Manish Modi

Biomedical Informatics Centre, Chandigarh, Chandigarh, India

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Publications (76)127.8 Total impact

  • Neurology India 11/2015; 63(6):996. DOI:10.4103/0028-3886.170084 · 1.23 Impact Factor

  • QJM: monthly journal of the Association of Physicians 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/qjmed/hcv193 · 2.50 Impact Factor

  • 23rd Annual Conference of Indian Academy of Neurology, Agra, India; 10/2015
  • B. Das · M.K. Goyal · M. Modi · V. Lal · S. Vyas · B.D. Radotra · B.R. Mittal ·

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The treatment protocols for status epilepticus (SE) range from small doses of intravenous benzodiazepines to induction of coma. The pros and cons of more aggressive treatment regimen remain debatable. The importance of an index need not be overemphasized which can predict outcome of SE and guide the intensity of treatment. We tried to evaluate utility of one such index Status epilepticus severity score (STESS). Methods: 44 consecutive patients of SE were enrolled in the study. STESS results were compared with various outcome measures: (a) mortality, (b) final neurological outcome at discharge as defined by functional independence measure (FIM) (good outcome: FIM score 5-7; bad outcome: FIM score 1-4), (c) control of SE within 1h of start of treatment and (d) need for coma induction. Results: A higher STESS score correlated significantly with poor neurological outcome at discharge (p=0.0001), need for coma induction (p=0.0001) and lack of response to treatment within 1h (p=0.001). A STESS of <3 was found to have a negative predictive value of 96.9% for mortality, 96.7% for poor neurological outcome at discharge and 96.7% for need of coma induction, while a STESS of <2 had negative predictive value of 100% for mortality, coma induction and poor neurological outcome at discharge. Conclusion: STESS can reliably predict the outcome of status epilepticus. Further studies on STESS based treatment approach may help in designing better therapeutic regimens for SE.
    Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 09/2015; 139:96-99. DOI:10.1016/j.clineuro.2015.09.010 · 1.13 Impact Factor
  • H.P. Sinha · M. Modi · S. Prabhakar · P. Singh ·
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) remains to be one of the most fatal central nervous system infections. The exact pathogenesis of TBM at cellular level remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the cytokine levels in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of TBM patients and determined their correlation with the disease activity. Methods: The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) in both serum and CSF of 38 patients at baseline, and in 17 of these patients at 1 and 6 month of follow-up. Clinical examination and imaging was performed at baseline and on follow-ups. Results: There was a remarkable rise in the levels of serum and CSF TNF-α and IL-1β in TBM patients as compared to age and sex matched controls (p<0.05). A significant correlation was found between cytokine levels and stages of TBM (p< 0.05). TNF-α levels in both serum and CSF and IL-1β levels in serum were found to be significantly higher in those patients who died than those who survived and had better outcome. TNF-α was higher in patients who developed tuberculoma on follow-up than those who did not (p<0.05). The cytokine levels progressively declined over time but remained detectable till 6 months in most patients. Conclusions: The higher levels of TNF-α and IL-1β were associated with poor outcome in TBM. The higher cytokine levels in patients developing tuberculoma on antituberculous therapy and steroids suggests that these patients may benefit from immunomodulation agents like anti-TNF-α antibody.
    Neurology Asia 09/2015; 20(3):243-250. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Extra-pituitary birth defect (EPBD) in children with congenital hypopituitarism is largely unknown. Objective: The study aims to evaluate the incidence and pattern of EPBD in children with congenital hypopituitarism and to evaluate whether it can serve as a clue to diagnose this condition. Patients and Method: Retrospective analysis of hospital record of patients of short stature due to various etiology from which patients with congenital hypopituitarism with age ≥18 years were recruited for the analysis. Clinical, hormonal, radiological and ocular electrophysiological studies were done in all patients and all EPBD were noted. Results: Twenty seven patients (79%) had multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD) of which growth hormone was universal followed by gonadotropin (62%), TSH (59%), ACTH (44%) and prolactin (12%). Nineteen patients (56%) had multiple EPBD in various combinations. Twenty three ocular abnormalities were present in 12 patients (35%). Nine patients (26%) had other associated EPBD along with ocular abnormalities while 3 had ocular abnormalities without any other associated birth defect. Skeletal defects were present in 10 patients (29.5%). On the contrary, 5 patients in the EPBD group had total 15 visual defects. The most common abnormality of the visual system were abnormal visual evoke response (VER, 18%), followed by strabismus (15%), visual acuity (VA, 12%), electroretinogram (ERG) and electrooculogram (EOG) 8% each and visual field defect 6%. There was a trend towards early age at presentation with EPBD. Conclusion: Presence of EPBD in a short child is a sensitive marker to diagnose congenital hypopituitarism. Subtle abnormalities of visual pathway without absent septum pellucidum or midline brain defects were common. © 2015, Journal of Association of Physicians of India. All rights reserved.
