Rong Shu

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (80)55.58 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Epulis is a benign hyperplasia of the oral soft tissues. Surgical excision always extends to the periosteum and includes scaling of adjacent teeth to remove any possible irritants. The esthetics of the soft tissues may be compromised, however. This article studies three cases in which an immediate laterally positioned flap (LRF) was used to repair mucogingival defects after epulis biopsies. After 24 months, the color and shape of the surgical areas were healthy and stable, nearly complete root coverage was evident, and no lesions reoccurred. For repairing gingival defects after biopsy, LRF appears to be minimally traumatic while promoting esthetic outcomes.
    Cell biochemistry and biophysics. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of hypoxia on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) in vitro.
    08/2014; 23(4):397-401.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the relation of virulence properties and pathogenicity of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.gingivals) isolated from Chinese patients.
    06/2014; 23(3):266-272.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to develop new Prevotella intermedia-specific PCR primers based on the 16S rRNA. The new primer set, Pi-192 and Pi-468, increased the accuracy of PCR-based P. intermedia identification and could be useful in the detection of P. intermedia as well as epidemiological studies on periodontal disease.
    Anaerobe 05/2014; · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the periodontal tissues and is caused by invasion of certain types of bacteria and Archaea, with Methanobrevibacter oralis as the predominant archaeon. In this study, we investigated the prevalence and quantity of the newly discovered Archaea phylotype Thermoplasmata in patients with chronic periodontitis.
    Archives of Oral Biology 05/2014; 59(8):822-828. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the capsule related surface properties of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) isolates. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe the capsule structure and the capsule thickness of 2 type of strains and 5 clinical isolates. Microbial adhesion to hydrocarbons (MATH) assay was used to qualitatively assess the hydrophobicity of each strain, and the capacities of these strains were investigated by autoaggregation assay.Ninety-six well biofilm assay and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) were applied to quantify and observe the biofilm produced by each strain. TEM showed the variety of capsule thickness of these strains.Virulent type strain W83 possessed thicker capsular structure than less-virulent type strain ATCC33277. The SJD4 possessed thicker capsule than other clinical isolates, followed by SJD11, SJD5, SJD2, and SJD12.Strains W83, SJD4, SJD11, with thicker capsule, were much more hydrophilic with lower MATH percentage, in accordance with a slow autoaggregation in incubation during a period of 240 min. Compared with W83, the hydrophobicity of strains ATCC33277, SJD5, SJD2, and SJD12, with thinner capsule, showed increased MATH percentage and autoaggregations. All clinical strains developed biofilm with different absorbance compared with type strains. The CLSM observation showed biofilm thickness of each strain, ranged from (14.74 ± 4.99) to (24.13 ± 5.45) µm. Strain W83 and SJD11 showed notable poor biofilm formation, while others developed dense and mature biofilm. There was a certain degree of linkage between the Pg capsule thickness and surface properties diversity.
    Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology 03/2014; 49(3):145-50.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the ability of the polysaccharide from various Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) type and clinical strains in inducing THP-1 cells to produce cytokines interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α, in order to analyze the immunogenicity of Pg polysaccharide components and the virulence-associated factors of this periodontal pathogen. The bacterial polysaccharide was extracted from high virulent Pg strains, W83, SJD2, SJD12 and low virulent Pg, ATCC33277, SJD4, SJD5, and SJD11 by phenol-water extraction. The extracted polysaccharide was used to stimulate the THP-1 cells with different simulation periods and doses. The level of the cytokines, including IL-1β,IL-8 and TNF-α in the cell culture suspension was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The polysaccharide extraction of Pg strains was composed of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) and capsular polysaccharide. The secretion of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α, produced by the THP-1 cells showed in a time- and dose-dependent manner in the medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. The level of these cytokines of the high virulent strains was higher than that of the low virulent strains in medium containing 1% fetal bovine serum.Four hours after stimulation with polysaccharide extracted from high virulent strains, the levels of IL-1β,IL-8, and TNF-α in the cell suspension were (1 639 ± 497), (1 648 ± 513) and (140 ± 48) µg/L, respectively, whereas for low virulent strains, the levels of IL-1β, IL-8, and TNF-α were (773 ± 382), (892 ± 400) and (67 ± 33) µg/L, respectively. Polysaccharide extracted from Pg could induced the THP-1 cells to secrete the cytokines of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α. The level of the cytokines produced by the THP-1 cells associates with the bacterial virulent properties.
    Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology 02/2014; 49(2):78-83.
