Yiqun Jiang

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States

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Publications (4)18.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Sulforaphane [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methyl-sulfinyl) butane)], an isothiocyanate derived from cruciferous vegetables, has been shown to possess potent chemopreventive activity. We analyzed the effect of sulforaphane on the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells. Sulforaphane inhibited pancreatic cancer cell growth in vitro with IC(50)s of around 10-15 μM and induced apoptosis. In pancreatic cancer xenograft mouse model, administration of sulforaphane showed remarkable inhibition of tumor growth without apparent toxicity noticed. We found that sulforaphane induced the degradation of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) client proteins and blocked the interaction of Hsp90 with its cochaperone p50(Cdc37) in pancreatic cancer cells. Using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) with an isoleucine-specific labeling strategy, we overcame the protein size limit of conventional NMR and studied the interaction of sulforaphane with full-length Hsp90 dimer (170 kDa) in solution. NMR revealed multiple chemical shifts in sheet 2 and the adjacent loop in Hsp90 N-terminal domain after incubation of Hsp90 with sulforaphane. Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry further mapped a short peptide in this region that was tagged with sulforaphane. These data suggest a new mechanism of sulforaphane that disrupts protein-protein interaction in Hsp90 complex for its chemopreventive activity.
    The Journal of nutritional biochemistry 03/2012; · 4.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hsp90 requires cochaperone Cdc37 to load its clients to the Hsp90 superchaperone complex. The purpose of this study was to utilize split Renilla luciferase protein fragment-assisted complementation (SRL-PFAC) bioluminescence to study the full-length human Hsp90-Cdc37 complex and to identity critical residues and their contributions for Hsp90/Cdc37 interaction in living cells. SRL-PFAC showed that full-length human Hsp90/Cdc37 interaction restored dramatically high luciferase activity through Hsp90-Cdc37-assisted complementation of the N and C termini of luciferase (compared with the set of controls). Immunoprecipitation confirmed that the expressed fusion proteins (NRL-Hsp90 and Cdc37-CRL) preserved their ability to interact with each other and also with native Hsp90 or Cdc37. Molecular dynamic simulation revealed several critical residues in the two interaction patches (hydrophobic and polar) at the interface of Hsp90/Cdc37. Mutagenesis confirmed the critical residues for Hsp90-Cdc37 complex formation. SRL-PFAC bioluminescence evaluated the contributions of these critical residues in Hsp90/Cdc37 interaction. The results showed that mutations in Hsp90 (Q133A, F134A, and A121N) and mutations in Cdc37 (M164A, R167A, L205A, and Q208A) reduced the Hsp90/Cdc37 interaction by 70-95% as measured by the resorted luciferase activity through Hsp90-Cdc37-assisted complementation. In comparison, mutations in Hsp90 (E47A and S113A) and a mutation in Cdc37 (A204E) decreased the Hsp90/Cdc37 interaction by 50%. In contrast, mutations of Hsp90 (R46A, S50A, C481A, and C598A) and mutations in Cdc37 (C54S, C57S, and C64S) did not change Hsp90/Cdc37 interactions. The data suggest that single amino acid mutation in the interface of Hsp90/Cdc37 is sufficient to disrupt its interaction, although Hsp90/Cdc37 interactions are through large regions of hydrophobic and polar interactions. These findings provides a rationale to develop inhibitors for disruption of the Hsp90/Cdc37 interaction.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2010; 285(27):21023-36. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is required for the stabilization and conformational maturation of various oncogenic proteins in cancer. The loading of protein kinases to Hsp90 is actively mediated by the cochaperone Cdc37. The crucial role of the Hsp90-Cdc37 complex has made it an exciting target for cancer treatment. In this study, we characterize Hsp90 and Cdc37 interaction and drug disruption using a reconstituted protein system. The GST pull-down assay and ELISA assay show that Cdc37 binds to ADP-bound/nucleotide-free Hsp90 but not ATP-bound Hsp90. Celastrol disrupts Hsp90-Cdc37 complex formation, whereas the classical Hsp90 inhibitors (e.g. geldanamycin) have no effect. Celastrol inhibits Hsp90 ATPase activity without blocking ATP binding. Proteolytic fingerprinting indicates celastrol binds to Hsp90 C-terminal domain to protect it from trypsin digestion. These data suggest that celastrol may represent a new class of Hsp90 inhibitor by modifying Hsp90 C terminus to allosterically regulate its chaperone activity and disrupt Hsp90-Cdc37 complex.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/2009; 284(51):35381-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate [(-)-EGCG], the most abundant polyphenolic catechin in green tea, showed chemoprevention and anticancer activities. (-)-EGCG was reported to bind to the C-terminal domain of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). The purpose of this study is to investigate (-)-EGCG as a novel Hsp90 inhibitor to impair Hsp90 superchaperone complex for simultaneous downregulation of oncogenic proteins in pancreatic cancer cells. MTS assay showed that (-)-EGCG exhibited antiproliferative activity against pancreatic cancer cell line Mia Paca-2 in vitro with IC50 below 50 muM. (-)-EGCG increased caspase-3 activity up to 3-fold in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Western blotting analysis demonstrated that (-)-EGCG induced downregulation of oncogenic Hsp90 client proteins by approximately 70-95%, including Akt, Cdk4, Raf-1, Her-2, and pERK. Co-immunoprecipitation showed that (-)-EGCG decreased the association of cochaperones p23 and Hsc70 with Hsp90 by more than 50%, while it had little effect on the ATP binding to Hsp90. Proteolytic fingerprinting assay confirmed direct binding between (-)-EGCG and the Hsp90 C-terminal domain. These data suggest that the binding of (-)-EGCG to Hsp90 impairs the association of Hsp90 with its cochaperones, thereby inducing degradation of Hsp90 client proteins, resulting antiproliferating effects in pancreatic cancer cells.
    Molecular Pharmaceutics 06/2009; 6(4):1152-9. · 4.57 Impact Factor