[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: In oral and maxillofacial surgery, synthetic bone grafts are most widely used as bone substitutes, due to the limited sources of autologous bone. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of three different synthetic bone grafts (Cerasorb, Fortoss and Perioglass) on sisters chromatide exchanges (SCEs) in peripheral lymphocytes. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood samples taken from 68 patients (45 females and 23 males), who underwent oral surgery procedures, such as apical resection, cyst enucleation or periodontal curretage, were obtained for SCE a day before and two months after the surgeries. A control group included 30 patients, while the study group was made of the patients who underwent bone grafting with Cerasorb® (11 patients), Fortoss® VITAL (10 patients) or Perioglass® (17 patients). Results: Comparing with the results of the study group before and after the treatment, it was concluded that the results were statistically significant (p = 0.001). In the Perioglass® subgroup, a greater statistical significance (p = 0.003) was noted, than that in either the Cerasorb® (p = 0.620) or Fortoss® (p = 0.210) subgroups, in which there was no statistical significance. Conclusions: Although further investigations may be necessary, our results suggest that the synthetic bone grafts might have an influence on SCE in peripheral lymphocytes.
Open Journal of Stomatology 11/2013; 3(8):447-451.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of micronuclei (MNs) in both circulating lymphocytes and buccal epithelial cells of patients with oral lichenoid contact reactions (OLCRs) or with oral lichen planus (OLP) and compare their MN scores with those of healthy controls (HCs).
The study group included 21 patients (51.3 ± 12.4; 6 males, 15 females) with OLCRs and 22 patients (47.6 ± 14.4; 4 males, 18 females) with OLP who were clinically diagnosed and histopathologically confirmed according to WHO diagnostic criteria (WHO Collaborating Centre for Oral Precancerous Lesions, 1978). All patients with OLCR demonstrated contact allergy to tested dental materials when evaluated by skin patch testing according to International Contact Dermatitis Research Group (ICDRG), while all OLP patients tested negative to patch testing. Seventeen individuals with no oral mucosal disorders (51.7 ± 11.3; 8 males, 9 females) were recruited to constitute the healthy control group. Clinical features including type of OLP, location, disease severity, presence of skin lesions, presence of systemic disease including any allergies and dental (periodontal) status were recorded. MN analyses were performed on peripheral blood lymphocytes and on smears of buccal epithelial cells of all three study groups.
Most OLP and OLCR lesions were of reticular type (83%), and OLP lesions were distributed bilaterally on the buccal mucosa (90.5%). The medians of MN frequencies both in lymphocytes and buccal epithelial cells in OLP and OLCR groups were significantly higher when compared with HC group (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference between OLP group (14.5 range 3-95) and OLCR group (16.0 range 3-93) in terms of median MN frequencies in buccal epithelial cells (P = 0.724) nor in peripheral lymphocytes (P = 0.92) between OLP group (2.0 range 0-7) and OLCR group (1.0 range 0-6).
Micronuclei scores do not distinguish OLP from OLCR when using buccal smears but significant differences were observed in peripheral lymphocytes. OLP and OLCR both demonstrated significantly higher MN frequencies in both buccal and circulating lymphocytes cells, compared with healthy controls. MN assessment in both buccal epithelial cells and circulating lymphocytes may serve as a potential biomarker tool for evaluating any cancer risk in OLP and OLCR.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) is a rare, recessive condition involving multiple organs and systems. Four genes associated with nuclear excision repair have been described in the molecular etiology of TTD. There is a significant heterogeneity of clinical and laboratory findings of TTD, even in individuals carrying the same mutation. Worldwide, approximately 120 cases have been reported, mostly from Western populations and the mutations are compound heterozygous. We herein present clinical and laboratory findings of a female patient with a homozygous mutation, R722W, in the XPD gene. To date, two patients who carry the same mutation have been reported. Our genotype-phenotype correlation study showed patients who carry R722W mutation have a more severe TTD phenotype than other types of mutations.
