Hyung Joon Yim

Korea University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (153)409.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Prothrombin induced by vitamin K deficiency or antagonist II (PIVKA-II) is a widely used diagnostic marker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We evaluated the correlation between alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and serum PIVKA-II levels in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 2,528 CLD patients without HCC. Among these patients, 76 exhibited serum high PIVKA-II levels of >125 mAU/mL (group 1). We categorized 76 control patients matched by age, sex, and the presence of liver cirrhosis from the remaining patients who were negative for serum PIVKA-II (group 2). Group 1 revealed increased antibiotic usage (23.7% vs 2.6%, p<0.001) and incidence of ALD (60.5% vs 14.5%, p<0.001) as well as elevated aspartate aminotransferase (52.5 IU/L vs 30.5 IU/L, p=0.025) and γ glutamyl transpeptidase (67.5 IU/L vs 36.5 IU/L, p=0.005) levels compared with group 2. Further, group 1 was significantly associated with a worse Child-Pugh class than group 2. In the multivariate analysis, ALD (odds ratio [OR], 7.151; p<0.001) and antibiotic usage (OR, 5.846; p<0.001) were significantly associated with positive PIVKA-II levels. Our study suggests that ALD and antibiotics usage may be confounding factors when interpreting high serum PIVKA-II levels in patients without HCC. Therefore, serum PIVKA-II levels in patients with ALD or in patients administered antibiotics should be interpreted with caution. (Gut Liver, Published online December 5, 2014).
    Gut and liver. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background & Aims Both corticosteroid and pentoxifylline reduce short-term mortality in severe alcoholic hepatitis. However, few studies have directly compared the efficacy of pentoxifylline and corticosteroid in patients with this condition. Methods In this multicentre, open-labelled, randomised non-inferiority trial, we assigned 121 patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (Maddrey’s discriminant function ⩾32) to receive either pentoxifylline (400 mg, 3 times daily, in 62 subjects) or prednisolone (40 mg daily, in 59 subjects). The primary end point was non-inferiority in survival at the 1 month time point for the pentoxifylline treatment compared with prednisolone. Results The 1-month survival rate of patients receiving pentoxifylline was 75.8% (15 deaths) compared with 88.1% (7 deaths) in those, taking prednisolone, for a treatment difference of 12.3% (95% confidence interval, −4.2% to 28.7%; p = 0.08). The 95% confidence interval for the observed difference exceeded the predefined margin of non-inferiority (Δ15%) and included zero. The 6-month survival rate was not significantly different between the pentoxifylline and prednisolone groups (64.5% vs. 72.9%; p = 0.23). At 7 days, the response to therapy assessed by the Lille model was significantly lower in the prednisolone group (n = 58) than in the pentoxifylline group (n = 59): 0.35 vs. 0.50 (p = 0.012). Hepatitis complications, including hepatorenal syndrome and side effects, such as infection and gastrointestinal bleeding, were similar in the two groups. Conclusions The findings demonstrate that the efficacy of the pentoxifylline is not statistically equivalent to the efficacy of prednisolone, supporting the use of prednisolone as a preferred treatment option in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis.
    Journal of Hepatology 10/2014; 61(4):792–798. · 9.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors and clinical significance of terlipressin-induced hyponatremia.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Transcatheter arterial radioembolization (TARE) with Yttrium-90 ((90)Y)-labeled microspheres has an emerging role in treatment of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Although complication of TARE can be minimized by aggressive pre-evaluation angiography and preventive coiling of aberrant vessels, radioembolization-induced gastroduodenal ulcer can be irreversible and can be life-threatening. Treatment of radioembolization-induced gastric ulcer is challenging because there is a few reported cases and no consensus for management. We report a case of severe gastric ulceration with bleeding that eventually required surgery due to aberrant deposition of microspheres after TARE.
    Clinical and molecular hepatology. 09/2014; 20(3):300-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) and sorafenib in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT).
    Journal of gastroenterology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study was designed to prospectively evaluate the antiviral responses and evolution of resistance mutations during adefovir (ADV) plus lamivudine (LMV) therapy in patients with entecavir (ETV)-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Methods: Twenty chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who had been receiving ETV for more than 6 months and developed virologic breakthrough due to ETV resistance were consecutively enrolled. Results: Patients received ADV plus LMV therapy for 12 months. The baseline mean serum HBV DNA level was 5.59 ± 1.28 log10 IU/ml. The rtT184L/I/A/F (50%), rtS202G (25%) and mixed ETV-resistant mutations (25%) were detected at enrollment. The mean reduction in serum HBV DNA levels from baseline to 12 months was -2.3 ± 1.06 log10 IU/ml (p < 0.001). Seventeen patients were followed up for the full 12 months, and complete virologic response (HBV DNA <20 IU/ml) was observed in 4 patients (23.5%). Among the remaining 13 patients who still had detectable HBV DNA, 7 patients showed disappearance of ETV-resistant mutations or reduction of the proportion of ETV-resistant mutants. An ADV- and LMV-resistant mutant (rtA181T) emerged in 2 patients (11.7%). Conclusions: ADV plus LMV combination therapy suppresses ETV-resistant mutants in the viral population and significantly reduces serum HBV DNA levels in ETV-resistant CHB patients. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Intervirology 06/2014; 57(5):239-247. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is a benign condition that may be caused by prolonged inflammation, chronic infection, and/or neoplastic conditions of the mucous membranes or skin. Due to its histological resemblance to well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia may occasionally be misdiagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma. The importance of pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is that it is a self-limited condition that must be distinguished from squamous cell carcinoma before invasive treatment. We report here on a rare case of esophageal pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in a 67-year-old Korean woman with a lye-induced esophageal stricture. Although esophageal pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is infrequently encountered, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of esophageal lesions. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2014;63:366-368).
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 06/2014; 63(6):366-8.
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared the antiviral efficacy of telbivudine (TBV) and entecavir (ETV) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver cirrhosis.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 06/2014; · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Duodenal diverticula are detected in up to 27% of patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal tract evaluation with periampullary diverticula (PAD) being the most common type. Although PAD usually do not cause symptoms, it can serve as a source of obstructive jaundice even when choledocholithiasis or tumor is not present. This duodenal diverticulum obstructive jaundice syndrome is called Lemmel's syndrome. An 81-yr-old woman came to the emergency room with obstructive jaundice and cholangitis. Abdominal CT scan revealed stony opacity on distal CBD with CBD dilatation. ERCP was performed to remove the stone. However, the stone was not located in the CBD but rather inside the PAD. After removal of the enterolith within the PAD, all her symptoms resolved. Recognition of this condition is important since misdiagnosis could lead to mismanagement and therapeutic delay. Lemmel's syndrome should always be included as one of the differential diagnosis of obstructive jaundice when PAD are present.
    Journal of Korean medical science. 06/2014; 29(6):874-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Recurrence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is the result of either recrudescence or reinfection. Annual recurrence rates per patient-year of follow-up have been reported to vary across countries. The aim of this study was to analyze recurrence rates of H. pylori after first-line and second-line eradication therapies in Korea. From 2007 to 2010, 2691 patients with H. pylori infection received first-line therapy and 573 patients who failed to respond to first-line therapy received second-line therapy. H. pylori infection and the success of eradication were assessed by endoscopic biopsy and rapid urease test or (13) C-urea breath test. All patients were advised to undergo (13) C-urea breath test or esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy or rapid urease test 6 months after eradication, with annual follow-up thereafter. The eradication rate of the first-line therapy was 79.9% (1283/1605) and that of the second-line therapy was 90.4% (394/436) by per protocol analysis. Annual recurrence rates sharply declined after 2-year follow-up. Annual recurrence rates within and after 2-year follow-up were 9.3 and 2.0% after first-line therapy and those of second-line therapy were 4.5 and 2.9%, respectively. Annual recurrence rates of H. pylori showed a sharp decline after 2-year follow-up after eradication in Korean adults, which is not higher than that of Western countries. Enough time interval after treatment (i.e., 2 years) is necessary to confirm eradication, and it would not be easy to distinguish between recurrence and recrudescence before 2 years without identifying H. pylori strains.
    Helicobacter 03/2014; · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: α-Fetoprotein (AFP) is the biomarker most widely used to detect hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), despite its suboptimal diagnostic accuracy. Glypican-3 (GPC3) and osteopontin (OPN) are secreted glycoproteins that are reportedly associated with tumorigenesis and metastasis. This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical utility of using plasma GPC3 and OPN as diagnostic biomarkers for HCC. We measured the plasma levels of GPC3 and OPN in 120 HCC and 40 chronic liver disease (CLD) patients via an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The diagnostic accuracy of each tumor marker was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The GPC3 levels in the HCC patients (75.8 ng/mL) were significantly higher (p=0.020) than the levels in patients with CLD (66.4 ng/mL). The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) values for GPC3 and OPN were 0.62 and 0.51, respectively. In subgroup analyses, including subgroups of HCC patients with low serum AFP and PIVKA II levels, the AUROC of GPC3 remained relatively high (0.66), and GPC3 showed a high sensitivity (62.1%) for detecting small HCC tumors. The plasma levels of GPC3 and OPN demonstrated low diagnostic accuracy for HCC. However, GPC3 may have a complementary role in diagnosing HCC in patients with nondiagnostic levels of conventional tumor markers and with small-sized tumors.
    Gut and Liver 03/2014; 8(2):177-85.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of acute hepatitis A during a recent outbreak in Korea. Data of patients diagnosed with acute hepatitis A from 2007 to 2009 were collected from 21 tertiary hospitals retrospectively. Their demographic, clinical, and serological characteristics and their clinical outcomes were analyzed. A total of 4,218 patients (mean age 33.3 yr) were included. The median duration of admission was 9 days. The mean of the highest ALT level was 2,963 IU/L, total bilirubin was 7.3 mg/dL, prothrombin time INR was 1.3. HBsAg was positive in 3.7%, and anti-HCV positive in 0.7%. Renal insufficiency occurred in 2.7%, hepatic failure in 0.9%, relapsing hepatitis in 0.7%, and cholestatic hepatitis in 1.9% of the patients. Nineteen patients (0.45%) died or were transplanted. Complications of renal failure or prolonged cholestasis were more frequent in patients older than 30 yr. In conclusion, most patients with acute hepatitis A recover uneventfully, however, complication rates are higher in patients older than 30 yr than younger patients. Preventive strategies including universal vaccination in infants and active immunization of hepatitis A to adult population should be considered for prevention of community-wide outbreaks of hepatitis A in Korea.
    Journal of Korean medical science 02/2014; 29(2):248-53. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data regarding the management of adefovir (ADV) resistance are still limited. The aim of this study is to investigate treatment outcomes of rescue therapy in ADV-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. CHB patients who began rescue therapy due to documented genotypic resistance mutations to ADV between October 2006 and July 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty-three patients were included in this study. Most patients had history of lamivudine (LAM) resistance. Treatment response was evaluated at 3-month intervals up to 12 months. The cumulative rate of complete virologic response (CVR) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients (HBV DNA<60 IU/mL) was 15.9%, 27.2%, 28.9%, and 31.7% after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of rescue therapy. Thirty-five patients were treated with a combination of LAM plus ADV (LAM+ADV group) and 28 patients were treated with entecavir (ETV)-based therapy (ETV with or without ADV therapy, ETV±ADV group). The cumulative CVR rate was significantly higher in the ETV±ADV group than in the LAM+ADV group at month 12 (46.4% vs. 20.6%, respectively, P=0.040). Multivariate analysis showed that pretreatment serum HBV DNA levels at <6 log10 IU/mL (hazard ratio: 34.109, P=0.001) and type of rescue therapy (hazard ratio: 4.944, P=0.036) were associated with CVR. Lower baseline HBV DNA level and ETV±ADV therapy were the important predictive factors for CVR in ADV-resistant CHB patients. This study suggests the need of early switching to a rescue therapy such as ETV±ADV at the time of low-level viremia.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 01/2014; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background & Aims: Vasoactive drugs are recommended to be started as soon as possible in suspected variceal bleeding, even before diagnostic endoscopy. However, it is still unclear whether the therapeutic efficacies of the various vasoactive drugs used are comparable. The aim of this prospective multicenter randomized non-inferiority trial was to characterize the effects of terlipressin, somatostatin, and octreotide, when they are initiated before endoscopic treatment in patients with acute variceal bleeding. Methods: Patients with liver cirrhosis and significant upper gastrointestinal bleeding were randomly assigned to receive early administration of terlipressin, somatostatin, or octreotide, followed by endoscopic treatment. Patients with non-variceal bleeding were excluded after endoscopy. The primary endpoint was 5-day treatment success, defined as control of bleeding without rescue treatment, rebleeding or mortality, with a non-inferiority margin of 0.1. Results: In total, 780 patients with variceal bleeding were enrolled: 261 in terlipressin group, 259 in somatostatin group, and 260 in octreotide group. At the time of initial endoscopy, active bleeding was noted in 43.7%, 44.4%, and 43.5% of these patients, respectively (P=0.748), and treatment success was achieved by day 5 in 86.2%, 83.4%, and 83.8% (P=0.636) with similar rates of control of bleeding without rescue treatment (89.7%, 87.6%, and 88.1%, P=0.752), or rebleeding (3.4%, 4.8%, and 4.4%, P=0.739), mortality (8.0%, 8.9%, and 8.8%, P=0.929). The absolute values of lower bound of confidence interval for terlipressin vs somatostatin, terlilpressin vs octreotide, and octreotide vs somatostatin were 0.095, 0.090, and 0.065, respectively. Conclusion: The hemostatic effects and safety did not differ significantly between terlipressin, somatostatin, and octreotide as adjuvants to endoscopic treatment in patients with acute gastroesophageal variceal bleeding. (Hepatology 2014;).
    Hepatology 01/2014; · 12.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to clarify the clinical significance of precore (preC)/core promoter (CP) variants of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. We assessed serum HBeAg, HBV DNA levels, alanine transferase (ALT) levels, and progression of liver fibrosis in 226 Korean CHB patients, presumed to be infected with genotype C HBV, to analyze HBV variants in the preC region (G1896A) and CP regions (A1762T, G1764A). CP and preC variants were more frequently found in HBeAg-negative patients than in HBeAg-positive patients (P<0.05). HBeAg-positive patients with CP variants had higher ALT levels and more advanced fibrosis scores (all P<0.01) than those without variants; those with preC variant had lower HBV DNA levels (P=0.009), with no significant difference in ALT levels and fibrosis scores. However, no significant correlation was found between HBV variants and clinicopathologic findings in HBeAg-negative patients. Furthermore, multivariate analysis revealed that (1) progression of liver fibrosis (≥F2) was associated with older age in both HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative patients (P<0.05) and with CP variants in the HBeAg-positive group (P=0.007), and (2) HBV DNA levels were positively correlated with ALT levels, irrespective of HBeAg (P<0.05), whereas they were negatively correlated with the presence of preC variant in the HBeAg-positive group (P=0.004). In HBeAg-positive CHB patients infected with genotype C HBV, preC variant was associated with enhanced host immune response with lower HBV DNA levels, whereas CP variants were associated with severe liver damage and liver fibrosis progression.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 01/2014; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with liver cirrhosis, drugs acting on the central nervous system can lead to hepatic encephalopathy and the effects may be prolonged. Recently, misuse of propofol has been reported and the associated risk of death have become an issue. Propofol is commonly used during sedative endoscopy; therefore, its safety in high-risk groups must be further investigated. We performed a pilot study of the safety and efficacy of propofol during endoscopy in Korean patients with cirrhosis. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed under sedation with propofol along with careful monitoring in 20 patients with liver cirrhosis and 20 control subjects. The presence or development of hepatic encephalopathy was assessed using the number connection test and neurologic examination. Neither respiratory depression nor clinically significant hypotension were observed. Immediate postanesthetic recovery at 5 and 10 minutes after the procedure was delayed in the cirrhotic patients compared with the control group; however, at 30 minutes, the postanesthetic recovery was similar in both groups. Baseline psychomotor performance was more impaired in cirrhotic patients, but propofol was not associated with deteriorated psychomotor function even in cirrhotic patients with a minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Sedation with propofol was well tolerated in cirrhotic patients. No newly developed hepatic encephalopathy was observed.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 01/2014; 29(1):57-65.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Socioeconomic inequalities are known to influence the survival of cancer patients due to differences in treatment modalities and disease extent at diagnosis. However, there are few studies regarding the influence of socioeconomic status on patient survival, especially after palliative chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study was performed on 138 advanced gastric cancer patients who received palliative chemotherapy. Demographic, socioeconomic, and cancer-related variables were analyzed according to education level. Effects of socioeconomic factors and cancer-related variables on patient survival were also evaluated. Results: In our study, higher education level (> 6 years of schooling; p = 0.01), disease control (p < 0.01), and a greater number of chemotherapeutic agents (≥ 5 drugs; p < 0.01) were associated with a significant increase in median survival. Multivariate analysis showed that a higher education level (hazard ratio (HR) 0.53; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.35-0.82; p < 0.01), disease control (HR 0.21; 95% CI 0.13-0.34), and total number of chemotherapeutic agents used (HR 0.44; 95% CI 0.26-0.73) were significantly associated with prolonged survival. Conclusions: Among socioeconomic factors, only higher education level was associated with better survival. Increase in survival was also associated with clinical outcomes, including total number of chemotherapeutic agents used and disease control after chemotherapy. © 2014 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.
    Oncology research and treatment. 01/2014; 37(6):310-4.
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    ABSTRACT: NS-398, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, and simvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, both exert an anticancer effect on hepatocellular carcinoma cells, but the effect of co-administration of the 2 drugs remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the synergistic in vitro anticancer effect of co-administration of NS-398 and simvastatin and its mechanism. The Hep3B and Huh-7 cell lines were cultured. Cells were treated with simvastatin, NS-398, or a combination. 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine ELISA assay, flow cytometry, Western blot analyses, and immunofluorescence assay were performed. In both cell lines, co-administration of simvastatin and NS-398 resulted in a greater effect on proliferation and apoptosis. In Hep3B cells, co-administration of the 2 drugs resulted in a greater decrease in procaspase 3 and Bcl-2 and increase in cleaved caspase 9 than that noted with monotherapy. In Huh-7 cells, co-administration of the 2 drugs resulted in a greater decrease in procaspase 3 and cyclin D1 and increase in cleaved caspase 9. Expression of NF-κB and Akt were also decreased to a greater extent when the 2 drugs were co-administered in both cell lines. Immunofluorescence assay showed suppression of the nuclear localization of NF-κB by simvastatin or NS-398. The effect was greater by co-administration. The co-administration of NS-398 and simvastatin produced greater anti-proliferative and proapoptotic effects against Hep3B cells and Huh-7 cells. Inhibition of the NF-κB and Akt pathway and activation of caspase cascade, which are considered as the major mechanism of synergistic anti-cancer properties, were observed in both cell lines.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 12/2013; · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Terlipressin is a vasopressin analogue that is widely used in the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome or variceal bleeding. Because it acts mainly on splanchnic vessels, terlipressin has a lower incidence of severe ischemic complications than does vasopressin. However, it can still lead to serious complications such as myocardial infarction, skin necrosis, or bowel ischemia. Herein we report a case of severe ischemic bowel necrosis in a 46-year-old cirrhotic patient treated with terlipressin. Although the patient received bowel resection, death occurred due to ongoing hypotension and metabolic acidosis. Attention should be paid to patients complaining of abdominal pain during treatment with terlipressin.
    Clinical and molecular hepatology. 12/2013; 19(4):417-20.
  • Endoscopy 11/2013; 45(S 02):E412. · 5.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
409.64 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • Korea University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013
    • CHA University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011–2012
    • Inje University Paik Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Goyang, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2003–2012
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Konkuk University Medical Center
      Changnyeong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Concordia University–Ann Arbor
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
  • 2006
    • University of Michigan
      • Division of Gastroenterology
      Ann Arbor, MI, United States