Rachel F Rodgers

Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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Publications (55)92.27 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adolescents and young adults use text messaging as their primary mode of communication, thus providing an opportunity to use this mode of communication for mobile health (mHealth) interventions. Youth with diabetes are an important group for these mHealth initiatives, as diabetes management requires an enormous amount of daily effort and this population has difficulty achieving optimal diabetes management. Goal setting and self-efficacy are 2 factors in the management of diabetes. We examined the feasibility of a healthy lifestyle text messaging program targeting self-efficacy and goal setting among adolescents and young adults with diabetes. Participants, ages 16-21, were assigned to either a text messaging group, which received daily motivational messages about nutrition and physical activity, or a control group, which received paper-based information about healthy lifestyle. Both groups set goals for nutrition and physical activity and completed a measure of self-efficacy. Participants' mean age was 18.7 ± 1.6 years old, with diabetes duration of 10.0 ± 4.6 years, and A1c of 8.7 ± 1.7%. The text messaging intervention was rated highly and proved to be acceptable to participants. Self-efficacy, glycemic control, and body mass index did not change over the course of the short, 1-month pilot study. Positive, daily, motivational text messages may be effective in increasing motivation for small goal changes in the areas of nutrition and physical activity. These interventions may be used in the future in youth with diabetes to improve diabetes care. Utilizing more targeted text messages is an area for future research.
    Journal of diabetes science and technology 09/2014; 8(5):1029-34.
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    ABSTRACT: Although mothers of young children frequently experience negative affect, little is known about the association between these symptoms and their children's eating behaviors. We aimed to test a model in which maternal negative affect would be related to maternal emotional eating which in turn would be associated with child emotional eating through maternal feeding practices (emotional and instrumental feeding) in a cross-sectional sample of mothers and their children.
    Appetite 05/2014; · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious psychiatric disorder, which affects 0.3% of young people, with a high mortality rate. The impacts of AN on both the patient and their family are severe, as AN decreases the quality of life of the whole family, and increases dysfunctional family interactions. Providing families affected by AN with support to limit the impact of the disorder on the family is therefore critical. Importantly, the lack of consensus regarding treatments for AN is particularly painful for the patients and their relatives. This exploratory study focuses on the impact of treatments for AN on families in France. The main aim is to explore the experience of parents and siblings of individuals suffering from AN to gain a better understanding of the impact of the disorder and its treatment on the whole family. The second purpose is to identify directions for improving the support provided to patient and their relatives. Method Twelve relatives of girls suffering from anorexia (6 mothers, 3 fathers and 3 siblings) were recruited within an association dedicated to the support of parents of individuals suffering from AN. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and thematic analysis was used to extract the meaningful themes. Results The results highlight five distinct categories: long and ineffective treatments, family support (of lack thereof), involvement of the siblings, the need of guidance and the benefits of support groups. Treatments are stressful for family members who are negatively impacted by both the length of treatment and the slow rates of improvement. Relatives of individuals suffering from AN, particularly siblings, require greater support as they are generally excluded from the treatment process. Parents clearly express a need of guidance concerning the appropriate behavior to adopt with their daughters. Plus they highlight the benefits of talking with other parents. Conclusion Our exploration of the experience of the families of individuals suffering from AN provides targets for the improvement of the support provided to families. Findings highlight the need for information, guidance and sharing with other families. Relatives need to be provided with more information throughout the treatment process, from diagnosis to recovery. In addition, families were particularly interested in obtaining practical advice on the appropriate behaviors to adopt with their anorexic daughter or/and sister. Finally, our results stress the helpfulness of sharing the experience of caring for someone with AN with other families facing eating disorders, in order to decrease isolation and social stigma. This study contributes to the evidence of how AN deeply affects the entire family, with major consequences for parents and siblings. This study emphasizes the need to improve the support for relatives and their involvement in the care process, in order to limit the impact of AN on other family members and to promote recovery.
    Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although mothers of young children frequently experience negative affect, little is known about the association between these symptoms and their children's eating behaviors. We aimed to test a model in which maternal negative affect would be related to maternal emotional eating which in turn would be associated with child emotional eating through maternal feeding practices (emotional and instrumental feeding) in a cross-sectional sample of mothers and their children. Methods: A sample of 306 mothers (mean age = 35.0 years, SD = 0.46) of 2-year-old children completed a survey assessing symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress, maternal emotional eating, maternal feeding practices, and child emotional eating. Results: Maternal symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress were correlated with maternal emotional eating (p < .001), and child emotional eating (p < .05). The initial model proposed was not a good fit to the data. Modification indices indicated that the model would be improved if a direct pathway was added between maternal and child emotional eating. As this model was theoretically plausible these changes were made. The resulting model proved a good fit to the data, χ2 = 17.36, p = .098, and explained 29% of the variance in child emotional eating. Conclusions: High levels of negative affect and associated emotional eating in mothers may contribute to the use of instrumental and emotional feeding practices. Our findings suggested that maternal negative affect has an indirect effect on children's emotional eating, primarily through mothers’ own emotional eating and feeding her child to regulate the child's emotions.
    Appetite 01/2014; 80:242–247. · 2.54 Impact Factor
  • T. Melioli, J. Sirou, R.F. Rodgers, H. Chabrol
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives Over the last decade, Internet use has exponentially grown among young people and 95% of adolescents are able to access the Internet. It is important to note that this expansion might lead to cyberbullying, an underestimated phenomenon that has been reported to be experienced by up to 20% of adolescents. Cyberbullying has been associated with poor psychological functioning such as increased depressive and anxiety symptoms. Therefore, the aim of the present study was firstly to explore relationships between different kinds of bullying (face to face, Internet, and Facebook) and depression, social and separation anxiety, submissive traits, and social support, among adolescents. We expected to find an association between the different forms of bullying and these variables. Secondly, the aim was to identify a typology of adolescents based on the type of bullying. We expected to obtain clusters that would differ in levels of psychological functioning including depressive and social phobia symptoms, perceived social support, separation anxiety and submissive traits. Methods The study data were obtained from high schools students in Toulouse, France. Participants were 151 adolescents (Mean age = 15.28 ± 0.6) who completed a self-report questionnaire assessing depression, social and separation anxiety, submissive traits, social support, bullying, and cyberbullying on the Internet and on Facebook. Results A correlation analysis revealed that cyberbullying was positively associated with bullying (r = .80, P < .05) and negatively associated with social support (r = –0.27, P < .05). Cluster analysis yielded 3 clearly distinct clusters with 92.7% of participants successfully classified (Wilks’ λ = 0.10, P < .0001): the low bullied cluster (LBC) (n = 99.60% of the sample), the moderately bullied cluster (MBC) (n = 38.31% of the sample) and the highly bullied cluster (HBC) (n = 14.9% of the sample). The HBC cluster had significantly higher scores on depression, social anxiety and submissive traits and lower scores of social support than the LBC and the MBC clusters. Conclusion Firstly, our results suggest that victims of cyberbullying might suffer from increased psychological distress including higher depressive symptoms, social/separation anxiety symptoms, submissive traits and lower social support. Secondly, our results suggest the usefulness of taking traditional bullying into account when exploring cyberbullying. Indeed, existing face-to-face power relationships might be extended to Internet. A continuum between bullying in school and cyberbullying could lead to increased psychological distress and an increased suicide risk. This continuum might be associated with Internet use on mobile devices which could lead to a lack of separation between private and public domains. Further studies exploring cyberbullying via mobile devices as well as victim and assaulter profiles on the Internet are warranted.
    Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Fat Talk Free Week (FTFW), a social marketing campaign designed to decrease self-disparaging talk about body and weight, has not yet been evaluated. We conducted a theory-informed pilot evaluation of FTFW with two college samples using a pre- and posttest design. Aligned with the central tenets of the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM), we investigated the importance of FTFW saliency as a predictor of fat talk behavior change. Our analytic sample consisted of 118 female participants (83% of original sample). Approximately 76% of the sample was non-Hispanic White, 14% Asian, and 8% Hispanic. At baseline, more than 50% of respondents reported engaging in frequent self fat talk; at posttest, this number dropped to 34% of respondents. Multivariable regression models supported campaign saliency as the single strongest predictor of a decrease in self fat talk. Our results support the social diffusion of campaign messages among shared communities, as we found significant decreases in fat talk among campaign attenders and nonattenders. FTFW may be a promising short-term health communication campaign to reduce fat talk, as campaign messages are salient among university women and may encourage interpersonal communication.
    Health Communication 12/2013; · 0.97 Impact Factor
  • Rachel F Rodgers, Susan J Paxton, Siân A McLean
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    ABSTRACT: Body image and eating concerns are prevalent among early adolescent girls, and associated with biological, psychological and sociocultural risk factors. To date, explorations of biopsychosocial models of body image concerns and disordered eating in early adolescent girls are lacking. A sample of 488 early adolescent girls, mean age = 12.35 years (SD = 0.53), completed a questionnaire assessing depressive symptoms, self-esteem, body mass index (BMI), sociocultural appearance pressures, thin-ideal internalization, appearance comparison, body image concerns and disordered eating. Structural equation modelling was conducted to test a hypothetical model in which internalization and comparison were mediators of the effect of both negative affect and sociocultural influences on body image concerns and disordered eating. In addition, the model proposed that BMI would impact body image concerns. Although the initial model was a poor fit to the data, the fit was improved after the addition of a direct pathway between negative affect and bulimic symptoms. The final model explained a large to moderate proportion of the variance in body image and eating concerns. This study supports the role of negative affect in biopsychosocial models of the development of body image concerns and disordered eating in early adolescent girls. Interventions including strategies to address negative affect as well as sociocultural appearance pressures may help decrease the risk for body image concerns and disordered eating among this age group.
    Journal of Youth and Adolescence 09/2013; · 2.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Self-serving cognitions and callous-unemotional traits play important roles in adolescent antisocial behavior. The objective of this study was to cross-sectionally explore the mediating role of self-serving cognitions in the relationship between callous-unemotional traits and antisocial behavior. A sample of 972 high-school students completed self-report questionnaires assessing callous-unemotional traits, self-serving cognitive distortions and antisocial behavior. Two competing models exploring indirect effects accounting for the relationships between self-serving cognitive distortions, callous-unemotional traits and antisocial behaviors were tested. Both models revealed significant indirect effects, suggesting both pathways are possible. Gender was found to moderate these models. These findings suggest the importance of targeting self-serving cognitions in therapeutic interventions and increase our understanding of the role of self-serving cognitions in antisocial behavior.
    Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 07/2013; · 3.09 Impact Factor
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    Amy Ross, Susan J Paxton, Rachel F Rodgers
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    ABSTRACT: To date, effective body image interventions for preadolescent school girls are lacking. The present study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of Y's Girl, a published body image curriculum specifically tailored for preadolescent school girls. A sample of 60 Grade 6 girls with a mean age of 11.25 (range of 11-12) years were allocated either to an intervention or control group and completed baseline and posttest measures of body image, thin-ideal internalization, body comparison, self-esteem, peer factors, and disordered eating. Findings revealed that, compared to the control group, girls receiving the intervention reported improved body image, thin-ideal internalization, body comparisons, and self-esteem at posttest 1 week after the intervention ended. Furthermore, changes in body satisfaction were moderated by initial levels of risk-factors. These findings provide initial support for Y's Girl as an effective, affordable body image intervention for preadolescent girls which can be implemented by teachers.
    Body image 07/2013; · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study tested the efficacy of an Internet-based health promotion program, BodiMojo, designed to promote positive body image in adolescents. Participants were 178 students (mean age 15.2 years, 67.6% ethnic minority) in three public high schools. Intervention groups used BodiMojo for four weekly health class periods, while controls participated in their usual health curriculum. Body image measures were given at baseline, post-intervention, and 3 months. Girls reported decreased body dissatisfaction (p<.05), decreased physical appearance comparison (p<.05), and increased appearance satisfaction (p<.05), relative to controls. Effects were not maintained at 3-month follow-up. No significant differences were found between the intervention and control groups with boys. Moderation analyses suggested positive effects for diverse adolescents as well as those who were overweight or indicated baseline high body dissatisfaction. BodiMojo appears to be modestly effective in decreasing body image concerns among adolescent girls in the short term.
    Body image 06/2013; · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The relationships between maternal body image and eating concerns and increases in body mass index (BMI) in early childhood are poorly understood. Our aim was to test a model in which mothers' BMI, body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint and concerns about their child's weight were related to restrictive feeding practices and child BMIz change. METHODS: Mothers of 2-year-old children (n = 202, aged between 1.5 and 2.5 years) reported concerns regarding their own and their child's weight, their dietary restraint, and restrictive feeding practices. Height and weight were measured for children and reported by mothers at baseline and 1-year later. RESULTS: Thirty five percent of mothers and 29% of children were in overweight or obese categories at baseline. Using path analysis, after adding an additional pathway to the proposed model the final model provided a good fit to the data (χ(2) (8) = 5.593, p =.693, CFI = 1.000, RMSEA = .000), with maternal dietary restraint directly predicting change in child BMIz over the year. Concern about child's weight and, to a lesser extent, maternal dietary restraint mediated the relationship between maternal body dissatisfaction and the use of restrictive feeding practices. However, the pathway from restrictive feeding practices to change in child BMIz was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Mothers' BMI and body dissatisfaction may contribute indirectly to weight change in their young children. Interventions targeting maternal body dissatisfaction and informing about effective feeding strategies may help prevent increases in child BMIz.
    Appetite 03/2013; · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Maternal feeding practices have been proposed to play an important role in early child weight gain and obesogenic eating behaviors. However, to date longitudinal investigations in young children exploring these relationships have been lacking. The aim of the present study was to explore prospective relationships between maternal feeding practices, child weight gain and obesogenic eating behaviors in 2-year-old children. The competing hypothesis that child eating behaviors predict changes in maternal feeding practices was also examined. A sample of 323 mother (mean age = 35 years, ± 0.37) and child dyads (mean age = 2.03 years, ± 0.37 at recruitment) were participants. Mothers completed a questionnaire assessing parental feeding practices and child eating behaviors at baseline and again one year later. Child BMI (predominantly objectively measured) was obtained at both time points. Increases in child BMI z-scores over the follow-up period were predicted by maternal instrumental feeding practices. Furthermore, restriction, emotional feeding, encouragement to eat, weight-based restriction and fat restriction were associated prospectively with the development of obesogenic eating behaviors in children including emotional eating, tendency to overeat and food approach behaviors (such as enjoyment of food and good appetite). Maternal monitoring, however, predicted decreases in food approach eating behaviors. Partial support was also observed for child eating behaviors predicting maternal feeding practices. Maternal feeding practices play an important role in the development of weight gain and obesogenic eating behaviors in young children and are potential targets for effective prevention interventions aiming to decrease child obesity.
    International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 01/2013; 10:24. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Internet addiction is an increasing concern among young adults. Self-presentational theory posits that the Internet offers a context in which individuals are able to control their image. Little is known about body image and eating concerns among pathological Internet users. The aim of this study was to explore the association between Internet addiction symptoms, body image esteem, body image avoidance, and disordered eating. A sample of 392 French young adults (68 percent women) completed an online questionnaire assessing time spent online, Internet addiction symptoms, disordered eating, and body image avoidance. Fourteen men (11 percent) and 26 women (9.7 percent) reported Internet addiction. Body image avoidance was associated with Internet addiction symptoms among both genders. Controlling for body-mass index, Internet addiction symptoms, and body image avoidance were both significant predictors of disordered eating among women. These findings support the self-presentational theory of Internet addiction and suggest that body image avoidance is an important factor.
    Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 01/2013; 16(1):56-60. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Media images promote the female thin ideal and have been associated with risk for body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Little is known about the images of women presented in magazines targeting Latina women, a group vulnerable to body shape and eating concerns. Our aims were to examine time trends in (a) figure type and figure size of magazine cover images and (b) body modification and body acceptance articles in Latina magazine. Magazine covers evaluated from 1996 to 2011 included 160 female figures. Cover figures were coded for type (head, partial- or full-body shot) and size (figure silhouette scale ratings from 1 [underweight] to 9 [overweight]). Content analysis identified articles featuring body modification or body acceptance themes. Findings indicated that full-body shots were portrayed most frequently and increased over the studied time period. Figure size revealed a curvilinear relationship with time, with larger figures in the early years and later issues; variability in the figures increased linearly over time. However, the mean figure rating over the entire publication period was 2.99. A curvilinear relationship was found between body modification content and time, with increased presence during the middle years. However, the frequency of body acceptance articles increased linearly with time. These findings suggest that since its launch, Latina has presented varying levels of thin-ideal content, with decreases in recent years. Increasing the diversity of body types presented in the media may contribute to promoting positive body image and encouraging an emphasis on health. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Journal of Latina/o Psychology. 01/2013; 1(4):243.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Inadequate fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption signals a need for identifying predictors and correlates of intake, particularly in diverse adolescents. DESIGN: Participants completed an on-line assessment in early 2010. SETTING: Computer classrooms in 4 high schools. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-two Caucasian and 125 minority (African American and Hispanic) high school students (mean age = 15.3 years, SD = 1.0) with parental consent. Response rate was 89%. VARIABLES MEASURED: Self-efficacy as measured by confidence in goal setting and decision making about healthful eating; perceived benefits and barriers to eating FVs; healthful eating-related social support; body esteem; and FV intake. ANALYSIS: t tests were used to examine group differences, and binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the predictors of 5-A-Day FV consumption. RESULTS: Thirty-four percent of the non-minority group and 28% of the minority group reported eating 5 or more portions of FVs a day (P = .34). Self-efficacy and perceived benefits predicted consumption in minority participants, whereas barriers and social support were significant predictors in the non-minority group. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: These findings suggest different variables predict consumption for minority and non-minority groups and that self-efficacy is an important variable to consider in dietary change programs for minority adolescents.
    Journal of nutrition education and behavior 08/2012; · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Eric Bui, Rachel Rodgers
    Psychiatry research. 06/2012; 198(1):180.
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    ABSTRACT: To prospectively explore the relationship between exposure to potentially distressing news content and disordered eating. Within 2 weeks of the March 3, 2011 Japan earthquake, an online survey was conducted among non-Japanese adults in distant countries (N = 698) assessing time spent on TV and the internet watching the news as well as peritraumatic reactions to the news and sleep disturbance. Participants were invited to complete a followup survey two months later [n = 113, mean age (SD) = 38.8 (11.91), 73% female] reporting on eating disorder symptoms. Exposure to TV and, to a lesser extent, internet coverage of the Japan disaster were associated with disordered eating, in particular dieting and oral control, as measured by the eating attitudes test. Peritraumatic reactions and sleep disturbance displayed specific patterns of association with disordered eating. Exposure to media coverage of distant disasters may be associated with increased disordered eating. © 2012 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2012;45:845-849).
    International Journal of Eating Disorders 06/2012; 45(7):845-9. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Latina women are vulnerable to poor body image, eating disorders, and obesity, particularly during the college years. This study sought to identify common cultural antecedents of these concerns in order to inform the development of prevention programs for this population. Six groups of university students who identified as Latina (N=27) discussed cultural aspects of body image, eating disorders, and obesity. Thematic analysis identified four main themes: (a) cultural disparities in body-ideal, including the influence of the media and acculturation issues; (b) messages about body shape and weight received by family, peers, and society; (c) difficulties making healthy eating and physical activity choices as a function of college life; and (d) the influence of peers and potential male partners on body satisfaction and body-ideals. These results have implications for the development of programs targeting body dissatisfaction and risk for eating disorders and obesity in Latina college women.
    Body image 05/2012; 9(3):381-7. · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Body piercing, which is prevalent in young adults, has been suggested to be associated with features usually related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) such as high-risk behaviours and psychopathological symptoms and might be motivated by a wish to deal with prior traumatic experiences. However, to date, no research has investigated the relationship between this practice and PTSD symptoms. The present research aims to investigate the possible relationship between body piercing and PTSD symptoms in French-speaking young adults. According to our results, having two or more body piercings was associated with a twofold increased risk for scoring above the cut-off score for PTSD on the PTSD checklist. Our findings suggest that two or more body piercings might serve as an identifiable marker for PTSD symptoms and may have important implications for clinical screening. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Stress and Health 04/2012; · 1.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

168 Citations
92.27 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • Northeastern University
      • • Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology
      • • Department of Applied Psychology
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • Massachusetts General Hospital
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2013
    • Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
    • La Trobe University
      • Faculty of Science, Technology and Engineering
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2010–2013
    • University of Toulouse
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 2009–2013
    • University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail
      • UFR de Psychologie
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France