    The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 09/2015; 63.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Being a common cause of epilepsy in endemic areas, neurocysticercosis (NCC) is expected to account for a sizable proportion of patients with drug-refractory epilepsy (DRE) as well. However, data regarding prevalence of DRE in NCC are sparse. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of DRE as well as identification of clinical and radiologic factors that lead to DRE in patients with NCC.Methods This study was conducted in a tertiary-care postgraduate teaching institute in Northern India from July 2011 to July 2013. Two hundred patients with epilepsy due to NCC (definite [n = 59, 29.5%] or probable [n = 141, 70.5%]) based on diagnostic criteria by Del Brutto et al. were enrolled in the study in both a prospective (n = 51 [25.5%]) and a retrospective manner (n = 149 [74.5%]), and were followed for a minimum period of 1 year.ResultsThirteen patients with NCC were found to be refractory to drug therapy. Prevalence of DRE was found to be 65 of 1,000 NCC patients with epilepsy in the present study. The risk factors associated with high risk of DRE were male sex (p = 0.035), older age (p = 0.016), pig-raising practices (p = 0.003), pork eating (p = 0.04), and presence of multiple (>2) (p = 0.0001) or mixed stage lesions (p = 0.007) on neuroimaging. On multivariate analysis, it was found that residing in an area where pig raising is prevalent (p = 0.01) and presence of multiple (>2) (p = 0.004) lesions on neuroimaging are associated with increased risk of DRE.SignificanceNCC is only rarely associated with the development of DRE. The common risk factors associated with increased chance of DRE include pig-rearing practices and presence of multiple (>2) lesions on neuroimaging.
    Epilepsia 09/2015; 56(11). DOI:10.1111/epi.13130 · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Timely and rapid diagnosis of multidrug resistance in tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a challenge both for a microbiologist and neurologist. The present study was conducted to evaluate role of real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using rpoB, IS6110, and MPB64 as targets in diagnosis of TBM in 110 patients and subsequent high-resolution melt (HRM) curve analysis of rpoB gene amplicons for screening of drug resistance. The sensitivity of smear, culture, and real-time PCR was 1.8%, 10.9%, and 83.63%, respectively. All 120 control patients showed negative results. With HRM rpoB analysis, rifampicin resistance was detected in 3 out of 110 cases of TBM (3.33%). Subsequently, results of HRM analysis were confirmed by rpoB gene sequencing, and mutations were observed at 516 (2 patients) and 531 (1 patient) codons, respectively. rpoB HRM analysis can be a promising tool for rapid diagnosis and screening of drug resistance in TBM patients in 90minutes. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease 06/2015; 83(2). DOI:10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2015.06.010 · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare safety and efficacy of intravenous (IV) levetiracetam (LEV) with IV phenytoin (PHT) in management of status epilepticus (SE). The second-line treatment of SE is limited to a few drugs available in an IV formulation such as PHT, fosphenytoin and valproate. The relative lack of serious side effects and favourable pharmacokinetics of LEV made it a promising option in management of SE. Randomized trials comparing relative efficacy of second-line agents are remarkably lacking. In this study, consecutive patients of SE (n=44) were randomized to receive either IV PHT (20mg/kg) or IV LEV (20mg/kg). The primary end point was successful clinical termination of seizure activity within 30min after the beginning of the drug infusion. Secondary end points included recurrence of seizures within 24hours, drug related adverse effects, neurological outcome at discharge, need for ventilatory assistance, and mortality during hospitalization. Both LEV and PHT were equally effective with regard to primary and secondary outcome measures. PHT achieved control of SE in 15 (68.2%) patients compared to LEV in 13 (59.1%; p=0.53). Both the groups showed comparable results with respect to recurrence of seizures within 24hours (p=0.34), outcome at discharge as assessed by functional independence measure (p=0.68), need of ventilatory assistance (p=0.47) and death (p=1). From this study it can be concluded that LEV may be an attractive and effective alternative to PHT in management of SE. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 04/2015; 22(6). DOI:10.1016/j.jocn.2014.12.013 · 1.38 Impact Factor

  • AAN 2015, Neurology April 6, 2015 vol. 84 no. 14 Supplement P5.027; 04/2015
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    Anu Gupta · Manoj Kumar Goyal · Manish Modi · Vivek Lal ·

    Journal of the Neurological Sciences 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2015.03.028. · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • Anu Gupta · Manoj Kumar Goyal · Manish Modi · Vivek Lal ·

