drug development.
    Seminars in Oncology 10/2013; 40(5):549-53. DOI:10.1053/j.seminoncol.2013.07.009 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Protein condensations, such as crystallization, liquid-liquid phase separation, aggregation, and gelation, have been observed in concentrated antibody solutions under various solution conditions. While most IgG antibodies are quite soluble, a few outliers can undergo condensation under physiological conditions. Condensation of IgGs can cause serious consequences in some human diseases and in biopharmaceutical formulations. The phase transitions underlying protein condensations in concentrated IgG solutions is also of fundamental interest for the understanding of the phase behavior of non-spherical protein molecules. Due to the high solubility of generic IgGs, the phase behavior of IgG solutions has not yet been well studied. In this work, we present an experimental approach to study IgG solutions in which the phase transitions are hidden below the freezing point of the solution. Using this method, we have investigated liquid-liquid phase separation of six human myeloma IgGs and two recombinant pharmaceutical human IgGs. We have also studied the relation between crystallization and liquid-liquid phase separation of two human cryoglobulin IgGs. Our experimental results reveal several important features of the generic phase behavior of IgG solutions: (1) the shape of the coexistence curve is similar for all IgGs but quite different from that of quasi-spherical proteins; (2) all IgGs have critical points located at roughly the same protein concentration at ∼100 mg∕ml while their critical temperatures vary significantly; and (3) the liquid-liquid phase separation in IgG solutions is metastable with respect to crystallization. These features of phase behavior of IgG solutions reflect the fact that all IgGs have nearly identical molecular geometry but quite diverse net inter-protein interaction energies. This work provides a foundation for further experimental and theoretical studies of the phase behavior of generic IgGs as well as outliers with large propensity to condense. The investigation of the phase diagram of IgG solutions is of great importance for the understanding of immunoglobulin deposition diseases as well as for the understanding of the colloidal stability of IgG pharmaceutical formulations.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 09/2013; 139(12):121904. DOI:10.1063/1.4811345 · 3.12 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

26k Citations
2,377.61 Total Impact Points


  • 1970–2015
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
      • Department of Medical Oncology
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2000–2014
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2002–2012
    • Massachusetts General Hospital
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1999–2012
    • Harvard Medical School
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2008
    • Boston College, USA
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2007
    • University of Rome Tor Vergata
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2005–2007
    • Universita' degli Studi "Magna Græcia" di Catanzaro
      Catanzaro, Calabria, Italy
    • University of Arkansas at Little Rock
      Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
  • 2004
    • Cornell University
      Итак, New York, United States
    • University of Leeds
      • School of Medicine
      Leeds, ENG, United Kingdom