David J Cohen

University of Missouri - Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri, United States

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Publications (313)2681.47 Total impact

  • Keith B. Allen, J. Russell Davis, David J. Cohen
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    ABSTRACT: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) of acute ascending aortic pathology is feasible, however, the unique features of this aortic segment in addition to access challenges restricts its use to a select, high-risk subset of patients. With the advent of TAVR, large device delivery using transapical access has become a well-defined technique. We report a patient with critical aortic stenosis and an acute ascending aortic penetrating ulcer (PAU) with tamponade managed successfully utilizing transapical TAVR and TEVAR. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a hybrid single-stage TAVR and ascending aortic TEVAR using transapical access. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 01/2015; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence and prognostic impact of late bleeding complications after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence, predictors, and prognostic impact of major late bleeding complications (MLBCs) (≥30 days) after TAVR. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of patients who underwent TAVR within the randomized cohorts and continued access registries in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) trial were analyzed after stratifying by the occurrence of MLBCs. Predictors of MLBCs and their association with 30-day to 1-year mortality were assessed. Among 2,401 patients who underwent TAVR and survived to 30 days, MLBCs occurred in 142 (5.9%) at a median time of 132 days (interquartile range: 71 to 230 days) after the index procedure. Gastrointestinal complications (n = 58 [40.8%]), neurological complications (n = 22 [15.5%]), and traumatic falls (n = 11 [7.8%]) were identified as the most frequent types of MLBCs. Independent predictors of MLBCs were the presence of low hemoglobin at baseline, atrial fibrillation or flutter at baseline or 30 days, the presence of moderate or severe paravalvular leak at 30 days, and greater left ventricular mass at 30 days. MLBCs were identified as a strong independent predictor of mortality between 30 days and 1 year (adjusted hazard ratio: 3.91; 95% confidence interval: 2.67 to 5.71; p < 0.001). MLBCs after TAVR were frequent and associated with increased mortality. Better individualized and risk-adjusted antithrombotic therapy after TAVR is urgently needed in this high-risk population. (THE PARTNER TRIAL: Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valve Trial; NCT00530894). Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 12/2014; 64(24):2605-15. · 15.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While randomized clinical trials have compared clopidogrel with higher potency adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor inhibitors among patients with acute myocardial infarction, little is known about the frequency, effectiveness and safety of switching between ADP receptor inhibitors in routine clinical practice. We studied 11,999 myocardial infarction patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention at 230 hospitals from April 2010 to October 2012 in the TRANSLATE-ACS study. Multivariable Cox regression was used to compare six-month post-discharge risks of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE: death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or unplanned revascularization) and Global Utilization of Streptokinase and t-PA for Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO)-defined bleeding between in-hospital ADP receptor inhibitor switching versus continuation of the initially selected therapy. Among 8715 patients treated initially with clopidogrel, 994 (11.4%) were switched to prasugrel or ticagrelor; switching occurred primarily after percutaneous coronary intervention (60.9%) and at the time of hospital discharge (26.7%). Among 3284 patients treated initially with prasugrel or ticagrelor, 448 (13.6%) were switched to clopidogrel; 48.2% of switches occurred after percutaneous coronary intervention and 48.0% at hospital discharge. Switching to prasugrel or ticagrelor was not associated with increased bleeding when compared with continuation on clopidogrel (2.7% vs. 3.3%, adjusted hazard ratio 0.96, 95% confidence interval 0.64-1.42, p=0.82). Switching from prasugrel or ticagrelor to clopidogrel was not associated with increased MACE (8.9% vs. 7.7%, adjusted hazard ratio 1.06, 95% confidence interval 0.75-1.49, p=0.76) when compared with continuation on the higher potency agent. In-hospital ADP receptor inhibitor switching occurs in more than one in 10 myocardial infarction patients in contemporary practice. In this observational study, ADP receptor inhibitor switching does not appear to be significantly associated with increased hazard of MACE or bleeding. © The European Society of Cardiology 2014.
    European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: -Drug-coated balloons (DCB) have shown promise in improving outcomes for patients with peripheral artery disease. We compared a paclitaxel-coated balloon with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the treatment of symptomatic superficial femoral and/or popliteal artery disease. -The IN.PACT SFA Trial is a prospective, multicentre, single-blinded, randomized trial in which 331 patients with intermittent claudication or ischemic rest pain due to superficial femoral and/or popliteal peripheral artery disease (PAD) were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to treatment with DCB or PTA. The primary efficacy endpoint was primary patency, defined as freedom from restenosis or clinically-driven target lesion revascularization at 12 months. Baseline characteristics were similar between the 2 groups. Mean lesion length and percent of total occlusions for the DCB and PTA arms were 8.94±4.89 and 8.81±5.12 cm (P=.82) and 25.8% and 19.5% (P=.22), respectively. DCB resulted in higher primary patency vs. PTA (82.2% vs. 52.4%; P<.001). The rate of clinically-driven target lesion revascularization was 2.4% in the DCB arm compared with 20.6% in the PTA arm (P<.001). There was a low rate of vessel thrombosis in both arms (1.4% after DCB and 3.7% after PTA (P=.10)). There were no device- or procedure-related deaths and no major amputations. -In this prospective, multicenter, randomized trial, DCB was superior to PTA and had a favorable safety profile for the treatment of patients with symptomatic femoropopliteal PAD. Clinical Trial Registration Information-ClinicalTrials.gov. Identifiers: NCT01175850 and NCT01566461.
    Circulation 12/2014; · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Dual antiplatelet therapy is recommended after coronary stenting to prevent thrombotic complications, yet the benefits and risks of treatment beyond 1 year are uncertain. Methods Patients were enrolled after they had undergone a coronary stent procedure in which a drug-eluting stent was placed. After 12 months of treatment with a thienopyridine drug (clopidogrel or prasugrel) and aspirin, patients were randomly assigned to continue receiving thienopyridine treatment or to receive placebo for another 18 months; all patients continued receiving aspirin. The coprimary efficacy end points were stent thrombosis and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (a composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) during the period from 12 to 30 months. The primary safety end point was moderate or severe bleeding. Results A total of 9961 patients were randomly assigned to continue thienopyridine treatment or to receive placebo. Continued treatment with thienopyridine, as compared with placebo, reduced the rates of stent thrombosis (0.4% vs. 1.4%; hazard ratio, 0.29 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.17 to 0.48]; P<0.001) and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (4.3% vs. 5.9%; hazard ratio, 0.71 [95% CI, 0.59 to 0.85]; P<0.001). The rate of myocardial infarction was lower with thienopyridine treatment than with placebo (2.1% vs. 4.1%; hazard ratio, 0.47; P<0.001). The rate of death from any cause was 2.0% in the group that continued thienopyridine therapy and 1.5% in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 1.36 [95% CI, 1.00 to 1.85]; P=0.05). The rate of moderate or severe bleeding was increased with continued thienopyridine treatment (2.5% vs. 1.6%, P=0.001). An elevated risk of stent thrombosis and myocardial infarction was observed in both groups during the 3 months after discontinuation of thienopyridine treatment. Conclusions Dual antiplatelet therapy beyond 1 year after placement of a drug-eluting stent, as compared with aspirin therapy alone, significantly reduced the risks of stent thrombosis and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events but was associated with an increased risk of bleeding. (Funded by a consortium of eight device and drug manufacturers and others; DAPT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00977938 .).
    New England Journal of Medicine 11/2014; · 54.42 Impact Factor
  • American Heart Journal 11/2014; · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both supervised exercise (SE) and stenting (ST) improve functional status, symptoms, and quality of life compared with optimal medical care (OMC) in patients with claudication. The relative cost-effectiveness of these strategies is not well defined.
    Journal of the American Heart Association. 10/2014; 3(6).
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with severe aortic stenosis, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) improves survival when compared with nonsurgical therapy but with higher in-hospital and lifetime costs. Complications associated with TAVR may decrease with greater experience and improved devices, thereby reducing the overall cost of the procedure. Therefore, we sought to estimate the effect of periprocedural complications on in-hospital costs and length of stay of TAVR.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions 10/2014; · 6.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: -Many clinical trials use composite endpoints to reduce sample size, but the relative importance of each individual endpoint within the composite may differ between patients and researchers.