    Journal of the neurological sciences 03/2015; 352(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2015.03.028 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the clinical profile, laboratory and neuroimaging data of adult tuberculous meningitis (TBM) patients and to determine the predictors of mortality. A total of 55 TBM patients and 60 controls were enrolled in this prospective study. Detailed clinical, radiological, biochemical and microbiological evaluation was performed. Done using SPSS 15.0 for Windows. P value of <0.05 was considered to be significant. 61.8% were males and majority of the study subjects belonged to age group of 21-40 years. Duration of symptoms in all cases was >14 days and commonly included fever, headache, neck rigidity, altered sensorium and vomiting. Biochemical features of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed significant results where 94.5%, 85.45%,83.63% and 81.81% of patients showed CSF sugar levels <2/3 corresponding blood sugar, proteins>100mg%, CSF total leucocyte count of >20 cells/mm(3) and ADA >9.5IU/L respectively while neuroimaging revealed hydrocephalus, basal exudates and meningeal enhancement as significant findings. More than half of TBM patients presented in stage II of disease and overall mortality was 43.63%. A model for prediction of mortality in TBM cases was framed which included variables of age>40 years, past history of tuberculosis (TB), presence of basal exudates and hydrocephalus. TBM is a serious extrapulmonary form of TB and should arise suspicion in mind of clinician based on clinical, laboratory and radiologic results. Further, a model for prediction of mortality in such patients may be helpful for early intervention and better prognosis.
    03/2015; 9(1):DC15-9. DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2015/11456.5454
  • Article: Snake eyes

    The spine journal: official journal of the North American Spine Society 02/2015; 15(6). DOI:10.1016/j.spinee.2015.02.020 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prompt and accurate diagnosis of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is highly challenging. Current conventional techniques lack sensitivity and are time-consuming. Here, we report our experience with multiplex polymerase chain reaction (MPCR) using two targets namely IS6110 and protein antigen b in the diagnosis of extra-pulmonary TB. A total of 150 patients of extra-pulmonary TB visiting tertiary care center in north India between September 2008 and December 2009 were included in the study. Sixty-six biopsy samples and 84 were body fluids from these patients were subjected for microscopy (Ziehl-Neelsen), culture on LJ medium and for Multiplex PCR using IS6110 and Protein b antigen. Smear positivity was noted in 11 samples (7.33%), and LJ culture yielded Mycobacterium tuberculosis in 8 biopsies and 9 body fluids with overall positivity of 11.3%. The multi-targeted PCR could detect M. tuberculosis in a total of 112 samples. Of 112 positive samples, only Protein b band was detected in 7 samples and only IS6110 was detected in 5 samples. Overall Protein b, PCR could detect 71.33% of the cases, whereas IS6110 was positive in 66.6% of the cases. Overall the sensitivities of microscopy, culture, IS6110 PCR, Protein b PCR and MPCR were 7.33%, 11.3%, 66.67%, 71.3% and 74.6%, respectively. Thus by using more than two targets the sensitivity increased from 66.67% of IS6110 to 74.6% in MPCR. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction using IS6110 and Protein b antigen is a highly sensitive and specific tool in the diagnosis of pauci-bacillary conditions like extra-pulmonary TB.
    Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology 02/2015; 58(1):27-30. DOI:10.4103/0377-4929.151164 · 0.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurological disease that rapidly progresses from mild motor symptoms to severe motor paralysis and premature death. There is currently no cure for this devastating disease; most ALS patients die of respiratory failure generally within 3-5 years from the onset of signs and symptoms. Approximately 90% of ALS cases are sporadic in nature, with no clear associated risk factors. It is reported that ALS is a complex and multifaceted neurodegenerative disease. Less is known about the key factors involved in the sporadic form of the disease. The intricate pathogenic mechanisms that target motor neurons in ALS includes oxidative stress, glutamate excitotoxicity, mitochondrial damage, protein aggregation, glia and neuroinflammation pathology, defective axonal transport, and aberrant RNA metabolism. Despite aggressive research, no therapy has been yet proven to completely reverse the core symptoms of the disease. Riluzole is the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration and recommended by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence so far proven to be successful against ALS and may prevent progression and extend life for a few months or so. This article provides a novel understanding in key findings of pathogenesis and interventions currently under investigation to slow disease progression in ALS.
    Reviews in the neurosciences 01/2015; 26(2). DOI:10.1515/revneuro-2014-0057 · 3.33 Impact Factor

  • Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 01/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.167709 · 0.60 Impact Factor

  • 22nd Annual Conference of Indian Academy of Neurology 2014; 11/2014