Daniele Ribeiro de Araújo

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (31)47.98 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the structure of the binary mixture of Pluronic F-127 (PL F-127) and Pluronic L-81 (PL L-81), as hydrogels for sumatriptan delivery and investigated the mixture's, possible use via subcutaneous route for future applications as a long-acting antimigraine formulation. We studied the drug-micelle interaction by dynamic light scattering and differential scanning calorimetry, sol-gel process by rheology and small-angle-X-ray scattering (SAXS). We also employed pharmaceutical formulation aspects by dissolution rate, release profile and cytotoxicity studies for apoptosis and/or necrosis in fibroblasts (3T3) and neural cells (Neuro 2a). Micellar hydrodynamic diameter studies revealed the formation of binary PL-micelles by association of PL F-127/PL L-81. The mixed micelle and binary hydrogels formation was also verified by only one phase transition temperature for all formulations, even in the presence of sumatriptan. The characterization of the hydrogel supramolecular organization, by SAXS, rheology studies and in vitro dissolution/release results showed a probable relationship between the transition of the lamellar to the hexagonal phase and the lower release constant values observed, indicating that PL L-81 participates in micelle-hydrogel formation and aggregation processes. Furthermore, the reduced cytotoxicity (annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate positive staining), with minor PL L-81 concentration, points to its potential use for the development of binary PL-systems containing sumatriptan capable of modulating the gelation process. This use may employ the minimum PL concentration and be interesting for pharmaceutical applications, particularly for migraine treatment.
    Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: To characterize liposomal-lidocaine formulations for topical use on oral mucosa and to compare their in vitro permeation and in vivo anesthetic efficacy with commercially available lidocaine formulations. Materials and methods: Large unilamellar liposomes (400 nm) containing lidocaine were prepared using phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, and α-tocoferol (4:3:0.07, w:w:w) and were characterized in terms of membrane/water partition coefficient, encapsulation efficiency, size, polydispersity, zeta potential, and in vitro release. In vitro permeation across pig palatal mucosa and in vivo topical anesthetic efficacy on the palatal mucosa in healthy volunteers (double-blinded cross-over, placebo controlled study) were performed. The following formulations were tested: liposome-encapsulated 5% lidocaine (Liposome-Lido5); liposome-encapsulated 2.5% lidocaine (Liposome-Lido2.5); 5% lidocaine ointment (Xylocaina®), and eutectic mixture of lidocaine and prilocaine 2.5% (EMLA®). Results: The Liposome-Lido5 and EMLA showed the best in vitro permeation parameters (flux and permeability coefficient) in comparison with Xylocaina and placebo groups, as well as the best in vivo topical anesthetic efficacy. Conclusion: We successfully developed and characterized a liposome encapsulated 5% lidocaine gel. It could be considered an option to other topical anesthetic agents for oral mucosa.
    Journal of Liposome Research 05/2014; · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microtubes obtained from the self-assembly of L-diphenylalanine (FF-MTs) were evaluated as potential vehicles for intracellular delivery. The biological marker Rhodamine B (RhB) was chosen as a model drug and conjugated to the peptide arrays during self-organization in the liquid phase. Microscopy and X-ray studies were performed to provide morphological and structural information. The data revealed that the cargo was distributed either in small aggregates at the hydrophobic surface of the FF-MTs or homogeneously embedded in the structure, presumably anchored at polar sites in the matrix. Raman spectroscopy revealed notable shifts of the characteristic RhB resonance peaks, demonstrating the successful conjugation of the fluorophore and peptide assemblies. In vitro assays were conducted in erythrocytes and fibroblast cells. Interestingly, FF-MTs were found to modulate the release of the load. The release of RhB from the FF-MTs followed first-order kinetics with a steady-state profile, demonstrating the potential of these carriers to deliver drugs at constant rates in the body. Cytotoxicity investigations revealed high cell viability up to concentrations of 5 mg mL-1, demonstrating the low toxicity of the FF-MTs.