The Journal of Dermatology 10/2012; · 1.77 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pachydermoperiostosis, or primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (PHO), is an inherited multisystem disorder, whose features closely mimic the reactive osteoarthropathy that commonly accompanies neoplastic and inflammatory pathologies. We previously described deficiency of the prostaglandin-degrading enzyme 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (HPGD) as a cause of this condition, implicating elevated circulating prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) as causative of PHO, and perhaps also as the principal mediator of secondary HO. However, PHO is genetically heterogeneous. Here, we use whole-exome sequencing to identify recessive mutations of the prostaglandin transporter SLCO2A1, in individuals lacking HPGD mutations. We performed exome sequencing of four probands with severe PHO, followed by conventional mutation analysis of SLCO2A1 in nine others. Biallelic SLCO2A1 mutations were identified in 12 of the 13 families. Affected individuals had elevated urinary PGE(2), but unlike HPGD-deficient patients, also excreted considerable quantities of the PGE(2) metabolite, PGE-M. Clinical differences between the two groups were also identified, notably that SLCO2A1-deficient individuals have a high frequency of severe anemia due to myelofibrosis. These findings reinforce the key role of systemic or local prostaglandin excess as the stimulus to HO. They also suggest that the induction or maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells by prostaglandin may depend upon transporter activity.
Human Mutation 05/2012; 33(8):1175-81. · 5.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms of the x-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) gene have been reported to be associated with various forms of cancer. We evaluated the possible effects of the Arg194Trp and the Arg399Gln polymorphisms on the risk for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in 73 patients and 50 controls. We also analyzed their relation to frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE). With respect to codon 194, the allelic frequency of the Arg194Trp polymorphism did not significantly differ between the 2 groups. The proportion of individuals carrying the Arg194Trp polymorphism was not different in the 2 groups. With respect to codon 399, the proportion of the individuals carrying the Arg399Gln allele (90% vs 62%; p=0.000; odds ratio [OR], 5.779; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.2-15.183) and the allelic frequency of the Arg399Gln polymorphism (56% vs 36%; p=0.002; OR, 2.278; 95% CI, 1.350-3.843) was significantly higher in the patient group. The frequency of the Arg/Gln genotype was significantly higher in the patient group (68.50% vs 52%; p=0.049; OR, 2.007; 95% CI, 0.955-4.217). The mean SCE frequency in the patient group was significantly higher (9.2±4 vs 7.5±2; p=0.02). When different compound genotypes were compared, the coexistence of Arg/Arg genotype in codon 194 with Arg/Arg genotype in codon 399 was significantly more frequent in the control group (30% vs 9%; p=0.004; OR, 0.247; 95% CI, 0.092-0.664). Within the patient group, SCE frequency did not differ between patients with various genotypes. The Arg399Gln polymorphism may be etiologically associated with CLL; however, it does not seem to increase SCE frequency.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Analbuminemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder manifested by the absence, or severe reduction, of circulating serum albumin. The analbuminemic trait was diagnosed in a young Turkish woman on the basis of her clinical symptoms (bilateral lower limb edema) and biochemical findings (minimal albumin amount and variable increases in other protein fractions).
Total DNA from the analbuminemic proband and her parents was PCR-amplified using oligonucleotide primers designed to amplify the 14 exons of the albumin gene (ALB) and the flanking intron regions. The products were screened for mutations by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and heteroduplex analyses (HA).
HA allowed the identification of the mutation site in exon 12. Direct DNA sequencing of this abnormal fragment revealed that the analbuminemic trait was caused by a homozygous CA deletion at nucleotide positions c. 1614-1615 in the codons for Cys538 and Thr539. The subsequent frameshift should give rise to a putative truncated albumin variant in which the sequence Cys(538)-Thr-Leu-Ser has been changed to Cys(538)-Thr-Phe-Stop. The parents were heterozygous for the same mutation.
Gel-based mutation detection and DNA sequencing substantiate the clinical diagnosis of congenital analbuminemia in our patient and show that the condition is caused by a novel mutation within the ALB gene. These results contribute to shed light on the molecular basis of this rare condition.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 11/2010; 411(21-22):1711-5. · 2.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Werner syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive segmental progeroid syndrome caused by null mutations at the WRN locus, which codes for a member of the RecQ family of DNA helicases. Since 1988, the International Registry of Werner syndrome had enrolled 130 molecularly confirmed WS cases from among 110 worldwide pedigrees. We now report 18 new mutations, including two genomic rearrangements, a deep intronic mutation resulting in a novel exon, a splice consensus mutation leading to utilization of the nearby splice site, and two rare missense mutations. We also review evidence for founder mutations among various ethnic/geographic groups. Founder WRN mutations had been previously reported in Japan and Northern Sardinia. Our Registry now suggests characteristic mutations originated in Morocco, Turkey, The Netherlands and elsewhere.
Human Genetics 07/2010; 128(1):103-11. · 4.63 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Werner syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive segmental progeroid syndrome caused by null mutations at the WRN locus, which codes for a member of the RecQ family of DNA helicases. Since 1988, the International Registry of Werner syndrome
had enrolled 130 molecularly confirmed WS cases from among 110 worldwide pedigrees. We now report 18 new mutations, including
two genomic rearrangements, a deep intronic mutation resulting in a novel exon, a splice consensus mutation leading to utilization
of the nearby splice site, and two rare missense mutations. We also review evidence for founder mutations among various ethnic/geographic
groups. Founder WRN mutations had been previously reported in Japan and Northern Sardinia. Our Registry now suggests characteristic mutations
originated in Morocco, Turkey, The Netherlands and elsewhere.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: Clonal cytogenetic aberrations other than Philadelphia chromosome can develop during the course of chronic myeloid leukemia naturally or under the pressure of treatment strategies like interferon, imatinib and dasatinib. Some of them are associated with resistance to treatment and progression to advanced phases of chronic myeloid leukemia. Nilotinib is a second generation thyrosine kinase inhibitor, but its efficacy in chronic myeloid leukemia patients with additional chromosomal changes has not been delineated yet. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of nilotinib in imatinib-resistant or -intolerant t(9;22) positive chronic myeloid leukemia patients with and without additional chromosomal changes
Material and Method: 21 patients (13 females, 8 males) with a median age of 53 were given nilotinib 800 mg bid orally during a median follow up period of 17 months (range 12-25 months). Five patients had additional chromosomal changes.
Results: In Ph positive patients we had a major cytogenetic response rate of 67% and a complete cytogenetic response rate of 25%. The patients with additional chromosomal changes achieved hematologic, cytogenetic and molecular responses.
Conclusion: We found out that nilotinib was efficacious in chronic phase CML patients resistant or intolerant to imatinib and it was also successful in CML patients with specific additional chromosomal changes.
Nobel medicus 01/2010; 6(2):57-62. · 0.04 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare the cytogenetic and molecular analyses in the assessment of imatinib mesylate response in patients suffering the chronic phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia who were refractory to alpha-interferon treatment. A total of 117 patients in the chronic phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia were included. The patients were treated with 400 mg/day imatinib mesylate. Bone marrow samples were obtained for the cytogenetic and molecular analyses. Patients without the Ph chromosome were defined as complete cytogenetic responders. Partial cytogenetic response was determined when the Ph chromosome was detected in 1-35% of the cells. Molecular response was determined by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (QR-PCR) and defined as no detection of BCR-ABL mRNA. The frequencies of complete and partial cytogenetic response were 29% (n = 34) and 15% (n = 18), respectively. No cytogenetic response was achieved in 56% (n = 65) of the patients. Molecular response was achieved in 62% (n = 21) and 33% (n = 6) of the complete and partial cytogenetic responders, respectively. All of the 65 patients with no cytogenetic response were also molecular nonresponders. We conclude that there is reasonable agreement between the cytogenetic and molecular analyses. Both methods are complementary in the assessment of response to therapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the genetic instability of peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients diagnosed with oral lichen planus (OLP) by investigation of frequencies of micronuclei (MN) and sister chromatid exchange (SCE).
A total of 22 newly diagnosed and untreated patients with OLP of same severity scores and twenty healthy controls participated in this study. They were all non-smokers with no previous history or family history of cancer. The periodontal status, flow rate and buffering capacity of whole mouth saliva were recorded. SCE and MN analyses were performed on peripheral blood lymphocytes of OLP patients and healthy controls.
The frequencies of MN (50.00 +/- 22.36) and SCE (6.89 +/- 1.48) in OLP patients were found to be significantly elevated compared with that in normal individuals (25.20 +/- 9.52 and 5.93 +/- 1.31; z = 3.946, P = 0.0001; z = 2.346, P = 0.019). There were no significant differences in the MN frequency and SCE between the two subgroups with reticular or erosive types of OLP.
These pilot data indicate an increased genomic instability in peripheral blood lymphocytes of a cohort of Turkish patients diagnosed with oral lichen planus as compared with that of healthy individuals. As patients with OLP may have an increased or potential risk for oral malignancy, these assays could be used in translational research to monitor beneficial effects of interventions and long-term prognosis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Turner's syndrome (TS), the most frequent congenital anomaly in newborn girls, is associated with various cardiovascular abnormalities, predominantly bicuspid aortic valves and aortic coarctation. The causes of the left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and ECG findings associated with TS are unknown. We used echocardiography to assess cardiac structure and function in normotensive patients with TS.
Thirty-one patients with TS and 30 healthy women were enrolled in this comparative study. Twelve-lead ECG, 24-hour-ambulatory ECG recording, and echocardiography were performed.
With 24-hour-ambulatory ECG recording, the mean heart rate (HR) of TS women was higher than non-TS women. With echocardiographic examination, the interventricular septum diastolic thickness, left ventricle posterior wall diastolic thickness (LVPW), the LV mass index (LVMI), and left atrial diameter index (LADi) were significantly higher in TS women compared with controls. Mitral flow A velocity was significantly higher and the ratio of early to late diastolic filling was significantly lower in TS patients.
HR, LV wall thicknesses, LVMI and the LADi are significantly increased in normohypertensive TS women. There is also subclinical diastolic dysfunction in these patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are frequently used in oral surgical procedures in dentistry. The evaluation of the frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) is accepted as a reliable cytogenetic method to assess the genotoxic effects of environmental factors.
In this study, the genotoxic effects of various NSAIDs were assessed in 30 patients to who they were administered following encluosed third molar surgery using SCE analysis before and after the operation. The frequency of SCE was evaluated before the operation and after 3 days of etodolac, nimesulid and naproxen use.
There was no statistically significant difference in the frequency of SCE between the preoperative and postoperative states in patients given etodolac, nimesulid or naproxen sodium.
Short term use of selective and non-selective NSAIDs was not associated with a significant genotoxic effect that could be detected using the SCE method in peripheric lymphocytes.
Yonsei Medical Journal 11/2008; 49(5):742-7. · 1.31 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Long-term use of Cyclosporin A (CsA) and Tacrolimus is known to yield serious untoward side effects including nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity, and malignant tumor formation. Sister chromatid exchange (SCE) is used to assess the genotoxic potential of various agents. A total of 37 postrenal transplant patients receiving either CsA (n = 20) or Tacrolimus (n = 17) were included in this study. The genotoxic effects of CsA and Tacrolimus were assessed by determination of SCE frequency. In patients receiving CsA, SCE frequency was increased significantly compared to that in the control group (p = 0.001), whereas Tacrolimus did not yield such a significant change (p = 0.801). SCE frequency was not correlated with drug dosage (p > 0.05). Our results indicate that the use of CsA, but not Tacrolimus 506, is associated with an increased genotoxic effect in postrenal transplant patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: P-wave dispersion (Pd), corrected P-wave dispersion (Pdc), QT-wave dispersion (QTd), and corrected QT-wave dispersion (QTdc) parameters were not assessed in Turner Syndrome (TS) before. The aim of this study is to investigate the cardiac arrhythmogenic potential in patients with TS.
Thirty-one patients with TS and 30 healthy women were enrolled in the study. For this purpose 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and 24-hour ambulatory ECG recordings were performed.
Pd, Pdc, QTd, and QTdc were significantly higher in patients with TS. On 24-hour ambulatory ECG recording, the mean heart rate (HR) was higher, while the mean of all RR intervals between normal beats (MeanNN), the standard deviation of all the RR intervals (SDNN), the square root of the mean of the squared differences of two consecutive RR intervals (rMSSD), and the percentage of the beats with consecutive RR interval difference more than 50 milliseconds (pNN50) were lower in TS.
There were significant increases in Pd, Pdc, QTd, and QTdc in patients with TS and they may be features of the disease. The frequency of supraventricular arrhythmias was increased. There also was a significant deterioration of sympathetic and parasympathetic components of autonomic function as assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) in Turner patients.
Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 10/2008; 31(9):1140-5. · 1.75 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to evaluate the frequency of consanguinity among the parents of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the influence of parental consanguinity on several clinical and laboratory parameters which reflect the severity of the disease.
The study population consisted of 265 patients with RA which were divided into two groups with respect to the presence or absence of consanguinity between their parents. The frequency of parental consanguinity was compared with the general population. The two groups were compared with respect to family history of RA, the age of onset, the age at which RA was diagnosed, duration of the disease, the presence of rheumatoid nodules, vasculitis, serositis and the need for orthopaedic surgery, amyloidosis, the presence and level of rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies, erosive changes on radiographs, and the need for anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy.
Twenty-one patients (8%) had parents who were consanguineous, which was not more frequent compared with the general population (14%). The mean age of disease onset and the mean age at which RA was diagnosed were lower in patients with parental consanguinity, although the difference was not statistically significant. The other clinical and laboratory parameters were also not different between the two groups.
The present data suggests that parental consanguinity has no effect on disease severity, and the frequency of consanguinity is not increased among the parents of patients with RA. A possible exception is the earlier disease onset and age at diagnosis which needs to be confirmed by larger studies.
International Journal of Clinical Practice 05/2008; 63(7):1056-60. · 2.43 Impact Factor