Wen-zhi Zhang

307 Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (25)18.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective, minimally invasive treatment option for unresectable hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) located in high-risk areas or for patients with poor hepatic functional reserve. However, for tumors adjacent to major bile ducts and hepatic blood vessels, complete ablation is difficult to achieve for fear of causing a postoperative bile leak, bilioma or bile duct stenosis. Therefore, RFA is often combined with multiple alcohol injections to eliminate residual tumor tissues in adjacent bile duct or blood vessels; however, the injections directly affect the efficacy and prognosis of RFA. This study reports three successful "one-off" cases of complete ablation of HCCs adjacent to major bile ducts and blood vessels in neighboring hepatic segments or hepatic lobes, highlighting both the efficacy and safety of RFA for HCC tumors in these high-risk locations.
    Cell biochemistry and biophysics 02/2014; · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the effects of two different local resection procedures on the prognosis of ampullary cancer. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study using clinical and pathological data from patients with ampullary cancer who underwent local resection between February 1996 and February 2009 in the PLA General Hospital. In these participants, we carried out a comparative analysis between the transduodenal (the transduodenal group) and the extraduodenal (extraduodenal group) surgical approaches. RESULTS: No significant differences in gender, age, preoperative bilirubin levels, CA19-9 values, biopsy results, tumour size, differentiation status, degree of invasion, surgical margins, recurrence, metastasis and complication rates, and intraoperative blood loss were found. As compared to the transduodenal group, the extraduodenal group showed a longer duration of surgery and higher survival rates. CONCLUSIONS: Even though the operation time for the extraduodenal resection of ampullary cancer was longer, the survival rate was higher than in patients who underwent transduodenal resection. For certain patients, the extraduodenal approach may be more appropriate when technical conditions allow it.
    ANZ Journal of Surgery 01/2013; · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgery is regarded as the most effective treatment to relieve pain and reduce complications in chronic pancreatitis (CP). Two major strategies exist: duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) and pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Many studies suggest that DPPHR offers advantages during surgery and in the short-term; however, the long-term effects have not been thoroughly investigated. We analyzed the long-term outcomes of DPPHR and PD, over follow-up times of at least 1 year, to determine the optimal surgical treatment for CP. We systemically reviewed all CP surgical treatment reports, and only included randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing DPPHR and PD, excluding unqualified studies using several pre-specified criteria. When multiple publications of a single trial were found, the most comprehensive current data were selected. Characteristics of the study populations and long-term postoperative outcome parameters were collected. The quality of the studies and data was analyzed using RevMan 4.2 software. Five trials were qualified for meta-analysis, with 261 participants in total (114 in the DPPHR group and 147 in the PD group). There were no significant differences in the age, gender, or indications for surgery of each group. At the mean of 5.7-year (1 - 14 years) follow-up examination, DPPHR and PD resulted in equally effective pain relief, exocrine and endocrine function, and similar mortality rates (P > 0.05); however, DPPHR patients had improved global quality of life and weight gain, and reduced diarrhea and fatigue (P < 0.05). DPPHR and PD result in equal pain relief, mortality, and pancreatic function; however, DPPHR provides superior long-term outcomes.
    Chinese medical journal 01/2013; 126(1):147-53. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-traumatic rhabdomyolysis is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. One of the major risk factors of both acute pancreatitis and rhabdomyolysis is alcohol abuse. However, only a few studies have reported the prognosis and association of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and rhabdomyolysis in alcohol abuse patients. In the present study, we report two cases presenting with SAP complicated by rhabdomyolysis following high-dose alcohol intake. The disease onset, clinical manifestations, laboratory data, diagnosis and treatment procedure of each patient were recorded, and the association with rhabdomyolysis was analyzed. Alcohol consumption was the most predominant cause of SAP and rhabdomyolysis in these patients. SAP-related rhabdomyolysis was primarily induced by the toxicity associated with pancreatic necrosis. The laboratory tests revealed that the concentration of serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin increased and acute renal failure symptoms were present, which provided an exact diagnosis for SAP-induced rhabdomyolysis. Rhabdomyolysis and subsequent hypermyoglobinuria severely impaired kidney function and aggravated hypocalcemia. The therapy of early stage SAP complicated by rhabdomyolysis involved liquid resuscitation support. When first stage treatment fails, blood purification should be performed immediately. Both patients developed multiple organ failure (MOF) and succumbed to the disease. Considering the two cases presented, we conclude that alcohol-related SAP complicated by rhabdomyolysis may have a poor clinical prognosis.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 01/2013; 5(1):189-192. · 0.34 Impact Factor
  • Zhe Liu, Qian Zhang, Hao Peng, Wen-Zhi Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: Lectins, a group of carbohydrate-binding proteins ubiquitously distributed into plants and animals, are well-known to have astonishing numerous links to human cancers. In this review, we present a brief outline of the representative animal lectins such as galectins, C-type lectins, and annexins by targeting programmed cell death (or apoptosis) pathways, and also summarize these representative lectins as possible anti-cancer drug targets. Taken together, these inspiring findings would provide a comprehensive perspective for further elucidating the multifaceted roles of animal lectins in apoptosis pathways of cancer, which, in turn, may ultimately help us to exploit lectins for their therapeutic purposes in future drug discovery.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 07/2012; 168(3):629-37. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the surgical management of solid-pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) and its characteristics of outcome. Fifty-eight patients with SPTP of the pancreas admitted from January 2001 to December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 7 male and 51 female patients, with an average age of 30 years (rangeing 9 to 70 years). Most patients were symptomatic before admission; the most common symptom was abdominal pain. Of the 58 patients, 21 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, 30 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy, 6 patients underwent central pancreatectomy, 1 patient underwent simple tumor enucleation, and 1 patients underwent duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection. The average length of stay in hospital was 23.8 days (ranging 12 to 64 days). Thirteen patients (22.4%) developed postoperative complications, including grade A postoperative pancreatic fistula of 8 cases, gastrointestinal tract bleeding of 1 case, pleural effusion of 2 cases, wound infection and fat liquefaction of 2 cases. Two patients underwent reoperation due to gastrointestinal tract bleeding or wound infection. There was no hospital death. Forty-four patients were followed-up for 7 to 136 months with an average of 41 months. All the 44 patients were alive, while 8 patients developed dyspepsia and 4 patients developed diabetes mellitus. There were no tumor recurrences or metastasis. SPTP is found primarily in young women. Excellent prognosis would be achieved with surgical resection.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 07/2012; 50(7):615-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of anantomic hepatotectomy of hepatocellular carcinoma with bile duct tumor thrombi by application of persistent methylene blue dyeing method. From January 2009 to February 2011, 11 hepatocellular carcinoma patients with bile duct tumor thrombi underwent anantomic hepatotectomy with removal of the biliary tumor thrombus. There were 10 male and 1 female patients. The average age was 49 years (ranging from 31 to 67 years). The initial symptom of 9 out of the 11 patients was jaundice. After anatomy and ligation of Glissonean pedicle of pre-resection segment, methylene blue was injected into its far-end portal vein in order to dye the segment. Persistent methylene blue dyeing method was successful in all patients. Primary foci were found in all patients. Hepatotectomy were performed, including 4 patients of segmentectomy, 3 patients of subsegmentectomy, 2 patients of hemihepatectomy, and 2 patients of hepatic sectorectomy. The mean operation time and blood loss was 137 minutes and 246 ml respectively. Severe complications such as liver function failure and sub-diaphragm abscess was avoided in all patients. No perioperative death. Post-operation radiotherapy was performed on 2 patients . Over a mean follow-up time of 14.6 months, liver cancer recurrence occured in 2 patients, abdomen seeding metastasis in 1 patient, bile duct tumor thrombi recurrence in 1 case, and 2 patients died. Anantomic hepatotectomy of hepatocellular carcinoma with bile duct tumor thrombi by application of persistent methylene blue dyeing method can make resection more precise and improve curative effect.