    Langmuir 07/2013; · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Gel formulations containing the local anesthetic butamben (BTB) encapsulated in either conventional (BTBLUV) or elastic (BTBLUV-EL) liposomes were prepared and characterized, and then evaluated in terms of their skin permeability. Parameters measured included vesicle size and surface charge, BTB fluorescence anisotropy, encapsulation efficiency, partition coefficient and liposomal membrane organization. Encapsulation efficiencies and membrane/water partition coefficients were determined using a phase separation. The partition coefficients of the elastic and conventional formulations were 2025 ± 234 and 1136 ± 241, respectively. The sizes of the elastic and conventional liposomes did not change significantly (p > 0.05) following incorporation of the anesthetic. As expected, the elastic liposomes presented order parameters that were lower than those of the conventional liposomes, as determined by electron paramagnetic resonance with a 5-stearic acid nitroxide probe incorporated into the bilayer. After 8 h, the fluxes into the receiving solution (µg/cm(2)/h) were 6.95 ± 1.60 (10% BTB), 23.17 ± 6.09 (10% BTBLUV) and 29.93 ± 6.54 (10% BTBLUV-EL). The corresponding time lags (h) were 1.90 ± 0.48, 1.23 ± 0.28 and 1.57 ± 0.38, respectively. The permeability coefficients (10(-3 )cm/h) were 1.02 ± 0.23, 2.96 ± 0.77 and 4.14 ± 0.9, for 10% BTB, 10% BTBLUV and 10% BTBLUV-EL, respectively. The results demonstrate that anesthetic access through the skin can be considerably enhanced using liposomal gel formulations, compared to plain gel formulations.
    Journal of Liposome Research 05/2013; · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to characterize a liposome-based benzocaine (BZC) formulation designed for topical use on the oral mucosa and to evaluate its in vitro retention and permeation using the Franz-type diffusion cells through pig esophagus mucosa. To predict the effectiveness of new designed formulations during preclinical studies, a correlation between in vitro assays and in vivo efficacy was performed. Liposomal BZC was characterized in terms of membrane/water partition coefficient, encapsulation efficiency, size, polydispersity, zeta potential, and morphology. Liposomal BZC (BL10) was incorporated into gel formulation and its performances were compared to plain BZC gel (B10) and the commercially available BZC gel (B20). BL10 and B10 presented higher flux and retention on pig esophagus mucosa with a shorter lag time, when compared to B20. BZC flux was strongly correlated with in vivo anesthetic efficacy, but not with topical anesthesia duration. The retention studies did not correlate with any of the in vivo efficacy parameters. Thus, in vitro permeation study can be useful to predict anesthetic efficacy during preclinical tests, because a correlation between flux and anesthetic efficacy was observed. Therefore, in vitro assays, followed by in vivo efficacy, are necessary to confirm anesthetic performance.
    Journal of Liposome Research 12/2012; · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this work was to develop a modified release system for the local anesthetic lidocaine (LDC), using poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nanospheres (NSs), to improve the pharmacological properties of the drug when administered by the infiltration route. In vitro experiments were used to characterize the system and investigate the release mechanism. The NSs presented a polydispersion index of 0.072, an average diameter of 449.6 nm, a zeta potential of -20.1 mV, and an association efficiency of 93.3%. The release profiles showed that the release of associated LDC was slower than that of the free drug. Atomic force microscopy analyses showed that the spherical structure of the particles was preserved as a function of time, as well as after the release experiments. Cytotoxicity and pharmacological tests confirmed that association with the NSs reduced the toxicity of LDC, and prolonged its anesthetic action. This new formulation could potentially be used in applications requiring gradual anesthetic release, especially dental procedures. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 10/2012; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bupivacaine (BVC) and ropivacaine (RVC) are local anesthetics widely used in surgical procedures. In previous studies, inclusion complexes of BVC or RVC in hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) increased differential nervous blockade, compared to the plain anesthetic solutions. In this study we evaluated the local neural and muscular toxicity of these new formulations containing 0.5% BVC or RVC complexed with HP-β-CD (BVC(HP-β-CD) and RVC(HP-β-CD)). Schwann cell viability was assessed by determination of mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity, and histopathological evaluation of the rat sciatic nerve was used to identify local neurotoxic effects (48 hours and 7 days after the treatments). Evaluations of serum creatine kinase levels and the histopathology of rat gastrocnemius muscle (48 hours after treatment) were also performed. Schwann cell toxicity evaluations revealed no significant differences between complexed and plain local anesthetic formulations. However, use of the complexed local anesthetics reduced serum creatine kinase levels 5.5-fold, relative to the plain formulations. The differences were significant at P < 0.05 (BVC) and P < 0.01 (RVC). The histopathological muscle evaluation showed that differences between groups treated with local anesthetics (BVC or RVC) and their respective complexed formulations (BVC(HP-β-CD) or RVC(HP-β-CD)) were significant (P < 0.05). We concluded that the new formulations presented a lower myotoxicity and a similar cytotoxic effect when compared to plain local anesthetic solutions.
    Anesthesia and analgesia 07/2012; 115(5):1234-41. · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pharmacokinetics of commercial and liposome-encapsulated mepivacaine (MVC) injected intra-orally in healthy volunteers was studied. In this double blind, randomized cross-over study, 15 volunteers received, at four different sessions, 1.8 ml of the following formulations: 2% MVC with 1 : 100 000 epinephrine (MVC(2%EPI) ), 3% MVC (MVC(3%) ), 2% and 3% liposome-encapsulated MVC (MVC(2%LUV) and MVC(3%LUV) ). Blood samples were collected pre dose (0 min) and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 300, 360 min after injections. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to quantify plasma MVC concentrations. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed that the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and the areas under the curves (AUC(0-360) and AUC(0-∞)) after MVC(2%LUV) and MVC(2%EPI) injections were smaller (P < 0.05) than the equivalent figures for MVC(3%) and MVC(3%LUV). The time to maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) and the half-life of elimination (t½beta) obtained after the treatment with MVC(2%LUV), MVC(2%EPI), MVC(3%) and MVC(3%LUV) presented no statistically significant differences (P > 0.05). Cmax, AUC(0-360) and AUC(0-∞) after injection of the 2% formulations (MVC(2%LUV) and MVC(2%EPI) ) did not exhibit statistically significant differences (P > 0.05). The pharmacokinetics of MVC(2%LUV) were comparable to the pharmacokinetics of MVC(2%EPI). The liposomal formulation of 2% MVC exhibits similar systemic absorption to the local anesthetic with vasoconstrictor.
    The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology. 03/2012; 64(3):397-403.
  • Eneida de Paula, Daniele Ribeiro de Araujo, Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
    ChemInform 12/2011; 42(52).
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes a comparison of different polymeric nanocapsules (NCs) prepared with the polymers poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide), poly(L-lactide) (PLA), and poly(ε-caprolactone) and used as carrier systems for the local anesthetic (LA) benzocaine (BZC). The systems were characterized and their anesthetic activities investigated. The results showed particle size distributions with polydispersity indices below 0.135, average diameters up to 120 nm, zeta potentials up to -30 mV, and entrapment efficiencies around 70%. Formulations of BZC using the polymeric NCs presented slower release profiles, compared with that of free BZC. Slowest release (release constant, k = 0.0016 min(-1)) was obtained using the PLA NC system. Pharmacological evaluation showed that encapsulation of BZC in PLA NCs prolonged its anesthetic action. This new formulation could potentially be used in future applications involving the gradual release of local anesthetics (LAs).
    Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 11/2011; 101(3):1157-65. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of the oily nucleus composition on physico-chemical properties and anesthetic activity of poly (lactide-co-glycolide) nanocapsules with benzocaine. Nanocapsules containing benzocaine were prepared with three different oily nucleus composition and characterized by mean diameter, polydispersivity, zeta potential, pH and stability were investigated as a function of time. In vitro release kinetics were performed in a system with two compartments separated by a cellulose membrane. Intensity and duration of analgesia were evaluated in rats by sciatic nerve blockade. The greatest stability, slower release profile and improvement in the local anesthetic activity of BZC were obtained with the formulation using USP mineral oil as component. Results from our study provide useful perspectives on selection of the primary materials needed to produce suspensions of polymeric nanocapsules able to act as carriers of BZC, with potential future application in the treatment of pain.
    Pharmaceutical Research 04/2011; 28(8):1984-94. · 4.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This blinded crossover study evaluated the efficacy and pain sensitivity evoked by a previously reported liposome-encapsulated mepivacaine formulation (Araujo et al., 2004). Thirty healthy volunteers received an intraoral injection (1.8 mL), at four different sessions, of the following formulations: 2% mepivacaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine (MVC(2%EPI)), 3% mepivacaine (MVC(3%)), and 2 and 3% liposome-encapsulated mepivacaine (MVC(2%LUV) and MVC(3%LUV)). Latency period and duration of anesthesia were assessed by an electrical pulp tester and injection discomfort by a visual analog scale (VAS). Data were analyzed with Tukey-Kramer and Friedman tests (P < 0.05). No significant difference was found regarding latency period (in minutes) among the formulations (P > 0.05). The duration of anesthesia after the injection of MVC(3%LUV) was higher than the one obtained after the infiltration of MVC(2%LUV) and of MVC(3%) (P < 0.05). However, the duration of anesthesia obtained with MVC(3%) did not differ from the one obtained with MVC(2%LUV) (P > 0.05). MVC(3%LUV) showed lower VAS median values than MVC(2%EPI) (P < 0.05), and there were no significant differences among the others formulations. Liposome-encapsulated 3% mepivacaine showed longer duration of anesthesia, in comparison to the commercial formulation of MVC(3%). MVC(2%LUV) was able to produce a similar duration of anesthesia as the 3% commercial formulation, despite the 50% decrease in the anesthetic concentration. Thus, the encapsulation of mepivacaine increased the duration of anesthesia and reduced the injection discomfort caused by vasoconstrictor-associated formulations in healthy volunteers.
    Journal of Liposome Research 03/2011; 21(1):88-94. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer cells are the product of genetic disorders that alter crucial intracellular signaling pathways associated with the regulation of cell survival, proliferation, differentiation and death mechanisms. The role of oncogene activation and tumor suppressor inhibition in the onset of cancer is well established. Traditional antitumor therapies target specific molecules, the action/expression of which is altered in cancer cells. However, since the physiology of normal cells involves the same signaling pathways that are disturbed in cancer cells, targeted therapies have to deal with side effects and multidrug resistance, the main causes of therapy failure. Since the pioneering work of Otto Warburg, over 80 years ago, the subversion of normal metabolism displayed by cancer cells has been highlighted by many studies. Recently, the study of tumor metabolism has received much attention because metabolic transformation is a crucial cancer hallmark and a direct consequence of disturbances in the activities of oncogenes and tumor suppressors. In this review we discuss tumor metabolism from the molecular perspective of oncogenes, tumor suppressors and protein signaling pathways relevant to metabolic transformation and tumorigenesis. We also identify the principal unanswered questions surrounding this issue and the attempts to relate these to their potential for future cancer treatment. As will be made clear, tumor metabolism is still only partly understood and the metabolic aspects of transformation constitute a major challenge for science. Nevertheless, cancer metabolism can be exploited to devise novel avenues for the rational treatment of this disease.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 01/2011; 28(5):771-92. · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to develop anesthetic bioadhesive films containing benzocaine and study their in vitro skin permeation and in vivo performance, in comparison with commercial formulations. Films containing 3% and 5% w/w of benzocaine were prepared and characterized by weight, drug content, thickness and morphology. In vitro permeation assays were performed in vertical diffusion cells using full-thickness pig ear skin as barrier. Intensity and duration of analgesia were evaluated in rats by tail-flick test, and skin histological analysis was carried out. Tail-flick test showed that the duration of benzocaine-induced analgesia was significantly prolonged with the films compared to commercial creams, in agreement with the higher in vitro permeation. Histological analysis of the rat tail skin did not reveal morphological tissue changes nor cell infiltration signs after application of the commercial creams or films. Results from our study indicate that the films developed in this work can be considered as innovative dermal/transdermal therapeutic systems for benzocaine local delivery.
