S Nishimaki

Japan Red Cross Fukuoka Hospital, Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (6)4.8 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Resistive indices (RI) in the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), basilar artery (BA), middle cerebral artery (MCA) and descending aorta (DA) were obtained in 15 small-for-dates (SFD) infants who were, growth retarded because of maternal pregnancy-induced hypertension and in 20 appropriate-for-dates (AFD) infants matched for gestational age between 24 h and 48 h after birth. The RIs in the MCA, ACA and BA were significantly lower, while the RI in the DA was significantly higher, in the SFD infants than in the AFD infants. These changes in RIs in the SFD infants might be similar to the "brain sparing" effect as reported in growth-retarded fetuses.
    Pediatric Radiology 02/1993; 23(8):575-7. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We made 10 measurements of Pourcelot's index of resistance (RI) in the anterior cerebral artery (RI-ACA) and basilar artery (RI-BA), and RI ratio (= RI-ACA/RI-BA) in seven cases of hydrocephalus before and after treatment. The mean values of RI-ACA (0.831 +/- 0.050, mean +/- SD), RI-BA (0.800 +/- 0.053) and RI ratio (1.039 +/- 0.030) before treatment were significantly higher than in normal infants. Two hours after treatment, the mean RI-ACA (0.654 +/- 0.099) was lower than in normal infants, and RI-BA (0.684 +/- 0.101) were normalized. Before treatment, the mean value of RI-ACA was higher than that of RI-BA. All RI ratios were higher than 1.00. After treatment, the mean RI-ACA was lower than the mean RI-BA. All RI ratios were normalized and lower than 1.00 (0.957 +/- 0.024).
    No to hattatsu. Brain and development 12/1991; 23(6):560-6.
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the values of the Pourcelot's index of resistance in the anterior cerebral artery (RI-ACA) and basilar artery (RI-BA) in very low birth weight infants weighing less than 1,500 g at birth. At the time of measurements, their postconceptional ages were 32, 34, 36, 38, 40 and 42 weeks. The mean value of RI-ACA (0.744 +/- 0.026, +/- SD) was significantly lower than that of RI-BA (0.766 +/- 0.026) (p less than 0.001), and they were higher than those in normal term infants. However, the mean value of RI-ACA and RI-BA, averaged from the measurements of postconceptional ages at 38, 40 and 42 weeks, showed no significant difference from those of normal term infants. In contrast, the mean value of RI ratio (= RI-ACA/RI-BA) in very low birth weight infants showed no significant difference from that of normal term infants.
    No to hattatsu. Brain and development 10/1991; 23(5):465-8.
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the value of Pourcelot's index of resistance in the anterior cerebral arteries (RI-ACA) and basilar artery (RI-BA) in 69 measurements of term infants on days 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 60. The mean value of RI-ACA (0.723 +/- 0.038, +/- SD) was significantly lower than that of RI-BA (0.750 +/- 0.041) (p less than 0.001). RI-ACA values were higher than RI-BAs in only five measurements (7.2%). The values of RI-ACA and RI-BA decreased from the first day to the fifth day of life. They increased continuously and showed their highest values on the day 15. After the 15th day, they decreased mildly again. The values of RI ratio (= RI-ACA/RI-BA) were stable (0.96-0.97).
    No to hattatsu. Brain and development 06/1991; 23(3):247-51.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We studied Pourcelot's index (PI), which shows cerebral vascular resistance, in the anterior cerebral arteries and basilar artery, and the PI ratio (Pourcelot's index in the anterior cerebral artery/Pourcelot's index in the basilar artery) in 11 measurements of hydrocephalus. The mean values of PI in the anterior cerebral artery, basilar artery, and the PI ratio before treatment were significantly higher than those after treatment and those in normal infants. Before treatment, the mean PI in the anterior cerebral arteries was significantly higher than the mean PI in the basilar artery. All PI ratios increased to 1.00 or more. After treatment and in normal infants, the mean PI in the anterior cerebral arteries was significantly lower than the mean PI in the basilar artery. All PI ratios decreased to less than 1.00. We believe that the PI ratio is useful to evaluate the need or effect of treatment in hydrocephalus.
    Surgical Neurology 01/1991; 34(6):373-7. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a case of Dandy-Walker malformation associated with occipital meningocele, microphthalmia, and cleft palate. Small numbers of cases of Dandy-Walker malformation with occipital meningocele have been described in the literature, but to our knowledge, non of these also had microphthalmia or cleft palate. This association suggests that time of intrauterine origin of Dandy-Walker syndrome was in the sixth or seventh embryonic week. In the diagnosis, both CT cisternography and direct neurosonography over the occipital meningocele was useful for the demonstration of a posterior fossa cyst which communicated with the fourth ventricle and the occipital meningocele.
    Pediatric Radiology 02/1990; 20(8):608-9. · 1.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

13 Citations
4.80 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1993
    • Japan Red Cross Fukuoka Hospital
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1990–1991
    • Japanese Red Cross
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan