Zdravka Poljaković

University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagrabia, Grad Zagreb, Croatia

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Publications (19)23.36 Total impact

  • Josip Ljevak, Antonija Mišmaš, Zdravka Poljaković, Mario Habek
    05/2014;
  • Josip Ljevak, Zdravka Poljaković, Ivan Adamec, Mario Habek
    Acta neurologica Belgica. 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: These are evidence based guidelines for the management of medical complications in patients following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, developed and endorsed by the Croatian Society of Neurovascular Disorders, Croatian Society of Neurology including Section for Neurocritical Care, Croatian Neurosurgical Society, Croatian Society for Difficult Airway Management and Croatian Medical Association. They consist of recommendations for best monitoring, medical treatment and interventions based on the literature, evaluation of the results of large international clinical trials, and collective experience of the authors.
    Acta clinica Croatica. 03/2014; 53(1):113-38.
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    ABSTRACT: Subarachnoid hemorrhage is a neurologic emergency and a detrimental cerebrovascular event with a high rate of death and complications. Recommendations have been developed and based on literature search, evaluation of the results of large international clinical trials, collective experience of the authors, and endorsed by the Croatian Society of Neurovascular Disorders, Croatian Society of Neurology including Section for Neurocritical Care, Croatian Neurosurgical Society, Croatian Society for Difficult Airway Management and Croatian Medical Association. The aim of these guidelines is to provide current and comprehensive recommendations and to assist physicians in making appropriate decisions in the management of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Evidence based information on the epidemiology, risk factors and prognosis, as well as recommendations on diagnostic work up, monitoring and management are provided, with regard to treatment possibilities in Croatia.
    Acta clinica Croatica. 03/2014; 53(1):139-52.
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    ABSTRACT: Background : Data on the prevalence of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genes and their influence on anticoagulant effect and warfarin dose in stroke patients are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and significance of these gene polymorphisms and to establish pharmacogenetic algorithm to estimate the dose of introduction. Also, the goal was to determine tailored safety and intensity of anticoagulation response depending on the allelic variants and their impact on the clinical outcome in acute stroke patients in Croatia. Methods : A total of 106 consented acute stroke patients were tested for CYP2C9*2,*3 and VKORC1 1173C > T gene polymorphisms. We estimated the dose of introduction and monitored anticoagulant effect obtained by INR values, time to reach stable dose, stable maintenance dose, time spent within the therapeutic/supratherapeutic INR range, occurrence of dosage side effects and clinical outcome depending on genotypes. Results : We found that 83% of stroke patients in our study were carriers of multiple allelic variants. The predicted initial dose correlated with the stable warfarin maintenance dose (p = 0.0311) and we correctly estimated the dose for 81.5% of 61.3% of study patients who required higher/lower doses than average. Warfarin dosage complications were slightly more frequent among the carriers of CYP2C9*2,*3 compared to the carriers of VKORC1 1173 T alleles (68. 9% versus 62.5%), but their occurrence did not affect the final clinical outcome. Conclusion : Our data indicated rapid and safe anticoagulation achieved by using pharmacogenetically-predicted warfarin dose in high-risk acute stroke patients without increasing the risk of warfarin dosage complications in elderly population.
    Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 01/2014;
  • Psychiatria Danubina 06/2013; 25(2):185-7. · 0.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We herein report the case of a 32-year-old woman with sudden onset ataxia, limb dysmetria and somnolence. Emergency radiological findings showed bilateral cerebellar and thalamic infarctions as a result of a basilar artery occlusion. The patient was treated with intra-arterial (IA) and mechanical thrombolysis 12 hours after symptom onset and showed an excellent recovery. A diagnostic workup revealed a tumor mass on the mitral valve that was surgically removed, while a histological analysis confirmed a diagnosis of cardiac papillary fibroelastoma.
    Internal Medicine 01/2013; 52(2):277-9. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this paper are: 1) to present the data of systemic thrombolysis for ischemic stroke in five Croatian centers from July 2008 till January 2010; 2) to compare the results between centers and; 3) to compare data with previously published results from 2006 to 2008 period from our center, and with the data from SITS (Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke). We retrospectively reviewed the medical data of thrombolysed patients in following hospitals: University Hospital Center Zagreb (91 patients), University Hospital Split (25 patients), University Hospital Osijek (22 patients), General Hospital Varaždin (21 patient), and General Hospital Zadar (7 patients). The "time to door" for all centers was 79.71±38.63 min, the "door to needle" period was 64.39±24.18 min. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures at admission were 158.65±27.72 and 90.18±15.03 mm Hg, respectively. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures measured immediately prior to administering rt-PA were 152.19±23.17 and 85.40±15.27 mm Hg, respectively. Initial median NIHSS score was 12, median NIHSS 2h post thrombolysis was 8, and 7th day after rt-PA treatment 4. Intracerebral hemorrhages or secondary hemorrhagic transformations occurred in 21 (12.65%) patients, among which nine were symptomatic. In a 4.5h time window total of 17 patients were thrombolysed. We did not find any differences in outcome between this group and group of patients thrombolysed in the 3h time-window. The group of patients older than 80 years had a worse outcome. According to our data, treatment with rt-PA is safe, feasible and effective for stroke patients in both university as well as regional hospitals having stroke units established. Organization of stroke units in regional hospitals, as well as systematic education of public health workers and neurologists, leads to the possibility for each patient to reach the nearest stroke unit and gets the thrombolytic therapy in the therapeutic time window.
    Journal of the neurological sciences 11/2011; 314(1-2):126-9. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for the treatment of refractory partial epileptic seizures with or without secondary generalisation in patients older than 12 years was approved in Europe in 1994 and in the United States in 1997. We have studied the efficacy of VNS in patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy hospitalized in the Neurology Department of the University Hospital Centre Zagreb. From 1997 to 2001 we have implanted VNS in 11 patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy, who were magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) negative and from May 2007 to May 2009 in 11 patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy, 9 of them were MRI positive, and were inoperable due to localisation of the pathomorphologic changes (ganglioglioma, hamartoma, various types of cortical dysplasia, porencephalic cysts), 2 were MR negative. In the group of MRI negative patients 1 patient had complex partial seizures (CPS), 6 patients had CPS with secondary generalisation, 2 patients had primary generalized epilepsy (PGE) including myoclonic, absence, atonic and tonic-clonic seizures, one patient had PGE and CPS, and 3 patients had Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). In the group of MRI positive patients one patient had elementary partial seizures (EPS) and CPS, two patients had EPS and CPS with secondary generalisation, one patient had CPS, 3 patients had CPS with secondary generalisation, and 2 patients had CPS with secondary generalisation as well as atonic seizures. After continuous follow-up of 11 MRI negative patients during 5 years and 2 MRI negative patients during one year there was decrease in mean-seizure frequency of 51.67%. After continuous follow-up of 9 MRI positive patients during 2 years there was decrease in mean-seizure frequency of 61.9%. The most frequent side effects were hoarseness, throat pain and cough in the "on phase" of the VNS, but they were mild and transitory. We can conclude that VNS was effective mode of therapy in our group of patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy.
    Collegium antropologicum 09/2011; 35(3):755-60. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present the case of a 41-year-old man with sudden development of left hemiparesis due to infarction of the right middle cerebral artery that was successfully treated with intravenous (IV) thrombolysis with alteplase. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a small mass in the left ventricle. The patient underwent surgical resection, and histological examination of the mass confirmed the diagnosis of papillary fibroelastoma. It remains to be investigated whether heart ultrasound evaluation should be performed before IV thrombolysis in selected patients with stroke, given the apparently increased risk of bleeding. However, IV thrombolysis should not be postponed due to a lengthy investigation, because of its potential for reducing morbidity in patients with stroke.
    Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 01/2011; 20(5):485-7.
  • Marina Boban, Zdravka Poljakovic, Svjetlana Supe, Goran Pavlisa
    Acta neurologica Belgica 06/2010; 110(2):216. · 0.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In September 2003, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) for acute treatment of ischemic stroke was finally approved by the Croatian Ministry of Health. For the next 5 years, only three stroke units in the country implemented this therapy in their routine practice until summer 2008, when neurological wards in most Croatian hospitals started to treat acute stroke patients with systemic thrombolysis. We present a 2-year experience of thrombolytic therapy (2006-2008) in the stroke unit of the University Hospital in Zagreb, Croatian largest hospital, serving nearly one-fifth of the citizens of Croatia. Obtained data (vitals at admission and before administration of rt-PA; NIHSS and MRS scores at admission, 2 h and 7th day after rt-PA treatment, "time to door" and "door to needle" intervals, duration of hospital treatment as well as outcomes and complications of our 66 thrombolysed patients) are presented and discussed. We also present our results regarding benefits of this therapy as well as possible reasons for complications noticed.
    Neurological Sciences 03/2010; 31(6):693-7. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a patient who developed progressive neurological disease caused by lesions histologically compatible with those observed in subacute brainstem angioencephalopathy. The patient was treated with low-molecular weight heparin, and treatment response was monitored clinically and with MRI. Anticoagulation therapy stopped progression of the neurological deficit and led to improvement of MRI findings. This report further supports the existence of subacute brainstem angioencephalopathy as a characteristic disease entity and gives insight into possible therapeutic approach with anticoagulation treatment.
    Journal of the Neurological Sciences 10/2008; 275(1-2):167-9. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are prevalent cerebrovascular lesions predisposing to chronic headaches, epilepsy, and hemorrhagic stroke. Using a combination of direct sequencing and MLPA analyses, we identified 15 novel and eight previously published CCM1 (KRIT1), CCM2, and CCM3 (PDCD10) mutations. The mutation detection rate was >90% for familial cases and >60% for isolated cases with multiple malformations. Splice site mutations constituted almost 20% of all CCM mutations identified. One of these proved to be a de novo mutation of the most 3' acceptor splice site of the CCM1 gene resulting in retention of intron 19. A further mutation affected the 3' splice site of CCM2 intron 2 leading to cryptic splice site utilization in both CCM2 and its transcript variant lacking exon 2. With the exception of one in-frame deletion of CCM2 exon 2, which corresponds to the naturally occurring splice variant of CCM2 on the RNA level and is predicted to result in the omission of 58 amino acids (CCM2:p.P11_K68del), all mutations lead to the introduction of premature stop codons. To gain insight into the likely mechanisms underlying the only known CCM2 in-frame deletion, we analyzed the functional consequences of loss of CCM2 exon 2. The CCM2:p.P11_K68del protein could be expressed in cell culture and complexed with CCM3. However, its ability to interact with CCM1 and to form a CCM1/CCM2/CCM3 complex was lost. These data are in agreement with a loss-of-function mechanism for CCM mutations, uncover an N-terminal CCM2 domain required for CCM1 binding, and demonstrate full-length CCM2 as the essential core protein in the CCM1/CCM2/CCM3 complex.
    Human Mutation 06/2008; 29(5):709-17. · 5.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) is a distinct form of encephalopathy, which can manifest itself with purely psychiatric symptoms. A 38-year-old female with history of rheumatoid arthritis was treated with psychotropic drugs for a couple of years in psychiatric structures because of the onset of depressive symptoms, psychoticlike manifestations, and impairment of cognitive functions. The electroencephalography (EEG) was characterized by general slowing with high voltage (2 to 3 Hz) delta biphasic and triphasic waves. Once a firm diagnosis of HE was made, corticosteroid treatment resulted in resolution of her psychiatric symptoms, marked EEG improvement, and partial improvement in her cognitive functions. HE should be suspected in young females with history of autoimmune disorders and EEG abnormalities.
    Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology 07/2007; 20(2):138-40. · 1.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple sclerosis (MS) has several clinically different forms. Whereas the illness progresses slowly in most of the patients, 10% have an aggressively progressive course with fatal outcome without signs of remyelination capability. The process of remyelination depends on numerous interactive factors, including the presence of various growth factors, the most important of which in the adult is insulin growth factor-I (IGF-I). On the other hand, the most powerful postnatal regulator of IGF-I is growth hormone (GH), which also acts as a neuroprotective and an antiapoptotic agent, and has direct influence on myelination. Levels of these growth factors have never been examined in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with MS. The levels of IGF-I and GH were measured in serum and CSF of 46 MS patients and compared with those of 49 patients with no evidence of demyelinating disease. The only positive finding was a deficiency of GH in the CSF of MS patients. The possible implications of those findings in the etiopathogenesis of MS will be discussed.
    Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery 04/2006; 108(3):255-8. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    Silvio Basic, Sanja Hajnsek, Zdravka Poljakovic, Marela Basic
    Epilepsia 03/2006; 47(2):449; author reply 450. · 3.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The first clinical attempts at neuromodulation in the form of applying functional electrostimulations started some thirty years ago. Nowadays, it is obvious that the approach to neuromodulation and functional electrostimulation has changed significantly. Neuromodulation tends to affect the disturbed function either by the modulation of neuronal signals or by abolition of dysfunction, preserving the intact central nervous system. The mechanism of activity is connected through direct afferent projections, neurotransmitter modulation and neuronal network regulation. NeuroCybernetic Prosthesis (NCP; Cyberonics) is a vagal nerve stimulator consisting of a pulse generator, bipolar VNS lead, programming wand with accompanying software for IBM-compatible computer, a tunneling tool and handheld magnets. NCP is placed on the left vagal nerve (middle cervical part). In 1988, Penry JK et al. inserted the first human implant. The Food and Drug Association indicated VNS as add-on therapy for diminishing the number of seizures in the adults and adolescents over 12 years of age with partial seizures, who are resistant to pharmacological therapy.
    Acta medica Croatica: c̆asopis Hravatske akademije medicinskih znanosti 02/2005; 59(1):51-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Verbal analytical functions are primarily related to the left hemisphere in right-handers, but there is yet no agreement about cortical language dominance in left-handers. Also, there are some contradictory reports about sex differences in cortical language lateralization. The aim of this study is to investigate cortical language dominance in left-handers and to explore gender influence on cortical language representation. We performed functional transcranial Doppler sonography (previous validated for determination of cerebral language lateralization) during a word generation task, measuring changes in mean cerebral blood flow velocity (BFVmean) in both middle cerebral arteries (MCA) in 150 healthy subjects (75 left-handers and 75 right-handers). In left-handers we observed significant increase BFVmean in right MCA in 58 (77.3%) subjects. Bilateral increase was observed in 11 (14.7%) subjects and increase in left MCA in 6 (8%) subjects. In right-handed group 93.3% subjects showed left cortical dominance, while 6.7% showed bilateral language representation. Current results showed significant (P<0.0001) right hemispheric language dominance in healthy left-handed subjects. Our results showed significant difference in hemispheric dominance for verbal function between righthanders and lefthanders. Also there is statistically insignificant female gender tendency for bilateral hemispheric language representation in both handedness.
    Clinical Neurophysiology 01/2004; 115(1):154-60. · 3.14 Impact Factor