    Pharmaceutical Research 08/2010; 27(8):1677-86. · 4.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bupivacaine (BVC; S75–R25, NovaBupi® is an amide-type local anesthetic. Sodium alginate is a water-soluble linear polysaccharide. The present study reports the development of alginate/bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) and alginate/chitosan nanoparticle formulations containing BVC (0.5%). The amounts of BVC associated in the alginate/AOT and alginate/chitosan nanoparticles were 87 ± 1.5 and 76 ± 0.9%, respectively. The average diameters and zeta potentials of the nanoparticles were measured for 30 days, and the results demonstrated the good stability of these particles in solution. The in vitro release kinetics showed a different behavior for the release profile of BVC in solution, compared with BVC-loaded alginate nanoparticles. In vitro and in vivo assays showed that alginate–chitosan BVC (BVC(ALG–CHIT)) and alginate–AOT BVC (BVC(ALG–AOT)) presented low cytotoxicity in 3T3-fibroblasts, enhanced the intensity, and prolonged the duration of motor and sensory blockades in a sciatic nerve blockade model.
    Journal of Drug Targeting 03/2010; 18(9):688-99. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pharmacokinetics and the local toxicity of commercial and liposome-encapsulated mepivacaine formulations injected intra-orally in rats were studied. Animals were divided in groups (n = 4-6) and treated with 0.1 mL of the formulations: 2% mepivacaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine (MVC(2%EPI)), 3% mepivacaine (MVC(3%)), and 2% liposome-encapsulated mepivacaine (MVC(LUV)). The results showed that the 2% liposome-encapsulated mepivacaine reduced C(max), prolonged AUC(0-infinity) and t(1/2) compared with 3% plain and 2% vasoconstritor-associated mepivacaine, after intraoral injection. In addition, it was also observed that liposomal mepivacaine might protect the tissue against local inflammation evoked by plain or vasoconstrictors-associated mepivacaine, giving supporting evidence for its safety and possible clinical use in dentistry.
    Drug Delivery 02/2010; 17(2):68-76. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POLI (L-LACTIDE) NANOCAPSULES CONTAINING BENZOCAINE. In this paper we describe the preparation poly (L-lactide) (PLA) nanocapsules as a drug delivery system for the local anesthetic benzocaine. The characterization and in vitro release properties of the system were investigated. The characterization results showed a polydispersity index of 0.14, an average diameter of 190.1± 3 nm, zeta potential of -38.5 mV and an entrapment efficiency of 73%. The release profile of Benzocaine loaded in PLA nanocapsules showed a significant different behavior than that of the pure anesthetic in solution. This study is important to characterize a drug release system using benzocaine for application in pain treatment.
    Quimica Nova - QUIM NOVA. 01/2010; 33(1).
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we describe the preparation poly (L-lactide) (PLA) nanocapsules as a drug delivery system for the local anesthetic benzocaine. The characterization and in vitro release properties of the system were investigated. The characterization results showed a polydispersity index of 0.14, an average diameter of 190.1± 3 nm, zeta potential of -38.5 mV and an entrapment efficiency of 73%. The release profile of Benzocaine loaded in PLA nanocapsules showed a significant different behavior than that of the pure anesthetic in solution. This study is important to characterize a drug release system using benzocaine for application in pain treatment.