    Circulation 09/2014; · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify clinical, procedural, and angiographic correlates of late/very late drug-eluting stent (DES) thrombosis as well as to determine the clinical outcomes of these events.
    JACC. Cardiovascular interventions. 09/2014;
  • Suzanne J Baron, Robert W Yeh, David J Cohen
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past several decades, major changes in lifestyle, preventive care, and clinical management have contributed to an impressive reduction in coronary artery disease (CAD) prevalence, incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and deaths due to coronary heart disease(1-3). As a result, use of cardiovascular services in the United States has decreased dramatically in recent years. For patients with CAD, advances in medical management have allowed more and more patients to avoid elective catheterization procedures, while the results of recent studies (e.g. COURAGE(4), FAME(5), and SYNTAX(6)) have led to more judicious use of PCI in patients with chronic CAD. The combined effect of these trends has been a marked reduction in overall PCI volumes(7), from a peak of nearly 1 million in the US in 2006 to approximately 600,000 in recent years(8). At the same time as overall PCI volumes have been decreasing, the number of PCI centers has been increasing as data have emerged indicating that the absence of on-site cardiac surgery does not adversely impact patient outcomes after either emergent or elective PCI(9, 10). Together, declining PCI volumes and the increasing number of PCI centers has led to a decrease in volume of PCI procedures at both the center and operator level(11).
    Circulation 09/2014; · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In high-risk or inoperable patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a proven alternative to standard (i.e., medical) therapy or surgical aortic valve replacement. Concerns have been raised, however, about patients who survive the procedure but have short subsequent survival. The aim of this study was therefore to identify correlates of early out-of-hospital mortality (EOHM) in patients who underwent successful TAVI, rendering TAVI potentially "futile." Patients who were discharged from the hospital and survived >30 days but <12 months after TAVI were identified (the EOHM group). Independent predictors of EOHM were explored, including patient-level factors and procedural nonfatal major complications (NFMCs). A sensitivity analysis was also performed, excluding patients with NFMCs. Among 485 patients who were discharged from the hospital and survived 30 days after TAVI, 101 (21%) were dead within 1 year. Independent predictors of EOHM included serum creatinine, liver disease, coagulopathy, mental status, body mass index, male gender, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score. Although NFMCs were strongly associated with EOHM, patient-level risk factors for EOHM were similar between patients who did and those who did not experience NFMCs. Compared with standard therapy, TAVI patients with EOHM had similar 6-month 6-minute walk distances and functional classes, with higher rates of repeat hospitalization. In conclusion, in high-risk or inoperable patients who underwent TAVI and were discharged and alive at 30 days, EOHM was not infrequent and was determined largely by presenting characteristics and the occurrence of periprocedural NFMCs. Careful screening and minimization of NFMCs may maximize the benefit of TAVI.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 08/2014; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: -The SYNTAX trial demonstrated that in patients with 3-vessel or left-main CAD, CABG was associated with a lower rate of cardiovascular death, MI, stroke, or repeat revascularization compared with DES-PCI. The long-term cost-effectiveness of these strategies is unknown.
    Circulation 08/2014; · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives CHARISMA was a landmark randomized clinical trial that failed to demonstrate a benefit of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) over aspirin alone for preventing cardiovascular events. However, subgroup analyses of the trial found fewer major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) for patients with established cardiovascular disease but more MACEs for patients with multiple risk factors without established cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to examine DAPT use in contemporary clinical practice after publication of CHARISMA results. Study Design Retrospective analysis of a large clinical registry of outpatient cardiovascular visits to over 1000 physicians that collected data on patient clinical history, symptoms, vital signs, and medications. Methods Clinical characteristics and prescription rates of aspirin and clopidogrel were compared for patients with established cardiovascular disease and for patients with only multiple cardiovascular risk factors. Prescription of DAPT by calendar quarter was evaluated from 2008 to 2011 using multivariable Poisson regression models. Results Of 167,839 patients with established cardiovascular disease, 20.5% were prescribed both aspirin and clopidogrel. Of 20,478 patients with multiple risk factors but no known cardiovascular disease, 3.5% were prescribed both aspirin and clopidogrel. Across 14 calendar quarters, prescription rates of DAPT did not change significantly for patients with established CVD but decreased for patients with multiple risk factors with an incidence rate ratio of 0.77. Conclusions Use of DAPT is modest in patients with established cardiovascular disease, for whom the CHARISMA trial suggested decreased MACEs, and prescription rates have remained stable over time. Use of DAPT in patients with multiple risk factors only, for whom CHARISMA suggested that DAPT may lead to increased MACE, was low and decreased over time.
