Jae-Min Shim

Eulji University, Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea

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Publications (5)17.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Morphologic changes of small-sized post-stent malapposition have not been sufficiently evaluated. We investigated serial changes of minimal post-stent malapposition with a follow-up optical coherence tomography (OCT) study. Post-stent OCT and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and follow-up OCT were performed in 26 patients with minimal post-stent malapposition. Serial changes of number and percent of malapposition struts, and mean extra-stent malapposition area were measured in OCT analysis. Zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES), sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), and paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) were deployed in 17, 7 and 2 patients, respectively. Mean durations of the follow-up OCT study were 5.7 ± 3.0 months. The minimal post-stent malapposition cannot be detected by the IVUS, but be visualized with an OCT examination. According to different drug-eluting stents, malapposed stent struts were defined as the struts with detachment from the vessel wall ≥160 μm for SES, ≥130 μm for PES, and ≥110 μm for ZES. The percent of malapposition struts significantly decreased from 12.2 ± 11.0% post-stent to 1.0 ± 2.2% follow-up (P < 0.001). There was a significant decrease in the mean extra-stent malapposition area from 0.35 ± 0.16 mm(2) post-stent to 0.04 ± 0.11 mm(2) follow-up (P < 0.001). Complete disappearance of stent malapposition was also observed in 22 (85%) patients. In conclusion, minimal stent malapposition which is not detectable by IVUS may disappear or decrease in follow-up OCT evaluation.
    Clinical Research in Cardiology 10/2010; 99(10):639-44. · 4.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The status of neointimal coverage on the drug-eluting stent (DES) struts, which are placed across the side-branch vessels, remains unclear. The degree of neointimal coverage of stent struts crossing the side-branch vessel was evaluated according to the different types of DESs. Follow-up optical coherence tomography images at 9.3 months after the index procedure were identified in 51 patients who had undergone DES (sirolimus-eluting stents [SESs] in 22 patients, paclitaxel-eluting stents [PESs] in 15, and zotarolimus-eluting stents [ZESs] in 14) implantation with crossover of the side-branch vessels (size >2.0 mm). The enrolled patients were classified as a covered group if every unapposed strut showed neointimal coverage or an uncovered group if any struts lacked neointimal coverage. The neointimal hyperplasia thickness was also measured. The number of patients in the covered group was 15 (29%), with 36 patients in the uncovered group. Significant differences were found in the proportion of the covered group among the 3 DES types (6 [27%] of 22 with SESs, 1 [7%] of 15 with PESs, and 8 [57%] of 14 with ZESs; p = 0.011). The percentage of neointimal coverage in the overall stent struts was also significantly different among the 3 DES types (65% of 356 struts, 20% of 165 struts, and 83% of 143 struts for the SESs, PESs, and ZESs, respectively; p<0.001). The neointimal hyperplasia thickness in the PES group was significantly smaller than those of the ZES and SES groups (0.02 +/- 0.02 mm vs 0.08 +/- 0.06 mm and 0.04 +/- 0.03 mm, respectively; p = 0.002). In conclusion, different patterns of neointimal coverage of the stent struts crossing the side branch vessels were observed according to the type of DES.
    The American journal of cardiology 06/2010; 105(11):1565-9. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There has been much debate for the adequate treatment strategies for true bifurcation lesions. The purpose of this study is to introduce and test a novel stent design for the treatment of true bifurcation lesions. This side branch stent is composed of three parts: proximal, connecting, and distal parts. The distal part for the side branch vessel has a slope-side stent margin for circumferential coverage of the ostium and one radio-opaque marker for targeting the carina. The proximal part with two radio-opaque markers operates for safe stent delivery and useful guidance for a more precise placement of the distal part on the side branch ostium. Results of the in vitro test in the acrylic resin-made bifurcation phantom model were evaluated with microcomputer tomography. Animal experiments with this new stent platform were also performed in five pigs. In vitro test and microcomputer tomography showed complete coverage of the side branch ostium circumferentially with stent struts, and the absence of stent struts in the main vessel above the side branch ostium level. This side branch stents were successfully deployed in all 5 pigs. The results of animal experiments were also similar to those of in vitro tests. In vivo and vitro tests demonstrated the effective modality of this side branch stent for the treatment of true bifurcation lesions.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiology 02/2010; 23(1):54-9. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intracoronary thrombus formation after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is not sufficiently evaluated. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed in 226 patients (total DES n = 244, sirolimus-eluting stent [SES] n = 95, paclitaxel-eluting stent [PES] n = 62, zotarolimus-eluting stent [ZES] n = 87) after implantation (mean 11 months, range 3-66 months). Using OCT, we investigated the incidence and determinants of intracoronary thrombus. Intracoronary thrombus was detected in 35 (14%) cases (27 SES [28%], 7 PES [11%], and 1 ZES [1%], P < .001) and was associated with longer stent, smaller stent diameter, and stents at bifurcation lesions. More uncovered stent struts (26 +/- 23 vs 8 +/- 17, P < .001) and malapposed stent struts (6 +/- 14 vs 2 +/- 6, P < .001) were also associated with intracoronary thrombus. Multiple logistic regression analysis found the following determinants of intracoronary thrombus: stent length > or =28 mm (odds ratio [OR] 7.31, 95% CI 1.79-29.86, P = .01), stent diameter <3.0 mm (OR 4.38, 95% CI 1.38-13.97, P = .01), and > or =8 uncovered struts in each stent (OR 3.29, 95% CI 1.07-10.17, P = .04). Length, size, and types of DES may be more important than clinical factors in intracoronary thrombus formation after DES implantations.
    American heart journal 02/2010; 159(2):278-83. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between plasma biomarkers and vulnerable plaque is not well understood. The 188 patients who underwent 3-vessel virtual histology (VH) intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with peripheral blood sampling were enrolled. Plasma levels of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9 (MMP-2, -9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, adiponectin, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor were measured. VH-IVUS-derived thin cap fibroatheroma (VH-TCFA) was defined as a necrotic core >10% of plaque area in the presence of >40% plaque burden. There were 38 patients with ruptured plaque and 150 patients without (107 patients with VH-TCFA, 43 patients without VH-TCFA) in culprit/target lesions. Among the biomarkers, only the MMP-9 level was significantly higher in patients with ruptured plaque (P=0.002). In the subgroup without ruptured plaque, significant differences in the levels of several biomarkers were not observed between patients with and without VH-TCFA. In both culprit/target and nonculprit/non-target vessels, the MMP-9 level showed a weak correlation with the total number of ruptured plaques (r=0.231, P=0.002). Among the biomarkers tested in this study, the MMP-9 level was significantly higher in patients with ruptured plaque. However, measurement of several biomarkers, including MMP-9, was incapable of predicting the presence of VH-TCFA.
    Circulation Journal 12/2009; 74(2):332-6. · 3.69 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

48 Citations
17.48 Total Impact Points


  • 2010
    • Eulji University
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea