[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical course for hematologic malignancy varies widely and no prognostic tool is available for patients with a hematologic malignancy under palliative care. To assess the application of the Palliative Prognostic Index (PPI), Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), and Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) as prognostic tools in patients with hematologic malignancies under palliative care.
We included 217 patients with pathologically proven hematologic malignancies under palliative care consultation service (PCCS) between January 2006 and December 2012 at a single medical center in Taiwan. Patients were categorized into subgroups by PPI, CCI, and GPS for survival analysis.
The median survival was 16 days (interquartile range, 4-47.5 days) for all patients and 204 patients (94%) died within 180 days after PCCS. There was a significant difference in survival among patients categorized using the PPI (median survival 49, 15, and 7 days in patients categorized into a good, intermittent, and poor prognostic group, respectively) and the GPS (median survival 66 and 13 days for GPS 0 and 1, respectively). There was no difference in survival between patients with a GPS score of 0 versus 2, or a CCI score of 0 versus ≥1. The survival time was significantly discriminated after stratifying patients with a good PPI score based on the CCI (median survival 102 and 41 days in patients with a CCI score of 0 and ≥1, respectively) from those with a poor PPI score by using the GPS (median survival 47 and 7 days in patients with GPS scores of 0 and 1-2, respectively).
PPI is a useful prognosticator of life expectancy in terminally ill patients under palliative care for a hematologic malignancy. Concurrent use of the GPS and CCI improved the accuracy of prognostication using the PPI.
BMC Palliative Care 04/2015; 14(1):18. DOI:10.1186/s12904-015-0011-5 · 1.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Breast is an uncommon location of lymphoma involvement. The most common type of primary breast lymphoma (PBL) is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Rituximab is the widely used monoclonal antibody against CD20+ B-cell lymphoma, especially DLBCL. We aimed to analyze the clinical features, prognostic factors, and treatment outcome with or without rituximab in primary breast DLBCL. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed with PBL from October 1987 to March 2012 in our hospital, excluding metastasis by whole-body computed tomography and bone marrow study. Results: Twenty-three patients were diagnosed with PBL. All were females. Eighteen patients were stage IE and five were stage IIE according to the Ann Arbor staging system. Two patients had lymphoma other than DLBCL. The median age of primary breast DLBCL patients was 48 years (range 27-79). Two were excluded from the analysis due to refusal or ineligibility for chemotherapy. No significant prognostic factor was found. Patients receiving chemotherapy with (RC) or without (C) rituximab were not significantly different in the 5-year overall survival (RC: 57.1%; C: 58.3%; p = 0.457) or progression-free survival (RC: 57.1%; C: 50.0%; p = 0.456). A high incidence of relapse in the central nervous system (CNS) (17.6%) was observed. Conclusions: In accordance with prior literature reports, our Taiwanese cohort of primary breast DLBCL seemed younger than those reported in Japan, Korea, and Western societies. Relapse in the CNS was not uncommon. The benefit of rituximab in addition to chemotherapy was not statistically significant. Treatment modality remained to be defined by further large-scale studies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Minimally differentiated acute myeloid leukemia (AML-M0) is a rare subtype of AML with poor prognosis. Although genetic alterations are increasingly reported in AML, the gene mutations have not been comprehensively studied in AML-M0. We aimed to examine a wide spectrum of gene mutations in patients with AML-M0 to determine their clinical relevance. Twenty gene mutations including class I, class II, class III of epigenetic regulators (IDH1, IDH2, TET2, DNMT3A, MLL-PTD, ASXL1, and EZH2), and class IV (tumor suppressor genes) were analyzed in 67 patients with AML-M0. Mutational analysis was performed with polymerase chain reaction–based assays followed by direct sequencing. The most frequent gene mutations from our data were FLT3-ITD/FLT3-TKD (28.4%), followed by mutations in IDH1/IDH2 (28.8%), RUNX1 (23.9%), N-RAS/K-RAS (12.3%), TET2 (8.2%), DNMT3A (8.1%), MLL-PTD (7.8%), and ASXL1 (6.3%). Seventy-nine percent (53/67) of patients had at least one gene mutation. Class I genes (49.3%) were the most common mutated genes, which were mutually exclusive. Class III genes of epigenetic regulators were also frequent (43.9%). In multivariate analysis, old age [hazard ratio (HR) 1.029, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.013-1.044, P = .001) was the independent adverse factor for overall survival, and RUNX1 mutation (HR 2.326, 95% CI 0.978-5.533, P = .056) had a trend toward inferior survival. In conclusion, our study showed a high frequency of FLT3, RUNX1, and IDH mutations in AML-M0, suggesting that these mutations played a role in the pathogenesis and served as potential therapeutic targets in this rare and unfavorable subtype of AML.
Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.) 06/2014; 16(6). DOI:10.1016/j.neo.2014.06.002 · 5.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) presenting with ascites is predominantly based on the morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics, which are comparable to peripheral blood and bone marrow cells. However, it is relatively difficult to diagnose CLL due to the pleomorphism of the lymphocytes in ascites. The current study presents an 80-year-old male with a prior diagnosis of CLL who developed large ascites. Predominant T lymphocytes rendered morphological and immunophenotypic diagnosis difficult. Clonality analysis of immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangements was performed on the lymphocytes from the ascites to diagnose the involvement of CLL, a laparotomy and biopsy from the peritoneal node confirmed the involvement of small lymphocytic lymphoma/CLL. The clonality analysis of Ig gene rearrangements may provide a powerful and accurate method for diagnosing CLL presenting with ascites.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Solid cancers with bone marrow metastases are rare but lethal. This study aimed to identify clinical factors predictive of survival in adult patients with solid cancers and bone marrow metastases. Methods: A total of 83 patients were enrolled consecutively between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2012. Bone marrow metastases were confirmed by biopsies. Patient clinical features and laboratory data were analyzed for associations. Results: The median age of the patients was 54 years (range, 23-88 years), and 58% were male. The 3 most common primary tumor locations were the stomach (32 patients, 39%), prostate (16 patients, 19%), and lungs (12 patients, 15%). The median overall survival was 49 days (range, 3-1423 days). Patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 1, cancers of prostate origin, platelet counts over 50,000/ml, and undergoing antitumor therapies had a significantly better prognosis in the multivariate analysis. The median survival times were 173 and 33 days for patients with 2-3 more favorable parameters (n=24) and those with 0-1 (n=69), respectively (hazard ratio 0.30; 95% CI 0.17-0.52, p<0.001). Conclusions: Solid cancers with bone marrow metastases are dismal and incurable diseases. Understanding prognostic factors to these diseases helps medical personnel to provide appropriate treatments and better inform patients about outcomes. Antitumor therapies may improve outcomes in selected patient cohorts.
Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2014; 15(1):61-7. DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.1.61 · 2.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the potential value of (11)C-acetate (ACT) PET/CT in characterizing multiple myeloma (MM) compared with (18)F-FDG PET/CT. Bone marrow histological and whole-body (WB) MRI findings served as the reference standards.
In this prospective study, 15 untreated MM patients (10 men and 5 women, age range 48-69 years) underwent dual-tracer (11)C-ACT and (18)F-FDG PET/CT and WB MRI for pretreatment staging, and 13 of them had repeated examinations after induction therapy. Diffuse and focal bone marrow uptake was assessed by visual and quantitative analyses, including measurement of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). Between-group differences and correlations were assessed with the Mann-Whitney U test and the Pearson test.
At staging, all 15 patients had diffuse myeloma involvement upon bone marrow examination with 30-90 % of plasma cell infiltrates. Diffuse infiltration was detected in all of them (100 %) using (11)C-ACT with a positive correlation between bone marrow uptake values and percentages of plasma cell infiltrates (r = +0.63, p = 0.01). In contrast, a diagnosis of diffuse infiltration could be established using (18)F-FDG in only six patients (40 %). Focal lesions were shown in 13 patients on both (11)C-ACT PET/CT and WB MRI, and in 10 patients on (18)F-FDG PET/CT. Focal lesions demonstrated (11)C-ACT uptake with a mean SUVmax of 11.4 ± 3.3 (range 4.6-19.6, n = 59), which was significantly higher than the (18)F-FDG uptake (mean SUVmax 6.6 ± 3.1, range 2.3-13.7, n = 29; p < 0.0001). After treatment, the diffuse bone marrow (11)C-ACT uptake showed a mean SUVmax reduction of 66 % in patients with at least a very good partial response versus 34 % in those with at most a partial response only (p = 0.01).
PET/CT using (11)C-ACT as a biomarker showed a higher detection rate for both diffuse and focal myeloma lesions at diagnosis than using (18)F-FDG, and may be valuable for response assessment.
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 10/2013; 41(1). DOI:10.1007/s00259-013-2520-x · 5.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) have an increased risk for thrombosis and bleeding and show a defect in adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation. This risk of thrombosis is further increased in MPN patients bearing the JAK2V617F mutation. Two ADP receptors, P2Y1 and P2Y12, are present on platelets. Although the pattern of defective ADP-induced platelet aggregation in MPN suggests an abnormality in the P2Y12 pathway, no previous studies have specifically evaluated P2Y12 function in MPN or the relationship between P2Y12 function and the JAK2V617F mutation. Methods: Forty-one MPN patients were enrolled, including 24 with essential thrombocythemia (ET), 16 with polycythemia vera (PV) and 1 with primary myelofibrosis. Platelet P2Y12 function in MPN was evaluated by flow-cytometric measurement of the phosphorylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP). Clinical data were collected by review of medical records. JAK2V617F mutation was detected by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. JAK2V617F allele burden was measured by the pyrosequencing method. Results: In patients with MPN, platelet P2Y12 function determined by VASP platelet reactivity index (PRI) was inversely correlated with platelet and white blood cell (WBC) counts. In subgroup analysis, PRI was inversely correlated with platelet and WBC counts in PV. PRI was also inversely correlated with platelet counts in ET, but the correlation of PRI and WBC counts did not reach statistical significance. Eight of the 41 patients had a history of thrombosis and only 2 had a bleeding history. Neither thrombosis nor bleeding patients were found to have significantly different PRIs. JAK2V617F mutation data were available in 35 cases. PRI was not different between JAK2V617F mutation and wild-type patients but PRI had a trend towards an inverse correlation with JAK2V617F allele burden for patients with mutations. Conclusions: The present study provides the first explicit demonstration of a defect in the P2Y12 pathway in platelets of patients with MPN. Furthermore, platelet P2Y12 function, assayed by VASP, is inversely correlated with platelet and WBC counts in patients with MPN. Platelet P2Y12 function also appears to be inversely correlated with JAK2V617F allele burden. This compromised P2Y12 function may be a novel mechanism for the bleeding tendency associated with extreme thrombocytosis in MPN.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are prone to both bleeding and thrombosis. The bleeding complications are well known. In contrast, APL-associated thrombosis is relatively underappreciated. We aimed to explore the issue of APL-associated thrombosis events. In the past 20 years, 127 cases with APL were found in our hospital database. We collected their coagulation laboratory profiles, including leukemia burdens, white blood cell and platelet counts, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen levels, and disseminated intravascular coagulation scores. Data were compared between patients with or without thrombosis. Clinical outcomes and potential risk factors were obtained for analysis. Ten cases with APL-associated thrombosis were found. The incidence of thrombosis was 7.9% in our cohort. Five patients had cerebral infarction, 5 had catheter-related thrombosis and 1 had acute myocardial infarction. No laboratory data were associated with clinical thrombosis. Three patients died during the induction phase but thrombosis was not the direct cause of death for any of them. We conclude that patients with APL are susceptible to thrombosis in addition to bleeding. Laboratory coagulation parameters did not predict thrombosis in our series. Ischemic stroke and catheter-related thrombosis were the most common events in our Taiwanese cohort. Such a thrombosis pattern is unique and worth further investigation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to compare the characteristics of patients with hematologic malignancies and solid cancers who received palliative care. A total of 124 patients with hematologic malignancy and 3032 patients with solid cancer, who received palliative care consultation services between 2006 and 2010 in a medical center in Taiwan, were retrospectively analyzed. Higher prevalence of oral stomatitis, diarrhea, and hematologic symptoms including infection, fever, severe anemia, and bleeding, and lower prevalence of constipation, abdominal distension, and pain were observed in patients with hematologic malignancies compared to that in patients with solid cancer. The interval from hospital admission to palliative care referral was longer for patients with hematologic malignancy than that for patients with solid cancer. Hematologists should refer patients earlier, and palliative care specialists should understand the specific needs of patients with hematologic malignancy.
The American journal of hospice & palliative care 01/2013; 30(8). DOI:10.1177/1049909112471423 · 1.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background : Human tear film plays an important role in protecting the ocular surface against vari-ous pathogens. Dry eye, the major ocular complication of peripheral blood stem cell trans-plantation (PBSCT), may predispose bacterial colonization to the conjunctiva, and increase the risk of infectious keratitis. The aim of this study is to investigate the con-junctival bacterial flora in patients receiving PBSCT and to stratify the severity of dry eye for comparison. Methods : This cross-sectional study encompassed patients who received PBSCT from 2002 to 2008 in our hospital. At least 1 year after PBSCT, patients were re-evaluated for ocu-lar surface status, and bacterial culture of the conjunctival sac was performed. The eyes of patients were divided into three groups in accordance to the result of the Schirmer Ia test. In the control group, we enrolled dry-eye patients with underlying dis-ease other than hematopoietic stem cell transplantation of which the age range was simi-lar to the study group. Results : Thirty-six patients with 72 eyes were included in our study. The first group (n=36) was defined as having Schirmer Ia test result of 0-5 mm, and the culture of conjuncti-val sac were positive in 8 eyes (22%). The second group (n=20) was defined as having Schirmer Ia result between 6 and 9 mm, and 4 of which were positive for bacterial cul-ture (20%). In the third group (n=16) with Schirmer Ia result of ≧10mm, flora in pa-tients receiving PBSCT were coagulase-negative Staphylococci, Staphylococcus au-reus and Corynebacterium sp. The bacterial colonization rate in the post-PBSCT group was not higher than the control group (22.2% vs. 30.8%), and coagulase-nega-tive Staphylococci was the most common flora in the control group. Conclusion : Despite not having statistical significance, there seems to be a positive correlation be-tween the colonization rate and the severity of dry eye. However, bacterial profile iso-lated in post-PBSCT patients is not significantly different from other dry eye patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Computed tomography (CT) as a routine follow-up has been a standard practice for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma although it is not recommended in most guidelines. We aimed to describe the value of surveillance CT in detection of disease relapse in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma grade 3 (FL3) and to evaluate whether relapse detected by different methods influenced outcome. In this retrospective review of consecutive 341 patients with DLBCL or FL3 diagnosed between 2003 and 2009 in complete response (CR) or unconfirmed CR, 113 patients experienced relapses. We found that routine surveillance CT detected asymptomatic relapse in 25 patients (22.1 %; group 1), including 22 of 100 patients with DLBCL and three of 13 with FL3. The first presentation of relapse of the other 88 patients (group 2) included patient-reported symptoms (60.2 %), physical examination (13.3 %), or abnormal laboratory data (4.4 %). For 72 patients received chemotherapy after relapse, the overall survival after relapse was not different between groups 1 and 2 (p = 0.569). The results of our study suggested that routine surveillance CT only has a limited role in the early detection of relapse and the relapse detected by surveillance CT or not has no impact on survival after relapse for patients with DLBCL or FL3.
Annals of Hematology 06/2012; 91(11):1741-5. DOI:10.1007/s00277-012-1508-0 · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Treatment intensity will affect outcome in elderly patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We retrospectively reviewed 333 DLBCL patients aged over 60 years who were diagnosed between January 2003 and December 2010 to evaluate the difference between different treatment regimens. The median age was 73 years; 56.8 % of patients received treatment with rituximab-containing regimens. In univariate analysis, patients with younger age, better performance status, early Ann Arbor stage, lower International Prognostic Index (IPI), normal serum lactate dehydrogenase, normal serum albumin, or normal serum beta-2 microglobulin received more intensive treatment regimens. In multivariate analysis, patients with younger age (p < 0.001) or better performance status (p = 0.027) received treatment of more intensive regimens. The treatment regimens were not different between patients with lower and higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). Female gender, normal serum beta-2 microglobulin, lower CCI, lower IPI, and treatment with more intensive regimens predicted better progression-free survival and overall survival in multivariate analysis. Patients treated with rituximab-containing regimens had better progression-free survival (median 22.2 vs. 9.9 months, p = 0.005) and better overall survival (median 34.9 vs. 21.8 months, p = 0.042) as compared to those treated without rituximab. In conclusion, our results showed that patients with younger age or better performance status received more intensive treatment. The treatment regimen was not different between patients with lower and higher CCI. Rituximab-containing regimens improved the outcome of elderly patients with DLBCL.
Annals of Hematology 04/2012; 91(9):1383-91. DOI:10.1007/s00277-012-1463-9 · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT:: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a significant complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and frequently limits treatment success. Patients suffering complications with AKI often have high mortality. This investigation analyzed the outcomes of patients receiving allogeneic HSCT and identified the association between prognosis and RIFLE (risk of renal failure, injury to kidney, failure of kidney function, loss of kidney function and end-stage renal disease) classification. This study reviewed the medical records of 101 patients receiving allogeneic HSCT during an 8-year period at a specialized hematology ward in a university hospital in Taiwan. Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables were retrospectively gathered as predicators. Overall 6-month mortality was 36.6% (37/101). Mortality progressively and significantly increased (χ for trend, P < 0.001) based on RIFLE classification severity. Multiple variable Cox regression analysis identified maximum RIFLE score on day 7 to 14 post-HSCT, occurrence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease and respiratory failure during admission as independent risk factors for 6-month mortality. Using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, the RIFLE classification on day 7 to 14 post-HSCT has the best discriminative power (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve: 0.696 ± 0.057, P < 0.001) compared with day 0 to 7, 14 to 30 and 30 to 60 post-HSCT. Cumulative survival rates at 6-month follow-up differed significantly (P < 0.05) among non-AKI, RIFLE-R versus RIFLE-I and RIFLE-F. Hepatic veno-occlusive disease, respiratory failure and severity of maximum RIFLE score on day 7 to 14 post-HSCT were independent predictors for 6-month mortality. RIFLE classification on day 7 to 14 post-HSCT can improve the accuracy of 6-month mortality in patients who received allogeneic HSCT.
The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 04/2012; 345(1). DOI:10.1097/MAJ.0b013e31824c6f29 · 1.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bleeding is the leading cause of death for patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Blood component transfusion to correct coagulopathy is the keystone in reducing bleeding. The benefit of fresh frozen plasma transfusion is unproven. Using laboratory profiles to predict bleeding is important guidance for the determination of transfusion policies in the treatment of APL.
For 116 patients of APL, bleeding events were collected and correlated with various hematologic and coagulation parameters, including leukemic cell percentages, white blood cell (WBC) and platelet counts, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen levels, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) scores.
Overt DIC occurred in 77.6% of patients. Severity of DIC was associated with bone marrow leukemic cell percentages but unrelated to bleeding. Patients with bleeding had significantly higher WBC counts (26.73 ± 6.18 vs. 13.03 ± 3.03 per μL, P = 0.026) and more prolonged PT (4.85 ± 0.70 vs. 2.59 ± 0.28 s, P = 0.002) and APTT (3.98 ± 1.68 vs. 0.96 ± 0.93 s, P = 0.017). Fibrinogen levels, platelet counts, and leukemia cell percentages were not significantly different between bleeding and non-bleeding patients. PT is valuable in prediction of bleeding. Patients with PT ≧ 5 s had a relative risk of 6.14 for bleeding. Seven patients had severe bleeding before initiation of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA).
Patients with APL are susceptible to DIC and subsequent bleeding events. Prompt ATRA administration is crucial in preventing hemorrhagic events. High WBC counts, prolonged PT, and APTT are associated with clinical bleeding in our series. PT is the most accurate parameter in predicting bleeding. Based on these findings, supportive care should be directed toward correction of coagulopathy to prevent bleeding complications and fresh frozen plasma appears to be indicated for coagulopathy associated with APL.
European Journal Of Haematology 04/2012; 88(4):321-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0609.2011.01747.x · 2.41 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is associated with high morbidity and high mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics and outcomes of HSCT patients with IFIs who are undergoing MV at a single institution in Taiwan.
We performed an observational retrospective analysis of IFIs in HSCT patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) in an intensive care unit (ICU) from the year 2000 to 2009. The characteristics of these HSCT patients and risk factors related to IFIs were evaluated. The status of discharge, length of ICU stay, date of death and cause of death were also recorded.
There were 326 HSCT patients at the Linkou Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital (Taipei, Taiwan) during the study period. Sixty of these patients (18%) were transferred to the ICU and placed on mechanical ventilators. A total of 20 of these 60 patients (33%) had IFIs. Multivariate analysis indicated that independent risk factors for IFI were admission to an ICU more than 40 days after HSCT, graft versus host disease (GVHD), and high dose corticosteroid (p < 0.01 for all). The overall ICU mortality rate was 88% (53 of 60 patients), and was not significantly different for patients with IFIs (85%) and those without IFIs (90%, p = 0.676).
There was a high incidence of IFIs in HSCT patients requiring MV in the ICU in our study cohort. The independent risk factors for IFI are ICU admission more than 40 days after HSCT, GVHD, and use of high-dose corticosteroid.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Surgical resection is considered a crucial treatment in patients with primary colonic lymphoma, but combining surgery with chemotherapy has provided additional therapeutic benefits in some studies. To further explore the optimal therapeutic approach in different clinical scenarios, we reviewed cases with localized large-cell lymphoma and analyzed the factors related to the outcomes.
The 74 cases diagnosed between February 1979 and October 2010 were retrospectively reviewed for clinical features, laboratory findings, and pathological diagnosis. The outcomes were correlated with their demographics and different treatment modalities.
Of the 74 cases, only the patients who had complete tumor resection had significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS). The patients treated with resection and chemotherapy had better overall survival (OS) and PFS than those treated with resection alone. The OS and PFS of the patients who were treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) chemotherapy without surgery were similar to those of patients treated with CHOP and resection, but the patients treated with resection followed by cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (COP) chemotherapy had significantly better OS and PFS than the patients treated with COP chemotherapy alone. For patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), rituximab-based chemotherapy with or without resection had similar OS and PFS.
We conclude that chemotherapy alone provides similar therapeutic effect compared with surgery and chemotherapy and that surgical resection can be spared if an endoscopic diagnosis could be made.
European Journal Of Haematology 07/2011; 87(1):28-36. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0609.2011.01632.x · 2.41 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Diffuse large cell lymphoma involving bone marrow is not uncommon, but primary, de novo, bone marrow diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is rare. To understand the clinical features and outcomes of this distinct entity, we collected 12 cases in 5 years from a single-center database. They accounted for 1.16% of lymphoma, or 2.65% of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Nine cases presented with fever of unknown origin. Lactate dehydrogenase levels were elevated in all but one case. Nine cases belonged to the high-risk group according to their international prognosis indexes (score 4 or 5). Four patients received no chemotherapy, all of whom died within 1 month. Four patients received cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP)-like chemotherapy, and their median survival was 13 months. Finally, four patients received rituximab 375 mg/m(2) in addition to CHOP-like chemotherapy. All of them had complete remission and three are still alive without relapse. We concluded that primary bone marrow DLBCL is a rare but distinctive subtype of lymphoma. The prognosis for this entity is poor but rituximab-based treatment is promising for improving its outcomes.
Annals of Hematology 12/2010; 90(7):791-6. DOI:10.1007/s00277-010-1129-4 · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Retinoic acid syndrome (RAS) is a potentially lethal complication during all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). The incidence and risk factors have been shown to vary in different series. In this study we want to establish the incidence of RAS in our hospital and try to elucidate factors that increase its risk.
We retrospectively analyzed 102 patients diagnosed with APL between August 1993 and December 2007 at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan. All patients received ATRA as an induction regimen with or without conventional chemotherapy.
Eight of the 102 patients (7.8%) experienced RAS which developed after a median of 9 days (range: 2 to 23 days) of ATRA treatment. Respiratory distress and fever were the most common presentations, occurring in 7 of 8 patients (87.5%). Age, gender, morphological or molecular subtypes, an initial white blood cell (WBC) count of more than 10 x 10(9)/L and concurrent chemotherapy did not statistically attribute to the occurrence of RAS. One patient developed RAS manifesting with pulmonary hemorrhage but experienced a complete recovery after administration of high-dose dexamethasone. The RAS-related mortality was 12.5% (1 out of 8 patients).
The incidence of RAS in this study was similar to those of other series with ATRA and concurrent chemotherapy. Age, gender, morphological or molecular subtypes, an initial leukocyte count of more than 10 x 10(9)/L or the presence of concurrent chemotherapy is not significantly associated with the occurrence of the RAS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The optimal treatment of primary gastric large-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PGL) has not been defined. Recent studies have suggested that organ-preserving treatment produces the same results as surgical treatment.
We retrospectively reviewed the data of 88 patients diagnosed with PGL between 1995 and 2003 at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Sixty-two patients received chemotherapy (CT), three received CT followed by radiotherapy (CT+RT), three received surgery (ST), 14 received surgery followed by CT (ST+ adjuvant CT), one patient received ST followed by radiotherapy (ST+RT), one patient received radiotherapy (RT) alone, one received eradication therapy for Helicobacter pylori only and 3 patients received no further therapy after diagnosis.
Of the 81 patients who received endoscopic biopsy of gastric lesions, the diagnosis of PGL could be made in all but one. Seven patients were diagnosed by pathology after ST without preoperative pathologic diagnosis. The complete remission rate was 77.3%. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 50.0% and 81.6%, respectively. There was no difference in OS (p = 0.4051) and DFS (p = 0.8519) between patients receiving mainly CT (CT or CT+RT) and those receiving primary surgery (ST, ST+ adjuvant CT or ST+RT). We found that poor performance status (p < 0.0001), elevated beta2-microglobulin level (p = 0.0082) and no CT (p = 0.0002) had adverse effects on OS.
The present data show that CT should be the primary treatment for patients with PGL if the diagnosis can be made with endoscopic biopsy.