    Química Nova 12/2009; 33(1):65-69. · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate in vitro lidocaine and racemic bupivacaine effects in neuromuscular transmission and in neuromuscular blockade produced by rocuronium. Rats were distributed in 5 groups (n = 5) in agreement with the studied drugs: lidocaine, racemic bupivacaine, rocuronium, separately (Groups I, II, III); rocuronium in preparations exposed to local anesthetics (Groups IV, V). The concentrations used were: 20 microg/mL, 5 microg/mL and 4 microg/mL, for lidocaine, bupivacaine and rocuronium, respectively. It was evaluated: 1) amplitude of diaphragm muscle response to indirect stimulation, before and 60 minutes after separately addition of lidocaine, racemic bupivacaine and rocuronium and the association of local anesthetics - rocuronium; 2) membrane potentials (MP) and miniature end-plate potentials (MEPP). Lidocaine and bupivacaine separately didn't alter the amplitude of muscle response and MP. In preparations previously exposed to lidocaine and racemic bupivacaine, the rocuronium blockade was significantly larger (90.10 +/- 9.15% and 100%, respectively), in relation to the produced by rocuronium separately (73.12 +/- 9.89%). Lidocaine caused an increase in the frequency of MEPP, being followed by blockade; racemic bupivacaine produced decrease being followed by blockade. Local anesthetics potentiated the blockade caused by rocuronium. The alterations of MEPP identify presynaptic action.
    Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia 01/2009; 24(3):211-5. · 0.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study reports an investigation of the pharmacological activity, cytotoxicity and local effects of a liposomal formulation of the novel local anaesthetic ropivacaine (RVC) compared with its plain solution. RVC was encapsulated into large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) composed of egg phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and alpha-tocopherol (4:3:0.07, mole %). Particle size, partition coefficient determination and in-vitro release studies were used to characterize the encapsulation process. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by the tetrazolium reduction test using sciatic nerve Schwann cells in culture. Local anaesthetic activity was assessed by mouse sciatic and rat infraorbital nerve blockades. Histological analysis was performed to verify the myotoxic effects evoked by RVC formulations. Plain (RVC(PLAIN)) and liposomal RVC (RVC(LUV)) samples were tested at 0.125%, 0.25% and 0.5% concentrations. Vesicle size distribution showed liposomal populations of 370 and 130 nm (85 and 15%, respectively), without changes after RVC encapsulation. The partition coefficient value was 132 +/- 26 and in-vitro release assays revealed a decrease in RVC release rate (1.5 fold, P < 0.001) from liposomes. RVC(LUV) presented reduced cytotoxicity (P < 0.001) when compared with RVC(PLAIN). Treatment with RVC(LUV) increased the duration (P < 0.001) and intensity of the analgesic effects either on sciatic nerve blockade (1.4-1.6 fold) and infraorbital nerve blockade tests (1.5 fold), in relation to RVC(PLAIN). Regarding histological analysis, no morphological tissue changes were detected in the area of injection and sparse inflammatory cells were observed in only one of the animals treated with RVC(PLAIN) or RVC(luv) at 0.5%. Despite the differences between these preclinical studies and clinical conditions, we suggest RVC(LUV) as a potential new formulation, since RVC is a new and safe local anaesthetic agent.
    Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11/2008; 60(11):1449-57. · 2.03 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

169 Citations
47.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Universidade Federal de São Paulo
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2009–2013
    • Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC)
      • Center of Natural and Human Sciences (CCNH)
      Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2003–2013
    • University of Campinas
      • • Institute of Biology (IB)
      • • Departamento de Bioquímica
      Campinas, Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 2012
    • Centro Universitário Fundação Santo André
      Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2010–2012
    • São Paulo State University
      • Departamento de Engenharia Rural
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil