Byung-Wook Kim

Catholic University of Korea, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (43)95.61 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication rate of clarithromycin-based triple therapy, metronidazole-based triple therapy, sequential therapy and concomitant therapy. A total of 680 patients infected with H. pylori were divided into 4 groups and each group was treated with a different eradication therapy. Clarithromycin-based triple therapy was applied to the first group [rabeprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin (PAC) group: proton pump inhibitor (PPI), amoxicillin, clarithromycin], whereas the second group was treated with metronidazole-based triple therapy [rabeprazole, amoxicillin and metronidazole (PAM) group: PPI, amoxicillin, metronidazole]. The third group was treated with rabeprazole and amoxicillin, followed by rabeprazole, clarithromycin and metronidazole (sequential group). The final group was simultaneously treated with rabeprazole, amoxicillin clarithromycin and metronidazole (concomitant therapy group). In the case of a failure to eradicate H. pylori, second-line quadruple and third-line eradication therapies were administered. The per protocol (PP) analysis was performed on 143, 139, 141 and 143 patients in the PAC, PAM, sequential and concomitant groups, respectively. We excluded patients who did not receive a C(13)-urea breath test (22, 20, 23 and 22 patients, respectively) and patients with less than an 80% compliance level (5, 11, 6 and 5 patients, respectively). The eradication rates were 76.2% (109/143) in the PAC group, 84.2% (117/139) in the PAM group, 84.4% (119/141) in the sequential group and 94.4% (135/143) in the concomitant group (P = 0.0002). All 14 patients who failed second-line therapy were treated with third-line eradication therapy. Among these 14 patients, 6 infections were successfully eradicated with the third-line therapy. Both PP and intention-to-treat analysis showed an eradication rate of 42.9% (6/14). In the PAC group, 3 of 4 patients were successfully cured (3/4, 75%); 2 of 2 patients in the PAM group (2/2, 100%) and 1 of 5 patients in the sequential group (1/5, 20%) were also cured. In the concomitant group, all 3 patients failed (0/3, 0%). The eradication rate for the concomitant therapy was much higher than those of the standard triple therapy or sequential therapy (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT01922765).
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 01/2015; 21(1):351-9.
  • Joon Sung Kim, Byung-Wook Kim, In-Soo Shin
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    ABSTRACT: Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has grown popular in resecting lesions in the stomach, the application of ESD to the esophagus has been limited by greater technical difficulty. An increasing number of series have recently reported the application of ESD to esophageal lesions. The aim of the present systemic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ESD for esophageal lesions. Comprehensive literature searches (1999-2012) were performed on studies that reported ESD for the removal of esophageal neoplasia. Primary outcome measures were pooled estimates of complete resection rate and en bloc resection rate. Secondary outcome measures were pooled estimates of complication rates. A total of 15 studies provided data on 776 ESD-treated lesions. The pooled estimate of complete resection rate was 89.4 % (95 % CI 86.2-91.9 %). The pooled estimate of en bloc resection was 95.1 % (95 % CI 92.6-96.8 %). The pooled estimates of complications of ESD such as bleeding, perforation, and stenosis were 2.1, 5.0, and 11.6 %, respectively. ESD appeared to be an extremely effective technique to achieve complete resection of esophageal neoplasia. The very low rate of complications also shows the potential safety of this approach.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 03/2014; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of education for trainees on the gross findings identified by conventional white-light endoscopy (CWE), the microvascular patterns identified by magnifying narrow-band imaging endoscopy (MNE), and the pit patterns identified by magnifying chromoendoscopy (MCE) in estimation of the invasion depth of colorectal tumors. Methods. A total of 420 endoscopic images of 35 colorectal tumors were used. Five trainees estimated the invasion depth of the tumors by reviewing the CWE images before education. Afterwards, the trainees estimated the invasion depth of the same tumors after brief education on CWE, MNE and MCE images, respectively. Results. The initial diagnostic accuracy for deep submucosal invasion before education and after education on CWE, MNE, and MCE findings was 54.3%, 55.4%, 67.4%, and 76.6%, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy increased significantly after MNE education (P = 0.028). The specificity for deep submucosal invasion before education and after education on CWE, MNE, and MCE findings was 47.9%, 45.7%, 65.0%, and 80.7%, respectively. The specificity increased significantly after MNE (P = 0.002) and MCE (P = 0.005) education. Conclusion. Brief education on microvascular pattern identification by MNE and pit pattern identification by MCE significantly improves trainees' estimations of the invasion depth of colorectal tumors.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 01/2014; 2014:245396. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of grasper type scissors (GTS) for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of gastric epithelial neoplasia. The study was performed by 4 endoscopists in 4 institutions affiliated to The Catholic University of Korea. ESD was performed in 76 consecutive patients with gastric epithelial neoplasia by using the GTS (37 patients) or the hook knife plus coagrasper (HKC) (39 patients). The complete resection rate, complication rate, total time elapsed and elapsed time per square centimeter of the dissected specimen were analyzed between the GTS and HKC group. The mean age of the GTS group was 62.3 ± 11.4 years and mean age of the HKC group was 65.6 ± 10.1 years. Differentiated adenocarcinoma was found in 32.4% in the GTS group and 33.3% in the HKC group. The procedures were performed without interruption in every case in both groups. The en bloc resection rates of both groups were 100%. The total time elapsed during the procedure was 44.54 ± 21.72 min in the GTS group and 43.77 ± 21.84 min in the HKC group (P = 0.88) and the time elapsed per square centimeter of the resected lesion was 7.53 ± 6.35 min/cm(2) in the GTS group and 6.92 ± 5.93 min/cm(2) in the HKC group (P = 0.66). The overall complication rate was not significantly different between the two groups. GTS is a safe and effective device for ESD compared with HKC. ESD can be performed with GTS alone, which can reduce the costs for ESD.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2013; 19(37):6221-6227. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sequential therapy (ST) for Helicobacter pylori infection in countries other than Korea has shown higher eradication rates than triple therapy (TT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ST in Korea by performing a meta-analysis. We performed a comprehensive literature search on the efficacy of ST as a first-line therapy. The odds ratios (ORs) of eradicating H. pylori infection after ST compared with TT were pooled. Pooled estimates of the eradication rates of ST and TT were also calculated. A total of six studies provided data on 1,759 adult patients. The ORs for the intention to treat (ITT) and the per-protocol (PP) eradication rate were 1.761 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.403 to 2.209) and 1.966 (95% CI, 1.489 to 2.595). Pooled estimates of the ITT and PP eradication rate were 79.4% (95% CI, 76.3% to 82.2%) and 86.4% (95% CI, 83.5% to 88.8%), respectively, for the ST group, and 68.2% (95% CI, 62.1% to 73.8%) and 78.9% (95% CI, 68.9% to 81.7%), respectively, for the TT group. Although ST presented a higher eradication rate than TT in Korea, the pooled eradication rates were lower than expected. Further studies are needed to validate ST as a first-line treatment for H. pylori in Korea.
    Gut and liver 09/2013; 7(5):546-51. · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare clinical syndrome which is characterized by intestinal obstruction without occluding lesions in the intestinal lumen and pregnancy is one of the important aggravating factors. Here, we report a case of a woman with intractable intestinal pseudo-obstruction that was precipitated by pregnancy. She could not make any stool passage for more than 4 weeks until a fetal gestational age of 17 weeks was reached. However, the patient could be maintained by repetitive colonoscopic decompressions and finally total colectomy could be performed successfully at a fetal gestational age of 21 weeks.
    Clinical endoscopy. 09/2013; 46(5):591-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic management of upper gastrointestinal obstruction is safe and feasible. However, its technical and clinical success rate is about 90%, which is primarily due to inability to pass a guide-wire through the stricture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an ultrathin endoscope for correct placement of guide wire to avoid technical failure in upper gastrointestinal obstruction. Retrospective assessment of ultrathin endoscope to traverse the stenosis of the upper gastrointestinal tract in technically difficult cases was performed. Technical and clinical success rates and immediate complications were analyzed. Nine cases were included in this study (eight cases of stent insertion and one case of balloon dilatation). Technical success was achieved in all of the patients (100%) and oral feeding was feasible in all of the cases (100%). Immediate complications, such as migration, perforation, and hemorrhage, did not develop in any of the cases. Ultrathin endoscope-assisted method for upper gastrointestinal obstruction is potentially safe and useful to avoid technical failure.
    Clinical endoscopy. 07/2013; 46(4):373-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Clarithromycin-resistant Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is associated with point mutations in the 23S rRNA gene.Methods. Total 1,232 patients participated and were divided into two control groups and one case group. Patients in the APC control group, which consisted of 308 randomly assigned participants, were treated by standard triple therapy with amoxicillin, rabeprazole, and clarithromycin; 308 participants in the APM control group were treated with amoxicillin, rabeprazole, and metronidazole. For the 616 participants in the case group, a test for point mutations in the 23S rRNA gene of H. pylori was conducted. In the 218 patients out of 616 participants, a new method of 'tailored therapy' was devised, in which amoxicillin, rabeprazole, and clarithromycin were given in the absence of a mutation, while clarithromycin was replaced by metronidazole when the mutation was detected.Results. The eradication rate of H. pylori for the tailored group was 91.2% (176/193), and significantly higher than those of APC and APM control groups which are 75.9% (214/282, P<.001) and 79.1% (219/277, P<.001), respectively.Conclusion. The eradication rate for the tailored therapy according to clarithromycin resistance using PCR was much higher than the standard triple therapy.
    The Journal of Infectious Diseases 06/2013; · 5.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extraintestinal manifestations are not uncommon in Crohn's disease, and a thromboembolic event is a disastrous potential complication. Deep vein thrombosis is the most common manifestation of a thromboembolic event and typically occurs in association with active inflammatory disease. Peripheral neuropathy in Crohn's disease has rarely been reported and is considered an adverse effect of metronidazole therapy. Here, we describe a patient who was initially diagnosed with Crohn's disease complicated with deep vein thrombosis and ulnar neuropathy without metronidazole exposure. The simultaneous occurrence of these complications in the early stage of Crohn's disease has never been reported in the English literature.
    Gut and liver 03/2013; 7(2):252-4. · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUNDAIMS: Depth of invasion is one of the most important factors for establishing treatment strategy for colorectal tumors. Three blinded experts reviewed electronic photos and video clips of 33 early colorectal cancer-like lesions. They estimated the depth of invasion based on conventional white light endoscopy (CWE), magnifying chromoendoscopy (MCE), and magnifying narrow band imaging endoscopy (MNE). The lesions included nine mucosal low-grade neoplasias, 16 mucosal high grade neoplasias, and eight carcinomas with invasion to the submucosal layer or beyond. The diagnostic accuracy for submucosal invasion by CWE ranged from 67% to 82%, while those by MCE and MNE ranged from 85% to 88% and 85% to 88%, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy significantly differed between CWE and MCE (p=0.034) and between CWE and MNE (p=0.039). The kappa values for CWE, MCE, and MNE among the endoscopists were 0.564, 0.673, and 0.673, respectively. The estimation of submucosal invasion for early colorectal cancer-like lesions based on MCE or MNE is more accurate than CWE. MCE and MNE were demonstrated to have substantial agreement for predicting submucosal invasion.
    Clinical endoscopy. 03/2013; 46(2):168-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To investigate gastric juice nitrate/nitrite concentration according to mucosal surface pH extent (area) of gastric corpus intimately contacting the gastric juice. Materials and Methods: We included ninety-nine patients with dyspepsia. To evaluate gastric mucosal surface pH and its extent, gastric chromosocpy was performed by spraying phenol red dye on the corpus mucosa and estimating the extent of area with color changed. Nitrate/nitrite concentrations and pH of gastric juice were measured by ELISA and pH meter, respectively. Silver staining was done to histologically confirm the presence of Helicobacter pylori. Results: Intragastric nitrate/nitrite concentrations in patients, showing phenol red staining mucosa were higher than those of unstaining mucosa (p=0.001): the more extensive in the area of phenol red staining area of corpus, the higher gastric juice pH found (r=0.692, p<0.001). Furthermore, the intragastric nitrate/nitrite concentrations correlated positively with gastric juice pH (r=0.481, p<0.001). Conclusion: The changes of mucosal surface pH and its extent in gastric corpus might affect either pH or nitrate/nitrite level of gastric juice.
    Yonsei medical journal 11/2012; 53(6):1154-8. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of perforation after endoscopic procedures of the colon is low, the rising number of diagnostic colonoscopies could pose relevant health problems. Optimizing treatment may reduce the probability of severe complications. This study aimed to determine perforation frequency and the management of perforations that occurred during diagnostic colonoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective review of patient records was performed for all patients with iatrogenic colonic perforations after sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy from 2000 to 2011 in three institutions of The Catholic University of Korea. The patients' demographic data, endoscopic procedure information, perforation location, therapy, and outcomes along with different therapeutic strategies were recorded. RESULTS: In the 12-year period, a total of 115,285 diagnostic sigmoidoscopic/colonoscopic procedures were performed. A total of 27 perforations occurred. Sixteen patients underwent endoscopic clipping, of which three patients failed and were referred for surgery. Fourteen patients in total underwent surgery for perforation. Endoscopic clip closure was successful in 81 % of the patients. No perforation-related major morbidity or mortality occurred. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic repair using clips can be effective for the treatment of colon perforations that occur during diagnostic colonoscopy.