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    ABSTRACT: Porphyromonas gingivalis strain SJD2 was isolated from subgingival plaque of a patient in China with chronic periodontitis. Here, we report the draft genome of this strain, with a size of 2,328,850 bp, average G+C content of 48.3%, and 2,020 predicted protein-coding sequences.
    Genome announcements. 01/2014; 2(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Chronic periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the periodontal tissues and is caused by invasion of certain types of bacteria and Archaea, with Methanobrevibacter oralis as the predominant archaeon. In this study, we investigated the prevalence and quantity of the newly discovered Archaea phylotype Thermoplasmata in patients with chronic periodontitis. Methods Subgingival plaque samples were obtained from 49 patients with chronic periodontitis and 45 periodontally healthy subjects. Qualitative analyses of Archaea and class Thermoplasmata were carried out by amplification of 16S rRNA genes in DNA extracts from plaque samples, and all the samples were quantitatively analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results The prevalence of Archaea in patients with chronic periodontitis was 69.4% according to the conventional PCR results, but was 87.8% according to real-time PCR. In the control group, three samples were detected as positive, but none of these were confirmed in qualitative analyses. The prevalence of class Thermoplasmata was 18.4% by nested PCR and 24.5% by quantitative PCR in the chronic periodontitis group. The prevalence of Thermoplasmata was significantly lower than that of total Archaea. The relative abundances of Archaea and Thermoplasmata varied among samples. Thermoplasmata were not the predominant archaeons in the subgingival dental plaque. Among the clinical parameters of patients with periodontitis, probing depth was positively associated with Archaea detection. Conclusions The existence of Archaea was correlated closely with the presence of chronic periodontitis. Thermoplasmata represented a minor archaeon in periodontal infection.
    Archives of Oral Biology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to develop new Prevotella intermedia-specific PCR primers based on the 16S rRNA. The new primer set, Pi-192 and Pi-468, increased the accuracy of PCR-based P. intermedia identification and could be useful in the detection of P. intermedia as well as epidemiological studies on periodontal disease.
    Anaerobe 01/2014; · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinical effect of osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) combined with simultaneous implant placement in the treatment of edentulous posterior maxilla subject to insufficient bone height in the periodontally compromised patients. Forty-seven Straumanns implants were placed in the posterior maxilla in 35 patients with the procedure of OSFE. The final prostheses were restored after 3 to 6 months. The follow-up period was 6 to 30 months. Radiographs were taken and PD, PLI, BOP were measured and analyzed. The overall survival rate was 95.74% during the study period. Forty-five out of the 47 implants were clinically stable and loaded without pain or any subjective sensation. The perforation ratio of the membrane was 4.26%. The average of PD around the implants was (3.22±1.07) mm. The average of the marginal bone loss was (1.38±0.59) mm. OSFE without bone graft proves to be an effective and predictable treatment for atrophic edentulous posterior maxillary region in patients with periodontitis, but the long-term effect needs further observation. Supported by Youth Research Fund of Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Health(2011Y73).
    Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology 08/2013; 22(4):423-427.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although various microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate immune and inflammatory responses, the function of miRNAs in periodontitis has not been clearly illuminated. In this study, we measured miRNA-146 (miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p) expression and explored its regulatory function in the inflammatory response in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). METHODS: miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p expression was measured by performing real-time polymerase chain reaction in HGFs after Porphyromonas gingivalis (p.g) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. After the HGFs were transfected with miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p inhibitor, the expression levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Meanwhile, IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) and TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) were detected by western blot and quantitative PCR. A luciferase assay was used to detect whether miRNA-146 could directly bind to the 3'-UTR of IRAK1. RESULTS: The expression levels of miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p significantly increased in the P.g LPS-stimulated HGFs compared to the non-stimulated HGFs. The inhibition of miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p resulted in increased IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha secretion. The mRNA and protein levels of IRAK1, but not TRAF6, also increased. We further found that miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p directly bound to the IRAK1 3'-UTR. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that miRNA-146 inhibits pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion through IRAK1 in HGFs, which indicates that miRNA-146 functions as a negative regulator of periodontal inflammation.