    The American journal of managed care. 08/2014; 20(8):659-665.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) suggest benefits for the transradial approach to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, transradial PCI may delay reperfusion, leading to its avoidance. We sought to quantify the delay in reperfusion from transradial PCI (“transradial delay”) that would need to be introduced to offset the potential mortality benefit of transradial PCI, compared with transfemoral, observed in RCTs. Methods We developed a decision-analytic model to compare transfemoral and transradial PCI in STEMI. 30-day mortality rates were estimated by pooling STEMI patients from two RCTs comparing transfemoral and transradial PCI. We projected the impact of transradial delay using estimates of the increase in mortality associated with door-to-balloon time delays. Sensitivity analyses were performed to understand the impact of uncertainty in assumptions. Results In the base case, a transradial delay of 83.0 minutes was needed to offset the mortality benefit of transradial PCI. When the mortality benefit of transradial PCI was one-quarter that observed in RCTs, the delay associated with equivalent mortality was 20.9 minutes. In probabilistic sensitivity analyses, transradial PCI was preferred over transfemoral PCI in 97.5% of simulations when transradial delay was 30 minutes and 79.0% of simulations when delay was 60 minutes. Conclusions A substantial transradial delay is required to eliminate even a fraction of the mortality benefit observed with transradial PCI in RCTs. Results were robust to changing multiple assumptions and have implications for operators reluctant to transition to transradial PCI in STEMI due to concern for delaying reperfusion.
    European Heart Journal 07/2014; · 14.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin monotherapy in patients without ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction is not well defined. The study population consisted of patients enrolled in the Evaluation of Drug-Eluting Stents and Ischemic Events (EVENT) registry with either non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndromes or stable ischemic heart disease, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with either unfractionated heparin or bivalirudin monotherapy. Propensity score matching was used to adjust for baseline characteristics. The primary bleeding (in-hospital composite bleeding-access site bleeding, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major/minor bleeding, or transfusion) and primary (in-hospital death/myocardial infarction) and secondary ischemic outcomes (death/myocardial infarction/unplanned repeat revascularization at 12 months) were evaluated. Propensity score matching yielded 1036 patients with non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndromes and 2062 patients with stable ischemic heart disease. For the non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome cohort, bivalirudin use was associated with lower bleeding (difference, -3.3% [-0.8% to -5.8%]; P=0.01; number need to treat=30) without increase in either primary (difference, 1.2% [4.1% to -1.8%]; P=0.45) or secondary ischemic outcomes, including stent thrombosis (difference, 0.0% [1.3% to -1.3%]; P=1.00). Similarly, in the stable ischemic heart disease cohort, bivalirudin use was associated with lower bleeding (difference, -1.8% [-0.4% to -3.3%]; P=0.01; number need to treat=53) without increase in either primary (difference, 0.4% [2.3% to -1.5%]; P=0.70) or secondary ischemic outcomes, including stent thrombosis (difference, 0.0% [0.7% to -0.7%]; P=1.00) when compared with unfractionated heparin monotherapy. Among patients with non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndromes or stable ischemic heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, bivalirudin use during percutaneous coronary intervention when compared with unfractionated heparin monotherapy was associated with lower bleeding without significant increase in ischemic outcomes or stent thrombosis.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions 04/2014; · 6.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Allograft outcomes in patients undergoing repeat renal transplantation are inferior compared to first-time transplant recipient outcomes. Donor-specific antibodies detected by solid-phase assays (DSA-SPA) may contribute to the worse prognosis. The influence of DSA-SPA on repeat renal transplantation outcomes has not been previously studied in detail. This study reports the findings in 174 patients who underwent repeat renal transplantation between years 2007 and 2012. These included 62 patients with preformed DSA-SPA detected by Luminex at the time of transplantation. Patients received standard and consistent immunosuppression and were monitored closely for evidence of rejection. Recipients who underwent desensitization were excluded from this analysis. Endpoints included development of biopsy-proven acute rejection and analysis of graft survival and function. Patients in the DSA-SPA-positive and DSA-SPA-negative groups received similar immunosuppression, and