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 06/2012; 50(6):502-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of structured triglycerides in parenteral nutrition versus a physical medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)/long-chain triglycerides (LCT) mixture on severe hemorrhagic shock patients after resuscitation. In a randomized trial, we studied 20 critical patients with a total blood loss of over 3000 ml perioperatively and/or intraoperatively. The use of triglycerides started from Day 3 postoperation and parenteral nutrition lasted for no less than 5 days. They were allocated to receive one of two nutrition regiments: structured triglycerides in Group A (n = 10) and MCT/LCT in Group B (n = 10). There were no significant differences of general conditions in two groups. Before the start of parenteral nutrition (d0), d1 d3 and d5 after start of infusion, the following parameters were measured: hemoglobin (Hb), platelet count (Plt), alanine aminotrasferase (ALT), total bilirubin (TB), direct bilirubin (DB), serum triglycerides (TG), prealbumin (PA) and transferrin (TF). And mean artery pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and central vein pressure (CVP) were also recorded at the same time-points. Then the post-TG changes of the above data were compared in both groups. After the use of triglycerides, there were no significant differences of MAP, HR, CVP, Hb and Plt in both groups (P > 0.05). At D3 and D5, the serum levels of TG ((2.1 ± 0.4) vs (1.6 ± 0.6) mg/L, (2.3 ± 0.7) vs (1.5 ± 0.3) mg/L) and alanine aminotranferase ((133 ± 58) vs (97 ± 26) U/L; (116 ± 48) vs (77 ± 31) U/L) were significantly higher in Group B versus those receiving structured triglycerides in Group A (P < 0.05). TB ((18 ± 15) vs (18 ± 11) µmol/L) and DB ((8.9 ± 3.2) vs (8.8 ± 2.5) µmol/L) had no significant differences in two groups (P > 0.05). The serum levels of such nutrition markers as PA ((195 ± 55) vs (166 ± 55) mg/L,(245 ± 53) vs (195 ± 58) mg/L) and TF ((2.6 ± 0.5) vs (2.5 ± 0.6) g/L, (3.3 ± 0.8) vs (2.9 ± 0.6) g/L)were significantly higher in Group A than those in Group B (P < 0.05). With regards to lipid metabolism, protein synthesis and hepatocyte protection, structured triglycerides in parenteral mutrition is advantageous to standard MCT/LCT emusion in severe hemorrhagic shock patients after resuscitation.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 03/2012; 92(12):827-30.
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize the clinical experience with diagnosis and treatment of intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma (IBCA). We retrospectively analyzed the data of 10 consecutive IBCA cases treated in our department in light of the characteristics of the epidemiology, radiology, lab tests, pathology and prognostic. The patients are all female with an average age of 48.9 (16-73) years. The number of asymptomatic, slightly symptomatic and severe symptomatic patients was 4, 4 and 2, respectively. Radiological examination showed segmented cystic lesions in all the cases with an average diameter is 13.3∓4.9 cm. The incidence of segmentation, papillary or nodular hyperplasia, and calcification within the lesions was 90%, 60% and 20%, respectively. Macroscopic examination of the specimen showed compartmentation in the lesions, and microscopically, the lesions all showed lining of cubic or columnar epithelium on the inner wall with ovary-like or fibrous stroma. Complete resection of the tumor was achieved in 8 cases and partial resection was performed in 2 cases. The patients were followed up for a mean of 55.3 (12-164) months, and none of the patients with complete tumor resection showed recurrence, while both of the two patients with partial resection had postoperative recurrence. IBCA is a rare cystic lesion occurring primarily in middle-aged women. The preoperative diagnosis of this disease relies primarily on radiological evidences, and a complete resection of IBCA may prolong the patient survival.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 10/2011; 31(10):1733-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Ampullary cancer (AC) was classified as pancreatobiliary, intestinal, or other subtype based on the expression of cytokeratin 7 (CK7) and cytokeratin 20 (CK20). We aimed to explore the association of AC subtype with patient prognosis. The relationship of AC subtype and expression of Osteopontin (OPN) with the prognosis of 120 AC patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy was investigated. The patients had pancreatobiliary (CK7+/CK20-, n = 24, 20%), intestinal (CK7-/CK20+, n = 29, 24.2%) or other (CK7+/CK20+ or CK7-/CK20-, n = 67, 55.8%) subtypes of AC, and their median survival times were 23 ± 4.2, 38 ± 2.8 and 64 ± 16.8 months, respectively. The survival times of 64 OPN- patients (53.3%) and 56 OPN+ patients (46.7%) were 69 ± 18.4 and 36 ± 1.3 months, respectively. There was no significant effect of AC subtype on survival of OPN- patients. For OPN+ patients, those with pancreatobiliary AC had a shorter survival time (22 ± 6.6 months) than those with intestinal AC (37 ± 1.4 months, p = 0.041), and other AC subtype (36 ± 0.9 months, p = 0.010); intestinal and other AC subtypes had similar survival times. The prognosis of AC patients can be estimated based on immunohistochemical classification and OPN status.
    Diagnostic Pathology 01/2011; 6:98. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic angiomyolipoma is a rare mesenchyme-derived neoplasm often misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma, and the treatment for it remains controversial. To develop the optimal preoperative diagnoses means and treatment modalities of hepatic angiomyolipoma. Retrospective analysis of the clinical features, treatment, and prognostic data of 17 hepatic AML patients admitted to Chinese People's Liberation Army Generation Hospital between 1996 and 2006. Most hepatic angiomyolipoma were solitary. The overall preoperative diagnostic rate was 18% and the most common misdiagnosis was hepatocellular carcinoma (10/17, 59%). In three patients, observation was performed for 2-3 years before being admitted. The tumors increased 1-9 cm in size in all patients. All of the 17 patients finally received various liver resection procedures, and postoperative mortality and morbidity was 0 and 12% (2/17). After a median follow-up period of 73 months, the tumor recurred only in one patient 9 years post-operatively. Hepatic angiomyolipoma should be suspected in liver tumor patients with normal α-fetoprotein levels and no concomitant hepatitis. Preoperative MRI combined with percutaneous fine-needle biopsy should be the diagnostic methods of choice. Small hepatic AML proved through pathologic examination (<5 cm) may be managed by observation with close follow-up, but surgery is indicated in patients suffering from large tumors or significantly larger tumors during follow-up.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 02/2010; 55(11):3235-40. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the determinants of long-term survival for ampulla of Vater carcinoma treated by pancreaticoduodenectomy. A total of 77 patients with ampulla of Vater carcinoma undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy were reviewed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival rate. Independent t test was used for statistical comparison and COX regression model for multivariate analysis. No patient died as a result of surgery. The overall 5-year survival was 40.7%. Univariate analysis showed that perioperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level (P = 0.012), tumor invasion depth (P = 0.000), UICC stage (P = 0.000) and tumor size (P = 0.001) were significant prognostic factors of ampulla of Vater carcinoma; in multivariate analysis, only the tumor size (P = 0.000) was an independent prognostic factor of ampulla of Vater carcinoma. Pancreaticoduodenectomy is associated with significant survival. Tumor size is the most important influencing factor of outcome after pancreaticoduodenectomy; in addition, perioperative serum CEA level, tumor invasion depth and UICC stage may also influence the survival rate, there exists a need for further follow-up studies.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 12/2009; 89(48):3409-12.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the early results of precise liver resection. Between May 2006 and June 2009, 65 patients with complicated liver space-occupying lesions were included in the study. Fifty-one patients underwent curative liver resection. Liver resections performed included 16 trisectionectomies, 11 hemihepatectomy, 5 meso hepatectomies, 3 combined segmentectomies, 5 caudate lobectomies and 11 irregular local resections. Patients undergoing resection had no mortality with a major morbidity of 9.8%. Nineteen vascular repairs and reconstructions were patent at last follow-up. The postoperative 1-year survival rate was 100% in 10 patients with benign lesions and 92.7% in 41 patients with malignant tumors. The 1-year survival rate was zero in patients with malignant tumors, who underwent no liver resection. Precise liver resection, as an aggressive surgical approach, offers hope for these patients, who would otherwise have a dismal prognosis.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 11/2009; 47(21):1610-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatectomy is a standard hepatic surgical technique. The safety of hepatectomy has been improved in line with improvements in surgical techniques. This study analyzed the operative and perioperative factors associated with hepatectomy. A total of 2008 patients who underwent consecutive hepatectomies between January 1986 and December 2005 were investigated retrospectively. Diagnoses were made based on pathological findings. Malignant and benign liver diseases accounted for 58.5% and 41.2%, respectively, of the conditions requiring resections. Primary liver cancers accounted for 76.1% of the malignant tumors, while hilar cholangiocarcinomas accounted for 6.7%. Hemangiomas (41.7%) and hepatolithiasis (29.6%) were the most common of the benign conditions. Microwave in-line coagulation was used in 236 of our liver resection cases. The overall postoperative complication rate was 14.44%, of which 12.54% of resections were performed for primary liver cancer, 16.40% for secondary liver cancer, and 16.32% for hepatolithiasis. The overall hospital mortality was 0.55%, and that for malignant liver disease was 0.51%. A high mortality (2.53%) was associated with extensive liver resections for hilar cholangiocarcinomas (two deaths in 79 cases). Microwave in-line pre-coagulation resection, Child-Pugh grading, operating time, postoperative length of stay, and preoperative serum albumin level were independent predictors of morbidity. Blood loss, Child-Pugh grading, operating time and preoperative serum albumin level were independent predictors of mortality. Hepatectomy can be performed safely with low morbidity and mortality, provided that it is carried out with optimal perioperative management and innovative surgical techniques.
    Chinese medical journal 10/2009; 122(19):2268-77. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize the methods, safety and efficiency of surgical resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. The clinical and follow-up data of 48 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma underwent surgical resection from January 2003 to December 2007 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 26 male and 22 female, aged from 38 to 72 years old with a mean of 63.6 years old. Perioperative management including percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage applied in 19 cases and portal vein embolization applied in 2 cases. Eight patients were treated with extrahepatic bile duct resection with or without parital hepatic segment II resection, 10 cases with perihilar hepatic resection (segment IVB, partial V, partial VIII, I), 28 cases with extended hemihepatectomy and 2 cases with central hepatic resection (segment IVB, V, VIII, I). R0 resection rate was 89.5% and the operative mortality was 2.1%. The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rate were 93.5%, 51.8% and 36.5%, respectively. Patients undergoing extended hepatic resection survived significantly longer than those undergoing partial hepatic resection (P = 0.034). Extended hepatic resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma offers good outcomes with an acceptable mortality rate.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 08/2009; 47(15):1138-41.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the operative and perioperative factors associated with hepatectomy of benign hepatic lesions. A total of 827 consecutive cases of benign hepatic lesion undergoing hepatectomy from January 1986 to December 2005 in the Chinese PLA General Hospital were investigated retrospectively according to their medical documentation. The effect of operative and perioperative factors on the outcome of patients were analyzed. Of the 827 cases undergoing hepatectomy for more than 3 liver segments accounted for 22.1%, 316 (38.21%) required transfusion of blood products during operation. The average operating time was 220.59 +/- 109.13 min, the average hospital stay after operation was 13.55 +/- 9.38 d. Child-Pugh A accounted for 98.13%. The postoperative complication rate was 13.54% and the in-hospital mortality rate was 0.24%. Multivariate analysis showed that operating time (P = 0.004, OR = 1.003) and albumin value (P = 0.040, OR = 0.938) were the independent predictors of morbidity and indicated that operating time, blood transfusion, complication rate, and LOS had a trend to decrease. Hepatectomy for benign hepatic lesions can be performed safely with a low morbidity and mortality, provided that it is carried out with optimized perioperative management and an innovative surgical technique.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2009; 14(47):7247-51. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze operative and perioperative factors associated with hepatectomy in hepatolithiasis. 245 consecutive hepatolithiasis patients undergoing hepatectomy from January 1986 to December 2005 at Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were investigated retrospectively according to medical documentation. Hepatolithiasis accounted for 29.6% (245/827) in all benign liver diseases treated with hepatectomy during this time period. There were 88 cases in male and 157 cases in female, the average age was (46.9 +/- 11.3) years. Cases of right liver resection and hepatic segments resection were much more than that in 1963 - 1985. Blood transfusion during operation was given in 45.3% of cases. Complication incidence was 16.3%, with infection 3.3% and bile leakage 2.4%. Length of stay after operation was (15.7 +/- 9.2) days. Perioperative mortality rate was 0.4% (1/245). Individualized hepatectomy is the important surgical treatment of hepatolithiasis. Hepatectomy can be performed safely with low mortality and low complication incidence, provided that it is carried out with optimized perioperative management and innovative surgical technique.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 11/2008; 46(19):1450-2.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze operative and perioperative factors associated with hepatectomy. 2008 consecutive patients undergoing hepatectomy from January 1986 to December 2005 at Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were investigated retrospectively according to their medical documentation. Diagnoses were made on basis of pathological results. Malignant and benign liver diseases accounted for 58.5% and 41.2%, respectively. In the former, primary liver cancer accounted for 76.1% and hilar cholangiocarcinoma for 6.7%. Hemangioma (41.7%) and hepatolithiasis (29.6%) were listed in the first two in the latter group with relatively more patient ratios. Isolated caudate lobe resection was performed in 25 patients and micro-wave inline coagulation was induced in 236 cases of liver resection. In all cases, those with blood loss less than 200 ml accounted for 50.5% (1015/2008), whereas those with more than 400 ml accounted for 28.4% (570/2008). In patients performed micro-wave inline coagulation liver resection, those with blood loss less than 200 ml and more than 400 ml accounted for 60.6% (143/236) and 19.9% (47/236), respectively, which differed significantly from the average level (P < 0.05). The postoperative complication incidence was 14.44% for all cases, 12.54% for primary liver cancer, 16.40% for secondary liver cancer, and 16.32% for hepatolithiasis. Complication incidence of primary liver cancer with tumor size smaller than 5 cm was 11.65% and that with tumor larger than 10 cm was 14.69%. There was no significant difference between the two groups. All-case hospital mortality was 0.55% and that for liver malignant disease was 0.60%, hilar cholangiocarcinoma 2.53%. Hepatectomy can be performed safely with low mortality and low complication incidence, provided that it is carried out with optimized perioperative management and innovative surgical technique.