    Journal of Inflammation 05/2013; 10(1):20. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of homologous and heterologous extracellular DNAs (eDNAs) and histone-like DNA binding protein (HLP) on Streptococcus intermedius biofilm development and rigidity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Formed biofilm mass was measured with 0.1% crystal violet staining method and observed with a scanning electron microscope. The localizations of eDNA and extracellular HLP (eHLP) in formed biofilm were detected by staining with 7-hydoxyl-9H-(1,3-dichloro-9,9-dimethylacridin-2-one) and anti-HLP antibody without fixation, respectively. DNase I treatment (200 U ml(-1) ) markedly decreased biofilm formation and cell density in biofilms. Co-localization of eHLP and eDNA in biofilm was confirmed. The addition of eDNA (up to 1 μg ml(-1) ) purified from S. intermedius, other Gram-positive, -negative bacteria, or human KB cells into the S. intermedius culture increased the biofilm mass of all tested strains of S. intermedius, wild-type, HLP down-regulated strain, and control strains. In contrast, the addition of eDNA (> 1 μg ml(-1) ) decreased the biofilm mass of all S. intermedius strains. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrated that eDNA and eHLP play crucial roles in biofilm development and its rigidity. © 2013 The Authors Journal of Applied Microbiology © 2013 The Society for AppliedMicrobiology.
    Journal of Applied Microbiology 03/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cleft palate represents one of the most common congenital birth defects in humans. TGFβ signaling, which is mediated by Smad-dependent and Smad-independent pathways, plays a crucial role in regulating craniofacial development and patterning, particularly in palate development. However, it remains largely unknown whether the Smad-independent pathway contributes to TGFβ signaling function during palatogenesis. In this study, we investigated the function of TGFβ activated kinase 1 (Tak1), a key regulator of Smad-independent TGFβ signaling in palate development. We show that Tak1 protein is expressed in both the epithelium and mesenchyme of the developing palatal shelves. While deletion of Tak1 in the palatal epithelium or mesenchyme did not give rise to a cleft palate defect, inactivation of Tak1 in the neural crest lineage using the Wnt1-Cre transgenic allele resulted in failed palate elevation and subsequently the cleft palate formation. The failure in palate elevation in Wnt1-Cre;Tak1F/F mice results from a malformed tongue and micrognathia, resembling human Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) cleft of the secondary palate. We found that the abnormal tongue development is associated with Fgf10 overexpression in the neural crest-derived tongue tissue. The failed palate elevation and cleft palate were recapitulated in an Fgf10-overexpressing mouse model. The repressive effect of the Tak1-mediated non-canonical TGFβ signaling on Fgf10 expression was further confirmed by inhibition of p38, a downstream kinase of Tak1, in the primary cell culture of developing tongue. Tak1 thus functions to regulate tongue development by controlling Fgf10 expression, and could represent a candidate gene for mutation in human PRS clefting.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2013; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the effects of 25 kDa full-length rhAm and porcine EMPs on cell behaviors of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPDLF) and foreskin fibroblasts(HFF). rhAm was induced by BL21/pET28a-His-SUMO-rhAm express system, and 25 kDa full-length rhAm was analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. EMPs were extracted by acetic acid method. HPDLF and HFF were cultured in vitro. The cells were treated with rhAm and EMPs at different concentrations. The cell adhesion, proliferation and migration assays were qualitatively analyzed. The data was statistically analyzed with SAS 5.0 software package. 10-20 μg/mL rhAm significantly promoted the adhesion, proliferation and migration of HPDLF and HFF (P<0.05), but no significant difference between two proteins was found (P>0.05). 25 kDa rhAm and EMPs shows similar biological effects on fibroblast, which indicates that rhAm may play an important role in the periodontal regeneration through the activation of fibroblasts. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (81070838, 81271156) and Biomedical Engineering Cross Research Foundation of Shanghai Jiao Tong University (YG2011MS31).
    Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology 02/2013; 22(1):7-12.
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    ABSTRACT: Amelogenins are proposed to be responsible for enamel matrix derivative (EMD)-induced periodontal regeneration; however, heterogeneity of amelogenins makes it challenging to purify the full-length proteins. This study has been carried out to express and purify a recombinant full-length human amelogenin protein (rHhAm175) in the eukaryotic yeast Pichia pastoris, and further compare biological responses of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLFs) to rHhAm175 and porcine EMD (pEMD). Human cDNA encoding a 175-amino acid amelogenin was subcloned into the pPIC3.5K vector. The rHhAm175 expressed in P. pastoris GS115 (Mut+) was purified and characterized. We examined cell attachment, migration and proliferation responses of human PDLFs to rHhAm175 and pEMD respectively, and characterized associated changes of proliferation-related intracellular signalling molecules, including extracellular signal response kinase (ERK) and Akt kinases/protein kinase B (Akt/PKB) kinases. The purified rHhAm175 was confirmed to be molecular mass 22 021.13 Da, phosphorylated human amelogenin, and alone significantly promoted proliferation and migration of human PDLFs to an extent comparable to that of pEMD. Cell attachment was increased over the first 60 min incubation with rHhAm175 or pEMD. Both rHhAm175 and pEMD induced PDLF mitogenesis via extracellular signal response kinase (ERK1/2), but not by Akt kinases/protein kinase B (Akt/PKB). rHhAm175 modulated cell activities of human PDLFs, to a comparable extent as porcine EMD. These data suggest that rHhAm175 might be used to induce periodontal tissue regeneration.