a similar proportion of recipients had a peak panel reactive antibody greater than 20%; the two groups differed with respect to human leukocyte antigen mismatches (4.7±1.1 vs. 4.1±1.7, P=0.024). Recipients with preformed DSA-SPA had higher rejection rates (54.8% vs. 34.8%, P=0.01), including higher rates of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) (32.3% vs. 7.1%, P<0.001). Recipients who were DSA-SPA-positive and flow cytometry crossmatch (FCXM)-positive had a higher incidence of both AMR (OR 4.6, P=0.009) and of acute rejection (OR 3.57, P=0.02) as compared to those who were DSA-SPA-positive and FCXM-negative. Overall allograft survival was similar in the DSA-SPA-positive and DSA-SPA-negative groups (log-rank test=0.63, P=0.428). Differences in allograft function were detectable after 2 years (32.8±13.1 vs. 47±20.2 mL/min/1.73 m, P=0.023) and may be reflective of more AMR among DSA-SPA-positive patients. This analysis suggests that DSA-SPA increases the overall risk of acute rejection but does not appear to adversely impact allograft survival during the early follow-up period. Close monitoring of renal function and early biopsy for AMR detection appear to allow for satisfactory short-term allograft outcomes in repeat transplant recipients.
    Transplantation 03/2014; 97(6):642-7. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of early corticosteroid withdrawal (ECSW) protocols after kidney transplantation has become common, but the effects on fracture risk and bone quality are unclear. We enrolled 47 first-time adult transplant recipients managed with ECSW into a 1-year study to evaluate changes in bone mass, microarchitecture, biomechanical competence, and remodeling with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT), parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, and bone turnover markers obtained at baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months post-transplantation. Compared with baseline, 12-month areal bone mineral density by DXA did not change significantly at the spine and hip, but it declined significantly at the 1/3 and ultradistal radii (2.2% and 2.9%, respectively; both P<0.001). HRpQCT of the distal radius revealed declines in cortical area, density, and thickness (3.9%, 2.1%, and 3.1%, respectively; all P<0.001), trabecular density (4.4%; P<0.001), and stiffness and failure load (3.1% and 3.5%, respectively; both P<0.05). Findings were similar at the tibia. Increasing severity of hyperparathyroidism was associated with increased cortical losses. However, loss of trabecular bone and bone strength were most severe at the lowest and highest PTH levels. In summary, ECSW was associated with preservation of bone mineral density at the central skeleton; however, it was also associated with progressive declines in cortical and trabecular bone density at the peripheral skeleton. Cortical decreases related directly to PTH levels, whereas the relationship between PTH and trabecular bone decreases was bimodal. Studies are needed to determine whether pharmacologic agents that suppress PTH will prevent cortical and trabecular losses and post-transplant fractures.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 02/2014; · 9.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of biodegradable-polymer (BP) drug-eluting stents (DES), bare metal stents (BMS), and durable-polymer DES in patients undergoing coronary revascularization, we performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis using a Bayesian framework. Study stents included BMS, paclitaxel-eluting (PES), sirolimus-eluting (SES), endeavor zotarolimus-eluting (ZES-E), cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting (CoCr-EES), platinium-chromium everolimus-eluting (PtCr-EES), resolute zotarolimus-eluting (ZES-R), and BP biolimus-eluting stents (BP-BES). After a systematic electronic search, 113 trials with 90 584 patients were selected. The principal endpoint was definite or probable stent thrombosis (ST) defined according to the Academic Research Consortium within 1 year. Biodegradable polymer-biolimus-eluting stents [OR, 0.56; 95% credible interval (CrI), 0.33-0.90], SES (OR, 0.53; 95% CrI, 0.38-0.73), CoCr-EES (OR, 0.34; 95% CrI, 0.23-0.52), and PtCr-EES (OR, 0.31; 95% CrI, 0.10-0.90) were all superior to BMS in terms of definite or probable ST within 1 year. Cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents demonstrated the lowest risk of ST of all stents at all times after stent implantation. Biodegradable polymer-biolimus-eluting stents was associated with a higher risk of definite or probable ST than CoCr-EES (OR, 1.72; 95% CrI, 1.04-2.98). All DES reduced the need for repeat revascularization, and all but PES reduced the risk of myocardial infarction compared with BMS. All DESs but PES and ZES-E were superior to BMS in terms of ST within 1 year. Cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents was safer than any DES even including BP-BES. Our results suggest that not only the biodegradability of polymer, but the optimal combination of stent alloy, design, strut thickness, polymer, and drug all combined determine the safety of DES.
