Ming-Ju Hsieh

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (42)92.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Transthoracic thoracoscopic lobectomy is the preferred method of surgical treatment for early lung cancer. Current methods require a transthoracic approach and are associated with chronic postoperative pain in up to 25 % of patients. Single-port transumbilical uniport surgery may offer advantages over multiport surgery with less postoperative pain and better cosmetic results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a transumbilical anatomic lobectomy of the lung (TUAL) in a canine model.
    Surgical Endoscopy 05/2014; · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • Journal of thoracic disease. 01/2014; 6(1):61-63.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Chronic wound discomfort and intercostal neuralgia are well-known postoperative complications of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). To explore the possibility of a surgical platform that would cause less postoperative discomfort and avoid these complications, this study evaluated the feasibility of transumbilical lung wedge resection in a canine model. Materials and Methods: Twelve dogs (4 in the nonsurvival group and 8 in the survival group) were used in this study. Transumbilical thoracoscopy was performed using a homemade metallic tube via umbilical and diaphragmatic incisions with the animal in a supine position. After thoracic exploration, wedge resection was performed on the lung using an endoscopic stapling device placed through the transumbilical and transdiaphragmatic incisions under direct bronchoscopic guidance. The animals were sacrificed 30 minutes after the procedure (nonsurvival group) or 14 days postsurgery (survival group) for necropsy and histological evaluations. Results: Eleven preplanned lung wedge resections were completed in a median time of 101 minutes (range, 65-175 minutes) with one exception due to inadequate stapling in the early phase of the experiment. There was one death directly related to postoperative massive airleaks and sepsis in the survival group. The other 7 animals had an uneventful postoperative period. Necropsies at 2 weeks after surgery confirmed successful lung resections and revealed no evidence of vital organ injury. Two animals exhibited complete healing of the diaphragmatic incision. Liver herniation was identified in 1 of 5 animals with partial wound healing. Conclusions: This preliminary animal study demonstrates that large lung wedge resection can be performed with mechanical staplers via a single transumbilical incision. Future studies will investigate the cardiopulmonary and immunologic effects of transumbilical VATS compared with conventional VATS.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 07/2013; · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. To date there are no practical platforms for performing natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery in the thoracic cavity. This study evaluates the feasibility of transumbilical thoracosopy for lung biopsy and pericardial window creation. Methods. Eleven dogs (6 in the nonsurvival group and 5 in the survival group) were used for this study. A homemade metallic tube was advanced into the abdominal cavity via a 12-mm umbilical incision. The metallic tube was advanced into the thoracic cavity through a subxyphoid diaphragmatic incision under video guidance. Access to the thoracic cavity was achieved by a flexible bronchoscope via the metallic tube. Surgical lung biopsy and pericardial window creation were performed using an electrocautery loop and needle knife. The animals were euthanized 20 minutes after the surgery was complete (nonsurvival group) or 14 days postsurgery (survival group) for necropsy evaluation. Results. Eight pericardial window creations and 21 of 22 preplanned lung biopsies were completed in a median time of 72.18 minutes (range 50-105 minutes). One dog in the nonsurvival group died after tension pneumothorax due to postprocedure massive air leaks. In the survival group, the postoperative period was uneventful in all 5 dogs. Autopsies revealed no signs of vital organ injury and complete healing of the diaphragmatic incision occurred in all animals. Conclusions. The study demonstrated that transumbilical thoracoscopic surgical lung biopsy and pericardial window creation is feasible. The safety and efficacy of the transumbilical approach need to be verified by a more detailed survival study.
    Surgical Innovation 04/2013; · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:: Little is known regarding the short-term quality of life (QoL) and predictive factors for QoL after esophagectomy for cancer in Eastern countries. OBJECTIVE:: The aims of this study were to assess QoL and symptoms within 1 and 6 months after surgery for esophageal cancer (EC) and to identify factors predictive of QoL within 6 months after esophagectomy in Taiwan. METHODS:: A longitudinal, prospective design was used, where convenience samples of 99 patients who had undergone esophagectomy for cancer were recruited from 2 medical centers in northern Taiwan. All participants responded to a questionnaire with a QLQ-C30 (Quality of Life Questionnaire-Cancer) core and a QLQ-OES18 (esophageal module of the European Organization for Research and Treatment [EORTC] QLQ-C30) module in structured interviews at baseline and 1 and 6 months after surgery. RESULTS:: The results showed significant decline in social function and global QoL; fatigue, insomnia, eating problems, reflux, and dry mouth were major problems within 6 months. Body mass index, body weight loss before surgery, activity performance status, and anastomosis site showed no significant association with the function and symptom aspect of QoL. Surgical complications, advanced cancer, neoadjuvant therapy before surgery, and tumor location other than at the EC junction had significant deleterious effects on several aspects of QoL. CONCLUSIONS:: This study describes the demographics of EC and short-term changes in QoL and also the predictive impact factor for QoL after surgery for EC. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:: Knowledge of risk factors for poor postoperative QoL would be useful for health providers in detecting and prioritizing problems and treatment options in a busy clinical site.
    Cancer nursing 01/2013; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopy has been developed for abdominal surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to compare the surgical outcome between a novel transoral approach and a standard transthoracic approach for the thoracic cavity in a canine model. Twenty-eight dogs were assigned to transoral (n = 14) or standard thoracoscopy (n = 14). Each group underwent thoracic exploration, pre-determined surgical lung biopsy, and pericardial window creation. Blood draws were obtained before surgery and at postoperative days 1, 3, 7, and 14. Operative time, complications, laboratory parameters, hemodynamic parameters, and inflammatory parameters were compared between the two procedures. The animals were monitored for two weeks and necropsy were performed for surgical outcome evaluation. The thoracic procedures were successfully performed in all of the dogs, with the exception of one animal in the transoral group. There were no serious acute or delayed complications related to surgery. There was no difference between the two surgical groups for each of the hemodynamic parameters that were evaluated. Regarding the immunological impact of the surgeries, transoral thoracoscopy was associated with significant elevations in interleukin 6 and c-reactive protein levels on postoperative days 1 and 3, respectively, when compared with the standard thoracoscopy. All dogs recovered well, without signs of mediastinitis or thoracic infection. Necropsy revealed absence of infection, no injury to vital organs, and confirmed the success of the novel procedure. This study suggests that both techniques were comparable with respect to procedure success rate, hemodynamic impact, and inflammatory changes. Furthermore, there was no difference in the incidence of postoperative discomfort between groups.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e50338. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extensive lymph node dissection (LND) is beneficial in primarily resected esophageal cancer patients. Such benefit was believed to be seen in neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT)-treated patients, but evidence was inconsistent. We hypothesized that CRT might offset the benefit of LND in certain subgroup of patients, especially in major responders. The clinical pathological data and survival of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients who received curative resection after CRT between 1996 and 2007 were analyzed. On the basis of the mean LND number of the cohort, patients were divided into two groups: group 1, lower LND, and group 2, higher LND. The cohort comprised 303 patients (295 men and 8 women) with a mean age of 55.4 years. There were 179 patients in group 1 and 124 patients in group 2. One hundred one patients had pathological complete response (pCR). There were more pCR in group 1 (38 vs. 26.6 %, P = 0.039) and more lymph node positive cases in group 2 (16 vs. 27.4 %, P = 0.018). Extent of LND had no survival difference in the entire cohort (overall survival 32 vs. 38 %, P = 0.31). With the stratification analysis according to tumor response, inadequate LND exhibited negative impact in patients who did not experience pCR (P = 0.027). Without adequate LND, the survival of ypTxN0 was equally poor as ypN-positive cases (overall survival 15 vs. 16 %, P = 0.791). In the pCR group, the extent of LND had an impact on survival. The effect of LND was influenced by tumor response after CRT. There is a strong survival benefit for extensive LND after CRT in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, especially in non-pCR patients.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 05/2012; 19(11):3500-5. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Higher extent of lymph node dissection (LND) is beneficial in primarily resected esophageal cancer patients by providing accurate staging and better tumor control. Achieving pathological complete response (pCR) after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) also represents better outcome. We studied the controversial question whether higher LND could further improve survival after pCR. Between 1996 and 2007, Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients with pCR after CRT were included. Based on the median number of dissected lymph node, patients were divided into two groups (Group 1: Lower LND; Group 2: Higher LND). We compared the demographic features, perioperative outcomes, recurrence, and survival between groups. The cohort comprised 101 patients (100 males and one female) with a mean age of 58 years. There were 56 and 45 patients in Group 1 and 2, respectively. Clinical features and perioperative outcome were similar between groups. During a mean follow-up of 78.8 months, 32 (33.7%) patients died of the disease and 35.8% of patients developed recurrence. There was no difference in locoregional (11.3% vs. 9.5%, P=0.78) or distant recurrence (22.6% vs. 33.3%, P=0.18) between the two groups. Patients with lowest LND also had similar outcomes as those with the highest LND. The 5-year disease specific survival rate was 65 and 64% in Group 1 and 2, respectively. In ESCC patients, the number of negative lymph nodes had no prognostic impact after pCR.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/2012; 106(4):436-40. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The success of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) depends on an adequate exploration of surgical regions. Currently, limited data are available regarding the optimal position for the NOTES approach for thoracic surgery. This study therefore aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of transoral thoracic exploration in a canine model placed in a lateral decubitus position. A total of 14 dogs were used in this study. Transoral thoracoscopy was performed using a custom-made metal tube via an incision over the vestibular incision with the animal in a supine position. After thoracic exploration, the animal was placed in a lateral decubitus position. The thoracic intervention (surgical lung biopsy, pericardial window creation, and dorsal sympathectomy) was performed by passing a flexible bronchoscope through the lumen of a metal tube. The mean operative time for this procedure was 70 min (range 45-100 min). For 12 dogs, all procedures were completed without major complications. However, for one dog, the exploration of the thoracic cavity was incorrect (the right lower lobe had been misinterpreted as the left lower lobe). Another dog had minor bleeding because of an intercostal artery injury that occurred during sympathectomy. The posterior aspect of the thoracic cavity can be exposed via a transoral approach with the animal in a lateral decubitus position. This approach may be considered as an adjuvant to the supine approach, in which exploration of the posterior thoracic cavity is restricted.
    Surgical Endoscopy 05/2012; 26(10):2988-92. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The correlation between high tumor podoplanin (PP) immunoreactivity and poor outcome in patients with non-chemoradiotherapy(CRT) pretreated upper aerodigestive tract squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been reported recently. Little is known about the implication of PP expression after CRT. Therefore, we conducted this study. We evaluated the PP immunoreactivity in ypT3N0 esophageal SCC patients by using immunohistochemistry. The impact of PP expression intensity in tumors on patient survival was judged in combination with clinical and pathological descriptors. Our study included 109 males and 4 females (mean age, 57.6 years; range, 38-79 years). PP immunoreactivity was expressed in tumors in 95% of patients and 38% of patients had high PP expression. High PP expression tumors had positive association with lymphovascular invasion (LVI). Multivariate analyses revealed tumor PP immunoreactivity and circumferential resection margin (CRM) status as independent prognostic factors. Patients with positive CRM and high PP expression had shortest survival followed by those with either positive CRM or high PP expression, and then by patients with neither positive CRM nor high PP expression (5-year disease-specific survival: 5%, 20%, 40%, P < 0.001). Tumor PP immunoreactivity in conjunction with CRM status are useful markers to identify aggressive post-CRT treated ypT3N0 stage esophageal SCC.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 02/2012; 105(2):183-8. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The benefits of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for performing pulmonary metastasectomy are considered controversial. This case-matched study aimed to compare long-term outcomes after surgical resection of pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer using different approaches (VATS vs. thoracotomy). Methods Between 1997 and 2008, 143 patients with colorectal cancer who had received their first pulmonary metastasectomy were selected. Fifty-three patients underwent a surgical procedure that utilized a thoracotomy approach (Group 1), and 90 patients underwent a surgical procedure that used a VATS-based approach (Group 2). After being matched for tumor number, diameter (measured by computed tomography), and surgical procedure (wedge resection or lobectomy), 35 pairs of patients were finally enrolled. Study endpoints included tumor recurrence and survival.Results There was no hospital mortality in both groups. Within the mean follow-up period of 50 months, 47.1% patients developed a recurrence (52% at the pulmonary level and 48% at systemic level), and 52.9% of the patients were alive at the time of analysis. There was no difference between Groups 1 and 2 in terms of overall recurrences (54 vs. 40%, p = 0.23), all pulmonary recurrences (25.7 vs. 22.9%, p = 0.78), and same side lung recurrences (14.3 vs. 20%, p = 0.75). The 5-year overall survival (OS) after lung resection was 43 and 51% in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (p = 0.21). Conclusions Our case-matched study showed that survival outcome of pulmonary metastasectomy using VATS is not inferior to that of open thoracotomy in selected cases.
    The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 01/2012; 60(6):398-404. · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As a well-known pivotal factor of 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) in controlling cancer proliferation, high expression of its phosphorylated form (p-4E-BP1) has been reported to be associated with poor outcome in various human cancers without pretreated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). However, no data is available regarding the implication of p-4E-BP1 expression after CRT. Therefore, we conducted this study. The expression of p-4E-BP1 was semiquantitatively examined with immunohistochemical staining in 60 ypT1T2 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients and verified by western blot analysis in representative cases. The impact of p-4E-BP1 expression intensity on cancer recurrence and survival was assessed in combination with clinical and pathological descriptors. The 5-year disease specific survival (DSS) rate of patients with high p-4E-BP1 expression was significantly lower than that of patients with lower p-4E-BP1 expression (5 year DSS: 58% vs. 8.6%, P = 0.00064). Furthermore, in a multivariate analysis by Cox regression model, high p-4E-BP1 expression was confirmed to be an independent prognostic factor (HR: 2.269; unfavorable, P = 0.024) for DSS, while lymph node (HR: 3.016; unfavorable, P = 0.005) was also significant prognostic factor. High p-4E-BP1 expression was specifically associated with locoregional recurrence (LR; P < 0.05). The locoregional control rate reached 97.1% in low p-4E-BP1 tumors. High p-4E-BP1 expression after CRT is a predictor for LR and worse survival in esophageal SCC patients.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 09/2011; 105(3):288-92. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The feasibility of the transtracheal approach to the thoracic cavity has been demonstrated, but surgical lung biopsy via the tracheal approach still remains a challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and outcome of transoral surgical lung biopsy under a single preoperative dose of parenteral antibiotics. Transoral thoracoscopy and surgical lung biopsy were performed for 10 anesthetized dogs after a single intravenous injection of cefazoline (20 mg/kg). A 12-mm transoral incision was created on the vestibulum, and a homemade metallic tube was advanced into the thoracic cavity via the pretracheal and substernal space under endoscopic guidance. After thoracic exploration, surgical lung biopsy was performed using an electrosurgical snare with a flexible bronchoscope inserted through the metallic tube. The resection margin of the lung was secured with a homemade endoloop. The animals were killed by day 14 after the surgery for gross and histologic evaluations. The thoracic cavity was evaluated and lung biopsy was performed successfully (for 3 lobes in the right lung and 2 lobes in the left lung) in 9 of the 10 dogs. Neither mortality nor intraoperative complications were observed. The average time for the transoral thoracoscopy and surgical lung biopsy was 133.5 min. Postmortem examination showed complete healing, with fibrosis and moderate adhesion over the resection margin. No evidence of either mediastinitis or intrathoracic infection was observed. This study showed the feasibility of transoral thoracoscopy and surgical lung biospy in dogs. Moreover, single-dose prophylaxis with cefazoline in transoral surgical lung biopsy was found to be effective in preventing potential infection.
    Surgical Endoscopy 07/2011; 25(12):3912-7. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The thoracic cavity approach for natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is technically challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a transoral endoscopic technique for a surgical lung biopsy and pericardial window creation Under general anesthesia, a 12 mm incision was made over the vestibulum oris region. Under video guidance, a homemade metallic tube was introduced through the incision, extending along the pre-tracheal space to the substernal space with blunt dissection technique, and used as the entrance into the thoracic cavity. A surgical lung biopsy and a pericardial window creation were performed in 12 canines, using the transoral NOTES technique. The transoral endoscopic surgical lung biopsy and pericardial window creation were successfully completed in 11 of the 12 canines. Intraoperative bleeding and death from an injury to the pulmonary hilum developed in one animal during the electrosurgical excision of lung tissue. Transoral surgical lung biopsy and pericardial window creation in canine models is technically feasible and can be used as a novel experimental platform for studies of NOTES for intra-thoracic surgery.
    Journal of Surgical Research 04/2011; 175(2):207-14. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Close circumferential resection margin (CRM) is an established predictor for locoregional recurrence (LR) in rectal cancer but remains controversial in esophageal malignancy. As yet, little is known about the significance of CRM after chemoradiotherapy (CRT), especially in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). This study investigated the relationship between CRM distance and recurrence after neoadjuvant CRT in esophageal SCC patients. Between 1997 and 2005, esophageal SCC patients who underwent surgery after neoadjuvant CRT and with pathology stage T3N0M0 and T3N1M0 (metastatic lymph nodes <2) were selected. CRM distance was reassessed and divided into three groups (group 1: CRM >1 mm, group 2: uninvolved CRM but <1 mm, group 3: CRM involved). The cohort comprised 145 male and 6 female patients with mean age of 57 years. There were 74, 51, and 26 patients in group 1, 2, and 3, respectively. With median follow-up period of 50 months, LR developed in 30.5% of patients. Both group 2 and group 3 had significantly higher LR than group 1 (37 and 42% vs. 21%, P < 0.05). Meanwhile, mean time from operation to recurrence was also significantly shorter in group 2 and group 3 than in group 1 (267 and 269 days versus 402 days, P < 0.05). Five-year disease-specific survival (DSS) was highest in group 1 (40%). Despite the similarity in LR, 5-year DSS significantly differed between group 2 and group 3 (22 vs. 7%, P < 0.05). The higher rate of distant recurrence (DR) and concomitant LR + DR in group 3 accounted for the survival difference. In ypT3 esophageal SCC patients, CRM distance provides useful information for risk stratification in cancer recurrence and survival.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2011; 18(2):529-34. · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • Yun-Hen Liu, Yi-Cheng Wu, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Po-Jen Ko
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 01/2011; 142(2):458-60. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • Yun-Hen Liu, Yi-Cheng Wu, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Po-Jen Ko
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 01/2011; 141(1):303-5.e1. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a novel transtracheal endoscopic technique for thoracic evaluation and intervention in a large animal model. In 12 animals (6 pigs and 6 dogs) under general anesthesia, a tracheal incision was made on the right lateral wall of the lower trachea and used as an entrance for thoracic evaluation and intervention. Postoperative follow-up included endoscopy at 1 and 2 weeks after surgery and necropsy at 2 weeks after surgery. Transtracheal opening and thoracic exploration were achieved in all animals. Four animals (3 pigs and 1 dog) died as a result of complications from the procedure. At the follow-up endoscopy, healing at the tracheal opening region was noted in seven animals. The transtracheal approach to the thoracic cavity is technically feasible in both porcine and canine models (4/12 animals died). The canine model is perhaps more suitable than the porcine model for the study of the transtracheal approach to the thoracic cavity.
    Surgical Endoscopy 10/2010; 25(5):1652-8. · 3.43 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

162 Citations
92.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2013
    • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
      • Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2012
    • Taipei Medical University
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2008–2012
    • Chang Gung University
      • • Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine Sciences
      • • College of Medicine
      Taoyuan, Taiwan, Taiwan