Publications (3)10.52 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Mice lacking a functional cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene develop abnormal kidneys that contain hypoplastic glomeruli and reduced proximal tubular mass, and they often die of renal failure. A comparison of kidney-specific gene expression between wild-type and COX-2-deficient mice by cDNA microarrays revealed that although more than 500 mRNAs were differentially expressed between the two strains of mice depending on their ages, the genes encoding pre-pro-epidermal growth factor (pre-pro-EGF) and Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP)/uromodulin were aberrantly expressed in the kidneys of COX-2 -/- mice at all stages of their development. Downregulation of EGF could potentially affect renal development, and THP/uromodulin gene has been implicated in abnormal kidney development and end-stage renal failure in humans. We assessed in detail mechanism of defective THP/uromodulin gene expression and its potential consequences in COX-2-deficient mice. Consistent with the microarray data, the steady-state levels of THP/uromodulin mRNA were severely reduced in the COX-2 -/- kidney. Furthermore, reduced expression of renal THP/uromodulin, as assessed by Western blot and immunohistological methods, was closely corroborated by a corresponding decline in the urinary secretion of THP/uromodulin in COX-2 -/- mice. Finally, we demonstrate that the bladders of COX-2 -/- mice, in contrast to those of the wild-type mice, are highly susceptible to colonization by uropathogenic Escherichia coli.American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 08/2005; 289(1):F49-60. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A critical question in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research is the cause of memory loss that leads to dementia. The amyloid precursor protein + presenilin-1 (APP+PS1) transgenic mouse is a model for amyloid deposition, and like AD, the mice develop memory deficits as amyloid deposits accumulate. We profiled gene expression in these transgenic mice by microarray and quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). At the age when these animals developed cognitive dysfunction, they had reduced mRNA expression of several genes essential for long-term potentiation and memory formation (Arc, Zif268, NR2B, GluR1, Homer-1a, Nur77/TR3). These changes appeared to be related to amyloid deposition, because mRNA expression was unchanged in the regions that did not accumulate amyloid. Transgene expression was similar in both amyloid-containing and amyloid-free regions of the brain. Interestingly, these changes occurred without apparent changes in synaptic structure, because a number of presynaptic marker mRNAs (growth-associated protein-43, synapsin, synaptophysin, synaptopodin, synaptotagmin, syntaxin) remained stable. Additionally, a number of genes related to inflammation were elevated in transgenic mice, primarily in the regions containing amyloid. In AD cortical tissue, the same memory-associated genes were downregulated. However, all synaptic and neuronal transcripts were reduced, implying that the loss of neurons and synapses contributed to these changes. We conclude that reduced expression of selected genes associated with memory consolidation are linked to memory loss in both circumstances. This suggests that the memory loss in APP+PS1 transgenic mice may model the early memory dysfunction in AD before the degeneration of synapses and neurons.Journal of Neuroscience 07/2003; 23(12):5219-26. · 6.91 Impact Factor
Article: The brain on microarraysNature Genetics - NAT GENET. 01/2002; 32(3):345-345.