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Publications (9)16.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background:Chronic cyclosporine A (CsA) nephrotoxicity is manifested by renal dysfunction, progressive histopathological kidney lesions characterized by afferent arteriolopathy, and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. In addition to the direct toxic effect of CsA, many other etiological factors such as angiotensin II, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and macrophage infiltration are involved in this pathogenesis. This study investigated the hypothesis that concomitant administration of mizoribine (MZR) and angiotensin II receptor blockade (ARB) may prevent CsA nephrotoxicity in rats.Methods:Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into the following seven groups: group 1, treated with CsA; group 2, treated with CsA + MZR; group 3, treated with CsA + valsartan (Val); group 4, treated with CsA + MZR + Val; group 5, treated with MZR; group 6, treated with Val; group 7, controls (n = 5 each). Renal histopathology and the effect of CsA-induced nephrotoxicity on inflammatory mediators were evaluated.Results:Results of this study demonstrated that ARB administration significantly decreased arteriolopathy and that in comparison with monotherapy, concomitant administration of MZR and ARB further decreased arteriolopathy, fibrosis, macrophage infiltration, and TGF-β1 mRNA expression associated with CsA nephrotoxicity.Conclusion:These findings indicate that MZR and ARB combination treatment provides synergistic protective effects against chronic CsA nephrotoxicity.Pediatric Research (2013); doi:10.1038/pr.2013.169.
    Pediatric Research 10/2013; · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    Clinical Pediatrics 04/2012; · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively analyzed the long-term outcome of 82 children (SRNS group, 10; SDNS group, 35; IRNS group, 37) who were initially treated with the ISKDC regimen at the Saitama Children's Medical Center. The ISKDC regimen consisted of PSL 60 mg/m2/day for 4 weeks, followed by 40 mg/m2 on alternate days for another 4 weeks. The aims of our study were to identify factors at onset that could predict the relapse pattern after using the initial ISKDC regimen, and to assess the prognosis and renal histology after long-term CsA therapy in 31 children. All of six asymptomatic children without edema and identified by chance proteinuria on a urinary screening program had an extremely favorable clinical course. Initial remission time of 9 or more days and the time interval from the initial therapy to the first relapse were significant predictors of steroid dependency. The sensitivity and specificity of these findings were 100% and 90%, respectively, with a positive predictive value of 95% and a negative predictive value of 100%. In addition, after the introduction of CsA therapy, termination of steroid therapy was achieved in 56% of patients with SRNS, and 64% of SDNS, respectively. However, after CsA therapy was tapered or stopped, most patients (21/20: 95%) developed relapses of NS. Of these, 76% (16/21) returned to SDNS, resulting in the reintroduction of CsA. Ten of 22 patients taking CsA (mean duration 31.3 months) had chronic nephrotoxicity. In conclusion, the initial ISKDC regimen is useful for the early prediction of whether or not the patient will develop SDNS. When pediatric nephrologists introduce CsA therapy in children with SDNS, an alternative strategy after long-term use of the agent should be considered.
    Nippon Jinzo Gakkai shi 01/2010; 52(8):1029-36.
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an effective agent for frequently relapsing steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (FR-SDNS), but its use can also be complicated by renal toxicity. Because no biochemical markers from urine or blood samples have yet been established for detecting CsA-induced renal injury to date, repeated renal biopsies are therefore required for all patients with long-term CsA treatment. The purpose of the present study was therefore to detect early change of CsA nephropathy (CsAN) using blood samples. Several biochemical markers were analyzed in an attempt to examine the renal function in 24 patients with FR-SDNS who had been treated with CsA. Those included serum cystatin C and indoxyl sulfate, as well as creatinine and beta2-microglobulin. Renal biopsy findings indicated chronic CsAN in 13 of the 24 patients. Among those markers, only serum indoxyl sulfate was significantly elevated in patients with CsAN. It may be possible for measurement of serum indoxyl sulfate level to replace repeated renal biopsies in evaluation of chronic CsAN in pediatric patients with FR-SDNS.
    Pediatrics International 09/2009; 52(2):257-61. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The therapeutic benefits of Cyclosporine A (CsA) are often limited by the chronic nephrotoxicity of its long-term use. Chronic nephrotoxicity is manifested by renal function impairment and progressive histopathological kidney lesions characterized by tubular vacuolization, tubular necrosis, interstitial fibrosis, and afferent arteriolopathy. This study tested the hypothesis that the concurrent administration of Mizoribine (MZR) may improve chronic CsA nephrotoxicity. Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into the following four groups: group 1, control (n = 6); group 2, treated with CsA alone (n = 5); group 3, treated with CsA and MZR (n = 4); and group 4, treated with MZR alone (n = 6). The anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects of MZR were studied by evaluating the concentrations of the inflammatory mediator, osteopontin, renal function, and histopathology. The interstitial fibrosis was stained blue with Elastica-Massontrichrome and the sections were quantified. The CsA-treated rats showed decreased renal function and increased histologic parameters in comparison with the control rats and also showed significantly increased interstitial fibrosis area and macrophage in comparison with the control rats. The CsA MZR treatment significantly improved the interstitial fibrosis area and macrophage in comparison with the CsA-treated rats. On the basis of these findings, we suggest MZR effectively attenuates renal macrophage accumulation and the progression of interstitial fibrosis.