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 10/2008; 46(17):1314-21.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prognostic value of surgical operation-related factors in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The clinical data of 234 patients after hepatic resection (214 men and 20 women) were retrospectively studied. Univariate and multivariate COX regression analyses were performed for surgical operation-related prognostic factors including age, gender, intraoperative blood loss, iatrogenic tumour rupture, transfusion, operation duration, hepatectomy extent, Pringle manoeuvre, with or without devarscularization, and complications (e.g. postoperative ascites, biliary leakage, incision infection, and pleural effusion). Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests were used to compare survival rates. Kendall's tau bivariate analyses were used to examine the correlations of these surgical operation-related factors. Univariate COX regression analysis revealed that iatrogenic blood loss (chi2 = 19.721, P < 0.001), transfusion (chi2 = 7.769, P = 0.005), tumour rupture (chi2 = 6.401, P = 0.011), operation duration (chi2 = 4.793, P = 0.029), and postoperative ascites (chi2 = 4.452, P = 0.035) were statistically significant predictors in patients with HCC after hepatic resection. Multivariate COX regression analysis revealed that pathological factors, such as blood loss (RR: 2.138, 95% CI: 1.556-2.939), tumour rupture (RR: 2.260, 95% CI: 1.182-4.321), and postoperative ascites (RR: 1.648, 95% CI: 1.088-2.469), independently influenced the HCC prognosis. Blood loss correlated with transfusion (Kendall's tau = 0.416, P < 0.001). There was no correlation between hepatectomy extent and blood loss (Kendall's tau = 0.057, P = 0.383), while transfusion closely correlated with the hepatectomy extent (Kendall's tau = 0.185, P = 0.004). The postoperative ascites closely correlated with Child classification (Kendall's tau = 0.151, P = 0.024). The long-term survival of patients with HCC after hepatectomy may be improved by avoiding blood loss and iatrogenic tumour rupture. The indications of blood transfusion may not be strictly obeyed in some severe cases. Child class B and C cirrhotic patients may experience postoperative ascites and a worse prognosis, and therefore may be candidates for liver transplantation.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 09/2008; 30(4):386-92.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the clinical, radiographic and pathologic characteristics, diagnostic and treatment modalities in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). In this retrospective study, the data of patients with diagnosed chronic pancreatitis (CP) between 1995 and 2006 in Chinese PLA General Hospital were included to screen for the cases with AIP, according to the following diagnostic criteria: (1) diagnostic histopathologic features, and abound IgG4-positive plasma cells on pancreatic tissues; (2) characteristic imaging on computed tomography and pancreatography, together with increased serum IgG, gamma-globulin levels or presence of autoantibodies; (3) response to steroid therapy. The clinical, radiographic and pathologic characteristics, diagnostic and treatment modalities, and outcome of AIP cases were reviewed. Twenty-five (22 male, 3 female; mean age 54 years, 36-76 years) out of 510 CP patients were diagnosed as AIP, which accounted for 49% (21/43) of CP population undergoing surgical treatment in the same period. The main clinical manifestations included intermittent or progressive jaundice in 18 cases (72%), abdominal pain in 11 (44%), weight loss in 10 (40%), and 3 cases had no symptoms. The imaging features consisted of pancreatic enlargement, especially in the head of pancreas (18 cases), strictures of main pancreatic duct and intrapancreatic bile duct. Massive lymphocytes and plasma cells infiltration in pancreatic tissues were showed on pathology, as well as parenchymal fibrosis. Twenty-three patients were misdiagnosed as pancreaticobiliary malignancy, and 21 patients underwent exploratory laparotomy, the remaining 4 patients dramatically responded to steroid therapy. No pancreatic cancer occurred during a mean 46-mo follow-up period. AIP patients always are subjected to mistaken diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and an unnecessary surgical exploration, due to its similarity in clinical features with pancreatic cancer. The differential diagnosis with high index of suspicion of AIP would improve the diagnostic accuracy for AIP.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2008; 14(4):601-6. · 2.55 Impact Factor