    European Heart Journal 01/2014; · 14.72 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology 01/2014; · 15.34 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

11k Citations
2,681.47 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2014
    • University of Missouri - Kansas City
      • "Saint Luke's" Mid America Heart Institute
      Kansas City, Missouri, United States
    • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
      Manhattan, New York, United States
    • Lifespan
      Providence, Rhode Island, United States
    • St. Luke School of Medicine
      Kansas City, Missouri, United States
    • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
      Rochester, Michigan, United States
    • Stony Brook University
      • Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Stony Brook, NY, United States
  • 2006–2014
    • Saint Luke's Health System (KS, USA)
      Kansas City, Kansas, United States
    • Cleveland Clinic
      • Department of Cardiology
      Cleveland, Ohio, United States
  • 2012–2013
    • Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
      • Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
    • Washington Hospital Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
    • York Hospital
      York, Pennsylvania, United States
    • University of Michigan
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
  • 2011–2013
    • Rhode Island Hospital
      Providence, Rhode Island, United States
    • Saint Louis University
      • Division of Cardiology
      Saint Louis, Michigan, United States
    • Massachusetts General Hospital
      • Division of Cardiology
      Boston, MA, United States
    • University of Alabama at Birmingham
      • Department of Epidemiology
      Birmingham, AL, United States
  • 2005–2013
    • New York Presbyterian Hospital
      New York City, New York, United States
    • St. Michael's Hospital
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • Duke University Medical Center
      • Duke Clinical Research Institute
      Durham, NC, United States
    • Flinders University
      • Flinders Medical Centre
      Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    • University of Cincinnati
      Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
    • Boston Scientific
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2004–2013
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2003–2013
    • CUNY Graduate Center
      New York City, New York, United States
    • Henry Ford Health System
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
  • 2002–2013
    • Boston Biomedical Research Institute
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • Duke University
      Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • 2010–2012
    • St. Luke's Hospital (MO, USA)
      Saint Louis, Michigan, United States
    • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    • Loyola University Medical Center
      Maywood, Illinois, United States
  • 1996–2012
    • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • Beth Israel Medical Center
      • Department of Medicine
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 2009–2011
    • Yale-New Haven Hospital
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States
    • North Carolina Clinical Research
      Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
    • Stony Brook University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Stony Brook, NY, United States
    • Oklahoma City University
      Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
    • Christiana Care Health System
      Wilmington, Delaware, United States
  • 2006–2011
    • St. Luke's Hospital
      Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States
  • 2005–2009
    • Columbia University
      • • College of Physicians and Surgeons
      • • Division of Nephrology
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2000–2008
    • Brigham and Women's Hospital
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Center for Brain Mind Medicine
      • • Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Boston, MA, United States
  • 2007
    • Baylor College of Medicine
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 2003–2006
    • Henry Ford Hospital
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
  • 2002–2005
    • Cardiovascular Research Foundation
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1992–2000
    • Harvard Medical School
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States