    Cell Proliferation 07/2012; 45(5):456-65. · 2.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: We have recently shown the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) in our provious study. Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) is at least partially involved in this process. These findings suggest potential roles for P. gingivalis LPS in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, the mechanism involved in P. gingivalis LPS-induced VCAM-1 production still remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the involvement of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) cell signal pathways in P. gingivalis LPS-induced VCAM-1 expression in endothelial cells. Method: Western blotting was used to investigate the activation of JNK and NF-κB pathways in P. gingivalis LPS challenged HAECs. Then, specific pharmacological inhibitors were introduced and the protein production of VCAM-1 was studied by Western blotting. Result: Both JNK and NF-κB pathways in HAECs could be activated by P. gingivalis LPS. NF-κB inhibitor (SN 50) but not JNK inhibitor (SP 600125) significantly attenuated P. gingivalis LPS-induced VCAM-1 expression. Conclusion: Activation of JNK-independent/NF-κB-dependent signal pathway is at least partially involved in P. gingivalis LPS induced VCAM-1 expression in HAECs, which may contribute to the acceleration of atherosclerosis.
    IADR General Session 2012; 06/2012
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the virulent properties of P. gingivalis clinical strains. By using mouse abscess model (MAM),six P. gingivalis clinical strains, L2, L3, L4, L5, L11 and L12 were subcutaneously inoculated into the central back of BALB/C mice. The clinical signs of the mice were observed and the virulent properties of the clinical strains were analyzed by comparison with type strains of W83 and ATCC 33277. SPSS11.5 software package was used for statistical analysis. According to the criteria established in previous reports, L3, ATCC33277, and W83 produced a localized abscess at the site of injection and were categorized as noninvasive. L2, L5, L11, and L12-induced lesions spread to distant organs and may produce severe systemic reactions and these strains were classified as invasive. Clinical strains from Chinese patients showed similarities to type strains in MAM. The virulent properties of P. gingivalis clinical strains are quite different from each other. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (30901672),Shanghai Leading Academic Discipline Project (S30206-fzd03) and Innovative Research Project of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission(09YZ78).
    Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology 06/2012; 21(3):241-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the potential effect of recombinant 25kDa porcine amelogenin (rPAm) on attachment, proliferation and migration of primarily cultured human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC). The second passage of HGECs were exposed to different concentrations of rPAm (0, 5, 10, 20μg/mL, respectively). Proliferation and attachment activities was measured by using cell counting method. Cellular migration was assayed by using an in vitro wound healing model. The data was quantified by the analysis of GraphPad Prism software. rPAm inhibited HGEC attachment in the adhesion assay, the effect was depended on time and rPAm dose. rPAm suppressed the growth rate of HGEC, that was also dose and time dependent. rPAm inhibited the migration ability of HGEC, the concentration of 20μg/mL group had the most significant effect. rPAm significantly inhibit the growth rate, cell adhesion and migration of HGEC, and the effect was dose- and time- dependent. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(30672315) and Research Fund of Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality(08DZ2271100).
    Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology 06/2012; 21(3):257-61.
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    ABSTRACT: Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells are fibroblasts that play key roles in tissue integrity, periodontal inflammation and tissue regeneration in the periodontium. The periodontal tissue destruction in periodontitis is mediated by host tissue-produced inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Here, we report the expression of G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30, also known as G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 GPER) in human PDL cells and its regulation by IL-1β. IL-1β-induced GPR30 expression in human PDL cells leads to the activation of multiple signaling pathways, including MAPK, NF-κB and PI3K. In contrast, genistein, an estrogen receptor ligand, postpones the activation of MAPKs induced by IL-1β. Moreover, the inhibition of GPR30 by G15, a GPR30-specific antagonist, eliminates this delay. Thus, genistein plays a role in the regulation of MAPK activation via GPR30, and GPR30 represents a novel target regulated by steroid hormones in PDL cells.
    Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 04/2012; 522(1):9-16. · 3.37 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

254 Citations
55.58 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • • Department of Periodontology
      • • School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2011–2012
    • Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2002–2004
    • Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China