ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The potential for malignant transformation varies among pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCN) subtypes. Imaging and cyst fluid analysis are used to identify premalignant or malignant cases that should undergo operative resection, but the accuracy of operative decision-making process is unclear. The objective of this study was to characterize misdiagnoses of PCN and determine how often operations are undertaken for benign, non-premalignant disease. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing pancreatic resection for the preoperative diagnosis of PCN was undertaken. Preoperative and pathological diagnoses were compared to measure diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS: Between 1999 and 2011, 74 patients underwent pancreatic resection for the preoperative diagnosis of PCN. Preoperative classification of mucinous vs. non-mucinous PCN was correct in 74 %. The specific preoperative PCN diagnosis was correct in 47 %, but half of incorrect preoperative diagnoses were clinically equivalent to the pathological diagnoses. The likelihood that the pathological diagnosis was of higher malignant potential than the preoperative diagnosis was 7 %. In 20 % of cases, the preoperative diagnosis was premalignant or malignant, but the pathological diagnosis was benign. Diagnostic accuracy and the rate of undercall diagnoses and overcall operations did not change with the use of EUS or during the time period of this analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Precise, preoperative classification of PCN is frequently incorrect but results in appropriate clinical decision-making in three-quarters of cases. However, one in five pancreatic resections performed for PCN was for benign disease with no malignant potential. An appreciation for the rate of diagnostic inaccuracies should inform our operative management of PCN.
Annals of Surgical Oncology 04/2013; · 4.17 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: A number of prognostically relevant clinicopathological variables have been proposed for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. However, a standardized prognostication system has yet to be established for patients undergoing potentially curative tumour resection.
We examined a prospectively maintained, single-institution database to identify patients who underwent potentially curative resection of non-metastatic primary pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. Patient, operative and pathological characteristics were analysed to identify variables associated with disease-specific and disease-free survival.
Between 1991 and 2007, 43 patients met inclusion criteria. After a median follow-up of 68 months, 5-year disease-specific survival was 94% and 5-year disease-free survival was 72%. Tumours sized > or = 5 cm and vascular invasion were associated with worse disease-specific survival. Tumours sized > or = 5 cm, nodal metastases, positive resection margins and perineural invasion were associated with worse disease-free survival. A scoring system consisting of tumour size > or = 5 cm, histological grade, nodal metastases and resection margin positivity (SGNM) permitted stratification of disease-specific (P= 0.006) and disease-free (P= 0.0004) survival. This proposed scoring system demonstrated excellent discrimination of individual disease-specific and disease-free survival outcomes as reflected by concordance indices of 0.814 and 0.794, respectively.
A simple scoring system utilizing tumour size, histological grade, nodal metastases and resection margin status can be used to stratify outcomes in patients undergoing resection of primary pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.
HPB 01/2009; 11(5):422-8. · 1.60 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The behavior of neuroendocrine neoplasms is poorly defined, and predictors of outcome after surgical resection have yet to be identified. Consequently, guidelines for treatment remain unclear. Current pathologic classification systems do not permit meaningful discrimination of hepatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.
The authors reviewed prospectively maintained databases from 2 institutions of patients who underwent hepatic resection for neuroendocrine neoplasms between 1990 and 2006. Patient, tumor, and operative characteristics were analyzed to identify factors associated with overall survival, progression-free survival, and symptom control. Hepatic neoplasms were stratified by using a 3-tier pathologic classification system based on the number of mitotic figures and the presence of tumor necrosis that was recently validated for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.
Seventy patients were identified from the databases. Low-grade, intermediate-grade, and high-grade neoplasms were identified in 53%, 37%, and 10% of patients, respectively. After a median follow-up of 51 months, the median overall survival for all patients was 91 months, and it was 108 months when 7 patients with high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas were excluded. Progressive disease was eventually observed in 81% of patients, and the median progression-free survival was 17 months. The median time to the onset of symptoms was 39 months for patients who presented with hormonal symptoms and 80 months for all patients. Histologic grade was associated with poorer overall and progression-free survival.
When performed in a context of aggressive multimodality therapy, long-term outcomes after partial hepatectomy for hepatic neuroendocrine neoplasms were favorable; however, disease progression was eventually observed in the majority of patients. Several oncologic variables were associated with significant differences in survival after resection. A novel pathologic classification system appears to enhance prognostic stratification of patients with hepatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.
Cancer 08/2008; 113(1):126-34. · 4.77 Impact Factor