    Pediatric Research 09/2009; 66(5):524-7. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We reported a girl with HHV-6 infection associated with both acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion, and hemophagocytic syndrome. She had a prolonged convulsion after a one-day history of febrile illness. Cerebrospinal fluid or brain CT showed no abnormalities on admission and her consciousness was recovered on the next day. However, a prolonged seizure and deterioration of consciousness appeared on the sixth day of illness. Diffusion-weighted images revealed marked reduction of water diffusion in the bilateral frontal areas. HHV-6 infection was virologically proven by polymerase chain reaction. She was treated with gamma-globulin, steroid pulse therapy, and brain hypothermia. In addition, decrease in white blood cells and platelet counts, and elevation of liver enzymes and ferritin were noted on the fourth day of illness. Hemophagocytic macrophages were revealed by bone marrow aspiration on the sixth day. Her hematological and blood chemistry abnormalities recovered gradually after steroid pulse therapy. An elevation of interleukin-6, -8, and -10, and tumor necrosis factor in the serum and that of interleukin-4, -6, and-8 in the cerebrospinal fluid were observed at the onset of a late seizure. These facts suggested that hypercytokinemia will be related to the pathogenesis of acute encephalopathy of our patient.
    Brain & development 07/2009; 32(6):477-81. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neuroimaging findings are usually normal in children with benign partial epilepsy in infancy. However, we found a transient reduction of water diffusion in the corpus callosum in two patients with probable benign partial epilepsy in infancy. The patients were admitted to our hospital because of seizure clusters. No delay in the developmental milestones was seen, and no neurological abnormalities were observed during the interictal period. Interictal electroencephalography was normal in both infants. However, the diffusion-weighted images showed abnormal high intensities in both the genu and splenium in one patient and in the splenium only in the other. No diffusion abnormalities were observed in follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. The clustered seizures may be related to the transient callosal lesions seen in our patients.
    Brain & development 06/2009; 32(7):564-6. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Seminal vesicle cysts are rare lesions and usually asymptomatic. However, when symptoms occur it is typically during the early sexually active period. Furthermore, seminal vesicle abscesses (SVAs) are extremely rare and often difficult to diagnose due to the absence of any typical clinical signs. We herein describe a 2-month-old boy with a left SVA and ipsilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) who presented with a recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI). Magnetic resonance imaging proved to be a valuable diagnostic tool in our patient. Percutaneous transrectal puncture and aspiration were performed, because of recurrent UTI when intravenous antibiotic therapy had been stopped. Three weeks after the procedure, however, the SVA recurred, and, therefore, a transperitoneal laparoscopic excision of the left SVA, ureteral remnant and dysplastic renal tissue was performed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of infantile SVA associated with ipsilateral MCDK. Pediatric clinicians should consider this urological anomaly in boys presenting with intractable UTI, although it is extremely rare.
    Pediatric Nephrology 10/2008; 23(9):1551-4. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although recent studies on adults with lupus nephritis indicate that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may be effective in maintaining remission for patients who previously received short-term intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVCY) induction therapy, the experience with the new immunosuppressive agent in children with severe lupus nephritis has not been as satisfactory thus far. To assess the efficacy and safety of maintenance therapy with MMF, we prospectively analyzed four patients with biopsy-proven severe lupus nephritis (three girls, one boy; mean age 12 years; two with class IIIA, two with class IVG(A); mean duration of lupus nephritis 7 months) receiving MMF for at least 6 months after induction treatment. These patients had been treated previously with 6 months of low-dose IVCY combined with oral mizoribine and steroids for induction, followed by therapy with MMF adjusted to maintain predose mycophenolic acid (C0-MPA) levels at 2-5 mcg/ml. Mean follow-up after staring MMF was 27.5 months (range 6-41). The mean MMF dose required was 405 +/- 49 mg/m(2) per 12 h, which maintained mean C0-MPA levels of 3.3 +/- 0.41 mcg/ml. No patient experienced renal flares during maintenance therapy with MMF, which permitted a significant reduction in mean prednisolone dose from 11.9 +/- 1.3 to 3.9 +/- 2.6 mg/day (P = 0.003). No significant gastrointestinal or hematologic side effects of MMF were noted. This preliminary study demonstrates that maintenance therapy with MMF after a low-dose IVCY regimen appears to be a promising intervention without adverse effects in children with severe lupus nephritis. These data should be confirmed by a prospective randomized multicenter clinical trial.
    Pediatric Nephrology 05/2008; 23(10):1877-82. · 2.94 Impact Factor