Bruno Mougin

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France

Are you Bruno Mougin?

Claim your profile

Publications (40)165.95 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is ubiquitous in the environment. Inhalation of LPS has been implicated in the pathogenesis and/or severity of several lung diseases, including pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Alveolar macrophages are the main resident leukocytes exposed to inhaled antigens. To obtain insight into which innate immune pathways become activated within human alveolar macrophages upon exposure to LPS in vivo, we conducted a study in eight healthy humans, in which we instilled sterile saline into a lung segment by bronchoscope, followed by instillation of LPS into the contralateral lung. Six hours later a bilateral bronchoalveolar lavage was performed and whole-genome transcriptional profiling was done on purified alveolar macrophages, comparing cells exposed to saline or LPS from the same individuals. LPS induced differential expression of 2932 genes in alveolar macrophages; 1520 genes were upregulated, whereas 1440 genes were downregulated. Twenty-six biological functions were overrepresented in LPS exposed macrophages, Forty-four canonical pathways affected by LPS were identified, among which the genes associated with the role of pattern recognition receptors in recognition of bacteria and viruses represented the top pathway. Other pathways included cellular immune response, signaling by tumor necrosis factor (receptor) family members, cytokine signaling and glucocorticoid receptor signaling. These results reveal for the first time a large number of functional pathways influenced by the biologically relevant challenge provided by LPS administered into the airways. These data can assist in identifying novel targets for therapeutic intervention in pulmonary diseases associated with LPS exposure, including pneumonia, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    Molecular Medicine 08/2012; · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Septic shock remains a serious disease with high mortality and increased risk of hospital-acquired infection. The prediction of outcome is of the utmost importance for selecting patients for therapeutic strategies aiming to modify the immune response. The aim of this study was to assess the capability of S100A9 messenger RNA in whole blood from patients with septic shock to predict survival and the occurrence of hospital-acquired infection. Cohort study. Two intensive care units in a university hospital. The study included patients with septic shock (n = 166) and healthy volunteers (n = 44). None. For the patients with septic shock patients, overall mortality was 38% and the mean Simplified Acute Physiologic Scale II on shock onset was 52. Using quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reactions, we found that median S100A9 messenger RNA was significantly lower in healthy volunteers than in patients with septic shock (p < .0001) between days 1 and 3 after onset of the septic shock and not significantly different between nonsurvivor and survivor patients (p = .1278). However, median S100A9 messenger RNA measured on days 7-10 was significantly higher in patients who were about to contract hospital-acquired infections compared with those who were not (p = .009). In the multivariate analysis, the S100A9 marker increased the probability of contracting hospital-acquired infections with an odds ratio of 1.12 per unit (p = .0054). S100A9 messenger RNA is increased in septic shock and its delayed overexpression is associated with the occurrence of secondary hospital-acquired infection. This biomarker may be of major interest in identifying patients with increased risk of hospital-acquired infection who could benefit from targeted therapy aimed at restoring their immune functions.
    Critical care medicine 07/2011; 39(12):2684-90. · 6.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clinical data suggest that the estrogen receptor (ER) contributes to chemotherapeutic responsiveness. However, ER status alone is not consistently predictive. In this study, we used a microarray approach to find novel ER-related genes that predicted chemotherapy responses, with the hope of providing a robust multi-variable prediction method. One hundred and ten patients with stages II and III breast cancer were included. They received four preoperative cycles of a weekly PCb (paclitaxel plus carboplatin) regimen. A total of 55 training cases were used for marker discovery and for identification of any ER-related genes that may have been associated with a chemotherapeutic response ("training cases"). The other 55 patients were available as an independent validation set ("validation cases") to test, using immunohistochemistry (IHC). In the training set, 20 significantly differentially expressed genes were identified. Among these 20 genes, TFF1, ESR1, GATA3 and TFF3 were found to be ER-related. Among 55 independent validation cases, univariate analysis indicated that clinical variables and ER-related genes were all significantly associated with pCR. It was shown that the pCR rate was as high as 80% when these five factors were all negative. In contrast, these five factors were all positive in seven of nine chemo-resistant patients. In conjunction with levels of ER-related genes, expression of ER protein may provide important predictive outcomes for responses to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and may allow for the identification of a subgroup of patients who could significantly benefit from chemotherapy (or who may be resistant to it).
    Cancer letters 03/2011; 302(1):63-8. · 5.02 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Early detection and stratification of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) are major challenges, particularly in the context of the development of new therapies. Several screening strategies are already in place in various countries, but compliance remains a major issue, mainly due to logistics or discomfort for the patients. In this study, we hypothesized that transcriptional signatures associated with leukocytes in peripheral blood can be informative to the identification of CRC patients. Gene expression was studied using RNA extracted from whole blood samples collected in PAXgene tubes and DNA microarrays. Analyzing 119 CRC patients and 101 colonoscopy-negative control (CNC) samples, we observed 327 differentially expressed genes (DEG), mostly associated with immune cell activation and trafficking. Natural Killer (NK) cell signaling and cytotoxicity associated genes appeared to undergo major changes in CRC peripheral blood samples. These changes were more pronounced in the advanced stages of the disease. A summarizing score of the expression of 10 genes related to NK cells interestingly revealed a marked heterogeneity within the CRC Stage IV group, suggesting possible further stratification of the patients. This study shows the potential of transcriptomics in peripheral blood to discover biomarkers and provides new insight on the immune response in colorectal cancer. In addition to preparing a possible alternative to current screening modalities, these results also show that the expression analysis of genes like those related to NK cells should allow the stratification of patients with colorectal cancer, opening the door to personalized medicine.
    Cancer biology & therapy 01/2011; 11(2):188-95. · 3.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human peripheral blood is a promising material for biomedical research. However, various kinds of biological and technological factors result in a large degree of variation in blood gene expression profiles. Human peripheral blood samples were drawn from healthy volunteers and analysed using the Human Genome U133Plus2 Microarray. We applied a novel approach using the Principle Component Analysis and Eigen-R(2) methods to dissect the overall variation of blood gene expression profiles with respect to the interested biological and technological factors. The results indicated that the predominating sources of the variation could be traced to the individual heterogeneity of the relative proportions of different blood cell types (leukocyte subsets and erythrocytes). The physiological factors like age, gender and BMI were demonstrated to be associated with 5.3% to 9.2% of the total variation in the blood gene expression profiles. We investigated the gene expression profiles of samples from the same donors but with different levels of RNA quality. Although the proportion of variation associated to the RNA Integrity Number was mild (2.1%), the significant impact of RNA quality on the expression of individual genes was observed. By characterizing the major sources of variation in blood gene expression profiles, such variability can be minimized by modifications to study designs. Increasing sample size, balancing confounding factors between study groups, using rigorous selection criteria for sample quality, and well controlled experimental processes will significantly improve the accuracy and reproducibility of blood transcriptome study.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(10):e26905. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The analysis of gene expression data shows that many genes display similarity in their expression profiles suggesting some co-regulation. Here, we investigated the co-expression patterns in gene expression data and proposed a correlation-based research method to stratify individuals. Using blood from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, we investigated the gene expression profiles from whole blood using Affymetrix microarray technology. Co-expressed genes were analyzed by a biclustering method, followed by gene ontology analysis of the relevant biclusters. Taking the type I interferon (IFN) pathway as an example, a classification algorithm was developed from the 102 RA patients and extended to 10 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and 100 healthy volunteers to further characterize individuals. We developed a correlation-based algorithm referred to as Classification Algorithm Based on a Biological Signature (CABS), an alternative to other approaches focused specifically on the expression levels. This algorithm applied to the expression of 35 IFN-related genes showed that the IFN signature presented a heterogeneous expression between RA, SLE and healthy controls which could reflect the level of global IFN signature activation. Moreover, the monitoring of the IFN-related genes during the anti-TNF treatment identified changes in type I IFN gene activity induced in RA patients. In conclusion, we have proposed an original method to analyze genes sharing an expression pattern and a biological function showing that the activation levels of a biological signature could be characterized by its overall state of correlation.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(10):e24828. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Due to the small volume and high density of breast tissue in Asian women, particularly younger women, mammographic diagnosis is sometimes non-conclusive, with a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) result of 0. No alternative based on blood biomarkers has yet succeeded in discriminating between patients with breast cancer (BC) and those with benign breast disease (BBD) among BI-RADS 0 patients. In our study, 84 BC and 94 BBD patients with mammographic results and confirmed pathologic information were enrolled and categorized into two groups, namely, 79 BC and 73 BBD patients with BI-RADS 1-5 and 5 BC and 21 BBD patients with BI-RADS 0. RNA extracted from peripheral blood samples collected in PAXgene (TM) tubes was analyzed after NuGEN WT-Ovation (TM) RNA amplification using Affymetrix GeneChip.
    Cancer biology & therapy 12/2010; 10(12):1235-9. · 3.29 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Understanding the pathogenesis of type-I diabetes (T1D) is hindered in humans by the long autoimmune process occurring before clinical onset and by the difficulty to study the pancreas directly. Alternatively, exploring body fluids and particularly peripheral blood can provide some insights. Indeed, circulating cells can function as 'sentinels', with subtle changes in gene expression occurring in association with disease. Therefore, we investigated the gene expression profiles of circulating blood cells using Affymetrix microarrays. Whole-blood samples from 20 first-degree relatives of T1D children with autoimmune diabetes-related antibodies, 19 children immediately after the onset of clinical T1D and 20 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were collected in PAXgene tubes. A global gene expression analysis with MDS approach allowed the discrimination of pre-diabetic subjects, diabetic patients and healthy controls. Univariate statistical analysis highlighted 107 distinct genes differently expressed between these three groups. Two major gene expression profiles were characterized, including type-I IFN-regulated genes and genes associated with biosynthesis and oxidative phosphorylation. Our results showed the presence of early functional modifications associated with T1D, which could help to understand the disease and suggest possible avenues for therapeutic interventions.
    Genes and immunity 04/2010; 11(3):269-78. · 4.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A dramatic decrease in circulating lymphocyte number is regularly described after septic shock. However, it is unknown how early this alteration develops after diagnosis of shock and if it remains stable over time. Twenty-one septic shock patients with no comorbidities were included within 2 h after the beginning of vasopressive treatment. Flow cytometry phenotyping of circulating leukocyte subpopulations and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction of T-bet, GATA-3, FOXP3, and RORγ mRNA were performed in patients from the diagnosis of shock and every 6 h during the subsequent 48 h. From their admission in the intensive care unit, patients present with major alterations of circulating leukocyte count (leukocytosis, neutrophilia, and major lymphopenia). The numbers of every lymphocyte subpopulations (T, B, and natural killer cells) were diminished. Gene expression analysis of transcription factors specific for TH1, TH2, CD4CD25 regulatory, and TH17 lymphocytes showed a severe decrease in comparison with healthy individuals' values. These alterations remain stable during the first 48 h after inclusion in the protocol despite early and aggressive resuscitation and antibiotherapy administered in patients. At the time of diagnosis of shock and admission in the intensive care unit, septic patients already present with severe lymphopenia involving every lymphocyte subsets including CD4 T-cell subpopulations. No significant variation could be detected within the first 48 h. This should be taken into account in the forthcoming clinical trials testing immunomodulating therapies in septic shock patients.
    Shock (Augusta, Ga.) 03/2010; 34(4):358-63. · 2.87 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lymphocyte apoptosis has been suggested to play a central role in sepsis pathophysiology, and studies in animal models demonstrated that blocking this pathway improves outcome. However, no routine biomarkers of apoptosis are so far available in patients. Thus, the aim of our study was to assess the different biomarkers of apoptosis putatively usable on a routine basis in septic shock. Thirteen septic shock patients (sampled twice between days 1 to 2 and days 3 to 5 after diagnosis of shock) and 15 sex-matched and age-matched healthy controls were prospectively enrolled. Apoptosis was measured in lymphocyte subpopulations using flow cytometry (Annexin-V binding, activated caspase-3 and Bcl-2 expressions). Representative pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic gene expressions were assessed by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR. Monocyte HLA-DR expression and lymphocyte subpopulation cell counts were measured as markers of sepsis-induced immune dysfunctions. To test for statistical significance, the Mann-Whitney U test was used with correction by the number of tests performed. Flow cytometric measurements of apoptosis in septic shock patients showed an increased Annexin-V binding on CD4+ T cells and an increased active caspase-3 expression on B cells only at days 3 to 5 (sixfold change and twofold change, respectively). Gene expression analysis showed an increased BCL-XL mRNA and an upregulation of the pro-apoptotic genes BID and FAS in septic shock patients (10-fold change and fivefold change, respectively) compared with healthy controls. The present study highlights the difficulties encountered in monitoring apoptosis on a routine basis in septic patients, whereas in the same sampling conditions and on the same patients, HLA-DR expression and lymphocyte subpopulation cell counts showed characteristics described in the literature. However, pro-apoptotic genes BID and FAS appear to constitute promising apoptosis markers in our hands.