    Surgical Endoscopy 07/2012; · 3.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alterations of the expression pattern of mucins and trefoil peptides have been described in gastric adenocarcinomas and in their precursor lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the progression patterns of intestinal metaplasia (IM) subtypes by analyzing the expression patterns of TFF1 and MUC5AC in different subtypes of IM of the stomach. Endoscopic gastric biopsies of the antrum and body were obtained from patients with dyspepsia and endoscopic IM. Alcian blue/periodic acid-Schiff staining and the high iron diamine technique were used to classify the subtypes of IM. Immunoreactivity for MUC5AC and TFF1 was estimated in different types of IM. IM was detected in 128 samples from 80 patients; type I was found in 48 samples, type II was found in 37 samples, and type III was found in 43 samples. There was a gradual decrease in MUC5AC and TFF1 expression during the progression of IM from type I to type III via the type II intermediate. This downregulation of MUC5AC and TFF1 expression may challenge the sequential progression of IM from type I to type III via the type II intermediate, and it might be associated with gastric carcinogenesis.
    Clinical endoscopy. 06/2012; 45(2):151-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether the routine closure of mucosal defects after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can enhance mucosal healing and reduce ESD-associated bleeding. Patients with gastric epithelial neoplasias and no obvious submucosal invasion were prospectively enrolled. Mucosal defects were left untreated in the control group. In the study group, mucosal closure was attempted with a 2-channel endoscope, a detachable snare, and clips. All participants received a second-look endoscopy the day after ESD, and coagulation therapy was administered to patients with visible vessels and active bleeding points. Fifty-two patients were enrolled in the study, and 26 patients were assigned to each group. Complete mucosal defect closure occurred in 16 patients (61%) in the study group; incomplete closure occurred in 8 patients (31%) in the study group, and failed closure occurred in 2 patients (8%). Coagulation therapy at the second-look endoscopy was performed more often in the control group than in the study group (31% vs 4%, p=0.024). There were no significant differences in the incidence of immediate or delayed bleeding or in the two-week decrease in hemoglobin between the groups. The prevalence of open ulcers after 8 weeks was significantly lower in the study group than in the control group (18% vs 43%, p=0.012). Routine mucosal closure after ESD supports earlier healing of artificial ulcers. A larger-scale trial is necessary to determine whether mucosal closure can reduce ESD-associated bleeding.
    Gut and liver 12/2011; 5(4):454-9. · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is an ongoing debate on the relationship between gastric fundic gland polyps and increased incidence of colorectal neoplasia in Caucasians. However, there was no report on the relationship between gastric fundic gland polyp and colorectal neoplasia in Korea. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of gastric fundic gland polyps and whether a relationship exists between fundic gland polyps and colorectal neoplasia in Korean population. Persons who underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy from 1992 to 2007 at the Health Promotion Center of Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea were reviewed retrospectively. The relationship between gastric fundic gland polyps and colorectal neoplasia were analyzed. Among 22,451 subjects, fundic gland polyps were found in 328 subjects (1.5%). Fundic gland polyps were more common in women than in men (odds ratio of 6.25; 95% CI of 4.68-8.34). The odds ratios for colorectal neoplasia in all subjects with gastric fundic gland polyps were 0.56 (95% CI of 0.33-0.95) and men who were 50 years of age or older had an odds ratio of 2.81 (95% CI of 1.03-7.66) as compared to the control group. However, age and sex-adjusted odds ratios for all gastric fundic gland polyps were 0.73 (95% CI of 0.42-1.26), for men 1.78 (95% CI of 0.80-3.98), and for women 0.37 (95% CI of 0.16-0.87). Surveillance colonoscopy in patients with fundic gland polyps can be performed in the same manner as general population in Korea.
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 07/2011; 58(1):20-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are associated with a higher migration rate than uncovered SEMSs. The antimigration property of a novel covered SEMS was investigated in a canine esophageal stricture model. The new stent (80 mm in length, 20 or 24 mm in diameter) has multiple protuberances on its body that were designed to be separated from the inner silicone membrane so that they could be embedded into the mucosa after deployment. Twenty-two beagle dogs were subjected to circumferential EMR in the middle esophagus for stricture formation. After 2 weeks, conventional covered stents were inserted in a control group (n = 11), and the newly designed covered SEMSs were inserted in a study group (n = 11). Animal laboratory. Circumferential EMR of the middle esophagus for stricture formation, followed by endoscopic placement of a conventional or newly designed stent. Migration, complications, survival, and esophageal histopathology. There was no significant difference in the diameter of the esophageal stricture between the control and study groups (10 mm vs 11 mm, P = .52). Within 3 days, all stents in the control group had migrated, whereas 6 had migrated in the study group (100% vs 55%, P = .035). There were no significant complications directly associated with stent insertion. Complications, survival, and esophageal histopathology could not be compared because all of the conventional stents migrated in the control group within 3 days. The newly designed covered SEMS is more resistant to migration than the conventional covered SEMS.
    Gastrointestinal endoscopy 07/2011; 74(1):148-53. · 4.90 Impact Factor
  • The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research. 01/2011; 11(2):124.
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    ABSTRACT: Helical tomotherapy, an advanced intensity-modulated radiation therapy with integrated CT imaging, permits highly conformal irradiation with sparing of normal tissue. Capecitabine, a pro-drug of 5-FU that induces thymidine phosphorylase can achieve higher levels of intracellular 5-FU when administered concurrently with radiation. We evaluated the feasibility as well as the clinical outcome of concurrent administration of capecitabine with tomotherapy in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Nineteen patients with advanced pancreatic cancer including primarily unresectable disease and recurrence after curative surgery were included in the study. Two planning target volumes (PTV) were entered: PTV1 is gross tumor volume; and PTV2, the volume of the draining lymph nodes. The total doses to target 1 and target 2 were 55 and 50 Gy, respectively. Capecitabine at 1600 mg/m2/day was administered on each day of irradiation. Twenty six measurable lesions were evaluated. Overall in-field response rate was 42.3%; partial responses were achieved in 53.3% of the pancreatic masses, 28.6% of distant metastatic lesions and 25.0% of regional lymph nodes. The median duration of follow-up after tomotherapy was 6.5 months. None of the lesions showed in-field progression. Treatment was well tolerated with only minor toxicities such as grade 1 nausea (one patient), grade 1 hand-foot syndrome (one patient) and grade 1/2 fatigue (three patients). Helical tomotherapy with concurrent capecitabine is a feasible option without significant toxicities in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. We achieved excellent conformal distribution of radiation doses and minimal treatment-related toxicities with promising target volume responses.
    Radiation Oncology 01/2010; 5:60. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common among patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Our aim was to investigate the frequency of chronic GI symptoms in Korean patients with NIDDM. A cross-sectional survey, using a reliable and valid questionnaire, was performed in diabetes clinics from seven hospitals of the Catholic University of Korea. A total of 608 patients (249 males and 359 females, mean age 53.7+/-10.9 years) were investigated. The frequencies of weekly heartburn and acid regurgitation (esophageal symptoms) were 7.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.0 to 9.2) and 4.4% (95% CI, 2.8 to 6.1), respectively. The frequency of dyspepsia was 13.2% (95% CI, 10.5 to 15.8). The frequencies of constipation and diarrhea were 15.0% (95% CI, 12.2 to 18.0) and 5.3% (95% CI, 3.5 to 7.1), respectively. Nausea and the use of manual maneuvers to facilitate defecation were more prevalent in women than in men. Constipation and fecal incontinence were more common in diabetes patients with long duration (>10 years). Fecal incontinence and using laxatives were more frequent in the complicated diabetes group. Using laxatives was more frequent in the uncontrolled diabetes group. Two-thirds of diabetic patients experienced GI symptoms. The prevalence of GI symptoms was more common in patients who had diabetic complications and a long duration of diabetes.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 12/2009; 24(4):309-17.
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    ABSTRACT: Although colorectal adenoma is reported to recur frequently, this may result from missing it at baseline. However, few studies of recurrence have considered the miss rate. This study evaluated the recurrence rate prospectively and clinical predictors of recurrence in colorectal adenoma after lowering the miss rate. The study population comprised 128 patients who underwent baseline colonoscopy with resection of colorectal adenomas. Re-examination to lower the miss rate was performed within 2 months. Follow-up colonoscopy to detect recurrence was done more than 1 year after removal. The mean follow-up period was 35.1 months (range, 12 to 84 months). Thirty patients had a recurrent adenoma, for a recurrence rate of 23.4%. Older patients (over 60 years) had a two-fold greater risk of recurrence than younger patients (hazard ratio, 2.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-4.90). Patients with three or four adenomas at baseline colonoscopy had a two-fold greater risk than those with one adenoma (hazard ratio, 2.44; 95% CI, 1.11-5.35). Patients with advanced adenoma had a two-fold greater risk than those with no advanced adenoma (hazard ratio, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.40-5.95). In multivariate analysis, only the presence of three or four adenomas independently predicted the recurrence of adenoma (hazard ratio, 3.19; 95% CI, 1.04-9.79). The recurrence rate of colorectal adenoma corrected by lowering the miss rate was lower than reported rates. The presence of multiple adenomas on initial colonoscopy was an important predictor of recurrence.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 10/2009; 24(3):196-202.