Lars Gustafsson

Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden

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Publications (4)12.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To prospectively compare 0.1 mmol/kg doses of gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine for contrast-enhanced MRI of brain lesions at 3 Tesla (T). Forty-six randomized patients underwent a first examination with gadobenate dimeglumine (n = 23) or gadopentetate dimeglumine (n = 23) and then, after 2-7 days, a second examination with the other agent. Contrast administration (volume, rate), sequence parameters (T1wSE; T1wGRE), and interval between injection and image acquisition were identical for examinations in each patient. Three blinded neuroradiologists evaluated images qualitatively (lesion delineation, lesion enhancement, global preference) and quantitatively (lesion-to-brain ratio [LBR], contrast-to-noise ratio [CNR], % lesion enhancement). Differences were assessed using Wilcoxon's signed-rank test. Reader agreement was determined using kappa (kappa) statistics. There were no demographic differences between groups. The three readers preferred gadobenate dimeglumine globally in 22 (53.7%), 21 (51.2%), and 27 (65.9%) patients, respectively, compared with 0, 1, and 0 patients for gadopentetate dimeglumine. Similar significant (P < 0.001) preference was expressed for lesion border delineation and enhancement. Reader agreement was consistently good (kappa = 0.48-0.64). Significantly (P < 0.05) higher LBR (+43.5- 61.2%), CNR (+51.3-147.6%), and % lesion enhancement (+45.9-49.5%) was noted with gadobenate dimeglumine. Brain lesion depiction at 3T is significantly improved with 0.1 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 05/2009; 29(4):760-7. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal in this article was to compare 0.1 mmol/kg doses of gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) and gadopentetate dimeglumine, also known as gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA), for enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of intraaxial brain tumors. Eighty-four patients with either intraaxial glioma (47 patients) or metastasis (37 patients) underwent two MR imaging examinations at 1.5 tesla, one with Gd-BOPTA as the contrast agent and the other with Gd-DTPA. The interval between fully randomized contrast medium administrations was 2 to 7 days. The T1-weighted spin echo and T2-weighted fast spin echo images were acquired before administration of contrast agents and T1-weighted spin echo images were obtained after the agents were administered. Acquisition parameters and postinjection acquisition times were identical for the two examinations in each patient. Three experienced readers working in a fully blinded fashion independently evaluated all images for degree and quality of available information (lesion contrast enhancement, lesion border delineation, definition of disease extent, visualization of the lesion's internal structures, global diagnostic preference) and quantitative enhancement (that is, the extent of lesion enhancement after contrast agent administration compared with that seen before its administration [hereafter referred to as percent enhancement], lesion/brain ratio, and contrast/noise ratio). Differences were tested with the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Reader agreement was assessed using kappa statistics. Significantly better diagnostic information/imaging performance (p < 0.0001, all readers) was obtained with Gd-BOPTA for all visualization end points. Global preference for images obtained with Gd-BOPTA was expressed for 42 (50%), 52 (61.9%), and 56 (66.7%) of 84 patients (readers 1, 2, and 3, respectively) compared with images obtained with Gd-DTPA contrast in four (4.8%), six (7.1%), and three (3.6%) of 84 patients. Similar differences were noted for all other visualization end points. Significantly greater quantitative contrast enhancement (p < 0.04) was noted after administration of Gd-BOPTA. Reader agreement was good (kappa > 0.4). Lesion visualization, delineation, definition, and contrast enhancement are significantly better after administration of 0.1 mmol/kg Gd-BOPTA, potentially allowing better surgical planning and follow up and improved disease management.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 04/2007; 106(4):557-66. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To prospectively compare gadobenate dimeglumine with gadopentetate dimeglumine (0.1 mmol per kilogram body weight) for enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of central nervous system (CNS) lesions. This study was HIPAA-compliant at U.S. centers and was conducted at all centers according to the Good Clinical Practice standard. Institutional review board and regulatory approval were granted; written informed consent was obtained. Seventy-nine men and 78 women (mean age, 50.5 years +/- 14.4 [standard deviation]) were randomized to group A (n = 78) or B (n = 79). Patients underwent two temporally separated 1.5-T MR imaging examinations. In randomized order, gadobenate followed by gadopentetate was administered in group A; order of administration was reversed in group B. Contrast agent administration (volume, speed of injection), imaging parameters before and after injection, and time between injections and postinjection acquisitions were identical for both examinations. Three blinded neuroradiologists evaluated images by using objective image interpretation criteria for diagnostic information end points (lesion border delineation, definition of disease extent, visualization of internal morphologic features of the lesion, enhancement of the lesion) and quantitative parameters (percentage of lesion enhancement, contrast-to-noise ratio [CNR]). Overall diagnostic preference in terms of lesion conspicuity, detectability, and diagnostic confidence was assessed. Between-group comparisons were performed with Wilcoxon signed rank test. Readers 1, 2, and 3 demonstrated overall preference for gadobenate in 75, 89, and 103 patients, compared with that for gadopentetate in seven, 10, and six patients, respectively (P < .0001). Significant (P < .0001) preference for gadobenate was demonstrated for diagnostic information end points, percentage of lesion enhancement, and CNR. Superiority of gadobenate was significant (P < .001) in patients with intraaxial and extraaxial lesions. Gadobenate compared with gadopentetate at an equivalent dose provides significantly better enhancement and diagnostic information for CNS MR imaging.
    Radiology 09/2006; 240(2):389-400. · 6.34 Impact Factor
  • Journal De Radiologie - J RADIOL. 01/2006; 87(10):1317-1317.