    Critical care (London, England) 01/2010; 14(4):R133. · 4.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the viral loads of human endogenous retrovirus HERV-K (HML-2) type 1 and type 2 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we measured the viral loads of HERV-K (HML-2) type 1 and type 2 using nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) technology. We analyzed plasma samples from RA patients (n = 79) and healthy volunteers (HV, n = 46) and synovial fluid samples from RA (n = 10) and osteoarthritis (OA, n = 10) patients. HERV-K type 1 and type 2 viruses were detected and quantified for the majority of plasma and synovial fluid samples from RA patients. HERV-K type 1 and type 2 viral loads were significantly elevated in RA patients compared with HV in plasma (P < 0.0001) and from RA patients compared with OA patients in synovial fluid (type 1: P = 0.0007; type 2: P = 0.023). Moreover, an association was observed between the HERV-K type 1 viral load in plasma and the disease activity in RA patients (RA patients with low activity versus high activity P = 0.0129; RA patients with intermediate activity versus high activity P = 0.037). Our findings showed that HERV-K (HML-2) viral load can be detected in plasma samples from RA patients, with higher levels observed for those with active disease. There was an association of HERV-K type 1 levels with the disease activity.
    Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 09/2009; 70(3):295-9. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The severity of Staphylococcus aureus sepsis is positively associated with staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) and negatively associated with the enterotoxin gene cluster (egc), which encodes five staphylococcal enterotoxins (SE). It was recently demonstrated that SE can induce human leukocytes to release inflammatory mediators. Contrary to SEG (one of the five egc superantigens), SEA induces a strong proinflammatory/Th1 response, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha production. Here, we investigated the very early transcriptional response of human PBMC to these two SEs. We confirm that SEA is more potent than SEG. Importantly, our data also suggest that the early response to SE is likely induced more by T cells than by monocytes. In addition, negative feedback control is triggered at the same time as proinflammatory processes (inflammation and apoptosis). It confirms at the molecular level new models of sepsis pathophysiology as concomitant and opposite sides of a given mechanism participating to response to bacterial compound are both necessary. This preliminary study highlights the potential of transcriptional studies for unraveling the very early mechanisms of leukocyte responses to SE. Further studies are needed to understand the mechanisms underlying the putative synergy between SE and other bacterial components.
    Microbial Pathogenesis 08/2009; 47(3):171-6. · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: FoxO3a is a transcriptional factor implicated in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis. Since rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with apoptosis defects, the expression level, regulation and phosphorylation status of FoxO3a was investigated in blood and synovium from patients with RA. In microarray experiments, an overexpression of FoxO3a mRNA was observed in blood from patients with RA compared with healthy controls. FoxO3a mRNA expression was quantified in polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with RA by qRT-PCR. Total FoxO3a and phosphorylated FoxO3a (pFoxO3a) protein expression was analysed in blood leucocytes from patients with RA versus controls and in synovium from patients with RA versus patients with osteoarthritis (OA) by immunostaining. FoxO3a mRNA and protein expression levels were increased in blood from patients with RA compared with controls. FoxO3a overexpression was primarily observed in PMNs. In synovium from patients with RA, both total and inactive phosphorylated FoxO3a proteins were detected. FoxO3a was detected primarily in the sublining T lymphocytes of synovium from patients with RA compared with the lining layer tissue from patients with RA and OA, underlying a role for FoxO3a proteins in inflammation in RA. The overexpression of FoxO3a in blood from patients with RA, particularly in PMNs, suggests a potential role for this gene in the pathogenesis of RA through increased survival of blood PMNs. In synovium from patients with RA, FoxO3a mainly detected in inflammatory aggregates may also regulate the chronic survival of T lymphocytes.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 06/2009; 69(4):755-60. · 8.11 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Critical Care 01/2009; 13:1-2. · 4.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although it is known that septic shock rapidly induces immune dysfunctions, which contribute to the impaired clearance of microorganisms observed in patients, the mechanisms for this phenomenon remain incompletely understood. We recently observed, in a microarray study, an altered circulating leukocyte CX3CR1 mRNA expression associated with patients' mortality. As monocytes play a central role in septic shock pathophysiology and express high levels of CX3CR1, we therefore further investigated the alteration of CX3CR1 expression and of its ligand fractalkine (CX3CL1) on those cells in this clinical condition. We observed that CX3CR1 expression (both mRNA and protein) was severely down-regulated in monocytes and consequently associated with a lack of functionality upon fractalkine challenge. Importantly, nonsurvivors presented with significantly sustained lower expression in comparison with survivors. This down-regulation was reproduced by incubation of cells from healthy individuals with LPS, whole bacteria (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus), and, to a lower extent, with corticosteroids-in accordance with the concept of LPS-induced monocyte deactivation. In addition, CX3CL1 serum concentrations were elevated in patients supporting the hypothesis of increased cleavage of the membrane-anchored form expressed by endothelial cells. As CX3CR1/CX3CL1 interaction preferentially mediates arrest and migration of proinflammatory cells, the present observations may contribute to patients' inability to kill invading microorganisms. This could represent an important new feature of sepsis-induced immunosuppression.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2008; 180(9):6421-9. · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In sensitive patients, aspirin is associated with nasal and bronchial inflammation, eliciting local symptoms. Although the disease is clinically well characterized, its physiopathology is incompletely understood and noninvasive procedures, allowing an effective distinction between aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) and aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) are missing. The aims of the study were to compare AIA and ATA cohorts for clinical characteristics and to screen peripheral blood for differential mRNA expression. Patients experiencing symptoms following aspirin ingestion were considered as aspirin sensitive. Peripheral blood was collected to quantify mRNA expression, using microarray technology and quantitative RT-PCR. Data indicated that AIA and ATA share large number of similarities for clinical phenotype. Screening of mRNA expression using microarray showed an overexpression of galectin-10 mRNA in AIA (AIA/ATA ratio = 1.9, P < 0.05). Results were confirmed using qRT-PCR. A positive correlation was established between microarray and qRT-PCR results for galectin-10 mRNA expression (r = 0.92, P < 0.0001). Finally, qRT-PCR results were validated on a subset of asthmatics and controls, showing an increased expression of galectin-10 mRNA in AIA vs ATA (P < 0.001) and vs controls (P < 0.01). Our results demonstrate that AIA and ATA remain difficult to distinguish using clinical criteria. Employing two molecular biological methods, we demonstrate that galectin-10 mRNA is overexpressed in AIA, suggesting a novel candidate gene and a potentially innovative pathway for mucosal inflammation in aspirin intolerance.
    Allergy 02/2008; 63(1):125-31. · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genomic DNA extraction for genotyping analysis is performed from blood samples and is time consuming. We describe a more rapid DNA extraction method, "DBS-miniMAG", that combines filter paper dried blood spots (DBS) with the NucliSens miniMAG semi-automated instrument (bioMérieux). To assess the performance of this method, a post-PCR HLA-DR shared epitope (SE) oligotyping assay was used as a read-out in a cohort of 72 arthritis patients. This new method was compared to the standard manual DBS extraction protocol using FTA reagents (Whatmann Bio-Science), and to a reference phenol-chloroform-based method using EDTA whole blood samples. Higher yield of PCR amplicons was observed with DNA extracts obtained using "DBS-miniMAG" method. The intra- and inter-assay variability of the "DBS-miniMAG" method was similar to that obtained with "DBS-FTA" washing process. Concerning the HLA-DR SE genotyping, "DBS-miniMAG" and "DBS-FTA" methods gave 100% concordance compared to the reference phenol-chloroform method. More importantly, the hands-on time and the turnaround time for "DBS-miniMAG" were both two-times shorter than for "DBS-FTA" protocol. Therefore, the "DBS-miniMAG" combination could facilitate polymorphism analysis in routine clinical practice and the creation of large DNA banks using very small amounts of blood.
    Journal of Immunological Methods 01/2008; 328(1-2):220-5. · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with abundant tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are more likely to respond to TNF-alpha inhibitors. We measured expression of TNF-alpha mRNA in peripheral blood of RA patients undergoing infliximab treatment in order to test its predictive value for treatment response. Forty-four RA patients showing persistent disease activity and 27 healthy controls were studied. Peripheral blood TNF-alpha mRNA levels were measured before and 4 hours after the first infliximab infusion and at Week 22 using quantitative RT-PCR. Results were correlated to the treatment response at Week 22 in the whole RA cohort and a subset of patients showing high TNF-alpha mRNA levels at baseline. At baseline and at Week 22, TNF-alpha mRNA expression in RA patients was significantly increased compared to healthy controls. At both timepoints, no significant difference was observed between responders and nonresponders. Compared to baseline, infliximab treatment induced a decrease in TNF-alpha mRNA level at 4 hours and at Week 22, although this effect was significant only in patients with high TNF-alpha mRNA expression at baseline. Such variation compared to baseline was similar in responders and nonresponders. Peripheral blood TNF-alpha mRNA expression is increased in RA, but its reduction with anti-TNF treatment is not associated with treatment response.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 12/2007; 34(11):2158-61. · 3.26 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its main inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) determined in tumor tissue by means of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) can discriminate patients with primary breast cancer at high risk vs low risk for recurrence. The aim of this study was to analyze uPA and PAI-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) expression by means of quantitative nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) on 77 primary breast tumor samples and to correlate this expression with the uPA and PAI-1 protein content. We observed that the 2 markers were significantly overexpressed (uPA, P < .0001; PAI-1, P = .0042) in mRNA in the ELISA+ group. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves demonstrated high concordance between NASBA and ELISA (area under the ROC curve of 0.84 and 0.70 for uPA and PAI-1, respectively) and showed that uPA and PAI-1 status could be predicted by using the molecular assay with sensitivity and specificity values of 80.8% and 82.4% and sensitivity and specificity values of 66.7% and 74.0%, respectively.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 10/2007; 128(3):404-13. · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the genetic contribution of cytokine gene polymorphisms (interleukin 1 (IL1) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)) on disease phenotype and on response to TNF-blocking agents in a population of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). A cohort of 107 consecutive patients with JIA who were receiving treatment with anti-TNF agents was enrolled in this study. Analysis of genetic polymorphisms for IL1B +3954, IL1RA +2018, TNFalpha -238 and TNFalpha -308 was performed by enzyme-linked oligo sorbent assay, and compared with those obtained from 630 healthy Caucasians and 263 adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Relevant demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected from clinical charts and entered into a customised database, and chi(2) analysis was performed to compare cytokine polymorphisms with disease type according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology criteria, presence of uveitis, rheumatoid factor and anti-nuclear antibody positivity, erosive disease, frequency of adverse effects to anti-TNF and clinical response after 3 months. The T/T genotype of the IL1B +3954 polymorphism was absent in patients with JIA and present in 5% of controls (p = 0.015). No significant correlation was found between the studied polymorphisms and clinical or laboratory variables considered. Clinical response to TNF inhibitors at 3 months was not associated with the genetic polymorphisms considered. In our cohort, the absence of the rare IL1B +3954 gene polymorphism was associated with JIA, but without specificity to particular disease phenotypes. The TNF and IL1 gene polymorphism studied did not seem to be associated with response to anti-TNF treatment.
    Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 08/2007; 66(7):900-4. · 9.11 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

542 Citations
165.95 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2011
    • Hospices Civils de Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2009
    • University of Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2006–2008
    • HCL
      Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • 2007
    • Institut du Cancer de Montpellier Val d'Aurelle
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • 2001–2006
    • BioMérieux
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France